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YOUTH LABOUR MARKET. MOBILITY, CAREER DEVELOPMENT, INCOMES. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES  [PDF]
Vasile Valentina,Vasile Liviu
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: This paper presents the main characteristics of the youth labour market, with a special view on mobility, career development and incomes. The paper is substantiated by and continues the researches of the authors on the topic of labour force mobility and on the one of adaptability, respectively on youths' beahviour on labour market (with particular consideration of young graduates) highlighting the factors that adjust choices regarding taking up a job, career advancement, labour motivation, professional and personal satisfaction opportunities which are provided by the labour market at local level, in country and abroad. Quantitative and qualitative indicators are presented about Romanian youths' labour market within the European context during the transition period. The impact of the crisis on youths' labour market is analysed, highlighting the challenges and opportunities, the particularities of the newly created jobs and especially the knowledge, skills and competencies requirements (KSC). The authors propose both the improvement of the systems of indicators for defining the potential and presence of youth on the labour market, the economic and social impact of external mobility of young graduates and an integrated scheme of policy measures for promoting adaptability and performance integration on Romanian labour market of youth. Particular attention is paid to presenting policy instruments for halting/diminishing the brain drain and brain shopping phenomena by promoting an attractive (professionally and monetary) supply for employment in Romania's local economy. The authors succeed in highlighting the functional links between the education market (labour force supply) and labour market (employment demand of the business environment) underpinning the requirement of integrated management of labour potential in the years preceding studies' finalization and up to the post-insertion years by multi-criteria analysis models and graduate career tracking programmes. Correlative measures are suggested for policies, procedures and monitoring instruments of youths' adaptability on labour market, as alternative to external migration/mobility for labour.
Attitudes of graduates on the labour market (on the example of graduates of economics from zachodniopomorskie region)
Sylwia Go??b
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2011,
Abstract: In the context of growing unemployment rate among tertiary graduates, as well as competition on the education and labour market, proper preparation of graduates to function on the labour market is becoming more and more important. Attitudes, including expectations towards work, play a very important role as well. This article attempts at gaining knowledge of professional activity of tertiary graduates, becoming familiar with current problems connected with a transition from education to the labour market and studying a career path from graduation to the moment of carrying out the study.
The labour situation of the graduates in Teaching in Physical Education: guarantee of quality
Ma Carmen Campos Mesa,Santiago Romero Granados,Gloria González Campos
Retos : Nuevas Perspectivas de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación , 2010,
Abstract: The introduction of the European Higher Education Area in a new culture of quality in Higher Education, makes us ask about the aspects that give quality to it. Among the quality factors in Higher Education we can find: University guidance and analysis of the graduate′s incorporation into the labour world. In this article we present the research we did in conducted at the six classes of graduates of Teaching in Physical Education from the University of Seville (N = 292). From the data we obteined, we can observe that 95% of the surveyed population does not ask for work or professional guidance during their degree and 63% of the surveyed population find their first job connected with the world of sport and physical activity, while 37% of this population has a work connected with other topics. Thus, we can conclude that most graduates of Teaching in Physical Education do not receive guidance for their incorporation into the labour world. This is why no everygraduate can get a job connected with the world of sport and physical activity.
Personal and Emotional Factors in the Labour Integration of University Graduates in the Field of Education. Implications for University Teaching  [PDF]
Juan L. Castejón,Raquel Gilar,Pablo Mi?ano
CEPS Journal : Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to analyse the role of intellectual, personal and emotional competencies as well as technical knowledge - academic achievement - in the employment of university graduates, with the purpose of incorporating these competencies into training programmes developed within the European Framework of Higher Education. This study is based on an initial sample of 118 university graduates in the field of education. We have gathered information about academic achievement and the intellectual, personal and emotional traits of this sample. From these data, and given the importance of non-intellectual aspects of intelligence associated with professional success, the specific contribution -incremental validity - of personal and emotional intelligence in explaining theemployment - labour integration - of university graduates in the field of education is studied. From this point onwards, we attempt to identify the key socio-emotional competencies in the field of education in order to establish the implications of including this type of skills in university training programmes within the European Higher Education Area.
MAIN MILESTONES OF LABOUR MOBILITY STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT  [PDF]
Valentina VASILE,Mariana BALAN
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: The development of migration flows for the last decades and the emphasis laid on labour force circulation shifted the interest focus from managing crises generated by conjectural migration flows to inter-country cooperation for coordinating policies regarding labour migration. Labour migration as multinational process can be dealt with by efficient management at international, national and local level that would aim maximising the advantages of all involved actors, taking into account its fluid character and dynamics, its permanently changing features. The complexity of the labour migration phenomenon and the lack of a coherent and sufficiently comprehensive data base hindered the development of some management models, and the recommendations of local/national/regional policies took into account particularities of labour market, labour force location and difficulties of covering labour force deficits, but also socio-professional particularities of potential migrants, as well. Labour force migration management gains importance also from the perspective of increased demographic aging both in EU developed countries and in the new member-states where the aging dynamic on labour market is marked also by the labour mobility to western and northern European countries. The paper intends to present the main milestones defining migration management, and the policies in the field. General coordinates of labour migration strategic management are analysed at European level, the policies in the field of workersa€ mobility, and elements of immigration management as well, during the period of the crisis. For Romania, labour migration management on exit flows must represent a strategic concern of putting to good use the national labour potential and ensuring return incomes, the effective value added of the national education system. Within this context, the paper is a succinct analysis of policies promoted for the employment of graduates in attractive jobs that would allow for career development and, implicitly, remaining in the country, as well as of the measures adopted for returning into the country after pursuing improvement or temporary migration.
Effect of rural-urban migration of youths on agricultural labour supply in Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria
AO Angba
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2003,
Abstract: Effect of rural-urban migration of youths on agricultural labour supply in Umuahia north local government area of Abia State, Nigeria was examined. Data for the study were collected from 100 respondents selected from three the three wards in the area. Data analysis was by use of frequencies, percentages and chi-square statistic. The study found that employment and education were the major reasons for rural-urban migration. It was also found that the migration affected various agricultural activities seriously. The study found that with the absence of youths in the area, agriculture labour force is continually costly and this has a negative effect on agricultural production. (J Agric & Soc Res:2003 3(2): 77-83)
STUDY ON THE NEEDS OF COMPETENCIES AND ABILITIES FOR THE GRADUATES’ ADAPTATION TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE LABOUR MARKET IN THE CONTEXT OF EUROPE 2020 STRATEGY  [PDF]
ALINA-TEODORA CIUHUREANU,HORTENSIA GORSKI,NICOLAE BALTE?
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2011,
Abstract: The workforce competence is a core value for the development of a competitive, sustainable and innovative economy, in accordance with the objectives of Europe 2020. In times of budgetary constraints and unprecedented global competitive pressures, the European Union’s policies on employment and competencies that contribute to the shaping of the transition to a green, intelligent and innovative economy has to be a priority. Romania’s European Union accession is a major challenge for our country and implicitly for the Centre Region in terms of adapting the Romanian economic and social environment to the European one. Under this new context, the changes to ensure competitiveness will cause major changes in the field of employment and the workforce professional training. The development of the continuous vocational training system that would meet the requirements of the labour market and of a knowledge-based economy requires relevant information on the evolution of jobs and professions, the evolution tendencies of the labour market, the needs for competencies and qualifications of companies, the level of correlation between the demand and offer of workforce and the identification of gaps, the programmes’ offer of professional training suppliers and its suitability to the needs of applicants. These are some of the reasons that have contributed to the accomplishment of the study on the needs of competencies and abilities for the graduates’ adaptation to the requirements of the labour market in the context of Europe 2020 strategy.
Pomembnost kompetenc diplomantov poslovnih tudijskih programov na trgu dela = The Relevance of Competencies of Business Study Graduates at the Labour Market
Doris Gomezelj Omerzel,Ana Azevedo
Management , 2008,
Abstract: This paper provides a brief description of a research study entitled Mislem - ‘Developing Meta-level quality Indicators for establishing a Systematic Linkage between institutions of higher Education and the labour Market’, carried out between 2005 and 2007 (Leonardo da Vinci Project, Sponsored by the European Union). The aim of this paper is to report key findings from the project involving nine partners from four different countries: Austria, England, Slovenia and Romania. It gives an overview of the research methodology framework and some findings of the first, qualitative stage, and second, quantitative stage of the research. Among the most important empirical findings from this 2-year research project was that both employers and recent business graduates agree that the development of certain critical competencies during business education, in addition to acquisition of business knowledge, is considered most important for subsequent success in their careers.
Relaciones entre la nota de egreso de los titulados universitarios y su inserción laboral Relationships between University graduates' marks and their labour outcomes.  [cached]
Luis A. García,Carlos E. Díaz
European Journal of Education and Psychology , 2009,
Abstract: Son muchos los factores que están involucrados en la toma de decisiones de los egresados universitarios a la hora de construir su propio itinerario formativo y laboral, siendo la nota de egreso un elemento a considerar. En el presente trabajo se aborda el posible papel de este aspecto como mediador en dicho proceso, analizando las relaciones que presenta dicha variable con la participación en programas de formación de postgrado y la dilación en la incorporación al mercado de trabajo. La población de estudio está compuesta por 15.360 egresados universitarios que finalizaron su titulación en la Universidad de La Laguna entre los a os 2002 y 2007. Los resultados obtenidos indican que, generalmente, los egresados con que participan en programas de formación de postgrado y quienes invierten más tiempo en incorporarse al mercado de trabajo han obtenido mejores calificaciones académicas. En este sentido, algunas titulaciones de Ciencias de la Salud como Medicina o Fisioterapia se comportan en sentido inverso, pudiendo deberse esto a los mecanismos específicos de incorporación de candidatos con los que cuenta el sistema sanitario. Palabras clave: Inserción laboral, expediente académico, formación de postgrado. There are many different factors involved on university graduates’ decision making about their own careers after graduation, being university grades a main element to be considered. University grades’ hypothetical role as mediator on this process and relationships between this variable, invested time to obtain a job and involvement on postgraduate programs are analyzed on this study. Researched population consists of 15.360 graduates who finished their degrees between 2002 and 2007 in La Laguna’s University. Data shows graduates who are involved on postgraduate programs and those who invest more time to obtain a job usually had better grades. However, results are different on some health degrees such as Medicine or Physiotherapy, probably because Health Services have their own recruitment procedures. Key words: Labour outcomes, european space for higher education.
Employment Status and Job-Studies Relevance of Social Science Graduates: The Experience from a Greek Public University  [PDF]
Aglaia G. Kalamatianou,Foteini Kougioumoutzaki
International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research , 2012,
Abstract: Research on social science graduates' employment prospects reaches contradictor conclusions intensifying the scepticism on the value of these disciplines in the labour market. The paper examines two important labour market outcomes of these graduates, employment status and job-studies relevance taking into account gender and time of graduation. This is put into the Greek context, then examined further in a case study on graduates of a public University thatexclusively serves social sciences. Results indicate deterioration of the graduates' employment opportunities, lower employment status of female graduates, and persistence of a high degree of 'job-studies no relevance' over time.
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