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Using shared goal setting to improve access and equity: a mixed methods study of the Good Goals intervention in children’s occupational therapy  [cached]
Kolehmainen Niina,MacLennan Graeme,Ternent Laura,Duncan Edward AS
Implementation Science , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-7-76
Abstract: Background Access and equity in children’s therapy services may be improved by directing clinicians’ use of resources toward specific goals that are important to patients. A practice-change intervention (titled ‘Good Goals’) was designed to achieve this. This study investigated uptake, adoption, and possible effects of that intervention in children’s occupational therapy services. Methods Mixed methods case studies (n = 3 services, including 46 therapists and 558 children) were conducted. The intervention was delivered over 25 weeks through face-to-face training, team workbooks, and ‘tools for change’. Data were collected before, during, and after the intervention on a range of factors using interviews, a focus group, case note analysis, routine data, document analysis, and researchers’ observations. Results Factors related to uptake and adoptions were: mode of intervention delivery, competing demands on therapists’ time, and leadership by service manager. Service managers and therapists reported that the intervention: helped therapists establish a shared rationale for clinical decisions; increased clarity in service provision; and improved interactions with families and schools. During the study period, therapists’ behaviours changed: identifying goals, odds ratio 2.4 (95% CI 1.5 to 3.8); agreeing goals, 3.5 (2.4 to 5.1); evaluating progress, 2.0 (1.1 to 3.5). Children’s LoT decreased by two months [95% CI 8 to +4 months] across the services. Cost per therapist trained ranged from £1,003 to £1,277, depending upon service size and therapists’ salary bands. Conclusions Good Goals is a promising quality improvement intervention that can be delivered and adopted in practice and may have benefits. Further research is required to evaluate its: (i) impact on patient outcomes, effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and (ii) transferability to other clinical contexts.
The Impact of Organizational Goal Setting on the Industrial Munificence-Goal Attainment Relationship
Zhi Tang,Benjamin C. Powell,Louis Marino,Jintong Tang
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v3n3p107
Abstract: In seeking to exploit environmental resources and opportunities, CEOs can either set multiple goals or narrow their focus on a few targets for the organizations. What approach will help organizations to benefit more from industrial munificence? In this paper, we investigate the moderating effects of CEOs’ goal setting (including the number of goals and the prioritization of these goals) on the relationship between industrial munificence and the satisfaction of goal attainment. By examining 277 small and medium-size firms in four countries, we find that CEOs need to stretch their goal list while keeping a clear priority order among these goals in order to capitalize on industrial munificence. Implications of our study are discussed.
The conceptual and methodological bases of synergetic management of the enterprises. The model of goal-setting
G.Z. Shevtsova
Marketing ì Mened?ment Innovacìj , 2011,
Abstract: The article deals with conceptual issues of goal- setting and different approaches to the formation of the goals of enterprise. The problem of the multidirectional interests of the main contact groups coordination is investigated. The conceptual model of goal-setting as a component of the organizational ensure of synergetic management of the enterprises is suggested.
Goal-Setting as a Motivational Factor Helping FL Learners in Gaining Their Levels of FL Proficiency
Patrycja Orzechowska, Krzysztof Polok
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105307
The purpose of this research was to check whether goal-setting increases stu-dents’ motivation and improves their academic achievement. We checked whether students are familiar with the strategy of Goal-Setting, use it in prac-tice and whether there is a connection between students’ improvement when it comes to their grades when Goal-Setting is used and when it is not used. We also examined which type of motivation, intrinsic or extrinsic, increases to-gether with raised amount of Goal-Setting strategies used. As far as the motiva-tion is concerned, we checked what type of motivation is 3rd grade Secondary School students driven by. Moreover, we examined whether setting goals and working on achieving them increases students’ motivation. The results showed that there existed a high relationship between Goal-Setting and students’ moti-vation toward learning a foreign language. Moreover, Goal-Setting results in the increase of learner’s grades. Based on the results, implementing Goal-Setting strategies into the process of teaching and learning was recommended as a tool to enhancing learners’ academic performance especially in English Language.
Reduced Specificity of Personal Goals and Explanations for Goal Attainment in Major Depression  [PDF]
Joanne M. Dickson, Nicholas J. Moberly
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064512
Abstract: Objectives Overgeneralization has been investigated across many domains of cognitive functioning in major depression, including the imagination of future events. However, it is unknown whether this phenomenon extends to representations of personal goals, which are important in structuring long-term behaviour and providing meaning in life. Furthermore, it is not clear whether depressed individuals provide less specific explanations for and against goal attainment. Method Clinically depressed individuals and controls generated personally important approach and avoidance goals, and then generated explanations why they would and would not achieve these goals. Goals and causal explanations were subsequently coded as either specific or general. Results Compared to controls, depressed individuals did not generate significantly fewer goals or causal explanations for or against goal attainment. However, compared to controls, depressed individuals generated less specific goals, less specific explanations for approach (but not avoidance) goal attainment, and less specific explanations for goal nonattainment. Significance Our results suggest that motivational deficits in depression may stem partly from a reduction in the specificity of personal goal representations and related cognitions that support goal-directed behaviour. Importantly, the findings have the potential to inform the ongoing development of psychotherapeutic approaches in the treatment of depression.
Football: A Naive Approximation to the Effect of Increasing Goal Size on the Number of Goals  [PDF]
J. Mira
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: The effect of increasing goal mouth size on the number of goals scored in a football match is discussed in a very preliminary and simple way, considering elastic collisions of the ball with the posts. The result is obtained on the basis of data taken from the Spanish Professional League, that show a high number of shots-to-post. Surprisingly, there is a direct correlation of the increase in goal mouth area with the increase of goals.
A Systematic Review Investigating Healthy Lifestyle Interventions Incorporating Goal Setting Strategies for Preventing Excess Gestational Weight Gain  [PDF]
Mary Jane Brown, Marlene Sinclair, Dianne Liddle, Alyson J. Hill, Elaine Madden, Janine Stockdale
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039503
Abstract: Background Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) is an important risk factor for long term obesity in women. However, current interventions aimed at preventing excess GWG appear to have a limited effect. Several studies have highlighted the importance of linking theory with empirical evidence for producing effective interventions for behaviour change. Theorists have demonstrated that goals can be an important source of human motivation and goal setting has shown promise in promoting diet and physical activity behaviour change within non-pregnant individuals. The use of goal setting as a behaviour change strategy has been systematically evaluated within overweight and obese individuals, yet its use within pregnancy has not yet been systematically explored. Aim of review To explore the use of goal setting within healthy lifestyle interventions for the prevention of excess GWG. Data collection and analysis Searches were conducted in seven databases alongside hand searching of relevant journals and citation tracking. Studies were included if interventions used goal setting alongside modification of diet and/or physical activity with an aim to prevent excess GWG. The PRISMA guidelines were followed and a two-stage methodological approach was used. Stage one focused on systematically evaluating the methodological quality of included interventions. The second stage assessed intervention integrity and the implementation of key goal setting components. Findings From a total of 839 citations, 54 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility and 5 studies met the inclusion criteria. Among interventions reporting positive results a combination of individualised diet and physical activity goals, self-monitoring and performance feedback indicators were described as active components. Conclusion Interventions based on goal setting appear to be useful for helping women achieve optimal weight gain during pregnancy. However, overweight and obese women may require more theoretically-designed interventions. Further high quality, theoretically-designed interventions are required to determine the most effective and replicable components for optimal GWG.
The relationship between sense of coherence and goal setting  [cached]
D. J. Nel,Anne Crafford,Gert Roodt
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2004, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v30i2.154
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the dimensions of Sense of Coherence and Goal Setting. A sample of 80 management consultants participated in the study. Confirmatory reliabilities of the dimensions used in the Goal Setting Questionnaire (independent variable) and Sense of Coherence 29 item Orientation to Life Questionnaire (dependent variable), ranged from 0,54 to 0,97. A canonical correlation of 0,569 (DF = 39; p = 0,021) was obtained between the dimensions of these two questionnaires. Opsomming Die doelwit van hierdie studie was om die verband tussen die dimensies van Koherensiesin en Doelstelling vas te stel. ’n Steekproef van 80 bestuurskonsultante het aan die studie deelgeneem. Bevestigende betroubaarhede van die dimensies van die Doelstellingsvraelys (onafhanklike veranderlike) en die 29 item Lewensori ntasievraelys (afhanklike veranderlike), het gewissel van 0,54 tot 0,97. ’n Kanoniese korrelasie van 0,569 (gv = 39; p = 0,021) is verkry tussen die dimensies van die twee vraelyste.
The Effect of Setting Reading Goals on the Vocabulary Retention of Iranian EFL Learners  [cached]
Akbar Hesabi,Saeed Ketabi,Abbas Eslami Rasekh,Shahnaz Kazemi
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.2.4.929-933
Abstract: This study investigates the effects of setting reading goals on the vocabulary retention of Iranian EFL readers. The aim is to find out which type of goals can be more influential on vocabulary retention. The population includes 120 students, 16 to 18 years old, and all female at Iranian junior high schools. Out of them 60 homogenized students were selected through administering one Nelson Proficiency Test (2001). They were divided to four groups of 15 students, three groups with different reading goals and a control group. After the treatment, a vocabulary post test was administered for all groups after two weeks. Then an ANOVA used to analyze the results of the tests. The results revealed that there was a significant difference between the groups with different goals and the control group. The findings suggested that setting reading goals has a positive effect on vocabulary retention of teaching and pleasure groups and negative effect on taking test group.
Perceived barriers to mental health care and goal setting among depressed, community-dwelling older adults
Mark I Weinberger, Camila Mateo, Jo Anne Sirey
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2009, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S5722
Abstract: ceived barriers to mental health care and goal setting among depressed, community-dwelling older adults Original Research (5708) Total Article Views Authors: Mark I Weinberger, Camila Mateo, Jo Anne Sirey Published Date May 2009 Volume 2009:3 Pages 145 - 149 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S5722 Mark I Weinberger1, Camila Mateo2, Jo Anne Sirey1 1Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, White Plains, NY, USA; 2College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA Objective: Older adults are particularly vulnerable to the deleterious effects of depression and tend to underutilize mental health services. The current study aims to characterize the perceived barriers to care and goal setting in a sample of depressed, community-dwelling older adults. Methods: We report on the association among perceived barriers to care, goal setting and accepting a mental health referral using a subset of data from a larger study. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess depressive symptoms. Results: Forty-seven participants completed the study (Mean age = 82, SD = 7.8, 85% female). Accessing and paying for mental health treatment were the barriers most frequently cited by participants. Clinical improvement and improved socialization were most cited goals. In bivariate associations, participants who set goals (χ2 = 5.41, p = 0.02) and reported a logistic barrier (χ2 = 5.30, p = 0.02) were more likely to accept a mental health referral. Conclusion: Perceived barriers to care and goal setting appear to be central to accepting a mental health referral among community dwelling older, depressed adults. Developing interventions that can be used to increase mental health service utilization of older adults is necessary.
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