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STUDY ON THE CAUSES OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Mihai Talmaciu,Borza Mioara
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: Successive enlargements of the European Union have led to increasing heterogeneity of the development levels of the states and regions members. The Romanian development regions are among the most poorly economically developed European regions and are regarded as economies based on production factors where the development of economy is mainly triggered by the poorly qualified labour and the natural resources. This paper aims to analyse and to identify the factors lying at the bottom of regional development and the causes of Romanian regional disparities, by comparative analyse and the break down the basic development indicators into their components. The regional economic disparities from Romania tend to be more prominent due following causes: low level of development of most regions, structure of economy dominated by economic sectors with a low productivity; the low research-innovation potential; the low share of the population having a higher education, reduced capacity of the poorly developed regions to withhold the highly qualified labour, the weak development of infrastructure, particularly poor quality of infrastructure networks. Romania stays anchored in a development model characterized by an anachronous economic structure, a poorly qualified labour, a slow accumulation of capital and a reduced sustainability of the development rate.
Formal Institutions and Regional Development. Considerations Regarding Romania  [PDF]
Ramona FRUNZ?
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: Assuming that a theory of development is incomplete without a theory of institutions, we propose in this paper to analyze, in a first part, the interrelation formal institutions-regional development and the ways trough which these two components sustain themselves, then, in the second part of the paper, we will analyze the degree of convergence of the eight development regions in Romania, taking into account indicators such as: GDP per capita, average net wage gain, unemployment rate, labor productivity, the share of sectors in total employment.The results of our research we hope to lead us, in the final of the paper, to draw some future action directions by which to reduce development disparities between regions, both at national level and at European level NUTS2.
MACRO-REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
MARIA O?IL,MIHAI P?REAN
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2010,
Abstract: Economic disparities are disparities between levels of economicdevelopment of the areas or regions within a national economy. If economic literature hasfailed to explain the causes of inequalities in economic development of different regions of theEU, this issue became a priority in EU economic policy, especially after the adhesion ofGreece, Spain and Portugal, countries characterized by a lower level of development fromother EU countries and also marked by significant regional imbalances. European Unionsupports reducing disparities between different regions of Member States so that all regionsand their people to benefit from economic and social advantages of the Union. This paper aimsto highlight disparities between the macro-regions in Romania. Regional demarcation criterionin the NUTS system is the population’s number within a territory. Most pertinent argument isthat the goal of all activities in a society lies in meeting the needs of the individual and of thecommunity. This possibility is ensured by a certain level of economic development in the region.Less developed areas of Romania are located in Northern Moldova and in the South EasternRomanian Plain and the more developed areas include, in addition to Bucharest andConstanta, Transylvania and Banat regions.
THE CURRENT STATE AND DYNAMICS OF REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ROMANIA
Zizi Goschin,Daniela-L. Constantin,Monica Roman,Bogdan-Vasile Ileanu
Romanian Journal of Regional Science , 2008,
Abstract: The paper aims to highlight the dynamics and current state of regional disparities in Romania,discussing both inter-regional disparities -between the eight development regions, corresponding tothe NUTS II level- and intra-regional disparities -between the counties (corresponding to theNUTS III level) included in each region. The analysis of regional disparities has been based on aseries of data and indicators provided by Romanian official statistics for 2000 and 2005, processedby various statistical methods. We constructed a new variant of the relative distances rankingmethod adapted to the objective of our study, so as to make it possible to measure simultaneouslythe intra and inter-regional disparities. Based on a multidimensional index of inequality, the 41Romanian counties plus Bucharest municipality have been ranked and included into four majordevelopment categories, according to their relative position in economic development. Gini index,Herfindahl index and Theil index have been also employed, showing a low level of concentration,which suggests a relatively low amplitude of both inter-regional and intra-regional disparities.
Identifying Regional Economic Disparities and Convergence in Romania
Daniela ANTONESCU
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Regional convergence is a key objective of cohesion and balanced development at regional level. The existences of regional imbalances do nothing only delay the achievement this objective, requiring the emergence of viable and appropriate measures of the new European context. This article aims to use the appropriate models based on dispersion method (variance) to identify the dynamics and amplitude differences in the level of regional development in European Union and Romania. The results of this research indicate first that the disparities between development regions in Romania have growth more rapidly in recent years, but the EU integration may have enhanced per-capita income convergence processes. These findings may be able to find new tools to reduce income inequalities in next programming period.
The Regional Disparities. Foreign Direct Investment in Romania  [PDF]
IBOLYA KURKó
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2006,
Abstract: After the collapse of its economic system, Romania entered a new economic, social, and political period named transition. The transition from a planned economy to a market oriented one, the opening of the borders, the consolidation of the political and juridical systems led to the appearance of foreign direct investment as well as to its permanent increase. Against the frame of internal changes, the Romanian foreign policy evolved in a new direction marked by the country joining NATO and its accession to the European Union. After 1989, economic, political, and demographical changes influenced all Romanian settlements. Still, these changes had selective effects pushing some counties to progress and other to decline. Foreign investment concentrated especially in the areas where the infrastructure already built, the development level, and accessibility were more significant as well as the area where the local factors were more interested in making changes. This contributed to regional disparities as investment focused especially in Bucharest and in the North-West and West Development Regions. In our study we present the evolution of foreign direct investment in Romania in the last years and the disparities between regions and counties.
System of indicators to analyze regional development disparities in Romania
Marinic? DOBRIN,Antonio TACHE,Alexandru Ionu? PETRI?OR
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2010,
Abstract: The orientation of spatial development policies in Romania isgoverned by the directions established in the European Union by the Lisbon and Gothenburg Strategies and the ESPON Program, and nationally by the principles of the Regional Operational Program and the National Plan of Development. The monitoring of their implementation and the study of their territorial effects require the development of advanced techniques and instruments for the spatial planning of the national, urban and rural territory in order to strengthen the administrative capacity to absorb structural andcohesion funds, as well as the use of informational technology to monitor the development level of Romania with respect to regional development. A set of regional development indicators was proposed for each region, and embedded in a Geographical Information System. This paper synthesizes the results of analyses and proposes actions that should govern regional development in Romania.
Immigrants’ responsiveness to labor market conditions and their impact on regional employment disparities: evidence from Spain
Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes,Sara De la Rica
SERIEs , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s13209-009-0002-y
Abstract: Using data from the Spanish Labor Force Survey (Encuesta de Población Activa) from 1999 through 2007, we explore the role of employment opportunities in explaining the growing immigrant flows of recent years. Subsequently, we investigate whether immigrant inflows have helped reduce regional employment disparities. Our results indicate that immigrants choose to reside in regions with higher employment rates for their particular skills. However, perhaps owing to its recent nature or the ability of the production infrastructure to absorb the increase in immigrant labor, the immigration shock seems to have lowered regional employment rate disparities only temporarily.
The Analysis of Regional Disparities in Romania with Gini/Struck Coefficients of Concentration
DANIELA ANTONESCU
Revista Romana de Economie , 2010,
Abstract: A key objective of regional development policy is to reduce disparities between regions and to ensure a relatively balanced level of development. To achieve this goal studies and social and economic analysis based on certain techniques and methods of evaluation are necessary. In scientific literature, there are plenty of models that can be applied to assess regional disparities. One of the methods commonly used in practice is related to the calculation and analysis of the degree of concentration/diversification of activities within a region. The increase or decrease in the degree of concentration of certain activities or areas of activity in a region provides information on: - the level of overall economic development; - economic development and growth rate; - the specific features of the region, the potential, local traditions, etc. The expert analysis indicate that, in a high level of overall development or a sustained economic growth rate, there are favorable conditions for economic activities to locate in any region, so they are relatively uniformly distributed throughout the country.Knowing the degree of concentration and also the influence factors are useful in making decisions and setting regional policy measures.This article proposes a synthetic analysis of the development level of regions in Romania with the concentration/diversification model (Gini/Struck coefficients), based on the existing key statistical indicators.
INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL COMPONENTS AS CAUSES OF REGIONAL DISPARITIES. A CASE STUDY IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Bogdan-Vasile Ileanu,Alexandru Isaic-Maniu,Claudiu Herteliu
Romanian Journal of Regional Science , 2009,
Abstract: Starting from a Logit model developed in the past we try to provide empirical support for counties disparities regarding intellectual capital factor influence. The study presents some correlation between economic performance, structure of activity in the county and intellectual components: human capital, organizational capital and customer capital. Because of various differences between counties we may consider that specific models are more indicated to analyze local behaviour. Also the results can give important information about association of counties by factor development and can also show the gaps between administrative organization forms with main purpose: a future more efficient investment and development.
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