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Achieving Supply Chain Integration within Construction Industry  [cached]
Peter McDermotti,Malik Khalfan
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2012,
Abstract: The main driver behind the adoption of supply chain management (SCM) philosophy into the construction industry was the successes within other industry sectors. SCM can be defined as network of different organisations, linked upstream and downstream in a chain, aiming to produce quality and value in the services and products for the end consumers through integrated processes and activities. In order to achieve the optimised level of integration of the whole supply chain, the industry has responded in various forms. This paper will discuss different initiatives by the researchers,construction industry,and the UK government in order to achieve optimal level of supply chain integration. This paper will discuss the concept of aggregation,and also look at other supply chain integration related concepts including client-led supply chain, knowledge about the whole supply chain, effects of procurement on integration of supply chain, etc. The paper will give a brief overview and initial findings of a project undertaken by the authors, and also include examples from the UK construction industry on bundling of the supply and demand.
Investigating Supply Chain Integration Effects on Environmental Performance in the Jordanian Food Industry  [PDF]
Zu’bi M. F. Al-Zu’bi, Ekhleif Tarawneh, Ayman Bahjat Abdallah, Mahmoud A. Fidawi
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2015.54019
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of supply chain integration on environmental performance of food manufacturing companies in Jordan. Data for this study were collected from one hundred and nineteen food companies. To answer the study questions, and to verify its hypotheses, descriptive statistical tools and linear regression tests were used. The study results indicated that supply chain integration positively affected environmental performance. Additionally, the results showed that supply chain integration positively affected environmental control and pollution management.
Inda Sukati,Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid,Fazila Said
Business and Management Review , 2011,
Abstract: Supply chain management has become an important issue in any business organization. Organizations are facing increasing competitive pressure with respect to prices, delivery, quality, variety and innovation of products and services. In order to respond to these challenges, organizations require an integrated supply chain. The purpose of this research is to present the relationship between firm integration and supply chain orientation and supporting technology as moderating that relationship. The data collection instrument used was a questionnaire which was administrated to a total sample of 400 executive officers, directors, presidents, vice presidents, managers, and senior staff in fourteen South Sumatra areas. The response rate was 71% while 62% was usable questionnaires. Sample selection was based on convenience sampling. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and correlation between independent and dependent variables. The analyses involved statistical methods such as reliability and validity tests and multiple regressions. The results indicated that internal firm integration is related to customer orientation, competitor orientation, supplier orientation and logistic orientation. Firm-supplier integration is related to logistic orientation, operation orientation and value chain coordination. Firm-customer integration is also found to be related to all supply chain orientation components. The moderating influence of supporting technology on the internal firm integration and firm-supplier integration and supply chain orientation was not demonstrated. However, the moderating influence of supporting technology on the firm-customer integration and supply chain orientation did exist.
An Investigation on the Effect of Supply Chain Integration on Competitive Capability: An Empirical Analysis of Iranian Food Industry  [cached]
Seyed Mahmood Hosseini,Shahriar Azizi,Narges Sheikhi
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n5p73
Abstract: In the current conditions of competitive market, companies shed light on not only their own organization’s affairs, but also on the identification of other relevant resources and factors out of their organization to have appropriate reaction in facing with them. That is to utilize opportunities to gain competitive advantages and enhance their level of competitive capability. The key concern in a supply chain is to coordinately managing and controlling of all the primary and support activities of the company that will be achieved with an appropriate integration of supply chain. In fact, having an integrated approach to the processes, internal and external, and emphasis on win-win approach instead of negotiating approach between elements of the chain are the most important issues in supply chain integration context. This study investigates the impact of supply chain integration on competitive capability. According to the findings of the study, supply chain integration has direct positive influence on competitive capability. In more depth, integration with suppliers has direct negative impact on competitive capability elements of cost leadership and differentiation. Internal integration has no direct impact on competitive capability. On the other hand, internal integration influences on cost leadership and differentiation indirectly through integration with suppliers and integration with customers. So, it can be resulted from findings that internal integration as a foundation for supply chain integration has direct influence on integration with supply chain partners, suppliers and customers, and eventually, results in improvement of competitive capabilities of the organization.
The Development and Diffusion of IS Standards in the Canadian Healthcare Industry: An Industry Level Analysis  [cached]
Reem Ayouby,Anne-Marie Croteau
Communications of the IBIMA , 2009,
Abstract: There are major steps being taken at national, provincial, regional, and organizational levels to increase the implementation of information systems (IS) in the healthcare system. Developing and implementing nationally accessible electronic health records in the form of panCanadian electronic health records is the ultimate goal for the Canadian government. The solution called for by the healthcare industry involves the continuous development and diffusion of healthcare industry vertical standards to enable seamless electronic integration. Our proposed research project is an exploratory case study which will address the following research question: What are the processes taking place as the Canadian healthcare industry develops and diffuses vertical industry standards to achieve interoperability and integration? By taking a socio-technical perspective to answering this question, we will further research on standards development and diffusion enabling us to assist in the development of relevant guidelines to serve the practitioner community in developing and diffusing vertical industry standards.
A Practical Framework of Industry-university for Supply Chain Management of Health-care Industry with Using Distance Health-care ICT Platform  [PDF]
Wei-Shuo Lo
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2009,
Abstract: Healthcare has became a popular issue as its scope involves different sciences, people, and knowledge including medicine, patients, nursing, doctors, various life controlling systems, and information technologies. Healthcare industry connects differentcomplicated events from inputs to outputs of the healthcare system, these events escalate in different situations, and thus they become problems in healthcare supply chain management (SCM). The industry and the university have an opportunity to cooperate with each other to find an effective way to respond to industrial problems on supplychain management. This paper describes how to build an effective partnership between industry and the university on the use of a distance healthcare information communication technology (ICT) platform to provide a practical framework for industry-university cooperation based on healthcare supply chain.
Vertical integration in service industries: an exploratory study at the healthcare industry in S o Paulo Integra o vertical nas operadoras de assistência médica privada: um estudo exploratório na regi o de S o Paulo  [cached]
Gustavo M. de Albuquerque,Maria Tereza Leme Fleury,André Leme Fleury
Produ??o , 2011,
Abstract: Different production arrangements have been experienced in several economic fields. It is possible to observe integration cycles, when a company becomes responsible for consecutive stages in the production chain of goods and services. This process, known as vertical integration, generates many implications that have been analyzed by studies about operational management, transaction costs economics, competition and anti-trust regulation. Focused on the healthcare industry, this research aims to analyze the managerial perception about vertical integration in this field, aiming to gain insights about the motivations and implications of this process, not sufficiently exploited by the specialized literature. Using a qualitative approach, interviewees were asked to rank possible vertical integration benefits. It was noticed that the control of production costs and the optimization of services' quality were the main benefits of this process. Obtained results reinforce some perceptions gained at studies conducted among north american companies; however, some differences were observed, which are characteristic of the analyzed context. Arranjos produtivos têm sido feitos em diferentes setores da economia, resultando em ciclos de integra o quando uma empresa torna-se responsável por etapas consecutivas da cadeia de produ o de bens e servi os. Esse processo, denominado integra o vertical, apresenta implica es diversas, exploradas em estudos sobre opera es industriais, economia dos custos de transa o, competitividade e políticas antitruste. Este estudo tem como foco o setor de saúde e objetiva levantar a percep o de gestores do setor de assistência médica privada sobre esse movimento de integra o vertical, suas motiva es e implica es. Através de pesquisa qualitativa realizada com gestores de empresas de saúde sobre os possíveis benefícios da verticaliza o, observou-se que o controle dos custos de produ o e a melhoria da qualidade ou resolutividade dos servi os médicos s o os principais benefícios obtidos com esse processo. Os resultados corroboram em parte os de pesquisas realizadas no contexto norte-americano, porém também identificam dimens es diferentes, características do cenário analisado.
Supply Chain Integration in the Manufacturing Firms in Developing Country: An Ethiopian Case Study  [PDF]
Fasika Bete Georgise,Klaus-Dieter Thoben,Marcus Seifert
Journal of Industrial Engineering , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/251982
Abstract: With the advancement of information and communication technologies, supply chain integration has been considered a strategic tool for firms to improve their competitiveness. The supply chain integration within processes and between organizations has enhanced value creation. However, the fragmented nature of the business in developing country demonstrates a noticeable difficulty in terms of competitiveness and efficiency. Lack of a relevant literature on practical experience in supply chain integration in developing countries is one of the challenges. The purpose of this research is to identify the level of interorganizational and intraorganizational supply chain integration practices. It also analyzes the challenges faced in the manufacturing firms in developing countries. The methodology followed a thorough review of literature and semistructured interviews amongst the Ethiopian manufacturing industries. The preliminary findings of the study highlight that prevailing approach to supply chain integration is limited to ad hoc functional based boundaries within the firm. The SC integration enablers are also restricted to the traditional way of communications such as telephone, fax, and letters. Firms need to focus on those issues that require attention in pursuance of greater SC integration. 1. Introduction Recently, the manufacturing industry in developing countries (MIDC) has been facing unprecedented competitiveness pressure generated by the new business trends. To cope with this pressure, the manufacturing industries have tried to upgrade their operations by using different manufacturing techniques such as Total Quality Management, Business Process Reengineering and Lean Technology, and others. Despite these efforts, the MIDC has not yet made their share of markets. This drives industry to get additional efficiency from their production systems. Effective supply chain management and supply chain (SC) integration are becoming increasingly critical factors for business success. The integration of SC members can significantly support the MIDC to face the constantly changing competitiveness scenarios. Companies versus companies have been replaced with supply chain versus supply chain competitiveness strategy. However, the number of companies that have truly integrated their supply chains to take advantages of this opportunity is still small [1, 2]. The effects of globalization and fiercer competition have forced firms to focus their attention on entire supply chain integration (end-to-end) rather than on effectiveness and efficiency of separate business
Dynamics of firm size in healthcare industry  [PDF]
Fariba Hashemi
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.43024
Abstract: Healthcare is one of the world’s fastest growing industries consisting of broad services offered by various hospitals, physicians, nursing homes, diagnostic laboratories, pharmacies and supported by drugs, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, medical equipment, manufacturers and suppliers. The industry is highly fragmented, comprising of various ancillary sectors namely medical equipment and supplies, pharmaceutical, healthcare services, biotechnology, and alternative medicines. The present study focuses on the pharmaceutical and biotechnology segments of the healthcare industry, and presents a stochastic analysis of the evolution over time of firm size. A dynamic model is proposed that attempts to predict the evolutionary process of firm size distribution based on industry and product characteristics. A validation exercise, applying the model to pharmaceutical and the biotechnology industries finds that the predictions from the model are very close to the actual trajectories of firm size distributions within these industries at the global level. The results show interestingly, that the drivers of firm size dynamics are industry level characteristics that can be estimated from historical data with some accuracy. Specifically, it is found that firm size distributions are approaching a long-run equilibrium at a faster rate in the case of the pharmaceutical industry and that the dispersion of the distributions are shrinking over time above all for the biotechnology industry.
Study of Cloud Computing in HealthCare Industry  [PDF]
G. Nikhita Reddy,G. J. Ugander Reddy
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: In Todays real world technology has become a domiant crucial component in every industry including healthcare industry. The benefits of storing electronically the records of patients have increased the productivity of patient care and easy accessibility and usage. The recent technological innovations in the health care is the invention of cloud based Technology. But many fears and security measures regarding patient records storing remotely is a concern for many in health care industry. One needs to understand the benefits and fears of implementation of cloud computing its advantages and disadvantages of this new technology.
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