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A cross-cultural comparison of nonverbal teacher immediacy and foreign language anxiety in Chilean and Russian English language classrooms
Revista signos , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-09342006000300004
Abstract: this cross-cultural study examines instructor nonverbal immediacy in chilean and russian english classrooms and its relationship to foreign language anxiety. participants included 84 undergraduate university students (33 chilean students enrolled at a small state university in northern chile; and 51 russian students enrolled at a large state university in moscow). results indicate that: (a) chilean students receiving instruction from chilean professors perceive a significantly greater amount of instructor nonverbal immediacy than russian students who receive instruction from russian instructors; (b) chilean students self-reporte significantly higher levels of foreign language anxiety than their russian counterparts; and (c) foreign language anxiety is only slightly negatively correlated with one nonverbal teacher immediacy item in the russian population and is not correlated with any items in the chilean sample. conclusions focus on the important role that culture plays in classroom language teaching and the implications for teacher training.
Perception of Nonverbal Immediacy and Effective Teaching among Student Teachers: A Study across Cultural Extremes  [PDF]
Kemal Sinan ?zmen
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: This study investigates the perception of nonverbal immediacy behavior with regard to effective teaching among student teachers of English language teaching (ELT) programs from a cultural aspect. Nonverbal immediacy behavior fosters various educational objectives such as affective learning, cognitive learning and motivation. Like many aspects of communication, nonverbal immediacy behavior constitutes cultural components that display differences among cultures. The present research was conducted on 450 student teachers studying in ELT undergraduate programs in Japan, Turkey and the USA. Nonverbal Immediacy Scale and a questionnaire item were utilized in a survey model. The findings indicated that each of the cultures considers nonverbal immediacy as an indispensable part of effective teaching, which also revealed that nonverbal immediacy positively correlates with effective teaching. Also American student teachers believe 'touching' is a critical variable in defining effective teaching. This study indicated while the perceptions of the nonverbal immediacy behavior vary across cultures, its use in effective teaching is considered to beindispensable by the student teachers.
Interaction and Immediacy in Online Learning
Robert H. Woods, Jr,Jason D. Baker
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2004,
Abstract: This article presents the concepts of interaction and immediacy and discusses their theoretical frameworks, implications, and relationship with one another. The authors propose the development of a new conceptual model and recommend additional antecedent research.
The differential item functioning and structural equivalence of a nonverbal cognitive ability test for five language groups  [cached]
Pieter Schaap
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v37i1.881
Abstract: Orientation: For a number of years, eliminating a language component in testing by using nonverbal cognitive tests has been proposed as a possible solution to the effect of groups’ languages (mother tongues or first languages) on test performance. This is particularly relevant in South Africa with its 11 official languages. Research purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the differential item functioning (DIF) and structural equivalence of a nonverbal cognitive ability test (the PiB/SpEEx Observance test [401]) for five South African language groups. Motivation for study: Cultural and language group sensitive tests can lead to unfair discrimination and is a contentious workplace issue in South Africa today. Misconceptions about psychometric testing in industry can cause tests to lose credibility if industries do not use a scientifically sound test-by-test evaluation approach. Research design, approach and method: The researcher used a quasi-experimental design and factor analytic and logistic regression techniques to meet the research aims. The study used a convenience sample drawn from industry and an educational institution. Main findings: The main findings of the study show structural equivalence of the test at a holistic level and nonsignificant DIF effect sizes for most of the comparisons that the researcher made. Practical/managerial implications: This research shows that the PIB/SpEEx Observance Test (401) is not completely language insensitive. One should see it rather as a language-reduced test when people from different language groups need testing. Contribution/value-add: The findings provide supporting evidence that nonverbal cognitive tests are plausible alternatives to verbal tests when one compares people from different language groups. How to cite this article: Schaap, P. (2011). The differential item functioning and structural equivalence of a nonverbal cognitive ability test for five language groups. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 37(1) Art. #881, 16 pages. doi:10.4102/sajip.v37i1.881
Cultivating Nonverbal Communication (NVC) Skills among Arabic Language Teachers in Virtual Classroom  [PDF]
Noor Shamshinar Zakaria, Nor Azhan Norul’Azmi, Nik Mohd Rahimi Nik Yusoff, Harun Baharudin
Creative Education (CE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2019.1012184
Abstract: This concept paper discusses the nonverbal communication (NVC) practice among teachers during Arabic language teaching and learning in a virtual classroom in line with the technology and communication development era.? The discussion showed that NVC skills practice among teachers in the virtual classrooms can be applied with knowledge of the subject content itself, exceptional basic pedagogical skills and technology support. While the culture of NVC through online or e-learning must be in line with teachers’ communication and students’ engagement in the traditional classroom. The implications of this study suggest that teachers who teach traditionally need to first improve their weaknesses in their NVC skills as it will be harder in online teaching process. Teachers cannot avoid following the current trend of teaching and learning changes as the need for education is constantly changing when current technologies take place.
Mestan KUCUK
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2009,
Abstract: Few concepts in instructional communication literature have received as much attention as teacher immediacy. However, educational communication scholars have thoroughly studied immediacy behaviors mainly in traditional classrooms and these studies are mostly related to student attitudes and learning. Thanks to some growing attempts, recent research has extended these findings to distance education. The difference of this study is to examine the relationship between teacher immediacy behaviors and participation in an online setting. Results indicated that affective and interactive indicators were the least used immediacy behaviors while cohesive indicators were mostly used by teacher in this case. Also data show that teachers’ interactive immediacy behaviors and immediate feedback determine students’ participation in asynchronous computer-mediated communication environment.
Metáforas en Lengua de Se as Chilena Metaphors in Chilean Sign Language  [cached]
Carolina Becerra
Psykhe (Santiago) , 2008,
Abstract: Este estudio describe las características del lenguaje metafórico de personas sordas chilenas y su impacto en la comprensión lingüística. La relevancia de esta pregunta radica en la escasez de investigaciones realizadas, particularmente a nivel nacional. Se desarrolló un estudio cualitativo en base a análisis de videos de sujetos sordos en habla espontánea. Se confeccionó una lista de metáforas conceptuales y no conceptuales en Lengua de Se as Chilena. Posteriormente se evaluó su comprensión en un grupo de sujetos sordos, educados con modalidad comunicativa de lengua de se as. Los resultados obtenidos permiten observar la existencia de metáforas propias de la cultura sorda. Ellas serían coherentes con las particulares experiencias de los sujetos sordos y no necesariamente concuerdan con el lenguaje oral. The present study examined the characteristics of Chilean deaf people's metaphoric language and its relevance in linguistic comprehension. This key question is based in the scarcity of studies conducted in Chile. A qualitative study was developed, on the basis of analysis of videos of Chilean deaf people spontaneous sign language. A list of conceptual and no conceptual metaphors in Chilean sign language was developed. The comprehension of these metaphors was evaluated in a group of deaf subjets, educated using sign language communication. The results identify the existence of metaphors of the deaf culture. These methaphors would be coherent with the particular experiences of deaf subjets and do not necessarily agree with spoken language.
The Impact of Instructor Immediacy and Presence for Online Student Affective Learning, Cognition, and Motivation  [PDF]
Credence Baker
Journal of Educators Online , 2010,
Abstract: This study sought to examine instructor immediacy and presence in an online learning environment in relation to student affective learning, cognition, and motivation. It found a statistically significant positive relationship between instructor immediacy and presence. It also found that the linear combination of instructor immediacy and presence is a statistically significant predictor of student affective learning, cognition, and motivation. However, it did not find instructor immediacy to be a significant individual predictor of the aforementioned variables, whereas it did find instructor presence to be a significant individual predictor. The study also showed that students in synchronous online courses reported significantly higher instructor immediacy and presence. Implications for researchers and practitioners of online instruction are discussed at the conclusion of the paper.
Using Nonverbal Communication in Politics  [cached]
Müge Demir
Canadian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669620110705.199
Abstract: Nonverbal communication as being a fundamental aspect of communication, meaning “nonverbal symbolic codes applied in relations in daily life”, is used mostly unconsciously but continuously. It is revealed in the researches that 38% of communication is comprised of audio codes, %55 body language and 7% words. As can be seen, importance of nonverbal communication is undeniable. General opinion in society is that nonverbal communication is comprised of just gestures and mimics. But voice, word accent, silence, colors, body posture and angle, touching, smell, use of objects, sense of place and time, dressing, accessories used, walking style etc. are included in nonverbal communication. As can be seen, nonverbal communication covers items which are non-verbal and cannot be expressed with words. In addition to rhetoric, when a community is evaluating political leaders they resorts to some other information. This information is usually obtained from nonverbal communication. Voters in the society and other national societies take into account when communicating face to face with politicians the tone of voice, rhetoric, dominance of the mother tongue language, as well as the dress style, jewelry, accessories, body posture, gestures and facial expressions as non-verbal communication and persuasion factors. In the presentations and international relation conferences the non-verbal elements, as stated before, are much more effective, easier to recall, cogent and persuasive than elements of written communication of the political leaders messages. “How are the non-verbal communication items used by political leaders” is the starting point and the question for this article. Because today nonverbal communication items are effective to create political image and has an important dimension in the international politics. In this article, these items are reviewed with examples in communication literature. Key words: Nonverbal communication; Politics; Political leader Résumé La communication non verbale comme étant un aspect fondamental de la communication, qui signifie non verbale codes symboliques appliquée dans les relations dans la vie quotidienne", est utilisé plus souvent inconsciemment mais continuellement. Il est révélé dans les recherches que 38% de la communication est composé de codes audio, le langage corporel de 55% et les mots de 7%. Comme on peut le voir, l'importance de la communication non verbale est indéniable. L'opinion générale dans la société, c'est que la communication non verbale est composée de gestes et mimiques simplement. Mais la voix, l'accent p
Nonverbal Communication and Its Translation
Yuan HU
Canadian Social Science , 2007,
Abstract: Nonverbal communication, mainly based on nonverbal signals, carry different connotations in different cultures. This essay is going to give a brief account on nonverbal communication and the measures adopted in the translation of nonverbal communication. It is concluded that when translating the nonverbal communication, the most important thing is to convey the cultural connotations carried by nonverbal signals. Key words: nonverbal, communication, translation, measures Résumé: La communication non langagière fondée essentiellement sur les signes de traduction non langagers est une partie importante de la communication courante de l’homme. La communication non langagière est souvent ambigüe et indirecte à cause de différentes significations culturelles. Commen ant par la présentation brève de la communication non langagière, l’article présent traite les techniques de traduction concrètes de cette communication. Il en conclut que la tache la plus importante dans la traduction de la communiction non langagière consiste à dévoiler la signification culturelle du signe de la communiction non langagière. Mots-Clés: non langagier, communication, traduction, technique
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