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Τhe attitude of nurses on global climate change  [cached]
Stavrianopoulos Τ.,Gourvelou Ο.,Papadimitriou Μ.
Interscientific Health Care , 2010,
Abstract: Global climate change has had and will have considerable effects on human health.Νursing must become more centrally involved in mitigation, reducing the acidity and response efforts of the problem. Aim The presentation based on international literature review, of a framework for nursing action on climate change. Material and Methods Method was used is to search electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL) for a review of international literature to 2009 and became selection of books, articles and studies from libraries. Results Given the climate change, developed a working framework for serious professional thinking and action on community nursing. Like many other professions, so the nursing world should now raise the question of how it could contribute, and that could perhaps be better focused individual and collective efforts. The four main components of the framework for action are: the usual tactics, to maximize the skills, the right of priority sites and public grants. Conclusions The nursing should be linked closely with other professions and sectors in order to maximize national and international efforts to mitigate and combat climate change. The profession's response to climate change should be as varied and as the sector itself, and from all countries.
The role of nursing science in global climate ghange  [PDF]
Theodosios Stavrianopoulos,Eleftheria Gevreki,Ourania Gourvelou
To Vima tou Asklipiou , 2010,
Abstract: Global climate change has had and will have considerable effects on human health. Nursing must become more centrally involved in mitigation, reducing the acidity and response efforts of the problem. Aim: The review of contemporary literature available data regarding the role it can play in nursing science to global climate change. Material and Method: The method used to search electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, SCOPUS) for review of foreign language literature in 2009. The search took place in December 2009. As eligible for the literature review, the studies found that developing a framework for modern professional nursing action to address and reduce the acidity of global climate change. Results: The main modes of action can be taken by nursing to reduce the acidity of the problem is a) common tactics, which may be followed by all nurses, leading by example, giving advice and taking political action, b) to determine the specificity and the contribution of nursing in specific areas of general health systems, c) right priority of sites, namely the geographical environment is critical and determines the nature of the professional response and d) public surveys and studies on which nurses need to base their decisions because the nursing needs a dedicated area for research to support environmentally activity. Conclusions: The nursing should be linked closely with other professions and sectors in order to maximize national and international efforts to mitigate and combat climate change. The profession's response to climate change should be as varied as the sector itself, and from all countries.
Abrupt climate change: Debate or action
Hai Cheng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2004, DOI: 10.1007/BF03184296
Abstract: Global abrupt climate changes have been documented by various climate records, including ice cores, ocean sediment cores, lake sediment cores, cave deposits, loess deposits and pollen records. The climate system prefers to be in one of two stable states, i.e. interstadial or stadial conditions, but not in between. The transition between two states has an abrupt character. Abrupt climate changes are, in general, synchronous in the northern hemisphere and tropical regions. The timescale for abrupt climate changes can be as short as a decade. As the impacts may be potentially serious, we need to take actions such as reducing CO2 emissions to the atmosphere.
India′s National Action Plan on Climate Change  [cached]
Pandve Harshal
Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Climate change is one of the most critical global challenges of our times. Recent events have emphatically demonstrated our growing vulnerability to climate change. Climate change impacts will range from affecting agriculture - further endangering food security - to sea-level rise and the accelerated erosion of coastal zones, increasing intensity of natural disasters, species extinction, and the spread of vector-borne diseases. India released its much-awaited National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) to mitigate and adapt to climate change on June 30, 2008, almost a year after it was announced. The NAPCC runs through 2017 and directs ministries to submit detailed implementation plans to the Prime Minister′s Council on Climate Change by December 2008. This article briefly reviews the plan and opinion about it from different experts and organizations.
Climate change, in the framework of the constructal law
M. Clausse,F. Meunier,A. H. Reis,A. Bejan
Earth System Dynamics Discussions , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/esdd-2-241-2011
Abstract: Here we present a simple and transparent alternative to the complex models of Earth thermal behavior under time-changing conditions. We show the one-to-one relationship between changes in atmospheric properties and time-dependent changes in temperature and its distribution on Earth. The model accounts for convection and radiation, thermal inertia and changes in albedo (ρ) and greenhouse factor (γ). The constructal law is used as the principle that governs the evolution of flow configuration in time, and provides closure for the equations that describe the model. In the first part of the paper, the predictions are tested against the current thermal state of Earth. Next, the model showed that for two time-dependent scenarios, (δρ = 0.002; δγ = 0.011) and (δρ = 0.002; δγ = 0.005) the predicted equatorial and polar temperature increases and the time scales are (ΔTH = 1.16 K; ΔTL = 1.11 K; 104 years) and (0.41 K; 0.41 K; 57 years), respectively. In the second part, a continuous model of temperature variation was used to predict the thermal response of the Earth's surface for changes bounded by δρ = δγ and δρ = δγ. The results show that the global warming amplitudes and time scales are consistent with those obtained for δρ = 0.002 and δγ = 0.005. The poleward heat current reaches its maximum in the vicinity of 35° latitude, accounting for the position of the Ferrel cell between the Hadley and Polar Cells.
Health Impacts of Climate Change in Vanuatu: An Assessment and Adaptation Action Plan  [cached]
Jeffery T Spickett,Dianne Katscherian,Lachlan McIver
Global Journal of Health Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n3p42
Abstract: Climate change is one of the greatest global challenges and Pacific island countries are particularly vulnerable due to, among other factors, their geography, demography and level of economic development. A Health Impact Assessment (HIA) framework was used as a basis for the consideration of the potential health impacts of changes in the climate on the population of Vanuatu, to assess the risks and propose a range of potential adaptive responses appropriate for Vanuatu. The HIA process involved the participation of a broad range of stakeholders including expert sector representatives in the areas of bio-physical, socio-economic, infrastructure, environmental diseases and food, who provided informed comment and input into the understanding of the potential health impacts and development of adaptation strategies. The risk associated with each of these impacts was assessed with the application of a qualitative process that considered both the consequences and the likelihood of each of the potential health impacts occurring. Potential adaptation strategies and actions were developed which could be used to mitigate the identified health impacts and provide responses which could be used by the various sectors in Vanuatu to contribute to future decision making processes associated with the health impacts of climate change.
Building Climate Resilience in the Blue Nile/Abay Highlands: A Framework for Action  [PDF]
Belay Simane,Benjamin F. Zaitchik,Desalegn Mesfin
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph9020610
Abstract: Ethiopia has become warmer over the past century and human induced climate change will bring further warming over the next century at unprecedented rates. On the average, climate models show a tendency for higher mean annual rainfall and for wetter conditions, in particular during October, November and December, but there is much uncertainty about the future amount, distribution, timing and intensity of rainfall. Ethiopia’s low level of economic development, combined with its heavy dependence on agriculture and high population growth rate make the country particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of climate change. Nearly 90% of Ethiopia’s population lives in the Highlands, which include the critical Blue Nile (Abay) Highlands—a region that holds special importance due to its role in domestic agricultural production and international water resources. A five year study of climate vulnerability and adaptation strategies in communities of Choke Mountain, located in the center of the Abay Highlands, has informed a proposed framework for enhancing climate resilience in communities across the region. The framework is motivated by the critical need to enhance capacity to cope with climate change and, subsequently, to advance a carbon neutral and climate resilient economy in Ethiopia. The implicit hypothesis in applying a research framework for this effort is that science-based information, generated through improved understanding of impacts and vulnerabilities of local communities, can contribute to enhanced resilience strategies. We view adaptation to climate change in a wider context of changes, including, among others, market conditions, the political-institutional framework, and population dynamics. From a livelihood perspective, culture, historical settings, the diversity of income generation strategies, knowledge, and education are important factors that contribute to adaptive capacities. This paper reviews key findings of the Choke Mountain study, describes the principles of the climate resilience framework, and proposes an implementation strategy for climate resilient development to be applied in the Abay Highlands, with potential expansion to agricultural communities across the region and beyond.
Communicating Climate Change through ICT-Based Visualization: Towards an Analytical Framework  [PDF]
Victoria Wibeck,Tina-Simone Neset,Bj?rn-Ola Linnér
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5114760
Abstract: The difficulties in communicating climate change science to the general public are often highlighted as one of the hurdles for support of enhanced climate action. The advances of interactive visualization using information and communication technology (ICT) are claimed to be a game-changer in our ability to communicate complex issues. However, new analytical frameworks are warranted to analyse the role of such technologies. This paper develops a novel framework for analyzing the content, form, context and relevance of ICT-based visualization of climate change, based on insights from literature on climate change communication. Thereafter, we exemplify the analytical framework by applying it to a pilot case of ICT-based climate visualization in a GeoDome. Possibilities to use affordable advanced ICT-based visualization devices in science and policy communication are rapidly expanding. We thus see wider implications and applications of the analytical framework not only for other ICT environments but also other issue areas in sustainability communication.
Reduction Emissions from Transport Sector——EU Action against Climate Change  [cached]
Shuying Li
Modern Applied Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v3n8p56
Abstract: There is a consensus among the majority of the world’s scientists that our planet is experiencing man-made climate change, which will bring great social, economic and environmental threats to human being (Europa, 2008). The increase amount of atmospheric CO2 concentration impacts climate changes has become a major concern to the public. Transportation is accounted for 26% of global CO2 emissions and is one of the few industrial sectors where emissions are still growing (Chapman, 2007). In the European Union (EU), the road transport sector is one of the main sources of CO2 emissions. Therefore, reducing CO2 emissions and fuel consumption from road transportation is an important strategy for EU to implement the Kyoto Protocol and to develop a sustainable transport system (Fontaras and Samaras, 2007). This paper explores and discusses the initiation and development of the EU’s policies and strategies against climate change and the share experiences in the EU transport sector to reduce CO2 emission. Basing on the research, it can be concluded that the EU has acted as a front-runner in the battle of combat against climate change.
A FRAMEWORK FOR AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SOUTHERN NIGERIA
Nicholas Ozor, Madukwe M.C., Enete A.A., Amaechina E.C., Onokala P., Eboh E.C., Ujah O. and Garforth C.J.
International Journal of Agriculture Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The agricultural sector which contributes between 20-50% of gross domestic product in Africa and employs about 60% of the population is greatly affected by climate change impacts. Agricultural productivity and food prices are expected to rise due to this impact thereby worsening the food insecurity and poor nutritional health conditions in the continent. Incidentally, the capacity in the continent to adapt is very low. Addressing these challenges will therefore require a holistic and integrated adaptation framework hence this study. A total of 360 respondents selected through a multi-stage random sampling technique participated in the study that took place in Southern Nigeria from 2008-2011. Results showed that majority of respondents (84%) were aware that some climate change characteristics such as uncertainties at the onset of farming season, extreme weather events including flooding and droughts, pests, diseases, weed infestation, and land degradation have all been on the increase. The most significant effects of climate change that manifested in the area were declining soil fertility and weed infestation. Some of the adaptation strategies adopted by farmers include increased weeding, changing the timing of farm operations, and processing of crops to reduce post-harvest losses. Although majority of respondents were aware of government policies aimed at protecting the environment, most of them agreed that these policies were not being effectively implemented. A mutually inclusive framework comprising of both indigenous and modern techniques, processes, practices and technologies was then developed from the study in order to guide farmers in adapting to climate change effects/impacts.
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