oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Intestinal Parasitosis  [PDF]
Bikash Shakya,D Bhargava,S. Shrestha,B. P. Rijal
Journal of Institute of Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/joim.v31i3.2974
Abstract: Introduction: Intestinal parasitosis is highly prevalent among general population and hospital patients in Nepal. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among patients in a hospital of Nepal. Methods: A retrospective study was done by analyzing the findings of stool examined from April 2006 to March 2008 at Department of Microbiology of the hospital. χ2-test was used for analytical assessment. Results : Out of 2221 fecal samples, 20.7% were positive, the positivity being 23.9% and 15.8%, respectively in first and second year (P<0.05). Overall infection rate was nearly equal in male and female (20.2% vs. 21.2%). The infection rate was highest among patients of >60 years (25.3%) followed by those of <15 years (21.2%) and 15-59 years (20.1%) ( P >0.05). Ascaris lumbricoides (31.8%) and Entamoeba histolytica (38.0%) were the commonest helminth and protozoa, respectively. Other parasites were Hookworm (18.3%), Hymenolepis nana (2.6%), Taenia solium (2.6%), Strongyloides stercoralis (1.3%) and Giardia lamblia (5.5%). Conclusions: Though, the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among hospital visiting patients is declining, high detection of A. lumbricoides and E. histolytica signifies the need of public awareness regarding latrine use, water source protection from fecal contamination, proper sanitation and hygienic behavior. Keywords : Ascaris lumbricoides, Entamoeba histolytica, intestinal parasites. DOI: 10.3126/joim.v31i3.2974 Journal of Institute of Medicine, December, 2009; 31(3) 13-16
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitosis Among School Children in Baglung District of Western Nepal  [PDF]
A Shrestha,KC Narayan,R Sharma
Kathmandu University Medical Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/kumj.v10i1.6904
Abstract: Background This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasites among school-going children of the Baglung municipality from December 2010 to January 2011. Objective To find out prevalence of parasitosis among school aged children and to make necessary recommendations for preventive measures. Method A total of 260 stool samples were collected. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on predisposing factors. Nails were observed without prior information to the subjects so as to find their hygienic practice. The stool samples were examined by direct wet mount and formal ether concentration technique. Results The total prevalence of the intestinal parasitosis was found to be 21.05%. The prevalence for individual parasites was as follows: Entamoeba histolytica (9.23%), Giardia lamblia (5.76%), Trichuris trichuria (5%), Ancylostoma duodenale (2.65%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (2.3%). Nail hygiene and level of education were significantly associated with intestinal parasitosis. The gender and age of the children, sanitary habits including toilet use, hand washing practice, and the use of the antihelminthic drug (albendazole) were not significantly associated with intestinal parasitosis. Higher prevalence was seen in boys, children belonging to age group 10-14 years, lower secondary students, among those who reported gastrointestinal problems within last six months, children from agriculture-based families and children with untrimmed nail. Conclusion Major contributors for the prevalence of parasites were found to be poor personal hygiene and educational level of the children. Health education and mass treatment are recommended as a preventive measures. KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY MEDICAL JOURNAL ?VOL.10 | NO. 1 | ISSUE 37 | JAN - MAR 2012 | 3-6 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v10i1.6904
Parasitosis intestinales en pacientes con epilepsia de origen desconocido Intestinal parasitosis found in patients with epilepsy of unknown etiology  [cached]
Félix Manuel Rosado García,Fidel ángel Nú?ez Fernández,Aniran Ruiz Espinosa,Lázara Rojas Rivero
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2013,
Abstract: Introducción: la epilepsia es una alteración del sistema nervioso central que afecta a un estimado de 50 millones de personas en el mundo, de los cuales 85 % vive en países en desarrollo. Alrededor de 20 % de las epilepsias son de difícil control o refractarias. En Cuba no existen antecedentes de estudios acerca del comportamiento de las parasitosis intestinales en estos pacientes, por lo cual se decidió realizar la presente investigación en un grupo de pacientes con epilepsia de origen desconocido del Instituto de Neurología y Neurocirugía de La Habana. Objetivos: determinar la prevalencia y las manifestaciones clínicas de las parasitosis intestinales, y relacionar estas infecciones con la existencia de epilepsia refractaria a los fármacos antiepilépticos. Métodos: se aplicó un cuestionario y se recogió una muestra de heces por cada paciente, se realizaron técnicas de diagnóstico coproparasitológico, como son el examen directo, el método de concentración de Willis y el procedimiento cuantitativo de Kato Katz. Resultados: el 41,7 % de los pacientes con epilepsia estudiados estuvieron infectados por algún parásito o comensal; la diarrea resultó la única característica clínica que prevaleció en los individuos parasitados. La ausencia de epilepsia refractaria a los fármacos antiepilépticos estuvo asociada a una frecuencia mayor de infección con comensales o protozoos de patogenicidad discutida, que en los que tenían esta condición. Conclusiones: se encontró una alta prevalencia de parasitosis intestinales en pacientes con epilepsia, a pesar de haber sido tomada una sola muestra fecal para cada individuo, y hubo un predominio de infecciones con protozoos sobre las de helmintos. Los resultados al comparar el grupo de pacientes con epilepsia refractaria a los fármacos antiepilépticos con los que no tenían esta condición, pudieran indicar algún efecto de estos fármacos sobre las infecciones con protozoos comensales o de patogenicidad discutida, lo cual avala la continuidad de estudios de parasitismo intestinal y su potencial influencia en la terapia antiepiléptica o viceversa. Introduction: the epilepsy is an alteration of the central nervous system (CNS) which roughly affects 50 millions of persons worldwide; almost 85 % of them live in developing countries. Approximately 20 % of epilepsies are difficult to control or they are called refractory epilepsies. Taking into account the lack of Cuban reports about the behavior of intestinal parasitic infections in these patients, it was decided to carry out this research study in a group of epileptic patients with un
Prevención de parasitosis intestinal mediante técnicas de educación a distancia Prevention of intestinal parasitosis based on the distance learning techniques
Victor Agüin,Rosa Melendez,Ligia Elena Cisneros
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción La parasitosis es una enfermedad propia de los países subdesarrollados. Según la OMS, una de las seis enfermedades más frecuente en poblaciones de países subdesarrollados. Objetivo Desarrollar una técnica a distancia en el área de la salud, mediante la producción de un video digital educativo para la ense anza de las medidas de prevención sobre parasitosis intestinal. Métodos Dise o de campo con la aplicación de la metodología del College of Public Health de la Universidad del Sur de la Florida. La producción del video se concibió en cinco etapas: 1. Tema a tratar y objetivos del video digital, a quien va dirigido, duración, fecha de realización: desde el 1 de noviembre de 2008 hasta el 31 de marzo de 2009, recursos humanos, financieros e institucionales, elaboración del guión técnico, lista de escenas, descripción del tiempo de inicio y finalización de las escenas. 2. Etapa de pre-producción del video, tomas, encuadres y filmación. 3. Edición del video con el apoyo del software Pínnacle. 4. Posproducción del video, que se realizó en formato de DVD, el cuál puede ser observado en la televisión y en la computadora, facilitado por la colaboración del programa satelital "Simón Bolívar" que intercomunica a los pueblos de Suramérica. 5. Validación por expertos del producto terminado. Se utilizaron como instrumentos las entrevistas y la observación participante. Resultados El video tiene cinco escenas con las medidas de prevención. Incluye un ponente que explica el texto correspondiente. La presentación de cada escena tiene un tiempo de duración de 5 minutos. Conclusiones El desarrollo de la técnica de educación a distancia permite una instrucción de calidad y proporciona mayor adquisición de información educativa a mayor número de personas, en menor tiempo y a menores costos. Introduction Parasitosis is a disease inherent to the underdeveloped countries. According to the WHO, it is one of the six most frequent illnesses in underdeveloped country populations. Objective To create a distance learning technique in the healthcare area on the basis of educational digital video for teaching preventive measures for intestinal parasitosis. Methods Field design using the methodology of the College of Public Health in South Florida University. The production of the video was organized in five phases: 1st-Topic and objectives of the digital video, audience to be addressed, duration, date of filming (November 1st 2008 to March 31st 2009); human, financial and institutional resources; preparation of the technical script; listing of scenes, and description of
Parasitosis intestinal y educación sanitaria en alumnos de la Unidad Educativa Guamacho Intestinal parasitosis and health education among students from Guamacho Educational Unit  [cached]
Igdany Reyes Torres,Orlenys Betancourt García
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2012,
Abstract: Las parasitosis intestinales es un problema de salud en zonas rurales de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela y es la población infantil la mayormente afectada. Los objetivos de nuestra investigación fueron: 1) Conocer la prevalencia de parasitosis intestinal en alumnos del 4to. a 6to. grados de la Unidad Educativa Guamacho, ubicada en el Municipio Autónomo Píritu, Estado Falcón. 2) Dise ar un plan estratégico desde la atención primaria de salud que fortalezca la educación sanitaria de los estudiantes, familiares, maestros y los trabajadores que elaboran los alimentos en dicha Institución. La muestra quedó conformada por 30 alumnos. Se recolectaron las muestras de heces fecales y se procesaron en el Centro Integral de Diagnóstico de Guamacho. En el 78 % de las muestras estudiadas se constató la presencia de Giardia lamblia y Ascaris lumbricoides, con predominio de la primera. Se realizaron charlas educativas de promoción de salud a los estudiantes, familiares, maestros y personal responsabilizado con la elaboración de los alimentos. Intestinal parasitosis is a health problem in rural areas of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the child population being the most affected. The objectives of our study were the following: 1) Determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among students from grades 4 to 6 at Guamacho Educational Unit, located in the Autonomous Municipality of Pírity, State of Falcón. 2) Develop a strategic plan starting from primary health care aimed at strengthening the health education of students, relatives, teachers and food processing employees at the institution. The sample was composed of 30 students. Stool samples were collected and sent to Guamacho Integrated Diagnostic Center for analysis. 78 % of the samples studied were found to contain Giardia lamblia and Ascaris lumbricoides, with higher prevalence of the former. Educational health promotion talks were conducted with students, relatives, teachers and food processing personnel.
Parasitosis intestinal y alternativas de disposición de excreta en municipios de alta marginalidad
Guerrero Hernández,María Teresa; Hernández Molinar,Yolanda; Rada Espinosa,María Eugenia; Aranda Gámez,álvaro; Inés Hernández,Martha;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662008000200009
Abstract: introduction: diarrheal diseases and intestinal parasitosis are still public health problems worldwide, being the children the most vulnerable. in the mexican rural setting, crowded conditions, shortage of drinking water and of appropriate drainage system have deteriorated in a permanent way the population's health status, a situation that becomes more acute in high marginality areas. objectives: to identify the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and the technological alternatives of feces excretion in 9 municipalities with high marginality index. methods: a coproparasitoscopic study was conducted in 621 school children; the samples were examined by kato-kats method for helminths. basic sanitary conditions, dwelling, incidence of diarrheas and excretion of intestinal parasites during the last two months were studied. results: intestinal parasitosis incidence was 30 %, 22. 3% was positive to protozoos and 7.9 % to geohelmints. the most common protozoa were entamoeba histolytica accounting for 10.5 % and giardia lamblia for 8.1 %. among geohelmints, ascaris lumbricoides with 6.0 %. half of these children′s mothers were illiterate; 81.4 % of parents were farmers and labourers, 46.7 % lived in one or two-room houses, 40 % of houses had palm roof and 63 % had their floor made of soil. of the total number of studied children, 75.7 % had excreted parasites and one out of three stated that at least one sibling had also excreted parasites in the same period of time. of the total amount of children presented with diarrheas, 68.8 % defecated in traditional latrines and 5.6 % did in dry ecological toilets. conclusions: prevalence of intestinal parasitosis in municipalities with high marginality index resulted from poverty conditions and the lack of basic services.
Parasitosis intestinales, cisticercosis e hidatidosis Intestinal parasitic infections, cysticercosis and hydatic diseases
David Botero
Iatreia , 1990,
Abstract: Se presenta una revisión actualizada sobre las parasitosis intestinales, la cisticercosis y la hidatidosis en Colombia, con una breve descripción de la prevalencia, las características epidemiológicas, los efectos sobre la salud y algunos aspectos de control y tratamiento. Con esta revisión se busca tener información resumida sobre las parasitosis que se encuentran en Colombia y su mayor o menor Importancia en salud pública. TambIén se pretende ofrecer una Idea del nivel de gravedad de estas entidades como causas de morbilidad y mortalidad en este país. This paper offers an up to date review of the intestinal parasitic infections, cysticercosis and hydatic disease found In Colombia. Their main epidemiological, clinical, preventive and therapeutic features are presented, to provide the reader with a current view of their public health Importance, prevalence and impact on morbidity and mortality.
Prevención de parasitosis intestinal mediante técnicas de educación a distancia
Agüin,Victor; Melendez,Rosa; Cisneros,Ligia Elena;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662011000200002
Abstract: introduction parasitosis is a disease inherent to the underdeveloped countries. according to the who, it is one of the six most frequent illnesses in underdeveloped country populations. objective to create a distance learning technique in the healthcare area on the basis of educational digital video for teaching preventive measures for intestinal parasitosis. methods field design using the methodology of the college of public health in south florida university. the production of the video was organized in five phases: 1st-topic and objectives of the digital video, audience to be addressed, duration, date of filming (november 1st 2008 to march 31st 2009); human, financial and institutional resources; preparation of the technical script; listing of scenes, and description of the length of start and ending of the scenes. 2nd- pre-production of the video including shots, framing and filming. 3rd- pinacle software-aided video edition. 4th- video post-production in dvd format, which can be accessed by tv and computer thanks to simón bolívar satellite program-based cooperation linking the south america nations. 5th- validation of the final product by experts. interviews and participating observations were the instruments used for this end. results a five-scene video, taking 5 minutes each, with the preventive measures. it includes a presenter who explains all about the respective texts. conclusions the creation of this distance learning technique allows giving quality teaching aimed at the public and at greater acquisition of educational information by a higher number of persons in less time and at lower costs.
Evaluación de la nitazoxanida en dosis única y por tres días en parasitosis intestinal
Belkind-Valdovinos,Uri; Belkind-Gerson,Jaime; Sánchez-Francia,Domingo; Espinoza-Ruiz,Mónica Marcela; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo;
Salud Pública de México , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342004000400008
Abstract: objetive: to assess the efectiveness of the usual dose of nitazoxanide administered for three days and as a single dose for massive eradication of intestinal parasites in the pediatric population, compared with single-dose albendazole. material and methods: a randomized clinical trial was conducted in three rural communities in central mexico city between 2001 and 2003 to assess three possible therapy regimes in a study population of 786 children 5 to 11 years of age, 92 of whom had a positive parasitology test result (15.1%). group 1 included 27 patients treated with 400 mg given as a single dose of albendazole; group 2 included 34 patients whose therapy consisted of a 15 mg/kg/day dose for three consecutive days; patients in group 3 (n=31) were administered a single 1.2 g dose of nitazoxanide. differences in proportions were assessed using fisher's exact test. results: no statistically significant differences were found in the effectiveness of the three treatment regimes: 80.5% with albendazole, compared with the two nitazoxanide alternatives (67.6% and 71%, respectively. a higher prevalence of side effects was observed with nitazoxanide in the three-day regimen (26.5%) and as a single dose (32.2%), compared with a single dose of albendazole (7.4%). conclusions: according to the evidence on effectiveness and side effects, the use of nitazoxanide is not justified as a massive prophylactic medication for intestinal parasitosis control alternative in endemic areas. in countries with a high prevalence of intestinal parasitosis primary prevention measures should be the most important strategy, together with public sanitation, drinking water and sewage system availability, water chlorination, and appropriate animal fecal waste disposal, as well as health education.
Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among highland and lowland dwellers in Gamo area, South Ethiopia
Teklu Wegayehu, Tsegaye Tsalla, Belete Seifu, Takele Teklu
BMC Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-151
Abstract: Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2010 and July 2011 at Lante, Kolla Shelle, Dorze and Geressie kebeles of Gamo Gofa Zone, South Ethiopia. The study sites and study participants were selected using multistage sampling method. Data were gathered through house-to-house survey. A total of 858 stool specimens were collected and processed using direct wet mount and formol-ether concentration techniques for the presence of parasite.Out of the total examined subjects, 342 (39.9%) were found positive for at least one intestinal parasite. The prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica/dispar was the highest 98 (11.4%), followed by Giardia lamblia 91(10.6%), Ascaris lumbricoides 67(7.8%), Strongyloides stercoralis 51(5.9%), hookworm 42(4.9%), Trichuris trichiura 24(2.8%), Taenia species 18(2.1%), Hymenolepis nana 7(0.6%) and Schistosoma mansoni 1(0.12%). No statistically significant difference was observed in the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among lowland (37.9%) and highland dwellers (42.3%) (P = 0.185). The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was not significantly different among the study sites but it was relatively higher in Geressie (42.8%) than other kebeles. Sex was not associated with parasitic infections (P = 0.481). No statistically significant difference of infection was observed among the age groups (P = 0.228) but it was higher in reproductive age group.The high prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among the lowland and highland dwellers in Gamo area indicated that parasitic infections are important public health problems. Thus, infection control measures and the development of awareness strategies to improve sanitation and health education should be considered.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.