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Tourism Eco-environmental Problems and Countermeasures on Sustainable Tourism of Three Gorges Reservoir Region  [PDF]
WANG Yan,ZHANG Jian-xin,ZHANG Jin-he,SONG Song
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2010,
Abstract: In recent more than twenty years, with fast development of tourism and pressure of society, economic and pelple, sustainable tourism has been hotspots and focus that human concerned, which basement is sustainable eco-environment. Being one of the most famous tourism areas, the tourism eco-environmental problems of Three Gorges reservoir region is becoming increasing prominent. Scientific analysis the frail tourism eco-environmetn and the ecological problems intrigued by the Three Gorges project is the presupposition for promotion of sustainable tourism in reservoir. Filed survey and analysis shows that the main tourism eco-environmental problems in Three Gorges reservoir region involves the natural disasters, soil erosion and geological disasters caused by water ,the disappearance of tourist resources, deterioration of water quality, the bank of level-fluctuating zone, "three wates" discharge, as the ecological pressures arising from immigration. Based on the current tourism eco-environemtnal conditions and requirement of systematically of sustainable tourism, the paper postpones the proposals for sustainable tourism in the reservoir area:promote the tourism ecological environment construction in reservoir area;innovate concepts in tourism development; carry out scientific research on tourism eco-environment protection in reservoir area; intensify environment protection education and change development concept.
THE DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING ECO TOURISM
生态旅游的发展与规划

L Yong,long,
吕永龙

自然资源学报 , 1998,
Abstract: Based on the analysis of the background of eco tourism development,eco tourism is thought to be an appropriate way for the sustainable utilization of the tourism landscape resources in this paper.The general policies of economy,society,technology and environment for the eco tourism development are expounded. On the basis of the policies,the general principles of eco tourism planning,the eco tourism development potentials and constraints,and the structure and spatial suitability of eco tourism industry are presented.
An Empirical Research on the Development of Eco-tourism Based on Convergence Theory in China  [cached]
Min Wei
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: In this study, we analyze the development experience of eco-tourism in different regions of china to find the common regional convergence which is checked with ADF test and co-integration relations. In our results, we could contribute as theoretical foundation for regional development of eco- tourism in China. Meanwhile, the research result of convergence of regional eco-agricultural tourism in China could also contribute as the theoretical foundation for the policymaker.
Eco-Tourism is the Key Factor of Tourism Development  [PDF]
O. Zyma
Economics of Development , 2011,
Abstract: In the paper it has been proved that international tourism is the favorable source of foreign investments and influences on the country’s balance of payment. Tourism also affects on the economy of many countries and their social, cultural environment and ecology. As is generally known, tourism has the positive influence on the country’s economy, but the connection between tourism and ecology carries a tinge of negativity. Thus, well-timed and fundamental evaluation of international tourism consequences is the very important factor in developing economic and tourist policies, which could get the maximum benefit and prevent the destructive tourist influence.It’s a well-known fact that illegal earnings from tourism don’t always come in the state budget of the country, but are divided among big tourist companies and tour operators. As far as local residents are concerned, whose life tourists often make unbearable, they get only a small part of earnings and have to pay a high price for the disordered environment.The development tendencies of environment protection need considerable financial provision. In this case, the restrictions and quotas of industrial gas emissions ratified in Kyoto (Japan, 1997) under the aegis of UNO can be reasonable.
A Study on Eco-Tourism and Sustainable Development of Economic Underdevelopment Areas—An Example from Kanas Nature Reserve, Xingjiang Province, Northwest China  [PDF]
Jianxiong Qin, Pei Zhang, Guiping Deng, Lu Chen
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2014.57016
Abstract: Based on the assessment of eco-tourism resource and its location advantage, the paper has discussed the principle, projects, and facilities of eco-tourism, in the Kanas Nature Reserve in Xinjiang as well as the direction of related industries. To solve the problems occurred at present in the Kanas Nature Reserve, strategic counter measures of sustainable development of eco-tourism have also been put forward, including: 1) The establishment of eco-tourism planning legislative system of eco-tourism; 2) The establishment of environmental protection planning system of eco-tourism; 3) The establishment of environmental audit system of eco-tourism; 4) The establishment environmental legislation and law enforcement system of eco-tourism; 5) The establishment ethic education and management system of eco-tourism.
Development of students’ scientific society of Sochi state university for tourism and recreation
Elena N. Kuklina,Alexander A. Cherkasov
European Researcher , 2010,
Abstract: The article concerns the development of students’ scientific society of Sochi State University for Tourism and Recreation. Special attention is attached to students’ scientific work and occupational guidance activities, aimed to involve schoolchildren in research work.
江西生态旅游的可持续发展研究
Research on the Sustainable Development of Eco-Tourism in Jiangxi Province
 [PDF]

马艳芹, 黄国勤
International Journal of Ecology (IJE) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/IJE.2014.31002
Abstract:
江西发展生态旅游具有重要的环境意义、经济意义和社会意义。江西生态旅游资源十分丰富。近十多年来,江西生态旅游发展取得了显著成效,但同时也存在诸多突出问题,如规划滞后、管理混乱、开发无序、破坏严重和宣传不力等。为实现江西生态旅游的可持续发展,作者提出应采取如下策略:1) 制定严格、科学的景区发展规划;2) 进行生态旅游管理体制、机制的改革与创新,实施多元化旅游管理机制;3) 征收旅游资源使用费,促进江西省生态旅游的可持续发展;4) 突出地域特色,设计旅游产品,开发生态旅游精品;5) 扩大宣传,提高旅游者爱护环境文明旅游的意识。
The development of eco-tourism in Jiangxi has an important environmental, economic and social significance. The eco-tourism resources in Jiangxiare very rich. Over the past decade, the development of eco-tourism in Jiangxi has made remarkable achievements, but there are still many outstanding issues, such as planning is still lagging, the management is confused, the development is disordered, the environment is seriously damaged and the publicity is ineffective. To achieve the sustainable development of eco-tourism in Jiangxi, the authors proposed that the following strategies should be taken: 1) ensure area development planning rigorous and scientific; 2) reform and innovate the system and mechanism in eco-tourism management, implement diversified tourism management unit; 3) levy user fees of tourism resources to promote the sustainable development of eco-tourism in Jiangxi Province; 4) highlight the regional characteristics, design tourism products, develop eco-tourism boutique; 5) expand the publicity and improve the tourists’ awareness of caring for the environment and cultural tourism.
An Empirical Study on Determinants of Sustainable Development of Coastal Eco-tourism
Wu-ling ZENG,Ke-yi WANG,Ying-chao JIA
Canadian Social Science , 2010,
Abstract: With the popularity of eco-tourism, the sustainability of its development has become a focus problem in both theoretical and practical fields. Based on existed research, the study summarize the determinants of sustainable development of coastal eco-tourism as four aspects, that are resource environment, economic environment, social environment and management control. And we tested the path and degree of various factors’ influence through the empirical method. Finally, we made suggestions on the development of coastal ecotourism for related departments and enterprises. Keywords: coastal eco-tourism; sustainable development; determinant factors Résumé: Avec la popularité de l'écotourisme, la durabilité de son développement est devenu un problème clé dans les domaines à la fois théorique et pratique. Basée sur des recherches existantes, l'étude conclut qu'il y a quatre facteurs déterminants du développement durable de l'éco-tourisme c tier, qui sont l'environnement des ressources, l'environnement économique, l'environnement social et le contr le de gestion. Et nous avons testé la fa on et le degré d'influence de divers facteurs à travers la méthode empirique. Enfin, nous avons fait des suggestions sur le développement de l'écotourisme c tier pour les départements et les entreprises concernés. Mots-clés: éco-tourisme c tier; développement durable; facteurs determinants
The potentials for development of eco-tourism in region Posavina inferior, Serbia  [PDF]
Gr?i? Mirko D.
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd0301057g
Abstract: When we talk about the Serbian touristic zones, what we usually have in mind and what we point out are the mountainous zones of the national parks. But there exists a plain zone with exceptional natural potentials for the development of eco-tourism. Still adequate attention has not been paid to it neither performed an appropriate touristic evaluation. We are talking about the zone of POSAVINA. A big, navigable river, numerous meanders, river islands, effluents, marshes and swamps rich in flora and fauna, create a remarkable natural environment, quite close to the big cities and international highways that has not been adequately evaluated in the fields of ecotourism. This study is a result of our intention to pay public attention to the natural potentials for the formation of an ecotouristic zone in the lower Posavina in Serbia, which is at the same time the most beautiful and in the ecological sense the most interesting part of the river Sava. In this section (206.5 km) Sava is very much alike a winding thread beaded with fantastic marsh terrains with rare floral and animal species, which are typical for this kind of biothop. Posavina in Serbia contains a whole chain of attractive zones and places, from the hunting forest of Bosut and Morovi to the Ada Ciganlija. Natural complexes in their original state or slightly changed are an important eco-tourist resource in Posavina. They all should be to keep ecological balance, but at the same time to satisfied the rising ecological needs. Though some natural objects are protected, still it is not enough, and “the touristic digression”, i.e. degradation of environment, is higher and higher. In future ecostrategic planning, Posavina should be treated systematically, as a single ecotouristic zone. The red line of this zone is the river Sava that could be transformed into a single water ecopath. As a conclusion we could say that a complete protection of all marsh and water ecosystems in Posavina is needed not only as a widening of the tourist resource’s basis but also as a creation of an entire system of protection of flora and fauna (especially birds) world, as a basic natural recreation-touristic resource. Ecotourism of marshes and swamps (and of mountains as well) could become a touristic image of Serbia. Tourist destinations in Posavina can be tempting even up to the European standards. But this requires Sava to be accepted as a national eco-path and the integral solving of the ecological problems of Posavina. Only the ecological tourism can be profitable and at same time possible over a long period of time
Water Eco-Function Zoning in China Based on Water Footprints
基于水足迹的中国水生态功能分区

GE Liqiang,XIE Gaodi,CHEN Long,PEI Sha,FAN Na,
盖力强
,谢高地,陈龙,裴厦,范娜

资源科学 , 2012,
Abstract: Water resources are the basic elements of ecological environments, the indispensable basis for our survival, and the key to sustainable socioeconomic development. In the wake of population growth and development, the demand-supply imbalance of global water resources has become serious, and water shortages have become an important limiting factor for the sustainable development of many nations. Water shortages, water pollution, floods and water-logging disasters have threatened and restricted sustainable development and so it is necessary to evaluate the water resources management concept. Water footprint is an indicator of freshwater use that looks at direct water use and indirect water use, and can be regarded as a comprehensive indicator of freshwater resources appropriation, next to the traditional and restricted measure of water withdrawal. This study analyzed the spatial and temporal characteristics of water stress, and the water footprint of production in China. Water eco-function zoning in China was conducted according to three-order basins and combined with water ecosystem service assessment theory. The water eco-function zoning scheme in China revealed six first level eco-function zones: the Northeast Songliao Mountain and Plain Less Water Zone, North China Huang Sea and Huai Sea Plain Less Water Zone, Northeast Inland Dry Scarce Water Zone, South Mountain Hill Wet Zone, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Water Tower Zone, Southwest Plateau Valley Wet Zone. There were 100 second level zones according to functional: water and water products supply function zone (life and production water, water products, shipping, hydropower, etc); water resources habitat sustain function zone (biodiversity sustain, aquatic habitat, spawning ground, wintering ground, etc); water resources environment regulation function zone (climate regulate, water self purification, reservation flood, etc); and water recreation service function zone (tourism, culture and education, etc). The study provides theoretical support for the scientific management of water resources and safeguards the security of national water resources. Our framework reveals water ecosystem health and trends in the development of watershed ecosystem protection and recovery strategies, and supports the transformation of national water resources management philosophy.
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