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Entrevista: Sebasti o Salgado Interview: Sebasti o Salgado  [cached]
Paulo Cesar Boni
Discursos Fotográficos , 2008,
Abstract: O entrevistado é o fotógrafo brasileiro Sebasti o Salgado, um dos mais importantes nomes da fotografia documental de todos os tempos. Em ase de produ o do documentário Genesis, ele temviajado muito por países de todos os continentes. Entre o contato inicial – durante o lan amento de seu livro áfrica, em S o Paulo, em 9 de novembro de 2007 – e a entrevista se passou quase um ano. Em 29 de setembro de 2008, na véspera de mais uma viagem, ele concedeu a seguinte entrevista por telefone, da Amazonas Images, sua agênciafotográfica, em Paris.
Vegetal fibers used in artisan fishing in the Salgado region, Pará  [cached]
Jorge Oliveira,Raimunda Concei??o de Vilhena Potiguara,Luiz Carlos Batista Lobato
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas , 2006,
Abstract: Plant-derived fibers used in small-scale fisheries of the Salgado region of Pará state, Brazil. Fiber-providing plants occupy a distinctive place in the daily life of traditional Amazonian communities, next to medicinal plants, food plants, and timber species. In the Salgado region of Pará state, Brazil, on the Atlantic coast (municipalities of Colares, Curu á, Magalh es Barata, Maracan , Marapanim, Salinópolis, Santarém Novo, S o Caetano de Odivelas, S o Jo o de Pirabas, and Vigia) plant-derived fibers are used in basketwork, ropes, construction reinforcements (in place of nails), body adornments, and clothing. For this survey, data were obtained from craft workers and fishermen in the Salgado region, in about 150 semi-structured interviews. In all, 17 plant species in eight botanical families and 17 genera are used in the preparation of fishing gear. Supports are made from the stems of Marantaceae and stipes of Arecaceae, woven elements are the aerial roots of Araceae and Cyclanthaceae and the stems of vine-like Bignoniaceae and Dilleniaceae, and roofing thatch is made from the leaves and midribs of Arecaceae. The most represented family in terms of number of species and uses was Arecaceae, with 8 species, followed by Dilleniaceae and Araceae, each with 2 species, and Bignoniaceae, Bombacaceae, Cyclanthaceae, Marantaceae, and Poaceae, each with a single utilized species. In addition, this paper provides information on these fiber-producing plants, in terms of their morphology, the origin and manipulation of plant materials by craftsmen, and the produced artifacts and their uses, as well as reporting cultural aspects of fibrous plant use in daily fishing activities in the Salgado region.
Reading religion and consuming the past in the feast of Guadalupe  [cached]
Adele Wessel,Andrew Jones
Anthropology of Food , 2006,
Abstract: Les fiestas sont des événements symboliques reflétant la mémoire populaire de différents groupes sociaux. Les rituels qui accompagnent les fiestas invoquent le passé pour le réactualiser au présent. De ce fait, la fiesta est une arène trans-historique où l’histoire officielle peut être contextualisée et donc contestée. La fiesta de Guadalupe est célébrée tous les décembre à Tortugas au Nouveau Mexique. La nourriture est centrale dans l’expression religieuse et l’identité communautaire de la fiesta , elle renvoie dans sa traduction au jour de fête consacré à la Vierge de Guadalupe. Dans cet article, le repas servi dans la Casa de Comida sera utilisé comme un texte historique, comme une forme de communication ou de représentation de la communauté et de son histoire. Une attention particulière sera apportée à l’interdépendance des histoires des indigènes et des immigrants telles qu’elles s’expriment dans la consommation des repas, mais aussi à l’héritage du colonialisme inhérent à cette fête. Fiestas are symbolic events that articulate the popular memory of different social groups. The rituals which fiestas perform invoke the past, bringing it into the present moment. Fiestas are thereby a trans-historical arena where official accounts can be contextualised and accordingly contested. The fiesta de Guadalupe is celebrated in Tortugas, New Mexico each December. Food is integral to the religious expression and community identity of the fiesta, echoed in its translation as the feast day of the Virgin of Guadalupe. In this paper the meal served in the Casa de Comida will be used as a historical text, as a form of communication or representation of the community and its history. Attention is directed to the interdependence of indigenous and immigrant histories expressed in the preparation and consumption of meals, as well as to the legacies of colonialism inherent in the feast.
Fibras vegetais utilizadas na pesca artesanal na microrregi?o do Salgado, Pará
Oliveira, Jorge;Potiguara, Raimunda Concei??o de Vilhena;Lobato, Luiz Carlos Batista;
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-81222006000200009
Abstract: plant-derived fibers used in small-scale fisheries of the salgado region of pará state, brazil. fiber-providing plants occupy a distinctive place in the daily life of traditional amazonian communities, next to medicinal plants, food plants, and timber species. in the salgado region of pará state, brazil, on the atlantic coast (municipalities of colares, curu?á, magalh?es barata, maracan?, marapanim, salinópolis, santarém novo, s?o caetano de odivelas, s?o jo?o de pirabas, and vigia) plant-derived fibers are used in basketwork, ropes, construction reinforcements (in place of nails), body adornments, and clothing. for this survey, data were obtained from craft workers and fishermen in the salgado region, in about 150 semi-structured interviews. in all, 17 plant species in eight botanical families and 17 genera are used in the preparation of fishing gear. supports are made from the stems of marantaceae and stipes of arecaceae, woven elements are the aerial roots of araceae and cyclanthaceae and the stems of vine-like bignoniaceae and dilleniaceae, and roofing thatch is made from the leaves and midribs of arecaceae. the most represented family in terms of number of species and uses was arecaceae, with 8 species, followed by dilleniaceae and araceae, each with 2 species, and bignoniaceae, bombacaceae, cyclanthaceae, marantaceae, and poaceae, each with a single utilized species. in addition, this paper provides information on these fiber-producing plants, in terms of their morphology, the origin and manipulation of plant materials by craftsmen, and the produced artifacts and their uses, as well as reporting cultural aspects of fibrous plant use in daily fishing activities in the salgado region.
Guadalupe: a browser design for heterogeneous hardware  [PDF]
Zhen Wang,Felix Xiaozhu Lin,Lin Zhong,Mansoor Chishtie
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Mobile systems are embracing heterogeneous architectures by getting more types of cores and more specialized cores, which allows applications to be faster and more efficient. We aim at exploiting the hardware heterogeneity from the browser without requiring any changes to either the OS or the web applications. Our design, Guadalupe, can use hardware processing units with different degrees of capability for matched browser services. It starts with a weak hardware unit, determines if and when a strong unit is needed, and seamlessly migrates to the strong one when necessary. Guadalupe not only makes more computing resources available to mobile web browsing but also improves its energy proportionality. Based on Chrome for Android and TI OMAP4, We provide a prototype browser implementation for resource loading and rendering. Compared to Chrome for Android, we show that Guadalupe browser for rendering can increase other 3D application's frame rate by up to 767% and save 4.7% of the entire system's energy consumption. More importantly, by using the two cases, we demonstrate that Guadalupe creates the great opportunity for many browser services to get better resource utilization and energy proportionality by exploiting hardware heterogeneity.
PERCEP O DO RUíDO AERONáUTICO EM ESCOLAS DA ZONA I DO PEZR DO AEROPORTO INTERNACIONAL SALGADO FILHO  [PDF]
Maria Fernanda de Oliveira Nunes,Miguel Aloysio Sattler
Engevista , 2004,
Abstract: This paper aims at evaluating aircraft noise in the vicinity of Salgado FilhoInternational Airport in Porto Alegre, with research done in two schools inside Zone I ofPlano Específico de Zoneamento de Ruído - PEZR. It also presents a brief review ofstudies in order to provide overall understanding about aircraft noise. According to theWorld Health Organization, children are considered the most vulnerable group regardingthe effects of noise. In addition, scientific evidence has proved that school life is harmed.However, school activities inside the most critical noise zones around airports, which arenot allowed according to national and municipal legislation, take place in environmentswith constructive building features unsuitable to the exposure levels. This study aims atevaluating the perception and annoyance of aircraft noise in schools within Zone I ofPZER of Salgado Filho International Airport, based on quantitative and qualitative criteria,with acoustics measurement, surveys, interviews, and observation of behavior and use ofschool environment. The primary results show a lot of annoyance reported by students andteachers who live in noisy environments. Such results may also indicate possible vocal andauditory problems as a consequence of the need to raise one's voice. Another aspect whichhas been pointed out was problems in school performance because of the frequentinterruption in the communication between teacher and students whenever planes flewover the place.
Sleep in the Work of Marcos José Salgado, Author of the First Book of Physiology in the Americas, Published in 1727  [PDF]
Gonzalo Flores, Carlos Manuel Fernández-Sánchez, Alejandro Valdes-Cruz, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.45026
Abstract: Sleep and wakefulness are functions of the central nervous system (CNS) that are altered in numerous psychiatric disorders. Interestingly, Marcos José Salgado published in 1727 his book which is considered the first book of Physiology in the American continent and entitled “Cursus Medicus Mexicanus” (Figure 1) that suggests the use of drugs to regulate brain functions and their therapeutic action on sleep. In the work of Salgado, the concepts of sleep and wakefulness are offered using Hippocratic and Galenic knowledge to explain the pathophysiology of both functions. Today those concepts might be considered wrong. However, taking into account the historical moment and the intrinsic value of the text written in Latin, this manuscript is unique. Considered by art critics as valuable, there are only eight original copies of this book. In the present report, we discussed paragraph by paragraph the chapter “Sleep and wakefulness”, the work of this Medical Doctor of the New Spain.
Neotectonic related geological risk at dams in the Mexico Basin: Guadalupe dam
Salvador Marín-Córdova,Oscar Campos-Enríquez,Mario Herrera-Moro-Castillo
Geofísica internacional , 2004,
Abstract: Three available tectonic models for the Mexico Basin were analyzed. Based on these models a new tectonic model was developed. Engineering structures were identified that could suffer the effects of seismic activity.Guadalupe Dam case is an example of risk from geological structures defined in the tectonic models. History records three stages of repairs of damage due to settlement and cracks that occurred in the dam wall.These settlements and cracks are associated with neotectonic activity of a nearby normal or strike-slip fault.Regional geotectonics is a cause of settlements and cracks, instability and landslides on roads, as well as high permeability zones beneath reservoirs, causing important damage.
Plastid DNA Diversity Is Higher in the Island Endemic Guadalupe Cypress than in the Continental Tecate Cypress  [PDF]
Patricia Rosas Escobar,David S. Gernandt,Daniel Pi?ero,Pedro P. Garcillán
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016133
Abstract: Callitropsis guadalupensis (Guadalupe cypress) is endemic to Guadalupe Island, Mexico, where it is the dominant species of the only forest. The species has suffered declining numbers following the introduction of goats to the island over 150 years ago. Callitropsis guadalupensis is closely related to Callitropsis forbesii (Tecate cypress), distributed in small isolated populations in mainland Baja California and southern California. The objective of the present study was to compare the genetic diversity of the island endemic to the continental species.
Numerical understanding of regional scale water table behavior in the Guadalupe Valley aquifer, Baja California, Mexico
J. R. Campos-Gaytan,T. Kretzschmar
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions , 2006,
Abstract: A regional groundwater flow model was developed, in order to evaluate the water table behavior in the region of the Guadalupe Valley, in Baja California, Mexico. The State of Baja California has been subject to an increment of the agricultural, urban and industrials activities, implicating a growing water-demand. However, the State is characterized by its semi-arid climate with low surface water availability; resulting in an extensive use of groundwater in local aquifer. Based on historic piezometric information of the last two decades, however, a negative evolution could be observed, resulting a negative storage volume. So far, there is not an integral hydrogeological evaluation that determine the real condition of the groundwater resource, and that permit to planning a management of the Guadalupe Valley Aquifer. A steady-state calibration model was carried out in order to obtain the best possible match to measured levels at the Guadalupe Valley Aquifer. The contours of calculated water table elevations for January 1983 were reproduced. Generally, the comparison of the observed and calculated water table configurations have a good qualitative and quantitatively adjustment. Nowadays, it is count with a hydrogeological model that can be used for simulates the groundwater flow in the region of the Guadalupe Valley.
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