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O processo de Bolonha no espa o europeu e a reforma universitária brasileira/The Bologna process in the european space and the brazilian higher education reform
Carmen Célia Barradas Correia Bastos,José Dias Sobrinho,Mário Luiz Neves de Azevedo
ETD : Educa??o Temática Digital , 2007,
Abstract: Este artigo aborda quest es que envolvem o movimento de reformas educacionais na educa o superior, a partir do final do Século XX, como a Declara o de Bolonha assinada em 1999, por ministros da Educa o europeus, e que promove, atualmente, a reforma chamada Processo de Bolonha. Outros documentos como a Declara o Mundial sobre Educa o Superior, 1998, representam marco referencial das reformas a que se refere este texto. Em sua essência, os documentos europeus vinculam o movimento reformista da educa o superior às necessidades contextualizadas pelo padr o de globaliza o da economia. S o articula es que têm como base o incentivo à competitividade, mobilidade discente, adapta o ao mercado de trabalho. No Brasil, em que sentido é possível situar os reflexos desse movimento? Na busca desse entendimento, focalizamos o movimento empreendido pelo Ministério da Educa o para discutir a reforma universitária para o país, em especial destacamos o Seminário Internacional Universidade XXI e a Declara o de Brasília. Resguardadas as especificidades de cada situa o, vislumbramos refletir sobre possíveis intersec es dos movimentos reformistas na educa o superior contemporanea. This article approaches questions that involve the movement of educational reforms in the higher education, from the end of Century XX, until the Declaration of Bologna signed in 1999, by European ministers of Education that promoted the reform called Bologna Process. Other documents as the World-wide Declaration on Higher Education, 1998, represent referential landmark of the reforms that this text is related to. In its essence, the European documents tie the reformist movement of the higher education to the necessities contextualized by the economy globalization standard. They are have as base the competitiveness encouragement, learning mobility, and adaptation to the work market. In Brazil, where is possible to point out the consequences of this movement? Searching for this agreement, we focus the movement undertaken by the Ministry of Education to discuss the university reform for the country; in special we highlight the International Seminary University XXI and the Declaration of Brasilia. Protected the specificities of each situation, we intend to reflect on possible interspecies of the reformist movements in the higher contemporary education. Keywords Processo de Bolonha --- Reforma universitária --- Educa o superior --- Bologna process --- University reform --- Higher education
The Impacts of Bologna Process on European Higher Education Systems
Zafer ?EL?K
Yüksek??retim ve Bilim Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: This study aims to examine the impact of Bologna Process on European higher education systems. It focuses on the influences of the main components of Bologna Process (i.e., implementing two-cycle system, increasing the student and academic staffs' mobility, European Credit Transfer System, quality assurance and qualification framework) on the transformation of higher education systems. Although Bologna Process is perceived as a move to increase the quality of higher education system in Turkey, there are very serious criticisms from academics, students, and businessmen to the Bologna Process in various European countries. This study claims that the Process did not achieve its goals, more importantly the main instruments of the Process (qualifications, quality assurance agency etc.) brought about hyper-bureaucratization, hierarchization and standardization of European higher education systems.
Bologna reform in higher education in Serbia: Mapping factors of low efficiency of studding  [PDF]
Jari? Isidora,Vukasovi? Martina
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/fid0902119j
Abstract: This paper provides analysis on how teachers and students of four universities in Serbia (Belgrade, Novi Sad, Nis, and Kragujevac) perceive problems with efficiency of studying, with respect to the new, 'Bologna' organisation of studies. The empirical foundation for this paper is composed of questionnaires distributed to students and teachers of the five aforementioned institutions and a semi-structured in-depth interview with students and teachers of the two faculties of the University of Belgrade. The results presented point to key factors affecting efficiency of studying, as well as structural changes in power relations between different social actors.
Bologna Process – reform of tertiary education  [cached]
Chuguryan Simona
Technológia vzdelávania , 2011,
Abstract: The Bologna process is the most widely reform in tertiary education area. In this time it includes 47 countries from around the world, which illustrates its importance. The main goal is to improve the quality of tertiary education in higher education institutions, with the focus on harmonization of the systems of higher education in the signatory countries.
Failure of the Croatian Higher Education Reform  [PDF]
Zoran Kureli?,Sini?a Rodin
CEPS Journal : Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The authors analyse the reasons for Croatian higher education reformsince 2003, as well as its consequences. The main proposition of the paper is that the implementation of the Bologna Process in Croatia has failed due to a fundamental misunderstanding of the goals of the process, a lack of correspondence between the cycles of higher education and the European Qualifications Framework, and a lack of international pressure, resulting from the nature of the open method of coordination. The authors present the internal market rules of the European Union and how they affect the national regulation of higher education. The paper deals with the main characteristics of the higher education reform and how it has affected the structure of higher education programmes, the comparability of degrees and qualifications, and student mobility. The authors propose an agendafor a “reform of the reform” that could bring the Croatian system of higher education back onto the European track.
The Background and Basis: Multiple-steams Analysis of Integration Reform of European Higher Education

- , 2015,
Abstract: 博洛尼亚进程是法国等发起国借助欧洲框架进行整 体协调一致的高等教育改革,达到增强自身以致整个欧洲的高 等教育竞争力和吸引力之目的。博洛尼亚进程之所以能推进欧 洲高等教育的一体化改革,是因为欧洲人历来就具有“全欧理 念”,也因为欧洲政治、经济的一体化已经发展到一定阶段,对 高等教育的一体化提出必然要求,欧洲高等教育领域已有的一 些制度和政策也为欧洲高等教育的一体化奠定了基础。
The Pologna Process is an overall coordinated reform of higher education started by France and other countries with the European framework to strengthen themselves as well as the whole European higher education. The Bologna Process can promote the integration reform of European higher education, not only because the people there has the "concept" of the whole Europe, but also because the European political and economic integration has developed to a certain stage, which inevitably requires for integration of higher education. Besides, some system and policy of the European higher education area have also laid a solid foundation for the integration of European higher education.
Future Challenges in Higher Education - Bologna Experts' Community Case Study  [cached]
Miri Yemini
International Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v5n5p226
Abstract: This work presents results from systematic analysis of the challenges for the future of higher education in European and neighboring countries as it was extracted from the Bologna experts and Higher Education Reform experts' opinions. Opinions of more than 100 experts from 35 countries were documented and analyzed. Significant differences in the opinions on future challenges in higher education were found to be addressed by opinions of experts from European Union in comparison to neighbouring countries. Differences were recorded in the amount and scope of challenges presented by experts from different countries and also the data collected differs significantly from the official policy for future development as reflects from official documentation of the European Commission. This work provides an insight into the bottom up implementation of the Bologna process and it can be useful for academics and policymakers in the field of higher education.
Quality assurance in the european higher education area  [PDF]
T. Karkoszka
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2009,
Abstract: Purpose of the presented paper aims at motivating the necessity of assuring the quality in higher educationby implementation of the quality management systemDesign/methodology/approach covers the characterisation of strategic aims of the higher education, mostly - the principles of performance of higher education systems making possible the European cooperationand the comparability of the mechanisms and the results of activity.Findings of the carried out research are as follows: implementation of the rules of higher education system should ensure: level of education being the quality standard, coherent educational system allowing for mobile choice of the place of education, universal accessibility of education, lifelong education as well as recognition of knowledge, skills and qualifications in all countries of European Union.Practical implications: refers to any university which wants to assure quality in education by taking partin the Bologna Process.Originality/value: of the presented paper belongs to the idea and the progress of the Bologna Processas a European widespread venture aiming at establishing the European Higher Education Area and determination of the directions of development of higher education and the research systems.
Hernandez - Carrion Jose Rodolfo
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The Bologna Process aims to provide tools to connect the European national educational systems. The purpose of this paper is to analyze what we have learned and what challenges remain today. Since the beginning all participating countries had to agree on a comparable three cycle degree system for undergraduates (Bachelor degrees or Grades) and graduates (Master and PhD degrees) in order to create compatibility and comparability for achieving international competitiveness and a worldwide degree of attractiveness in higher education. The Bologna Declaration, originally signed by 29 countries, has now reached 47 countries, engaged in the process of creating a European Higher Education Area (EHEA), searching to be competitive to launch the European Academia of the 21st Century. The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) has turned out to be the perfect tool to design, describe, and deliver programs and award higher education qualifications. Markets and European universities are going to be able to compete overseas in the future if the new regulations let them to create profitable business in the education area. As expected, European Universities have responded promptly and actively to the call. In the case of small countries like Spain, it is an opportunity to internationalize Spanish universities; moreover, there is the opportunity for the expansion and consolidation of the Spanish language as the second most important foreign language. The 2009 Report highlights that early teaching of a foreign language is advancing in Europe. In lower secondary education, earlier teaching of English is becoming widespread; and the three Nordic countries, Germany, and the UK are the highest innovation performers. The result is a system of higher education more competitive and more attractive for Europeans and non-Europeans students and scholars. Reform is needed today if Europe wants to match the performance of the best performing higher education systems in the world. The English language seems to be the response in the search for a common European answer to solve common European problems.
A integra o dos sistemas de educa o superior na Europa: de Roma a Bolonha ou da integra o econ mica à integra o acadêmica/The european system of higher education integration: from roma to Bologna or from economic integration to academic integration
Mário Luiz Neves de Azevedo
ETD : Educa??o Temática Digital , 2007,
Abstract: Este trabalho trata a respeito do processo de integra o dos sistemas de educa o superior na Europa, regi o que, desde o fim da segunda guerra mundial, está procurando eliminar as fronteiras em todos os ambitos. O Processo de Bolonha, homenagem à universidade mais antiga da Europa, é o nome do conjunto dos eventos (reuni es, resolu es e normas) relativos às medidas de implementa o dos princípios da reuni o de ministros da educa o europeus que ocorreu em Bolonha, em 1999, com a finalidade de construir um espa o europeu de educa o superior até o ano 2010, cujos objetivos fundamentais encetam, principalmente, para a competitividade do Sistema Europeu de Ensino Superior frente a outras regi es e para a mobilidade e o emprego no Espa o Europeu. Dessa maneira, analisa-se também o papel dos atores sociais nesse processo e a discuss o a respeito da natureza da educa o superior: um bem público catalisador da solidariedade internacional ou uma mercadoria a ser explorada na constru o de um mercado educativo transnacional. This paper analysis the integration process of higher education system in Europe, region that, since the end of Second World War is trying to eliminate the borders in all scopes. The Process has been named as Bologna's Process, to homage the older Europe's university. It is a set of resolutions, events and rules, related to the implementation measures of the principles resulted of the European ministers meeting, occurred in Bologna in 1999, with the purpose of building an European space of higher education until 2010. The fundamental goals are competitiveness of the front Higher education European system to others regions, mobility and the job in the European Space. It analysis also the social actor’s roll in this process and the discussion concerning about of nature of higher education: one very public aspect of the international solidarity or a exploratory merchandise to being explored in the construction of a transnational educational market. Keywords Política educacional --- Processo de Bolonha --- Reformas --- Educational politics --- Process of Bologna --- Higher educational reforms
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