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Attitudes of Jordanians People toward Employment of Persons with Disabilities  [PDF]
Rodaina Khader Ibrahim Al Tarawneh
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.49013
Abstract: This study aimed to know the attitudes of Jordanians people toward employment of persons with disabilities, and it aimed to investigate the effect of some variables on these attitudes. In order to achieve the aims of this study, a questionnaire of attitudes toward employment of persons with disabilities were used to collect data from 800 persons (344 males and 456 females). The results indicated that the percentage of Jordanians people who emphasized that the work was a right for people with disabilities was (88.5%), and the percentage of Jordanians people who pointed out that people with disabilities unproductive was (69%). Also it indicates that there are statistically significant differences between the Jordanians people in the attitudes toward employment of persons with disabilities due to (Age, Educational level and Existence of a disability in the individual’s family). Also there are no statistically significant differences between Jordanians people in the attitudes due to (Gender and Economic level).
Constitutional provisions regarding juristic persons
GJ Pienaar
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 1998,
Abstract: The interim Constitution of 1993 and the final Constitution of 1996 contain specific provisions applicable to juristic persons. Juristic persons are also entitled to the fundamental rights contained in the Bill of Rights to the extent that these rights are applicable to them. It must be kept in mind that juristic persons have peculiar characteristics and that the fundamental rights of juristic persons differ from those of natural persons. Juristic persons are also under the obligation to respect the fundamental rights of natural persons and other juristic persons to the extent provided for in the Bill of Rights. In the case of juristic persons acting as organs of state the vertical application of the Bill of Rights safeguards the fundamental rights of persons against state action or interference. The circumstances where juristic persons act as organs of state are discussed with reference to case law. Difference of opinion exists regarding the horizontal application of the Bill of Rights, that is the application of the Bill of Rights to private law relationships. In terms of the interim Constitution the Bill of Rights was applied horizontally in an indirect manner. Section 35(3) provided that the common and customary law must be developed by both the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court to promote the values underlying an open and democratic society based on human dignity, equality and freedom, without completely abolishing the common and customary law. The final Constitution provides in section 8(2) that natural and juristic persons in private law relationships are also bound by the Bill of Rights if, and to the extent that, such rights are applicable, taking into account the nature of the rights and the nature of any duty imposed by such right. The direct horizontal application of the Bill of Rights is, however, limited by section 36. The extent of the rights of juristic persons and limitations on them in private law relationships are investigated, taking into account the right of freedom of association in terms of section 18. The various principles to be taken into consideration in the case of clubs, religious organisations, educational institutions, political organisations and trading and professional institutions are discussed.
Knowledge and Attitudes of Women regarding AID  [cached]
Alessandra Tourinho,Elza Berger Salema Coelho,Carlos Frederico Tourinho dos Santos
Saúde & Transforma??o Social , 2011,
Abstract: This study investigated the knowledge and attitudes in relation to AIDS in women over 50 years of age. The study included women from the Center for the Study of the Elderly - NETI, of the Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC. To achieve the proposed objectives, a descriptive-exploratory qualitative approach was chosen. A semi-structured interview was used as the data collection technique. It was identified that knowledge about AIDS and risk attitudes toward the disease, arise from the permanence of the concept of risk groups, from the dynamics of power inherent in gender relationships in our society, and from the lack of effectiveness and sustainability of public policies on AIDS prevention which effectively reach this segment of the population, as well as a lack of strategies to effectively make such policies operational.
Attitudes and knowledge of nurses regarding HIV+/AIDS patients
Angeles Merino Godoy
NURE Investigación , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To know attitudes and knowledge of nursing personnel regarding HIV/AIDS patients in the Hospital General de Huelva. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Sample: Nursing staff of the Hospital General de Huelva (Registered nurses and Nursing auxiliar personnel) randomised selected (N=980, n=88). Selected subjects were asked to answer a validated questionnaire including questions about personal and professional characteristics, attitudes about HIV+/AIDS patients and knowledge about HIV infection. Additionally, 8 interviews were performed to Nursing staff who suffered occupational accidents with HIV contaminated fluids. Another 8 interviews were performed to HIV+/AIDS patients about the nurses attitudes when working with them. Results: Participating subjects were worried about the risk of infection. A low rate of knowledge about HIV infection was observed. Conclusion: A modification of some attitudes of Nursing staff is mandatory as well as an improvement of specific knowledge about HIV infection and measures to avoid the infection in a professional setting. Strategies to improve nurses abilities when working with HIV+/AIDS patients should be provided.
Attitudes and Intentions of Greek Athletes and Coaches Regarding Doping  [PDF]
Stavroula Psouni, Nikos Zourbanos, Yannis Theodorakis
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.79137
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine athletes’ and coaches’ attitudes and intentions with regard to doping, using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) model. This model [1], explains all the behaviors which are related to self-control, based to the theory that intentions are influenced by attitude, perceived behavioral control and subjective norms. The variable “morality” was added to the original model. One hundred and forty-three athletes (mean age = 20.93 ± 2.90) who were involved in competitive sports and 50 coaches (mean age = 35.74 ± 7.80) participated in the study. A questionnaire was administered to assess the demographics (age, gender, sport type, competitive level, years of sport participation and education), attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intentions, morality and doping choices of athletes and coaches with regard to doping. The results showed that attitudes (62%), perceived behavioral control (3%), and morality (4%) were significant predictors of athletes’ intentions to engage in doping choices but that coaches’ only attitudes were the most important predictor of intentions to engage in doping choices (72%). The most important predictors of 1st and 2nd doping choices were intentions (78% and 68%) and perceived behavioral control (1%) for athletes and intentions (84% and 79%) for coaches.
Veghes Calin,Pantea Carmen,Balan Diana,Rusescu Marius
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: The concept of privacy, seen in connection with the consumer's private space, and defined in terms of the specific personal data has gained an increasing importance, as a result of the organizations’ extended attempts, within their marketing efforts, to capture, process and use the consumers’ personal data. Paper explores the attitudes of the consumers regarding their personal data in terms of their disclosure, previous agreement consumers should grant to the companies or public institutions (authorities) processing them, employment, registration and processing by the companies, and buying products and/or services as a result of a direct approach.
Attitudes Regarding the Market Economy in Urban China  [PDF]
Ming Tsui, Xiao Li
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.22024
Abstract: Compared with only thirty-five years ago, today’s China is a different country. As recently as the early 1980s, despite universal poverty, there were universal, life-time employment, cheap work-place-provided housing, national healthcare, and free college education. For those who were born under communism, attitudes toward capitalism were largely negative and large disparities in income and wealth were seen as immoral and unjust. Today the state no longer assigns jobs to those who have completed their education and urban life-time employment and national healthcare are long gone. While there have been stunning improvements in living conditions, the rapid increases in housing prices, coupled with increasing unemployment and a disappearance of job security and national health care, have made ordinary people vulnerable. Because China has become one of the most unequal societies in the world in terms of income and wealth, there is also a sense of discontent among many of its citizens. Using a 2006 national survey, we explore how these changes have affected the public attitudes toward economic reform and communist rule. To our surprise, we found general agreement across different generation, education, and income-mobility groups as regards market economy, the legitimacy of profit-making and income inequality, the role and authority of the government, and the causes of poverty and inequality. The differences among generation, education, and income groups are largely in degree. We suggest that the lack of generation, income, and education differences on attitudes may be due to material benefits brought by the market economy and high economic growth.
Attitudes and behaviors of Family Physicians regarding use of antibiotics
O?uz Karabay,Davut ?zdemir,Ertu?rul Gü?lü,Mustafa Y?ld?r?m
Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases , 2011,
Abstract: Objectives: Antimicrobials are the most widely used drug groups and antibiotic resistance due to irrational antimicrobial usage is a major problem in the world. The aim of this study is to evaluate attitudes of family physicians antimicrobial prescribing.Materials and methods: This study was conducted in November 2006 in Bolu and Duzce provinces where the first family physician practices were initiated in Turkey. The records of family physicians were reviewed retrospectively. Patients’ data, social security institution of the patients, the diagnosis and prescribed antibiotics, duration, dosage and routes of antibiotic administration were recorded.Results: A total of 4,497 patients were included in the study consisting of 1,752 (39%) men, and 2,745 (61%) women. The mean age of the patients was 36.6 ± 22.7 years. Antimicrobials were prescribed to 1,167 patients (25.9%). Among 1,167 antibiotics, 1,064 (91.2%) were administered orally, 77 (6.6%) were paranteral and 26 (2.2%) were taken through other routes. In 39 (3.3%) patients, there was no indication for antimicrobial use. In 103 patients (9.1%) from the accurate antibiotic indication group, the choice of the agent was not consistent with the guidelines. In 273 patients (23.4%) on antimicrobial therapy, duration of the antibiotic was inappropriate. The most common indication of the antibiotic prescription was tonsillopharyngitis and the most prescribed antibiotics for this diagnosis were beta lactam/beta lactamase inhibitors.Conclusions: In conclusion, there is still considerable overuse of antibiotics by primary care patients, especially the ones suffering respiratory tract infections. Educational interventions on antimicrobial use could be useful. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2011;1(2): 53-57
Stigmatising attitudes towards persons with mental illness: a survey of medical students and interns from Southern Nigeria  [cached]
Bawo Onesirosan James,Joyce Ohiole Omoaregba,Esther Osemudiamen Okogbenin
Mental Illness , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/mi.2012.e8
Abstract: Stigmatising attitudes towards persons with mental illness are commonly reported among health professionals. Familiarity with mental illness has been reported to improve these attitudes. Very few studies have compared future medical doctors’ attitudes toward types of mental illness, substance use disorders and physical illness. A cross-sectional survey of 5th and 6th year medical students as well as recently graduated medical doctors was conducted in April 2011. The 12-item level of contact report and the Attitude towards Mental Illness Questionnaire were administered. Participants endorsed stigmatising attitudes towards mental illness; with attitudes more adverse for schizophrenia compared to depression. Stigmatising attitudes were similarly endorsed for substance use disorders. Paradoxically, attitudes towards HIV/AIDS were positive and similar to diabetes mellitus. Increasing familiarity with mental illness was weakly associated with better attitudes towards depression and schizophrenia. Stigmatising attitudes towards depression and schizophrenia are common among future doctors. Efforts to combat stigma are urgently needed and should be promoted among medical students and recent medical graduates.
Social injury: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of the attitudes towards suicide of lay persons in Ghana.  [cached]
Joseph Osafo,Heidi Hjelmeland,Charity Akotia,Birthe Knizek
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health & Well-Being , 2011, DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v6i3.8708
Abstract: One way of furthering our understanding of suicidal behaviour is to examine people's attitudes towards it and how they conceive the act. The aim of this study was to understand how lay persons conceive the impact of suicide on others and how that influences their attitudes towards suicide; and discuss the implications for suicide prevention in Ghana. This is a qualitative study, using a semi-structured interview guide to investigate the attitudes and views of 27 lay persons from urban and rural settings in Ghana. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to analyse the data. Findings showed that the perceived breach of interrelatedness between people due to suicidal behaviour influenced the informants’ view of suicide as representing a social injury. Such view of suicide influenced the negative attitudes the informants expressed towards the act. The negative attitudes towards suicide in Ghana are cast in consequential terms. Thus, suicide is an immoral act because it socially affects others negatively. The sense of community within the African ethos and The Moral Causal Ontology for Suffering are theoretical postulations that are used to offer some explanations of the findings in this study.
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