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Women Entrepreneurship in the Western Romania. Research Results and Policy Recommendations
Anca DODESCU,Alina B?DULESCU,Adriana GIURGIU,Ioana POP-COHU?
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: Starting from the results of the empirical, quantitative, and qualitative research performed in the AntrES project, between 5.01.2009 - 4.01.2011, in the Western Romania, referring to the existence of obvious gender gaps regarding the start up of new businesses and the ownership of the businesses; the characteristics, the motivations, and the difficulties of the women entrepreneurs and potentially enterprising women; the successful women entrepreneurs' perceptions on the sex equality in the field of entrepreneurship - this paper presents arguments and recommendations of specific policies meant to support the potential women entrepreneurship in Romania, as an engine to overcome the economic crisis and to reconnect to the regional development mechanism facilitated by the European Union's regional policy.
FEMININE ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS A RESEARCH THEME. SOME CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE WAY OF INITIATING A BUSINESS BY THE ENTREPRENEUR WOMEN IN THE WEST OF ROMANIA  [PDF]
Pop Cohut Ioana
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: The present paper aims an incursion in the concern for researches in the field of feminine entrepreneurship – as a research theme, the study directions of the feminine entrepreneurship, on the basis of the special literature in the field. The applicative part of the paper refers to the research taken in the field of feminine entrepreneurship in Romania, through the project AntrES, in the area of the initiation way of business by entrepreneur women investigated and aligns aspects regarding the research methodology, the study of the way of initiating a business, the length with the age of manager women, the occupational situation at the moment of business initiation and their previous experience.
THE POTENTIAL OF FEMALE ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS A REGIONAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT ENGINE IN THE WESTERN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Pop Cohut Ioana
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: Starting from the objectives, activities, and the results of the empirical, quantitative, and qualitative research carried out in the AntrES project (AntrES - Project acronym "Entrepreneurship and Equal Opportunities. A new school for women entrepreneurship" – Antreprenoriatul i egalitatea de anse. Un nou model de coal antreprenorial pentru femei), during the two years of implementation, in the Western Romania referring to the new businesses start up; business development; the motivation and difficulties of female entrepreneurs and potentially enterprising women; of their perceptions regarding the need for entrepreneurship education, the role of female entrepreneurship promotion and the impact of the successful models on new businesses start up – this paper presents directions of action meant to emphasize and support the potential of the female entrepreneurship in Romania, as a regional growth and development engine.
Social Entrepreneurship In The Context Of Romania’S European Integration  [PDF]
Bibu Aurelian,Orhei Loredana
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2008,
Abstract: The social sector or social economy is still in the developing stage and the concept of social entrepreneurship is just in the emergence phase in Romania. There is still a lot to do in this field, in order to create sustainability among the actors of the social economy or social sector. The paper will attempt to emphasize the differences between entrepreneurship in NGO’s and social entrepreneurship and clarify the two terms in relationship with the Romanian social sector. It will discuss what needs to be taken into consideration for the future development of this sector in Romania, in the context of EU membership.
THE STUDY OF BARRIERS TO ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN MEN AND WOMEN  [PDF]
Mohammad Bagher Gorji,Paria Rahimian
Australian Journal of Business and Management Research , 2011,
Abstract: The present study aims to investigate the barriers to individual entrepreneurship as well as comparing them in men and women population. This study was applied, correlation-survey method. Using field method, the data are collected from 113 men entrepreneurs and 65 women entrepreneurs. One questionnaire whose validity and reliability is verified by content and Cranach’s methods is also used to collect the research data. To analyze the data, T-test and ANOVA are used. The results indicated that there is a meaningful difference between individual and environmental barriers to entrepreneurship and order of effectiveness of barriers in men and women.
Women And Men In Entrepreneurship  [cached]
Silvia Popescu
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This paper of female entrepreneurship has been inspired by gender equality issues. Today research and policy have been more and more fuelled by the idea that female entrepreneurs are important for economic progress. Female entrepreneurs were assumed to experience gender-related discrimination and to experience more difficulties when starting up and running a business than their male counterparts. Even when issues such as barriers and obstacles to female entrepreneurs are raised in the gender and entrepreneurship debate, this is usually done from the perspective that female entrepreneurs are an untapped resource and have potential to contribute to a country’s economic performance. Indeed, although gender equality is one of the arguments underlying the support for female entrepreneurs within the European Union, the argument that female entrepreneurs (have the potential to)contribute to economic performance continues to play a role here. The global growth of female entrepreneurship inthe last decades has been accompanied by an increase in the number of studies on female entrepreneurship.
PSYCHO-SOCIAL PERCEPTIONS AND MANAGERIAL PREFERENCES OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS IN WESTERN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Saveanu Tomina,Borza Adriana
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: Our study aims at identifying correlations between preferences and psycho-social choices of women entrepreneurs, more precisely the effect of these characteristics on a given managerial strategy. Based on the data obtained through the administration of two types of questionnaires, we analyzed the relations between social and psychological set of perceptions and managerial strategy. Social success and managerial performance are related with these perceptions and thus we can identify a significant conversion of mentalities determined by the governmental changes which took place in Eastern Europe after 1990. The data presented here are driven from the research conducted within the project ”Entrepreneurship and equality of chances. A inter-regional model of entrepreneurship training for women in western Romania”.
Risk management in the entrepreneurship in Romania in the context of the economic crisis  [PDF]
Felicia Adriana LUPU
Economia : Seria Management , 2009,
Abstract: The future of business depends, in a determinant way, on the manner in which the companies have the risk under control. In businesses, risk management entails organized activity to manage uncertainty and threats and involves people following procedures and using tools in order to ensure conformance with risk-management policies. In practice, balancing between risks with a high probability of occurrence but lower loss versus a risk with high loss but lower probability of occurrence can often be very difficult. Risk management also faces difficulties allocating resources. Resources spent on risk management could have been spent on more profitable activities. Again, ideal risk management minimizes spending while maximizing the reduction of the negative effects of risks. This paper presents the possibilities and the limits of the risk management implementation in the entrepreneurship in Romania in the context of the economic crisis, starting from the concept
The influence of cluster type economic agglomerations on the entrepreneurship, in Romania  [PDF]
Adriana REVEIU,Marian D?RDAL?
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: Regional clusters and entrepreneurship have become very popular research topic in many areas, such as: economics, regional science, and economic geography.A large number of scientific papers published in the last years investigate the empirical evidence for clusters, their definition, and their implications for economic policy. Also, a series of working tools for regional cluster analyses have been proposed.Entrepreneurial activities interact and their characteristics are normally bound to the region. Entrepreneurial activities take place in interaction with other economic activities conducted at the local level, and the interaction between them can be the starting point of an economic cluster.There are lots of arguments for the hypothesis that existing regional clusters have positive impact on the entrepreneurial activities. But only few analyses exist referring to the relationship between clusters attributes of a region and the entrepreneurial activities in the same region. From my knowledge, it is not such of analyses about Romania.This paper aims to identify regions with potential industrial clusters, from Romania, and to analyse their impact on the entrepreneurial environment. Data about all the companies acting in Romania, in 2011 are used to elaborate the spatial clusters in the most concentrated Romania industries. A second data set with information about new establishments in last year is used, from the National Trade Register Office statistics. This data set serves to assess the relationship between regional clusters and entrepreneurial activities. The paper tests the empirically proven hypothesis which stipulates that the existence of one or several cluster type agglomerations in a region has a positive impact on the number of start-ups in the same region.The results obtained from descriptive and regression analyses have shown that there is a positive relationship between the number of cluster type agglomerations and the entrepreneurial activities.
“ATTRACTIVENESS” VERSUS “CONSTRAIN” IN SELF-EMPLOYMENT OPTION IN A CERTAIN FIELD FOR MANAGER WOMEN OF THEIR OWN BUSINESS IN THE WEST OF ROMANIA  [PDF]
Dodescu Anca
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: Starting from the way in which women, generally speaking, understand entrepreneurship – as a choice or as a necessity, the present paper aims to discover in what percentage women in the West of Romania, have been influenced in the decision to become entrepreneurs or in self-employment option by the “attractiveness” or by “constraint” and, then, in what proportion, considering the general entrepreneurs inclination, to start business in the fields that they have worked before, validates in their case the hypotheses that women choose the sector in which they have knowledge and experience. The first part of the paper analyses the literature in the field emphasizing on the occupational situation and professional training as factors of the feminine entrepreneurship, respective activity fields preferred by women for self-employment. The second part of the paper presents the preliminary research results regarding the correlations between occupational status, professional studies and activity fields in the case of feminine entrepreneurship in the West of Romania, results of AntrES project. The paper analyses the answers given into the questionnaires applied and reapplied to one of the aim groups of the project – manager women – in the period 17-31 July 2009, respective 20-28 November 2009 – at the beginning and at the end of the Entrepreneurial school at the level of AntrES territorial centers (county residence towns: Arad, Baia Mare, Oradea, Re i a, Satu Mare, Timi oara).
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