oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Influência de fatores socioecon?micos, comportamentais e nutricionais na insatisfa??o com a imagem corporal de universitárias em Florianópolis, SC
Costa, Larissa da Cunha Feio;Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes de;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000400011
Abstract: this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image and associated socio-economic, behavioral and dietary factors in female university students from a public university in florianopolis, sc. body image was assessed by the body shape questionnaire (bsq-34) in a sample of 220 students. nutritional status was investigated by body mass index (bmi), waist circumference (wc), and body fat percentage (%bf). socio-economic characteristics (age, monthly household income, and parental schooling) as well as energy intake and going on restrictive diets were also investigated. factors associated with dissatisfaction with body image were analyzed by multivariate poisson regression analysis. the prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image was 47.3% (95% ci 40.7; 53.9). nutritional status by bmi and going on a diet to lose weight were the variables associated with body dissatisfaction. results showed a high prevalence of indicators of rejection of their physical fitness among university students, which signals toward the need for nutritional education actions at universities in order to clarify and prevent abnormal eating attitudes among students.
Prevalence of dysmenorrhea in female students in a Chinese university: a prospective study  [PDF]
Hong-Gui Zhou, Zheng-Wei Yang, Students Group
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.24046
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in a prospective approach. Menstruation-related diary data were obtained from 2640 female college students in North Sichuan Medical College; dysmenorrhea and related factors were analyzed. Dysmenorrhea occurred in 56.4% of students; 6.5% of dysmenorrheal students suffered from “hard to bear” (unbearable) menstrual pain, and 6.5% had pre-menstrual dysmenorrhea. The more severe dysmenorrhea was, the longer dysmenorrhea lasted, and the longer the duration of menstruation and the larger the amount of menstrual blood flow appeared to be. Dysmenorrhea occurred on 37% of the menstrual dates on average and was unrelated to irregularity of menstrual cycles. The percentages of students taking medicine with mild, moderate and unbearable dysmenorrhea were 4.0%, 13.3% and 23.7%, respectively.
The Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Female Students from Babol Islamic Azad University (2002)
G. Ettehad,Z. Tazakori,A. Hosseinkhani,S. Refahi,A. Nemati,R. Arab,H. Alimohammadi Asl
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are among the most common bacterial infections in humans. The most frequent form of UTI is asymptomatic bacteriuria. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria on female students from Babol Islamic Azad University. This research has been carried out on 207 female students from Babol Islamic Azad University in 2002. The age ranges of the students were between 18-29 years. Mid Stream Urine (MSU) collected by students. Urinalysis and bacteriological identification culture of MSU is done on all of specimens and repeat two times in total. The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria was determined by dividing the total number of cultures with evidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria by the total number of routine scheduled urine cultures performed. Bacteriological tests of MSU revealed that 19/207 (9/2%) were positive for asymptomatic bacteriuria. The microbe most frequently causes asymptomatic bacteriuria was Staphylococcus saprophyticus in 7/19 (36/8%) followed by Escherichia coli in 6/19 (31/6%) and Klebsiella in 3/19 (15/8%) each. asymptomatic bacteriuria are high rate in our study, therefore young women must obey the general rules of hygiene especially about genitourinary system to avoid increasing of asymptomatic bacteriuria rate.
The Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Female Students from Babol Islamic Azad University (2002)
G. Ettehad,Z. Tazakori,A. Hosseinkhani,S. Refahi
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are among the most common bacterial infections in humans. The most frequent form of UTI is asymptomatic bacteriuria. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria on female students from Babol Islamic Azad University. This research has been carried out on 207 female students from Babol Islamic Azad University in 2002. The age ranges of the students were between 18-29 years. Mid Stream Urine (MSU) collected by students. Urinalysis and bacteriological identification culture of MSU is done on all of specimens and repeat two times in total. The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria was determined by dividing the total number of cultures with evidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria by the total number of routine scheduled urine cultures performed. Bacteriological tests of MSU revealed that 19/207 (9/2%) were positive for asymptomatic bacteriuria. The microbe most frequently causes asymptomatic bacteriuria was Staphylococcus saprophyticus in 7/19 (36/8%) followed by Escherichia coli in 6/19 (31/6%) and Klebsiella in 3/19 (15/8%) each. asymptomatic bacteriuria are high rate in our study, therefore young women must obey the general rules of hygiene especially about genitourinary system to avoid increasing of asymptomatic bacteriuria rate.
Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis Infection among Female Undergraduates of the University of Port Harcourt Using Strand Displacement and Amplification [SDA] Technique
KT Wariso, J Odigie, S Eyaru
Nigerian Health Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Chlamydia trachomatis infection, being largely asymptomatic, is difficult to diagnose using the common diagnostic methods which have varying degrees of sensitivity and specificity. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Nigeria. The aim of this research is to determine the prevalence of and predictive risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection among female undergraduate students of the University of Port Harcourt. Methods: Four hundred undergraduate, non pregnant, asymptomatic female students below the age of 30 years were randomly selected and given questionnaires with self administrable vaginal swab sticks. The participants completed the questionnaires and provided vaginal swab samples which were analyzed using Strand Displacement and Amplification Technique. Results: Of the 400 sexually active participants, 44 tested positive [prevalence rate of 11%] for Chlamydia trachomatis. Some of the associated risks factors identified were, having multiple sexual partners especially in the last 90 days, irregular contraceptive usage and past history of sexually transmitted infections. Conclusion: There is an urgent need for a national policy on routine screening for Chlamydia trachomatis as treatment is cheap and effective, while the morbidity resulting from delayed diagnosis is more difficult to manage and associated with severe sequelae. Key Words: Prevalence; Chlamydia trachomatis; Strand Displacement and Amplification [SDA] Technique
A Survey about the Prevalence of Dysmenorrhea in Female Students of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Their Knowledge, and Practice toward it  [cached]
Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam,Azam Mohammad Loo,Hossein Falahzadeh,Mehdi Mirzaei Alavijeh
Journal of Community Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems especially among young girls. It causes absence from classes and work. It has some negative effects on daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily don’t seek help from others in this situation. The aim of this survey was to study the prevalence of this disorder among university students and evaluate their knowledge and practice toward it. Materials & Methods: This was a descriptive study on 300 female students of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd. Subjects were selected by simple sampling. The data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire. The data were analysed by SPSS (ver. 17) using Chi - Square and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: The age range of participants was 18 - 35 years (mean: 21±4.3 years). Prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 38.3% and the knowledge of 6.3% of students was good. There was a significant difference between participants regarding their knowledge and age. The first source of awareness of 39% of students was their mother. The practice of 17.7% of subjects was good. Discussion: the results of this study showed that the knowledge and practice of participants about dysmenorrhea was low, so there is necessary to plan training programs for university students.
Prevalence of sexual harassment/victimization of female students in Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, southeast Nigeria
LU Ogbonnaya, CE Ogbonnaya, NB Emma-Echiegu
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To assess the prevalence, types and consequences of sexual harassment/victimization of female students in the University. Methodology: This was a cross sectional descriptive study. Using a cluster sampling method, 295 female students resident in the four campuses of the university were recruited and interviewed with a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Results: One hundred and eight (36.7%) of the respondents had experienced sexual harassment/victimization at least once on campus. Out of this, 35 (32.4%) were forced sexual intercourse while 73 (67.6%) were other forms of unwanted sexual contact including indecent touch, romance and kisses. Majority 53 (49.1%) of the perpetrators were fellow students. Similarly, majority 55 (50.9%) of the harassment/victimization took place in the student's residence, 27 (25.0%) took place at staff offices while 26 (24%) took place in other venues including hotels. The most common adverse consequence of the sexual harassment/victimization was psychosocial distress (89.8%) followed by poor academic performance (56.5%) and sexually transmitted infection (6.5%). However, 12 (11%) of the victims claimed that the harassment resulted to an improved academic performance. Being older (= 30 years) and being married were significantly more associated with being victimized. Conclusions: About a third of female students in Ebonyi State University had been sexually victimized or harassed. Fellow students were responsible for most of the incidents followed by academic staff and other university employees. Most incidents occurred in the students' hostels or residences and older students and those who were married had higher risk of being harassed Journal of Community Medicine & Primary Health vol 23 (1-2) 2011
Prevalence and correlates of gender-based violence among female university students in Northern Nigeria
Z Iliyasu, IS Abubakar, MH Aliyu, HS Galadanci, HM Salihu
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2011,
Abstract: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major public health and human rights problem worldwide. The extent of this problem in educational institutions has not been explored in Northern Nigeria. Using self administered questionnaires, we determined the prevalence and risk factors for gender-based violence among 300 female university students in Kano, Northern Nigeria. The overall prevalence of gender-based violence was 58.8% [95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 52.9% to 64.5%]. Specifically, 22.8%, 22.2% and 50.8% of students experienced physical, sexual or emotional violence respectively. Religious affiliation, ethnicity, indigeneship, marital status, campus residence and faculty affiliation were significant predictors of GBV. GBV awareness creation programs, legal protection and implementation of an effective redress mechanism are recommended to curb this menace. La violence basée sur le genre (VBG) est un gros problème de santé publique et de droits de l'homme partout dans le monde. L'étendue du problème dans les établissements d'enseignement n'a pas été explorée au nord du Nigéria. A l'aide des questionnaires auto-administrés, nous avons déterminé la prévalence de la violence basée sur le genre au sein de 300 étudiantes universitaires à Kano, au nord du Nigéria. La prévalence totale de la violence basé sur le genre était de 58,8% [95% Intervalle de Confiance(IC)=52,9% jusqu'à 64,5%]. En particulier, 22, 8%, 22,2% et 50,8% des étudiants ont vécu les violences physiques, sexuelles et émotionnelles respectivement. L'affiliation, l'ethnicité, l'état civil, la résidence universitaire et l'affiliation à la Faculté étaient des indices de la VBG. Nous préconisons des programmes destinés à la sensibilisation, la protection légale et la mise en oeuvre d'un mécanisme de redressement efficace pour freiner ce danger.
The prevalence and correlates of abdominal obesity in female students
Edyta Suliga,Iwona Wronka,Romana Pawlińska-Chmara
Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: The accumulation of fat in the abdomen region has been described as the type of obesity that offers the greatest risk for the health of the individuals. Aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of abdominal obesity in female university students. Material and methods: 1129 female students, aged 19-24 were measured for stature, body weight and waist circumference. Each person's height and weight was measured. Underweight, overweight and obesity were determined on the BMI (body mass index) basis, in accordance with WHO standards. Abdominal obesity was defined as waist circumference equal to 80 cm or higher. To assess the socio-economic status (SES), the following factors were analysed: place of residence before entering the university, education of parents and self-assessment of their material condition. A questionnaires was used to evaluate nutritional habits and leisure-time physical activities. Results: In the studied group, prevalence of underweight was 11.1%, overweight and obesity - 7.0%. Abdominal adiposity concerned 11.2% of the surveyed students. No significant differences were found between socio-economic groups and the waist circumference and the frequency of abdominal obesity. The results show that the incidence of abdominal obesity is related to numerous unhealthy habits, which relate mainly to the nutrition way and physical inactivity. Conclusions: The prevalence of abdominal obesity was much higher than the prevalence of general overweight and obesity. The regular recreational physical activity reduces the risk of adiposity located in the abdominal region.
Prevalence of sedentary lifestyle, overweight and body image dissatisfaction among adolescents from Florianópolis, SC
Andreia Pelegrini
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: Analyze the prevalence of sedentarism lifestyle, overweight and body image dissatisfaction among adolescents and the factors associated with these variables. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years, enrolled in public sector Secondary Education in Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. The following data were recorded: sociodemographic (gender, age, socioeconomic status), anthropometric (body weight, height), perception of body image (real and ideal silhouettes) and level of physical activity (sedentarism lifestyle: < 300 minutes/week). Results: The prevalence of sedentarism lifestyle was 25.4% (male: 21.9%; female: 27.1%, p = 0.177). Among the females, it was found that low weight adolescents and those who spend more than 4 hours/day watching television had 2.69 and 2.25 times greater chance of being sedentary respectively. The prevalence of overweight was 13.9% (male: 13.6%; female: 14.1%, p = 0.860). There was an association between overweight and socioeconomic status, where adolescents living in better economic conditions (class A) demonstrated a 2.7 times greater chance of being overweight with relation to lower economic classes (C+D+E). The proportion of adolescents unsatisfied with body image was 65.5% (male: 72.6%; female: 61.8%, p < 0.001). The results also demonstrated that 48.4% of the female adolescents and 51.3% of the male adolescents wished to reduce or increase their body silhouettes, respectively. Unhealthy BMI was associated with body image dissatisfaction only among the girls (95%CI%=1.35-3.43). Overweight girls exhibited 11 times greater chances of body image dissatisfaction than those with healthy BMI. Conclusion: The sedentarism lifestyle among adolescents is worrying, since it affects one in every four adolescents. For this reason, physical activity programs are recommended during this stage of life. With relation to overweight, interventions with adolescents, particularly those from higher socioeconomic levels, should include nutritional guidance and encourage physical activity. Nutritional status was a decisive factor in body dissatisfaction, primarily among female adolescents, since those with unhealthy nutritional status had higher levels of dissatisfaction than those with healthy BMI.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.