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Exploiting Fly Ash as Soil Ameliorant to Improve Productivity of Sabai Grass (Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.) C.E. Hubb) under Acid Lateritic Soil of India  [PDF]
Manisha Basu,S.C. Mahapatra,P.B.S. Bhadoria
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Present investigation was carried out for two years in sandy loam acid lateritic soil to study the effect of Fly Ash (FA), organic wastes like Farm Yard Manure (FYM), vermicompost (VC) and green manure (Sesbania rostrata) (GM) and chemical fertilizers on growth and yield of sabai grass (Eulaliopsis binata). Integrated application of FA, organic wastes and CF resulted in significantly higher tiller number, dry matter accumulation and green leaf yield as compared to sole application of CF in both the years. Application of fly ash in combination with organic wastes and chemical fertilizers recorded maximum yield advantage (up to 22.8 and 27.6% in the wet season of first and second year, respectively), while the yield increase was 3.6 and 9% in the first and second year, respectively when it was used in combination with only chemical fertilizers. As regards organic wastes GM recorded higher yield as compared to FYM or VC during wet season, however, the performance of sabai grass was superior under residual fertility of VC based treatments as compared to FYM or GM during dry season.
Health Scenario of Major Tribals of Northern Orissa in Relation to Human Growth, Development and Nutrition and the Role of Genetic Factors in Smell and Tasting Abilities in Children  [cached]
Balgir RS
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The nature of physical growth and development of children depends primarily upon the genetic endowments, nutritional status, psychosocial attitude and surrounding physical environmental conditions. School going children are the most important segment of the society who are affected by under- and mal-nutrition. Good nutrition is an indispensable component of healthy life. Tribal children studying in Ashram schools can be taken as representatives of the predominant tribes of the area. This study was aimed at evaluating the health profile in relation to growth, development and nutrition of a randomly selected cross section of 1038 Ashram school children aged six through 15 years in the state of Orissa. Following the standard methodology, it was noticed that nutritional complications are compounded due to ignorance, bad food habits, food fads, and poverty. About 71% of the Ashram school children showed mild to moderate anemia. According to different grades of malnutrition, the frequency of grade III malnutrition was very low in Ashram-school boys (1.4%) and girls (3.5%), with an average of 2.3%. The grade I as well as grade II malnutrition was also higher in girls (grade II =24.3%; grade I= 37.6%) as compared to boys (grade II=16.7%; grade I=31.5%) with an average of 19.9% and 34.1%, respectively for grade II and grade I malnutrition. There was a consistent pattern of increase in height and weight in the year six through fifteen of age, showing that height and weight of the Ashram school children increases with the corresponding advancement of age in both boys and girls. In general, the girls were shorter and lighter in weight than the boys. This pattern is consistent in the present study of Ashram school children in Orissa. It has been observed that apart from the genetic potential, the intra-uterine environment, mother’s nutritional status before, during and post pregnancy, and neonatal nutrition and associated traditional behavior drastically influence the growth and development of individuals. Adequate physical and mental fitness of parents is a marker for physical and mental fitness of the progeny. Heritable genetic factors are responsible for the ability to detect and identify smell and taste of food items of liking and disliking and for the fussy behavior toward different foods in children.
Study of Grass-Legume Intercropping System in Terms of Competition Indices and Monetary Advantage Index under Acid Lateritic Soil of India  [PDF]
S C Mahapatra
American Journal of Experimental Agriculture , 2011,
Abstract: Association of sabai grass ([i]Eulaliopsis binata[/i]) and blackgram ([i]Vigna mungo[/i]) was studied under three intercropping ratios viz., 1:1, 1:2 and 3:5 for two years under acid lateritic soil. Both sabai grass and blackgram were grown as sole crop for comparison. It was found that leaf yield of sabai grass was significantly higher in intercropping than in monoculture system with the maximum value under 1:2 ratio. Higher land equivalent ratio (up to 2.01) and monetary advantage index (as high as US $ 207.0) was recorded under 1:2 intercropping ratio. The growth and yield of blackgram were affected when intercropped with sabai grass as compared to sole crop. Intercropped blackgram recorded up to 68.7 0decrease in grain yield when compared with sole blackgram.
Socio-Economic Profile and Quality of Life of Selected Oraon Tribal Living in and Around Sambalpur Town, Orissa  [cached]
Braja Kishori Mishra,P. Beck
Current Research Journal of Social Science , 2010,
Abstract: The present research study elucidates some aspects of Quality of Life of Oraon, Sambalpur town of Orissa. Oraon is one of the most primitive tribals of Eastern India. A sum of 120 households comprising 552 individuals (60 native families of Charbhati and 60 migrant families living in and around Sambalpur town) of Sambalpur District, Orissa was selected purposely and interviewed through the help of a pretested structured scheduled for collecting relevant information on socio-economic and on various indicators of quality of life. The major findings reveal that the socio-economic and overall quality of life of natives, is far from satisfactory as the natives are very poor and they have poor educational status, poor sanitary and housing facilities, less possession of asset and vehicle, deficient food intake, poor fuel and energy availability and low per capita income. Thus, there is an urgent need to launch income generating, educational and health awareness programmes as well as to make them aware and help them, grab the opportunities provided by the government and non government organisations to improve the status of the tribals.
Land Alienation: Challenges Before Kerala Tribals  [PDF]
Niju.P.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Tribals, the ethnic minority of Kerala, constitute one percent of the state's population. Formation of the state in 1956 and the division of the state into different districts horizontally left the tribal population of Kerala scattered, mostly in hilly areas. They started facing problems of existence with the encroachment of their ancestral land by powerful settlers from the plains, starting from pre-independence days.
Fabled Orissa: A Critique  [cached]
Brundabana Mishra
Journal of North East India Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Under the edifices of the three principal subjects, “Firstly, how Orissa had achieved legendary status in the ancient time; secondly how those achievements and glories vanished and how the province cleared ways for its invaders; and finally how the present generation has forgotten the fabled past and succumbed to the foreign imposed subjugation from where it never managed an escape till the present time”, the author developed his article. Nevertheless, the author has fall short of certain points and as he encompassed millennia for his study, he fail to address all his hypotheses in historical context. The author had set a new chord to the rhythm of the costal Orissan history not to the “fabled Orissa”, which he claimed. Nonetheless, somehow he fails to provide fine-tuning to his musical accord of “from glory and grandeur to colonisation”. When the author talking about Orissa from the past to present the first and foremost point which need to be analysed are: What was and what is Orissa at least in the sense of geo-political boundary? How it became present Orissa? In the historical context who represented Orissa? Secondly, when the author raised the most vital point how Orissa lost her glory, the chronological sequences and factor that played vital roles to the colonisation of Orissa are conspicuous by its absence. Thirdly, the author accused the present generation for forgetting the rich history of their ancestors. However, he never provided adequate reasons to prove his hypothesis. By looking in to the content and context of the article, I would like to divide my critical observation into two parts. The first part will be supposition to the author’s imagination and contextualisation of Orissan history and the second part will be a critical approach with valid reasons on the observation, hypotheses and question raises by the author.
ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS USED BY MALAYALI TRIBALS IN KOLLIHILLS OF TAMILNADU, INDIA  [PDF]
Kuru Suresh,R.Kottaimuthu,T. Selvin Jebaraj Norman,R. Kumuthakalavalli
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: An ethnobotanical survey was carried out among the Malayali tribals in various villages of Kollihills, Nammakkal District, Tamilnadu, India during January 2007 to April 2009. A total of 108 species of ethnomedicinal plants belonging to 102 genera and 59 families were reported with the help of standardized questionnaires among 50 tribal informants between the ages of 20-85. The study shows a high degree of ethnobotanical novelty and the use of plants among the Malayali reflects the revival of interest in traditional folk medicine. The medicinal plants used by Malayali are arranged alphabetically followed by botanical name, family name, local name, parts used, mode of preparation and medicinal uses.
Fluoride distribution in different environmental segments at Hirakud Orissa (India)
PC Mishra, K Meher, D Bhosagar, K Pradhan
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2009,
Abstract: Fluoride is a major pollutant originating from aluminium smelting polluting the air, water and soil. An Aluminium smelter has been operating at Hirakud in western Orissa since 1958 producing primary aluminium by Horizontal stud Soderberg Technology. Starting with a capacity of 10,000 T of aluminium per annum in 1959 it has increased its capacity to 1,00,000 T in 2007. A detailed investigation undertaken during 2005 - 2006 on fluoride status of Hirakud environment reveals that the fluoride content varied from a minimum of 0.5 to a maximum of 0.65 (ppm) in pond water, 0.4 - 0.60 mg/L in ground water, 88.30 - 191.20 in soil, 23.75 - 65.96 in paddy straw, 15.60 - 70.36 in grass and 10.00 - 44.60 in leaf tissue. The level of bioconcentration of fluoride in relation to surface water ranged from 79.30 in vegetation to 304.21 in leaf tissues.
Fabled Orissa: From Glory and Grandeur to Colonisation  [cached]
Saroj Kumar Rath
Journal of North East India Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Orissa also known as Kalinga had a fabled past. Recorded history of the province authenticates those fairytale-fabled histories. From travelers to raconteurs and from potentates to commoners of yore years have described Kalinga’s history in such word character that the reading of the same makes one believe that the fabled past of Orissa is a living reality even today. Their narration about the glory and grandeur of Kalinga led the readers believe as if the fabled land still exists. However, suddenly the great civilisational existence gave way to slavery of mind and body as in surprising turn of events the whole populace subjugated to foreign invasion. The colonisers became colonised without an iota of a resistance. The province, which conducted itself admirably during peace and peril for millennia had succumbed to simple trickery and to a few mitigating forces of foreign and domestic origin. In this article, I have discussed three principal subjects. Firstly, how Orissa had achieved legendary status in the ancient time; secondly how those achievements and glories vanished and how the province cleared ways for its invaders; and finally how the present generation has forgotten the fabled past and succumbed to the foreign imposed subjugation from where it never managed an escape till the present time.
Phosphate Solubilising Fungi from Mangroves of Bhitarkanika, Orissa  [PDF]
NIBHA GUPTA,SARITA JAYANTI DAS
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2008,
Abstract: Mangroves have evolved several adaptations to swampy and saline environments. It is situated at the inter-phase between marine and terrestrial environment, which is highly productive providing nutrients to surrounding micro biota. Similar adaptive characteristics in the form and function may occur with the associated microflora in such environments. Several free living and symbiotic microorganisms occurred in such saline habitats and some of them are reported for their beneficial activity in mangrove ecosystem like biomineralization of organic matter and bio-transformation of minerals. In view of this, 106 fungi isolated from rhizosphere and phyllosphere of mangrove plants grown in Bhitarkanika, Orissa were screened on plate culture containing Pikovaskaya medium for the phosphate solubilization. Selected fungi were evaluated for their phosphate solubilization potential under different cultural conditions. A total of 36 fungi were isolated that showed variable halo zone on medium containing tricalcium phosphate when grown under different pH and temperature. The highest zone was formed by Aspergillus PF8 (63 mm) and Aspergillus PF127 (46.5 mm). The observation on tricalcium phosphate solubilization activity of Paecilomyces, Cladobotrytis, Helminthosporium is rare. However, a detailed and elaborative studies are needed to confirm better mineral solubilization potential of these fungi.
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