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Assessment of night eating syndrome among late adolescents  [cached]
Suri S,Pradhan R
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: With the increase in the trend of social networking, celebrations, over a couple of decades weather in the hostel or at home. Snacking has become an important aspect of activity. Today teen prefer snacks more than a proper meal. Skipping of meal and nibbling in between meal is a common practice. The main meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) are missed and total proportions of calories are consumed from the snacks eaten. Hence, this disordered eating behavior when continued may further lead to development of serious syndrome i.e., night eating syndrome. A purposive random sample comprising 188 males and 192 females (N=380), adolescents (18-22 years) were selected including hostlers and day scholars. The subjects were administered with self-organized questionnaire so to analyze the pattern of NES among them. Out of total 380 respondents, the numbers of hostlers were 211 and day scholars 169, while boys were 188 and girls were 192 in number. Results indicated that nearly half the percentage of adolescents snacked at night, out of which very few respondents met the criteria of NES, in which the number of hostlers were quite more than the day scholars, i.e.,76.3%.
Evaluating Metabolic Syndrome in children and adolescents  [PDF]
Maria D Rekliti,Ioannis A Kyriazis
To Vima tou Asklipiou , 2010,
Abstract: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is consisted by a group of interrelated disorders increasing the risk for cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes causing diseases and deaths in modern world.Purpose of the current study is to relate the evaluation of the metabolic syndrome parameters in clinical practice.Data sources and methods: The methodology which was used in this study included Greek and international bibliography review with the help of key-words.Results: Bibliography review showed that the criteria for Metabolic Syndrome are not well-defined and vary according to age, gender and race, while new risk factors are identified every day. Unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity are the basic features of obesity in childhood and adolescence. As a result, the frequency of metabolic disorders constantly increases in overweight or obese children and adolescents and therefore it is necessary for the diagnosis of the syndrome.Conclusions: Metabolic Syndrome management should be based upon an individualized risk assessment and not upon a simple summation and effort in getting treatment separately for each metabolic disorder. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of children and adolescents with multiple risk factors will contribute substantially to prevention by adopting a healthy lifestyle and reducing future syndrome complications.
Temporomandibular Disorders: The Habitual Chewing Side Syndrome  [PDF]
Urbano Santana-Mora, José López-Cedrún, María J. Mora, Xosé L. Otero, Urbano Santana-Penín
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059980
Abstract: Background Temporomandibular disorders are the most common cause of chronic orofacial pain, but, except where they occur subsequent to trauma, their cause remains unknown. This cross-sectional study assessed chewing function (habitual chewing side) and the differences of the chewing side and condylar path and lateral anterior guidance angles in participants with chronic unilateral temporomandibular disorder. This is the preliminary report of a randomized trial that aimed to test the effect of a new occlusal adjustment therapy. Methods The masticatory function of 21 randomly selected completely dentate participants with chronic temporomandibular disorders (all but one with unilateral symptoms) was assessed by observing them eat almonds, inspecting the lateral horizontal movement of the jaw, with kinesiography, and by means of interview. The condylar path in the sagittal plane and the lateral anterior guidance angles with respect to the Frankfort horizontal plane in the frontal plane were measured on both sides in each individual. Results Sixteen of 20 participants with unilateral symptoms chewed on the affected side; the concordance (Fisher’s exact test, P = .003) and the concordance-symmetry level (Kappa coefficient κ = 0.689; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38 to 0.99; P = .002) were significant. The mean condylar path angle was steeper (53.47(10.88) degrees versus 46.16(7.25) degrees; P = .001), and the mean lateral anterior guidance angle was flatter (41.63(13.35) degrees versus 48.32(9.53) degrees P = .036) on the symptomatic side. Discussion The results of this study support the use of a new term based on etiology, “habitual chewing side syndrome”, instead of the nonspecific symptom-based “temporomandibular joint disorders”; this denomination is characterized in adults by a steeper condylar path, flatter lateral anterior guidance, and habitual chewing on the symptomatic side.
Adolescents’ Knowledge of Diet-Related Chronic Diseases and Dietary Practices in Ghana  [PDF]
Christina A. Nti, Augustina Brown, Angelina Danquah
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.311199
Abstract: Diet-related chronic diseases constitute public health and developmental challenges in Ghana. The Ghana Health Service in 2007 reported a national prevalence of diabetes of 11.6%, 27.8% for hypertension and 25% of women were reported to be overweight. Adolescents usually adopt lifestyles that negatively affect their nutritional and health status and increase their risk for development of diet-related chronic diseases later in life. The study was therefore carried out to investigate adolescents’ knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and its influence on their dietary practices. The study design was a cross-sectional survey involving 313 adolescents aged 14 18 years from public and private senior high schools. Structured interviews and diet assessment methods were used to collect information on respondents’ knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and dietary practices. The data collected were analyzed using the SPSS program version 16. The Chi-square test and ANOVA were used to determine the relationships between respondents’ knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and dietary practices. The results revealed that knowledge of diabetes, hypertension and obesity were low among the respondents with most of them (89.2%) having fair to poor knowledge of the diseases. Eighty-eight percent of the adolescents ate three or more times in a day. Meals mostly skipped were breakfast and lunch. Dietary diversity of the respondents was generally poor. There was a significant relationship between knowledge of diet-related chronic diseases and the dietary practices of the adolescents. As knowledge of the diseases increased, dietary diversity also improved.
Avalia o do equilíbrio estático de crian as e adolescentes com síndrome de Down Static balance assessment among children and adolescents with Down syndrome  [cached]
CHZ Meneghetti,SM Blascovi-Assis,FT Deloroso,GM Rodrigues
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2009,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o equilíbrio estático de crian as e adolescentes com Síndrome de Down (SD) pela Biofotogrametria Computadorizada e verificar a influência da vis o nesta situa o. MéTODOS: Participaram 11 crian as e adolescentes com SD e 14 crian as e adolescentes de ambos os gêneros, neurologicamente normais que compuseram o grupo controle. Durante as filmagens, os participantes se mantiveram na posi o ortostática com os bra os posicionados ao lado do corpo e com os pés paralelos sobre uma superfície plana. As crian as de ambos os grupos foram filmadas na vista anterior (plano frontal) e na vista de perfil direito (plano sagital) nas condi es com vis o e sem vis o. Nas filmagens na condi o de olhos fechados, foram utilizados óculos de nata o totalmente vedados, com a finalidade do participante n o ter nenhuma informa o visual. O instrumento utilizado foi a Biofotogrametria Computadorizada, que serviu como referência angular para verificar as oscila es do corpo em equilíbrio estático. RESULTADOS:As crian as e adolescentes com SD oscilaram mais (p<0,05) que as do grupo controle e, quando a informa o visual foi manipulada, as oscila es antero-posterior e latero-lateral mostraram a existência de diferen as significativas no equilíbrio nas crian as e adolescentes com SD quando comparadas com as crian as do grupo controle (p<0,01). CONCLUS O:O presente estudo mostrou que as crian as e adolescentes com SD oscilaram mais que as crian as do grupo controle com e sem a informa o visual nos planos antero-posterior e latero-lateral. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate static balance and the influence of visual information among children and adolescents with Down Syndrome (DS) by means of computerized biophotogrammetry. METHODS: Eleven children and adolescents with DS took part in the study and 14 neurologically normal children and adolescents comprised the control group (both genders). During filming, the subjects remained in the orthostatic position with arms to the side of the body and feet parallel on a flat surface. Both groups were filmed in anterior view (frontal plane) and right lateral view (sagittal plane) with and without the eyes covered. While being filmed with eyes covered, the subjects wore fully blacked-out swimming goggles to eliminate all visual information. The instrument used was computerized biophotogrammetry, which served as an angular reference for verifying body sway in static stance. RESULTS:The subjects with DS swayed more (p<0.05) than the control group. When the visual information was eliminated, the anterior-posterior and lateral sway sho
Association between physical activity and metabolic syndrome: a cross sectional survey in adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Trang HHD Nguyen, Hong K Tang, Patrick Kelly, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Michael J Dibley
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-141
Abstract: A cross-sectional assessment was conducted in 2007 on a representative sample of 693 high-school students from urban districts in Ho Chi Minh City. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation criteria and physical activity was measured with Actigraph accelerometers. The association between physical activity and metabolic syndrome was assessed by using multiple logistic regression models.Overall 4.6% of the adolescents and 11.8% of the overweight/obese adolescents had metabolic syndrome. Elevated BP was the most common individual component of the metabolic syndrome (21.5%), followed by hypertriglyceridemia (11.1%). After adjusting for other study factors, the odds of metabolic syndrome among youth in the lowest physical activity group (<43 minutes of physical activity/day) were five times higher than those in the highest physical activity group (>103 minutes/day) (AOR = 5.3, 95% CI: 1.5, 19.1). Metabolic syndrome was also positively associated with socioeconomic status (AOR = 9.4, 95% CI: 2.1, 42.4).A more physically active lifestyle appears to be associated with a lower odds of metabolic syndrome in Vietnamese adolescents. Socio-economic status should be taken into account when planning interventions to prevent adolescent metabolic syndrome.Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors that includes glucose intolerance, hypertension, elevated triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, and obesity [1]. This clustering has been shown to occur not only in adults but also in adolescents [2-8].This syndrome continues to increase in both developed and developing countries, but has already become a major threat to global public health. It is especially of concern when it affects children and adolescents, as a consequence of increasing rates of childhood obesity and more sedentary lifestyles [9-11]. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents is relatively low (4%) when compared to the adult
Association between Hardness (Difficulty of Chewing) of the Habitual Diet and Premenstrual Symptoms in Young Japanese Women
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki, Yoshiko Takahashi, Kazuhiro Uenishi, Tomoko Watanabe, Toshiyuki Kohri, Mitsuyo Yamasaki, Reiko Watanabe, Keiko Baba, Katsumi Shibata, Toru Takahashi, Hitomi Hayabuchi, Kazuko Ohki and Junko Suzuki
Environmental Health Insights , 2012,
Abstract: Recent evidence suggests that voluntary rhythmic movements such as chewing may increase blood serotonin and subsequently brain serotonin, which in turn acts to alleviate premenstrual symptoms. In this observational cross-sectional study, we tested the hypothesis that hardness (difficulty of chewing) of the habitual diet (i.e. dietary hardness) is associated with decreased premenstrual symptoms. Subjects were 640 female Japanese dietetic students aged 18–22 years. Dietary hardness was assessed as an estimate of masticatory muscle activity for the habitual diet (i.e. the difficulty of chewing the food). The consumption of a total of 107 foods was estimated by means of a self-administered, comprehensive diet history questionnaire, and masticatory muscle activity during the ingestion of these foods was estimated according to published equations. Menstrual cycle symptoms were assessed using the retrospective version of the Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire, from which total score and subscale scores (i.e. pain, concentration, behavioral change, autonomic reactions, water retention, and negative affect) in the premenstrual phase were calculated and expressed as percentages relative to those in the intermenstrual phase. Dietary hardness was not associated with total score in the premenstrual phase (P for trend = 0.48). Further, no association was seen for any subscale score in the premenstrual phase (P for trend = 0.18–0.91). In conclusion, this preliminary study failed to substantiate a hypothesized inverse relationship between hardness of the habitual diet and premenstrual symptoms. Considering the plausibility of the putative mechanism, however, further investigation using more relevant measures of chewing and premenstrual symptoms is warranted.
Association between Hardness (Difficulty of Chewing) of the Habitual Diet and Premenstrual Symptoms in Young Japanese Women
Kentaro Murakami,Satoshi Sasaki,Yoshiko Takahashi,Kazuhiro Uenishi
Environmental Health Insights , 2010,
Abstract: Recent evidence suggests that voluntary rhythmic movements such as chewing may increase blood serotonin and subsequently brain serotonin, which in turn acts to alleviate premenstrual symptoms. In this observational cross-sectional study, we tested the hypothesis that hardness (difficulty of chewing) of the habitual diet (i.e. dietary hardness) is associated with decreased premenstrual symptoms. Subjects were 640 female Japanese dietetic students aged 18–22 years. Dietary hardness was assessed as an estimate of masticatory muscle activity for the habitual diet (i.e. the difficulty of chewing the food). The consumption of a total of 107 foods was estimated by means of a self-administered, comprehensive diet history questionnaire, and masticatory muscle activity during the ingestion of these foods was estimated according to published equations. Menstrual cycle symptoms were assessed using the retrospective version of the Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire, from which total score and subscale scores (i.e. pain, concentration, behavioral change, autonomic reactions, water retention, and negative affect) in the premenstrual phase were calculated and expressed as percentages relative to those in the intermenstrual phase. Dietary hardness was not associated with total score in the premenstrual phase (P for trend = 0.48). Further, no association was seen for any subscale score in the premenstrual phase (P for trend = 0.18–0.91). In conclusion, this preliminary study failed to substantiate a hypothesized inverse relationship between hardness of the habitual diet and premenstrual symptoms. Considering the plausibility of the putative mechanism, however, further investigation using more relevant measures of chewing and premenstrual symptoms is warranted.
Effects of physical exercise and nutritional guidance on metabolic syndrome in obese adolescents
Leite, N;Milano, GE;Cieslak, F;Lopes, WA;Rodacki, A;Radominski, RB;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552009005000009
Abstract: objectives: to analyze the effects of physical exercise and nutritional guidance on body composition, physical fitness, lipid profile and insulin resistance among obese adolescents with and without metabolic syndrome. methods: sixty-four obese adolescents (26 boys), 10-16 years of age, were divided into two groups: with metabolic syndrome (n=29) and without metabolic syndrome (n=35). they were classified as having metabolic syndrome if they met three or more criteria for age and sex according to the adult treatment panel iii (atp iii). blood pressure, waist circumference, maximum oxygen uptake (vo2peak), blood glucose, blood insulin, homeostatic model assessment (homa-ir), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (quicki) and lipid profile were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks of intervention. both groups participated in 12 weeks of physical education and two nutritional guidance sessions. each physical education session consisted of 50 min indoor cycling, 50 min of walking/running and 20 min of stretching, three times a week. results: fifty-five participants (with metabolic syndrome=25; without metabolic syndrome=30) completed the treatment. after 12 weeks, both groups showed reductions in body weight, bmi z-score, waist circumference, fat mass and triglycerides; and increases in height, hdl-c and vo2peak (p<0.05). in addition, the group with metabolic syndrome presented reduced systolic blood pressure and increased insulin sensitivity (p<0.05). the risk factors for metabolic syndrome decreased by 72%. conclusion: following the multidisciplinary intervention, the risk factors decreased, with improvements in physical fitness and metabolic profile. the multidisciplinary intervention was effective in reducing metabolic syndrome.
Diet and behavioral problems at school in Norwegian adolescents
Nina ?verby,Rune H?igaard
Food & Nutrition Research , 2012, DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v56i0.17231
Abstract: Background: Discussion about dietary factors in relation to behavioral problems in children and adolescents has been going on for a long time. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional relation between diet and self-reported behavioral problems at school in adolescents in the southern part of Norway. Design: In total, 475 ninth- and tenth-grade students (236 boys and 239 girls) out of 625 eligible students from four different secondary schools in three different communities in Vest-Agder County, Norway, participated, giving a participation rate of 77%. The students filled in a questionnaire with food frequency questions of selected healthy (e.g. fruits, vegetables, and fish) and unhealthy (e.g. sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages, and crisps) food items, questions of meal frequency, and four questions regarding behavioral problems at school. Results: Having breakfast regularly was significantly associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems (OR: 0.29 (0.15 0.55), p≤0.001). A high intake of unhealthy foods, such as sugar-sweetened soft drinks (OR: 2.8 (1.06 7.42), p=0.03) and sweets (OR: 2.63 (1.39 4.98), p=0.003), was significantly associated with increased odds of behavioral problems. At the same time, a high intake of fruits was associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems in Norwegian adolescents (OR: 0.30 (0.10 0.87), p=0.03). All ORs are adjusted for sex and BMI. Conclusions: This study shows that having an optimal diet and not skipping meals are associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems at school in Norwegian adolescents. Hence, it is important to improve the dietary intake and meal pattern of Norwegian adolescents. The cross-sectional design of this study limits any causal interpretations of the results of the study.
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