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Study on Jewish Mentality: The Divorce
Simona PONEA
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala , 2009,
Abstract: Divorce…a lost resort, but sometimes necessary. Divorce like an amputation, it’s a tragedy, but sometimes it is the right thing to do. Out attitude to divorce parallels our attitude to the amputation of a limb.”(Moss)Abstract:We propose to explore in this paper some of the representative facts concerning the divorce among the Hebrew population. For each of us, divorce is not a pleasant thing, but despite this fact it is sometimes necessary. We find various differences between the Western nations and the Jewish people concerning the rules of divorce, the balance of power between women and men, the reasons that can lead to divorce or the form of achieving this act of dissolution of marriage. These are just some of the issues that we intend to analyze in this paper.
Identification of Divorce Factors of Women
R. Khojastehmehr,A. Takrimi
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This study was designed to identify the divorce factors of the divorce-seeking women in Khuzestan, Iran. The sample consisted of 592 divorce-seeking women, selected according to a multi-stage sampling method. A 145-item questionnaire containing reasons for divorce was constructed, based on the views of 200 divorce-seeking women and was administered to the sample. A principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation was used to identify the factors. Four factors were extracted: neglect of wife's wishes (40 items), husband and his family's lack of social skills (33 items), husband's social abnormalities (10 items) and husband and wife's personal and family incompatibilities (mismatches) (10 items). The findings are immensely important from theoretical and applied points of view, including marital discord, preventive and therapy models of divorce and preparing a valid scale for measuring factors of divorce.
The Survey of Divorce Incidence in Divorce Applicants in Tehran
Jafar Bolhari,Fatemeh RamezanZadeh,Nasrin Abedininia,Mohammad Mahdi Naghizadeh
Journal of Family and Reproductive Health , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: To study the qualification of divorce main factors so that it would be clarified proper consultation-intervention solutions to decrease it by counseling methods in the courts and counseling clinics. The divorce is categorized as the most tragic of social phenomenon, the damages and problems of which undergone by the couple and their families before and after divorce and the effective factors of this phenomenon incidence have been studied for many years. Divorce has different factors and it can never clarify a specific one as the main factor of divorce.Materials and methods: This survey studied the divorce creating factors in divorce applicants in Tehran Family courts (Shahid Mahalati-Vanak) during 2010-2011. The applicants of sampling group were including 300 referred ones from the courts, and the research method was descriptive and cross-sectional accomplishing by structured interview. Findings were shown as frequency and percent.Results: The results showed that the important factors of divorce request are including in order of psychic factors (93.3%), social and cultural factors (87.3%), sexual factors (88%), economical factors (80.3%), and violence (84.3%), and it may be multi-factors as well.Conclusion: In addition to recommendation for more study in these fields, the results of this survey suggest to apply the necessary programming in teaching and counseling before the marriage as well as the necessity of informing the couple in receiving professional consults in time of problem incidence and proceeding for divorce in order to prevent from divorce incidence.
Divorce and Remarriage in Rural Malawi  [cached]
Reniers Georges
Demographic Research , 2003,
Abstract: The demographic study of nuptiality in African countries is not very developed and often of secondary interest in a discussion of the proximate determinants of fertility. This paper uses unusual marriage history data to examine divorce and remarriage in rural Malawi. Life table probabilities of divorce range from 40 to 65 percent and are among the highest on the continent. An investigation into the determinants of marital instability using proportional hazards models confirms the importance of kinship systems and female empowerment, but the mechanism underlying the high divorce rates in Malawi seems to be more complicated than that. This is, for example, illustrated in the effect of the polygyny variables. Marriage, divorce, and remarriage are further considered as empowering strategies that women deploy throughout their lives.
Effects of Divorce on Children  [PDF]
Nilgun Ongider
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2013,
Abstract: There is now strong consensus in the research literature that children whose parents have divorced are at increased risk of displaying a variety of problem behaviors compared to children living in continuously intact families. Divorce can be a profound catalyst for psychological, social, and economic change. Also, many studies have documented short-term and long-term negative effects of parental marital conflict and divorce for offspring, including poorer academic, social, and psychological outcomes. Researches indicate that adult offspring of divorce were experiencing more problems lifelong and evaluate divorce their own marriages than do young adults from intact families. It has been suggested that the long-term consequences of parental divorce for adult attachment and quality of life may prove to be more serious than the short-term emotional and social problems noted in childhood. As a result, divorce may lead to further stressful experiences such as disruption in parent-child relationships, loss of emotional support, economic hardship, and as well as numerous other stressful life events.
Anne Quinney (ed.), Paris – Bucharest, Bucharest – Paris, Francophone Writers from Romania (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2012)  [cached]
Elena Brodeala
Nordicum-Mediterraneum , 2013,
Abstract: Review of the book: Anne Quinney (ed.), Paris – Bucharest, Bucharest- Paris, Francophone writers from Romania (Rodopi, 2012)
Urban characteristics and homelessness in Bucharest  [PDF]
Mirela Paraschiv
Urbanism. Arhitectura. Constructii , 2013,
Abstract: Urban poverty continues to prove itself a concern in cities’ territorial planning as it disrupts the quality of life and the development process in some cities. Homelessness emerges sometimes as extreme urban poverty even in developed European Union countries. The study assesses Bucharest urban space to differentiate characteristics that influence the homeless to locate in certain places. The analysis included a three-level urban space categorization. Functional types of space were correlated to homelessness presence according to three space characteristics: property type, physical structure and state of use. The main findings argue that homeless people localization in Bucharest depends on urban space capacity to meet homelessness housing and living needs. Analysis’ conclusions evidence homeless location patterns to urban planners and authorities that may use the information to improve policies and actions to alleviate extreme poverty in Bucharest.
Educational Differences in Divorce in Japan  [cached]
James M. Raymo,Setsuya Fukuda,Miho Iwasawa
Demographic Research , 2013,
Abstract: BACKGROUND Evidence of a negative relationship between educational attainment and divorce in Japan is not consistent with predictions derived from standard theoretical emphases on the costs of divorce. OBJECTIVE Using marital history data from a cross-sectional survey, we estimated educational differences in divorce for two marriage cohorts: 1980-89 and 1990-2005. We also used 14 years of panel survey data to evaluate four possible explanations for the observed negative educational gradient. RESULTS Our results confirmed that educational attainment is inversely related to divorce in Japan, and showed that, in contrast to some previous findings, the negative relationship between women's education and divorce has not become stronger in recent years. Analyses of the panel data provided some support for hypotheses that focused on the role of economic strain and on cultural values regarding reputation or "face," but they also showed that the negative relationship between education and divorce remained strong even after controlling for a range of posited correlates. CONCLUSIONS Our failure to solve the theoretical puzzle motivating these analyses suggests that other types of contextual modification to standard theories of family change are required to explain the strong negative relationship between educational attainment and divorce in Japan. We discussed possible examples of such modifications, focusing on the patterns of selection into marriage and the central importance of investment in children's educational success in Japan's highly competitive educational system, while also offering more nuanced theorization regarding the role of reputation or "face".
Divorce: A Social Menace  [cached]
Edinyang Sunday David,Ubi Iwara Ebri,Yaro Linda
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2013,
Abstract: Whether in the developed or developing countries of the world, the family is seen as a very important institution in the society. This is because it is one of the most important primary groups of socialization. It is also referred to as the cornerstone of any society as an ideal family provides stability, support and continuity of the values of such society. Recently, several kinds of data show the extent and seriousness of family problems that has led to divorce. The alarming single parent families and the number of reconstituted families in which there is a stepparent-stepchild relationship reveals that the family is doomed. Thus this research work gives a detail explanation of the general causes of family divorce not only in Nigeria as a developing nation but even among the developed nations of the world. The work exposes the negative effects of divorce on the quality of life of family members and suggests ways of ameliorating the problem.
The topography of the divorce plateau  [cached]
Raley R. Kelly,Bumpass Larry
Demographic Research , 2003,
Abstract: The probability of divorce in the U.S. has remained constant for the last two decades at about 'half of all marriages.' While this estimate is well established, and marked differentials in divorced rates are well known, there are no reliable estimates of differences in the cumulative probability of lifetime divorce. Using data from the 1990 June CPS, we document very large differentials by race, age at marriage, and education in the probability that recent cohorts of marriage will end in separation or divorce. Then, using data from the 1995 NSFG, we find important increases in differentials in marital dissolution, and especially in all unions, during this period of stable aggregate rates. These results indicate that examining only at marital transitions obscures the growth in family instability that has resulted among some groups because of an increasing proportion of unions begun as cohabitation.
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