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Two Late Iron Age warrior burials discovered in Kent  [cached]
Casper Johnson
Archaeology International , 2002, DOI: 10.5334/ai.0605
Abstract: Excavations by the Institute’s Field Archaeology Unit of a Late Iron Age and Early Romano-British site at Brisley Farm south of Ashford in Kent have revealed a pair of warrior burials (inhumations with weapons) within square-ditch enclosures dated to AD 10–50. Here the excavation director describes this surprising discovery and discusses its significance.
The Metallurgy of some indian swords
Williams, Alan,Edge, David
Gladius , 2007, DOI: 10.3989/gladius.2007.102
Abstract: The metallurgy of Indian swords shows many differences from that of European swords. The distinction between "Damascus Steel" (or wootz) and crucible steel is explained. Ten broken blades from the Armoury of the Nizams of Hyderabad were made available for microscopic examination. Six of these seem to been made from crucible steels, and are of notably high quality. By contrast, a group of six randomly collected from Private Collections in England were also examined. Only one of these was made of crucible steel, and three of the others were of very mediocre quality. This perhaps represents the quality of blades available to the average Indian soldier. La metalurgia de las espadas indias presenta notables diferencias en comparación con la de las europeas. Se explica la distinción entre el ‘acero de Damasco’ (o wootz) y el acero de crisol. Se ha realizado un análisis microscópico de un conjunto de diez hojas rotas de espada depositadas en la Armería de los Nizams de Hyderabad. Seis de ellas parecen haber sido realizadas a partir de acero de crisol, y son de elevada calidad. En contraste, se examinó también un grupo de seis espadas de colecciones privadas en Inglaterra. Sólo una de ellas estaba fabricada con acero de crisol, y tres de las otras eran de calidad muy mediocre. Esto representa quizá la calidad de las hojas de espada al alcance del soldado medio indio.
A note on the analysis of Viking swords  [cached]
Williams, Alan
Gladius , 2011, DOI: 10.3989/gladius.2011.0010
Abstract: A large number of swords from the Viking era bear the inscription VLFBERHT or a variation on that. The metallurgy of different examples of these swords varies considerably but the metal employed correlates with the spelling of that name. In seeking to determine the origin of these swords, metallurgical studies may guide us, especially as many of the best examples differ considerably from both earlier and later Medieval swords. Un número importante de espadas de época vikinga llevan la inscripción VLFBERHT o una variante de la misma. La metalurgia de diferentes ejemplos de dichas espadas varía considerablemente, pero el metal empleado guarda correlación con la forma en que se escribió dicho nombre. Cuando tratamos de determinar el origen de estas espadas, los estudios metalúrgicos pueden servirnos de guía, especialmente dado que muchos de los mejores ejemplos difieren considerablemente de espadas medievales tanto anteriores como posteriores en el tiempo.
VICTORIA KENT  [cached]
GABRIELA MISTRAL
Atenea , 2009,
Abstract: Perfil de la feminista, política e ideóloga espa ola Victoria Kent. Contraste con el prototipo de la feminista emperamental, la feminista insensible o la sentimental. Valoración de su vida dedicada al servicio, su idealismo diferenciador, su polémica postura de entrega gradual el sufragio femenino. Comentarios sobre u actividad como jefa de las cárceles espa olas durante la Segunda República y la reforma penitenciaria de amplias proporciones emprendida desde ese cargo, basada en su fe en la modificación del delincuente y sustentada en numerosos cambios materiales al interior de los recintos penales. Su lucha como un tipo de maternidad.
Sacred Landscapes  [cached]
Roland Boer
Cultural Studies Review , 2012,
Abstract: A review of Lyn McCredden's Luminous Moments: The Contemporary Sacred (ATF Press, Adelaide, 2010).
The semiotics of the sacred  [cached]
Bernard LAMIZET
Essachess : Journal for Communication Studies , 2011,
Abstract: What is called sacred is an identity, a practice or a social actor who escapes ordinary social practices. In the 18th century, Kant call transcendancy a non religious way of sublimying identities, independant from space and time. So, speaking about sacred and transcendancy is a way to define political matters by their contrary. It is why sacred is a reference for psychic sublimation in unconscious crises. It is why psychoanalysis allows us to understand these forms of sublimation. Sacred is questioned when political identities are contested, and it is why sacred is a more important reference in middle age times (christianism and cathedrals building) or, today (islamic or other religious references). On the contrary, secularism, which means separation between political powers and religious identities, is a major way of taking distance from sacred matters.
Henrietta Kent and the Feminised North  [cached]
Heidi Hansson
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2007,
Abstract: Some time around 1876, S. H. Kent, Susanna Sarah Henrietta Kent or Henrietta Kent as she probably called herself, travelled through the northern parts of Norway and Sweden with her elderly mother. Her impressions from the northern trip were published in two volumes entitled Within the Arctic Circle: Experiences of Travel through Norway, to the North Cape, Sweden and Lapland, advertised in The Times 6 February 1877. There was a great deal of public interest in the Arctic at the time due to the scientific and cultural activity leading up to the first International Polar Year 1882-83. Kent, however, does not foreground the adventure and excitement associated with the Polar expeditions in her narrative. Instead, she concentrates on the kind people and pleasant aspects of northern Scandinavia, asserting that the difficulties of northern travel have been exaggerated and that nothing should "deter even lady travellers" from going North. At least as she presents the exercise in her preface, travelling in Norway and Sweden requires no particular strength or stamina. The dangers of the wild as well as the romance of the Arctic are absent from her book, making northern Scandinavia seem quite woman-friendly. Kent's travelogue demonstrates in many ways the interaction between the construction of a gendered narrative self and the gendering of place.
Henrietta Kent and the Feminised North
Heidi Hansson
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2007,
Abstract: Some time around 1876, S. H. Kent, Susanna Sarah Henrietta Kent or Henrietta Kent as she probably called herself, travelled through the northern parts of Norway and Sweden with her elderly mother. Her impressions from the northern trip were published in two volumes entitled Within the Arctic Circle: Experiences of Travel through Norway, to the North Cape, Sweden and Lapland, advertised in The Times 6 February 1877. There was a great deal of public interest in the Arctic at the time due to the scientific and cultural activity leading up to the first International Polar Year 1882-83. Kent, however, does not foreground the adventure and excitement associated with the Polar expeditions in her narrative. Instead, she concentrates on the kind people and pleasant aspects of northern Scandinavia, asserting that the difficulties of northern travel have been exaggerated and that nothing should "deter even lady travellers" from going North. At least as she presents the exercise in her preface, travelling in Norway and Sweden requires no particular strength or stamina. The dangers of the wild as well as the romance of the Arctic are absent from her book, making northern Scandinavia seem quite woman-friendly. Kent's travelogue demonstrates in many ways the interaction between the construction of a gendered narrative self and the gendering of place.
Two swords from the foundation of Gibraltar
Nicolle, David
Gladius , 2002, DOI: 10.3989/gladius.2002.59
Abstract: The two swords plus their associated acabbard and belt or baldric fragments which were found in Matin’s Cave, Gibraltar, date from the 12th century AD. Such dating is supporting the design to the objects themselves, their cultural-historical context, and their varied decoration. This evidence is also used to propose that the ensemble was all of Andalusian of North African origin, and as such represents an almost unique survival of 12th century western Islamic military equipment. Las dos espadas, junto con sus correspondientes vainas y restos de cinto o tahalí, halladas en Martin’s Cave (Gibraltar), deben fecharse en el siglo XII d.C. Esta datación se basa en la tipología de los objetos, en su contexto histórico-cultural, y en su variada decoración. Estos datos se emplean también para proponer que el conjunto es de origen Andalusí o Norteafricano, y que por tanto representan un caso casi único de preservación de equipo militar islámico occidental del s. XII.
A metallurgical study of some viking swords
Williams, Alan
Gladius , 2009, DOI: 10.3989/gladius.2009.218
Abstract: While pattern-welded swords have been found all over Europe from sites dating from the Migration Period and into the Early Middle Ages, they were steadily supplanted during the Viking period by swords made out of a few pieces of iron and steel, or even a single piece of steel. Swords with Ulfberht or related inscriptions were the most famous of these. The results of the metallurgical study of 44 specimens from Ulfberht swords, as well as some other Viking-age swords, together with electron microanalyses carried out on selected examples, are presented here. Mientras que se han encontrado en toda Europa espadas forjadas mediante el sistema de ‘pattern welding’ (entrelazado de láminas formando patrones visibles), procedentes de yacimientos que se extienden desde el Periodo de las Migraciones bárbaras hasta la Alta Edad Media, durante el periodo vikingo fueron habitualmente reemplazadas por espadas forjadas a partir de unas pocas piezas de hierro y acero, o incluso de una única pieza de acero. Las más famosas de entre ellas fueron las espadas con la inscripción Ulfbehrt u otras relacionadas. Este artículo presenta los resultados del estudio metalúrgico de 44 ejemplares de espadas de Ulfberht y otras de época vikinga, así como los microanálisis efectuados sobre algunas muestras seleccionadas.
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