oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Evaluation of knowledge base of hospital pharmacists and physicians on herbal medicines in Southwestern Nigeria
Fakeye,Titilayo O.; Onyemadu,Oluchi;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552008000200005
Abstract: the use of herbal medicines among nigerian patients and the tendency to combine this class of medicines with allopathic drugs while on hospital admission have been on the increase. earlier studies show that community pharmacists from nigeria believe that they need more training to counsel patients on their use of herbal medications. objective: to evaluate knowledge base, use, acceptability, attitudes and beliefs of hospital pharmacists and physicians in south-western nigeria on herbal products / phytopharmaceuticals /dietary supplements (hp/pp/ds). methods: a 20-odd questionnaire including an 8-item herbal medicine question was used to assess the knowledge of the physicians and pharmacists in the area of pharmacology of hp/pp/ds. effects of demographic information such as age, sex, year post graduation, years of experience and area of specialization on the scores obtained were evaluated using fisher?s exact tests. level of significance was set at p<0.05. results: pharmacists (51.4%) believed that the training they had was not adequate while physicians (44.6%) believed hp/pp/ds are not safe and 18.5% believed they are not effective. pharmacovigilance centres were not significantly used for adverse reactions reported by patients. pharmacists (67.6%) and physicians (29.3%) believed phytopharmaceuticals interact with other drugs. year of graduation had a significant effect on the perception of the possibilities of interaction for pharmacists. 5.6% of the physicians and 62.4% of the pharmacists scored ≥50% with the questions on use and interaction potentials of hp/pp/ds, with cadre and years of practice having significant effects. conclusions: there is a deficiency in the knowledge base of physicians, especially on the pharmacology and potential interaction of herbal medicines. there is an urgent need for the inclusion of pharmacology of common herbal medicines in the curriculum of nigerian medical degree and an improvement in the pharmacy curriculum in this area.
Evaluation of knowledge base of hospital pharmacists and physicians on herbal medicines in Southwestern Nigeria
Fakeye TO,Onyemadu O
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2008,
Abstract: The use of herbal medicines among Nigerian patients and the tendency to combine this class of medicines with allopathic drugs while on hospital admission have been on the increase. Earlier studies show that community pharmacists from Nigeria believe that they need more training to counsel patients on their use of herbal medications. Objective: To evaluate knowledge base, use, acceptability, attitudes and beliefs of hospital pharmacists and physicians in South-western Nigeria on herbal products / phytopharmaceuticals /dietary supplements (HP/PP/DS). Methods: A 20-odd questionnaire including an 8-item herbal medicine question was used to assess the knowledge of the physicians and pharmacists in the area of pharmacology of HP/PP/DS. Effects of demographic information such as age, sex, year post graduation, years of experience and area of specialization on the scores obtained were evaluated using Fisher’s exact tests. Level of significance was set at p<0.05.Results: Pharmacists (51.4%) believed that the training they had was not adequate while physicians (44.6%) believed HP/PP/DS are not safe and 18.5% believed they are not effective. Pharmacovigilance centres were not significantly used for adverse reactions reported by patients. Pharmacists (67.6%) and physicians (29.3%) believed phytopharmaceuticals interact with other drugs. Year of graduation had a significant effect on the perception of the possibilities of interaction for pharmacists. 5.6% of the physicians and 62.4% of the pharmacists scored ≥50% with the questions on use and interaction potentials of HP/PP/DS, with cadre and years of practice having significant effects. Conclusions: There is a deficiency in the knowledge base of physicians, especially on the pharmacology and potential interaction of herbal medicines. There is an urgent need for the inclusion of pharmacology of common herbal medicines in the curriculum of Nigerian medical degree and an improvement in the pharmacy curriculum in this area.
Pharmacists' attitudes and awareness towards the use and safety of herbs in Kuwait
Abahussain,Nada A.; Abahussain,Eman A.; Al-Oumi,Fawaz M.;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2007, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552007000300005
Abstract: objectives: the purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes among pharmacists in kuwait towards the use of herbs. methods: self-administered questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private pharmacies in kuwait. results: the mean age was 34.2 (sd=7.5) years. about 51% of pharmacists reported they had used herbal therapy in their lifetime. the majority were interested in herbal information, and their herbal information came mainly from their previous classes during college. although the pharmacists' knowledge about uses of selected herbs was good, their awareness about side effects of those herbs was modest. about 31% of the pharmacists did not have enough information about potential interactions between herbs and conventional medicines. conclusion: herbal information is needed for pharmacy students as part of the pharmacy college curriculum. continuing education programs for practising pharmacists about the safety of different herbal products should be established in kuwait.
Pharmacists’ attitudes and awareness towards the use and safety of herbs in Kuwait.  [cached]
Abahussain NA,Abahussain EA,Al-Oumi FM
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2007,
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes among pharmacists in Kuwait towards the use of herbs. Methods: Self-administered questionnaire was designed as the study instrument and distributed among 100 qualified pharmacists working in government and private pharmacies in Kuwait.Results: The mean age was 34.2 (SD=7.5) years. About 51% of pharmacists reported they had used herbal therapy in their lifetime. The majority were interested in herbal information, and their herbal information came mainly from their previous classes during college. Although the pharmacists’ knowledge about uses of selected herbs was good, their awareness about side effects of those herbs was modest. About 31% of the pharmacists did not have enough information about potential interactions between herbs and conventional medicines. Conclusion: Herbal information is needed for pharmacy students as part of the Pharmacy College curriculum. Continuing education programs for practising pharmacists about the safety of different herbal products should be established in Kuwait.
Rural Australian community pharmacists' views on complementary and alternative medicine: a pilot study
Nicole J Bushett, Virginia A Dickson-Swift, Jon A Willis, Pene Wood
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-11-103
Abstract: A cross sectional self-administered postal questionnaire was mailed to all community pharmacists in one rural/regional area of Australia. Using a range of scales, data was collected regarding attitudes, knowledge, information seeking behaviour and demographics.Eighty eligible questionnaires were returned. Most pharmacists reported knowing that they should regularly ask consumers if they are using CAMs but many lacked the confidence to do so. Pharmacists surveyed for this study were more knowledgeable in regards to side effects and interactions of CAMs than those in the NPS survey. Over three quarters of pharmacists surveyed reported sourcing CAM information at least several times a month. The most frequently sought information was drug interactions, dose, contraindications and adverse effects. A variety of resources were used to source information, the most popular source was the internet but the most useful resource was CAM text books.Pharmacists have varied opinions on the use of CAMs and many lack awareness of or access to good quality CAMs information. Therefore, there is a need to provide pharmacists with opportunities for further education. The data is valuable in assisting interested stakeholders with the development of initiatives to address the gaps in attitudes, knowledge and to improve effectiveness of information seeking behaviour.Complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) are defined as 'herbal medicines, vitamin and mineral supplements, other nutritional supplements, traditional medicines such as Ayurvedic medicines and traditional Chinese medicines (TCM), homeopathic medicines and aromatherapy oils where they make a therapeutic claim' [1]. CAMs lie outside mainstream medical care within Australia, however, the popularity of CAMs in Australia is rising with up to 70% of the population reporting using some type of CAM [2-7]. Most users of CAMs believe that the role of the pharmacist should include the provision of safety information, routine checks
Knowledge, Perception and Attitude of Community Pharmacists towards Generic Medicines in Karachi, Pakistan: A Qualitative Insight
S Jamshed, M Hassali, M Ibrahim, A Shafie, Z Babar
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 2010,
Abstract: Purpose: In an era of escalating healthcare costs and ageing population, there is a need for costeffective measures. This study was aimed to investigate the knowledge, perception and attitude of community pharmacists towards generic medicines. Methods: A qualitative methodology was adopted. Snowball sampling technique was used to identify eight community pharmacists. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the pharmacists until the point of saturation was obtained. The interviews, which were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim, were evaluated by thematic content analysis and further verified by other authors’ analyses. Results: Thematic content analysis identified three major themes: knowledge of generic medicines, perception towards generic medicines, and attitude towards generic medicines. All the pharmacist showed good understanding and positive perception towards generic medicines. Mixed responses were observed regarding dispensing of locally manufactured medicines. Low cost was cited as the major determinant in dispensing locally manufactured generics. Conclusion: The current study showed good knowledge and perception towards generic medicines among community pharmacists in Karachi, Pakistan. It also highlighted mixed attitudes towards generic medicine dispensing. A 24-hour mandatory presence of professionally qualified pharmacists in community pharmacies can boost the confidence of doctors in pharmacists and enhance generic substitution.
Pharmacists′ attitude, perceptions and knowledge towards the use of herbal products in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Fahmy,Sahar A.; Abdu,Shajahan; Abuelkhair,Mohammed;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552010000200005
Abstract: objective: the purpose of the study was to assess pharmacists′ current practice, perception and knowledge towards the use of herbal products in abu dhabi, united arab emirates (uae). the study assessed the need for incorporating herbal medicine as a separate topic in under- graduate pharmacy student curricula. methods: the study was done on 600 pharmacists employed in abu dhabi, who were contacted electronically, out of which 271 had completed the survey. the data was collected using a structured questionnaire. results: pharmacists′ use of herbal products is high in the uae, as they have a high belief on the effectiveness of herbal products, and only age was found to be the most predominant variable that was influencing pharmacists′ personal use of herbal products (p-value=0.0171). pharmacists were more knowledgeable on the uses/indications of herbal products (47%) rather than on other areas. knowledge of the dispensing mode (prescription only or over the counter medicines) mandated by the ministry of health was quite good, however, it is to be noted that the source of information on the dispensing mode was provided by medical representatives (48%). knowledge of dispensing mode of herbal products was found to be significantly influenced by the place of work with more knowledge of the dispensing mode by pharmacists working in the private sector (p-value 0.0007). the results from the study also underscores the need for including herbal medicine as a separate topic in pharmacy college curriculum and to provide for more seminars and continuing pharmacy education programs targeting pharmacists in the emirate of abu dhabi. conclusions: pharmacists need to be informed on indications, drug interactions, adverse events and precautions of herbal products. concerned bodies must also provide them with regular continuing education programs apart from putting their efforts to incorporate relevant topics on herbal medicine in the pharmacy students′ curriculum.
Pharmacists’ attitude, perceptions and knowledge towards the use of herbal products in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates  [cached]
Fahmy SA,Abdu S,Abuelkhair M
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: The purpose of the study was to assess pharmacists’ current practice, perception and knowledge towards the use of herbal products in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study assessed the need for incorporating herbal medicine as a separate topic in under- graduate pharmacy student curricula.Methods: The study was done on 600 pharmacists employed in Abu Dhabi, who were contacted electronically, out of which 271 had completed the survey. The data was collected using a structured questionnaire.Results: Pharmacists’ use of herbal products is high in the UAE, as they have a high belief on the effectiveness of herbal products, and only age was found to be the most predominant variable that was influencing pharmacists’ personal use of herbal products (p-value=0.0171). Pharmacists were more knowledgeable on the uses/indications of herbal products (47%) rather than on other areas. Knowledge of the dispensing mode (prescription only or over the counter medicines) mandated by the Ministry of Health was quite good, however, it is to be noted that the source of information on the dispensing mode was provided by medical representatives (48%). Knowledge of dispensing mode of herbal products was found to be significantly influenced by the place of work with more knowledge of the dispensing mode by pharmacists working in the private sector (p-value 0.0007). The results from the study also underscores the need for including herbal medicine as a separate topic in pharmacy college curriculum and to provide for more seminars and continuing pharmacy education programs targeting pharmacists in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.Conclusions: Pharmacists need to be informed on indications, drug interactions, adverse events and precautions of herbal products. Concerned bodies must also provide them with regular continuing education programs apart from putting their efforts to incorporate relevant topics on herbal medicine in the pharmacy students’ curriculum.
Pharmacists’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding Intervention for Prescription Medicines Abuse
Sadia Shakeel, Wajiha Iffat, Sadaf Ibrahim, Shehla Imam
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102036
Abstract: Background: Abuse of medicines is becoming a serious problem in many parts of the world, with negative consequences ranging from addiction, psychosis, cardiovascular complications, and premature deaths from unintentional overdose. In Pakistan, prescription drugs, which are misused or abused by some patients, are often obtained from pharmacies. However, intervention for prescription drugs misuse has not been tested in this setting. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess knowledge, perception and attitudes regarding interventions towards the abuse of prescription medicines (PM) among practicing pharmacists in Pakistan. Materials and Methods: This transversal study was conducted from June to September 2015 by adopting a pre validated questionnaire distributed to practicing pharmacists in different private and public sector hospitals of Karachi. Descriptive statistics were used to demonstrate participants’ demographic information and their response to the questionnaire items. Pearson’s chi-squared test was executed to evaluate the association of gender, age, organization, and experience of pharmacists with their response. A p value < 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: The study revealed that mass population 75% claimed that they had adequate knowledge of prescription medicine abuse. 81.25% perceived drug abuse as a problem and 88.10% considered that the role of pharmacist was very important in prevention of PM abuse. However pharmacists were not confident that patients would take their advice, respond positively and make needed behavior changes. Respondents also were not confident regarding the manner in which screenings and interventions should occur. Conclusion: Findings from this study will assist health authorities to formulate appropriate health promotion interventions to control and prevent abuse of prescription medicines. Actions directed at early intervention, capacity building, education, public health initiatives and law enforcements will hopefully curb the menace of PM abuse.
Herbal Medicines for Immunosuppression
Zahra Amirghofran
Iranian Journal Of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology , 2012,
Abstract: Herbal medicines have been used for centuries to treat different illnesses.Among more than 20,000 herbal medicines available for humans,a limited number have sufficiently been studied and numerous remained to be investigated for their efficacy in treating human diseases.A number of herbal products are in use for their immunosuppressive effects.This capacity of herbs may have useful applications in immune-mediated disorders including autoimmune diseases and organ transplant rejection. Plants such as Salvia miltiorrhiza and Tripterygium wilfordii has been shown to reduce inflammatory cytokines and mediators, indicating their value in the treatment of acute graft rejections and autoimmunity. Tanacetum parthenium inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory mediators from macrophages and lymphocytes and Curcuma longa down regulates the expression of cytokines and chemokines as well as the transcription factor NF-kappaB.There has been growing interest to investigate novel anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive activities from various sources particularly herbal medicines.This review focuses on the plants that have recently received more attention regarding their influence on the immune system, being reported as immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory agents and promising protective effects for immune-mediated diseases.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.