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Relationship of Pessimistic Attitude with Childhood Abuse among the Female Prisoners of Punjab Prisons  [PDF]
Sarwat Inayat Mirza
Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The study explores the relationship between the experience of abuse and pessimistic attitude among the female prisoners. This area of research has never been explored in Pakistan. Participants included 400 females both the convicts and under trials from the four Central Prisons of Punjab Prisons. Data was collected with the help of structured questionnaire. House Tree Person Test was also administered for rapport building. It was hypothesized that female prisoners having the experience of abuse were also having pessimistic attitude towards the life. Findings showed significant co-relation between experience of abuse and pessimistic attitude. Pearson correlation co-efficient was calculated between experience of abuse and pessimisms. In order to further understand the level of abuse; it was divided into emotional, physical and sexual abuse. This study highlighted the need to attend emotional problems of female criminals.
The vulnerability of Brazilian female prisoners to HIV infection
Strazza, L.;Azevedo, R.S.;Carvalho, H.B.;Massad, E.;
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-879X2004000500020
Abstract: the purpose of the present study was to determine the vulnerability of women in prison to hiv infection. the study was carried out from august to october 2000 in a s?o paulo state penitentiary, where 299 female prisoners were serving time. we interviewed and obtained a blood sample from 290 females who agreed to enter the study. sera were tested for the presence of antibodies to hiv, hepatitis c virus (hcv) and syphilis and the odds ratio (or) was calculated for variables related to hiv positivity on the basis of a questionnaire. the overall prevalence data were: 13.9% for hiv (37 of 267), 22.8% for syphilis (66 of 290), and 16.2% for hcv (47 of 290). sexual partnership variables were significantly related to hiv infection. these included hiv-positive partners (or = 7.36, p = 0.0001), casual partners (or = 8.96, p = 0.009), injectable drug user partners (or = 4.7, p = 0.0001), and history of sexually transmitted disease (or = 2.07, p = 0.05). in addition, a relationship was detected between hiv infection and drug use (or = 2.48, p = 0.04) and injectable drug use (or = 4.2, p = 0.002). even women with only one partner presented a significant or for hiv infection (or = 2.57, p = 0.009), reflecting their vulnerability due to their trust in their partner, who did not use a condom. although the use of injectable substances is associated with hiv infection, our results point to sexual behavior as the most important component of hiv transmission in the female prisoner population.
The vulnerability of Brazilian female prisoners to HIV infection  [cached]
Strazza L.,Azevedo R.S.,Carvalho H.B.,Massad E.
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research , 2004,
Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to determine the vulnerability of women in prison to HIV infection. The study was carried out from August to October 2000 in a S o Paulo State Penitentiary, where 299 female prisoners were serving time. We interviewed and obtained a blood sample from 290 females who agreed to enter the study. Sera were tested for the presence of antibodies to HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis and the odds ratio (OR) was calculated for variables related to HIV positivity on the basis of a questionnaire. The overall prevalence data were: 13.9% for HIV (37 of 267), 22.8% for syphilis (66 of 290), and 16.2% for HCV (47 of 290). Sexual partnership variables were significantly related to HIV infection. These included HIV-positive partners (OR = 7.36, P = 0.0001), casual partners (OR = 8.96, P = 0.009), injectable drug user partners (OR = 4.7, P = 0.0001), and history of sexually transmitted disease (OR = 2.07, P = 0.05). In addition, a relationship was detected between HIV infection and drug use (OR = 2.48, P = 0.04) and injectable drug use (OR = 4.2, P = 0.002). Even women with only one partner presented a significant OR for HIV infection (OR = 2.57, P = 0.009), reflecting their vulnerability due to their trust in their partner, who did not use a condom. Although the use of injectable substances is associated with HIV infection, our results point to sexual behavior as the most important component of HIV transmission in the female prisoner population.
The treatment and the realization of the female prisoners’ rights in the correctional institution for women in Po arevac  [PDF]
?opi? Sanja,Stevkovi? Ljiljana,?a?iri Bejan
Temida , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/tem1204045c
Abstract: In order to enable the development of each individual and his/her reintegration and social inclusion after imprisonment, the state is obliged to guarantee certain rights to the prisoners as well as realization of these rights: the right to work, education, health care, social contacts, support and assistance, religious rights etc. These rights are guaranteed by relevant legal acts of the Republic of Serbia. However, women have special needs and requirements in comparison to male prison population. Due to that, the treatment of female prisoners should be gender sensitive. Taking that as a starting point, the action research of the Victimology Society of Serbia, which was conducted in 2011 and 2012, aimed at getting to know what is the level of respect of female prisoners’ rights in the Correctional Institution for Women in Po arevac and to what extent gender sensitive approach is present. The results of the research are presented in this paper.
Prevalence of personality disorders among female prisoners of Zahedan prison  [cached]
Mehrdad Mazaheri,Nasrin Khalighi,Mahvash Raghibi,Hassan Sarabandi
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of personality disorders among female prisoners of Zahedan prison. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive survey and the statistical sample constituted of 80 female prisoners in Zahedan prison. All participants were assessed by Millon’s multi-axis clinical questionnaire. Results: Our results indicated that prevalence of personality disorders in the study sample in question was 95%. Anti-social personality disorder with about 86.2% prevalence was the most common disorder. Drug-dependence and sadistic-aggressive personality with 60% and 56.2% prevalence, respectively, were in next places.Conclusion: The findings show that the statistical society in question represents high prevalence of personality disorders. This illustrates the need for broader investigations, preventive measures, and mental health-related cares
Female Condoms as a Preventive Measure against HIV/AIDS Infection among University Students in Gaborone, Botswana
Galeage Kaelo, Brothers Wilright Malema
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100538
Abstract: This paper seeks to investigate the predictors of female condom use amongst female university students in Gaborone, Botswana. The study used primary data through the administration of a questionnaire amongst randomly selected respondents to determine the factors behind the use of female condoms. Since the dependent variable had three outcomes, multinomial logistic regression was used. It was found out that only known HIV status was inversely related to the use of the female condom. The other variables, namely age, perceived exposure to HIV infection, perception about the female condoms and the respondents perceived risk were positively and significantly related to the use of the female condom. The paper concluded by pointing out that the limited use of female condoms should not be construed as indicative of the absence of safer sexual practices until some factors, namely the use of the male condom and partner behaviors are brought on board. Notwithstanding this apparent omission, the paper culminates by appealing for continued or even intensified sex education on the importance of the female condom particularly in view of the HIV and AIDS scourge.
Reasons for non- use of condoms and self- efficacy among female sex workers: a qualitative study in Nepal
Laxmi Ghimire, W Cairns S Smith, Edwin R van Teijlingen, Rashmi Dahal, Nagendra P Luitel
BMC Women's Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6874-11-42
Abstract: This paper is based on a qualitative study of Female Sex Workers (FSWs) in Nepal. In-depth interviews and extended field observation were conducted with 15 FSWs in order to explore issues of safe sex and risk management in relation to their work place, health and individual behaviours.The main risk factor identified for the non-use of condoms with intimate partners and regular clients was low self efficacy. Non-use of condoms with husband and boyfriends placed them at risk of STIs including HIV. In addition to intimidation and violence from the police, clients and intimate partners, clients' resistance and lack of negotiation capacity were identified as barriers in using condoms by the FSWs.This study sheds light on the live and work of FSWs in Nepal. This information is relevant for both the Government of Nepal and Non Governmental Organisations (NGO) to help improve the position of FSWs in the community, their general well-being and to reduce their risks at work.Sex work is characterised by high rates of commercial sex partner exchange, low rates of consistent condom use [1] with regular partners (only 5.9%) and with last sex client (66.3%) [2]. The conditions and environment of sex work in South East Asia have not been well described, despite rising sexually transmitted infections (STI) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence rates which are attributed to both sex work and drug use [3,4].Nepal is one of the least developed country, many people live in poverty and the country experiences considerable seasonal labour migration [5] mainly to India and the Middle East. Labour migrants to India constitute one of the 'bridging populations' for the transmission of STIs and HIV infection. One specific element of this labour migration is that Nepalese women end up working as Female Sex Workers (FSWs) in the big cities in India. It is estimated that some 200,000 Nepalese women work in the sex industry in India.Moreover, the conditions in which FSWs operate need to
Preview Note – scientific television shows solutions for ordinary problems  [cached]
Isabel CF da Cruz
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2006,
Abstract: Preview Note is a regular television broadcast that is intended to air a finite number of episodes related to research, science, and technology.
Women in prison in Serbia: Living conditions for female prisoners in the correctional institution for women in Po arevac
?opi? Sanja,?a?iri Bejan
Temida , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/tem1204023c
Abstract: The Correctional Institution for Women in Po arevac is the only institution in Serbia for serving prison sentence by female persons. In order to find out what the living conditions in this institution are, Victimology Society of Serbia conducted an action research in 2011 and 2012. The data was collected through observation of the conditions in the female prison and through interviews with female prisoners and the prison staff. The data was analyzed by the use of both qualitative and quantitative methods. The aim f this paper is to present the results of the research in regard to the living conditions for female prisoners. The data is analyzed in the light of the Law on the execution of the criminal sanctions of the Republic of Serbia and the UN Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules).
Attitude of 100 Saudi Female Doctors Towards Their Health
M. Khateeb, S. Khayat, O. Radhwi, M. Sindi and H. Abduljabbar
Clinical Medicine Insights: Women's Health , 2012, DOI: 10.4137/CMWH.S10052
Abstract: Objective: To assess the overall health status, lifestyle behavior, and attitude towards menopause, hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) and human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination among female Saudi doctors. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted over a period of 2 months (November and December 2011). The study population was comprised of Saudi female physicians that are actively working. Ethics approval was obtained prior to conducting the study. A structured self-administered questionnaire was answered by the subjects. Inclusion criteria were any female physician who was willing to participate and was actively practicing at time of the study. Results: One hundred responses were received. Forty-six subjects were ,30 years and 31 subjects were .40 years of age. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) of .25 and morbid obesity as a BMI .30. Eight subjects had a normal BMI, 27 subjects were overweight, and 16 were morbidly obese. Six subjects were smokers and 13 had chronic illnesses such as diabetes. Only five of the subjects performed regular breast self-examination, and 40 subjects have a breast examination done by a physician. Pap smear was done at least once on only 17% of the subjects. Forty-eight subjects were willing to prescribe HRT to their patients. Sixty-five subjects were willing to administer the HPV vaccination to patients. Conclusion: The overall health status, lifestyle, and attitude of Saudi female physicians towards their own health is suboptimal. This study shows that even physicians need to improve their lifestyle behavior and attitude towards their own health.
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