oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
The germs of terror – Bioterrorism and science communication after September 11  [PDF]
Maria Chiara Montani
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2006,
Abstract: The attacks of September 11 2001 and in particular, the sending of letters containing anthrax spores the following October had a profound effect on society, and at the same time on science and its communicative mechanisms. Through a quanto-qualitative analysis of articles taken from four publications: two daily newspapers, the Corriere della Sera from Italy and the New York Times from the United States and two science magazines, Science and Nature, we have shown how the aforementioned events provoked the emergence of media attention regarding bioterrorism. A closer reading of the articles shows that today, science – including that found in science magazines – is closely related to politics, economics and the debate over the freedom to practice communicate. The very mechanisms of communication between scientists were changed as a result of this debate, as can be seen from the signing of the Denver Declaration in February 2003, which brought about the preventative self-censorship of publication of biomedical research findings.
One Year Later: The Impact and Aftermath of September 11: "When Terror Is Routine: How Israeli Nurses Cope with Multi-Casualty Terror
Riba, S.; Reches, H
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2002,
Abstract: The wave of terror that has befallen the Israeli civilian population over the past two years, striking deep into the heart of towns and cities all over the country, presents a unique challenge for the health care system in general and nursing in particular. This article has a two-fold purpose: (a) to describe discussions that took place with four focus groups consisting of emergency room nurses who had recently cared for victims of terror, and (b) to delineate recommendations for policy enhancement based upon these discussions. Qualitative analysis of the data collected from focus group discussions revealed four stages of personal and professional involvement, each one eliciting a specific response from the nurses: call up to report for duty, waiting for casualties to arrive, caring for the victims, and closure of the event. Nurses identified numerous hardships and great anxiety along with a strong sense of professional fulfillment. Recommendations for policy include: incorporating stress management and debriefing skills in post-basic ER training, designing workshops and drills in trauma care for non-ER nurses who float into the ER in the wake of a multi-casualty act of terror, and developing leadership seminars for head nurses in the ER departments.
The germs of terror – Bioterrorism and science communication after September 11 (Italian original version)
Maria Chiara Montani
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2006,
Abstract: The attacks of September 11 2001 and in particular, the sending of letters containing anthrax spores the following October had a profound effect on society, and at the same time on science and its communicative mechanisms. Through a quanto-qualitative analysis of articles taken from four publications: two daily newspapers, the Corriere della Sera from Italy and the New York Times from the United States and two science magazines, Science and Nature, we have shown how the aforementioned events provoked the emergence of media attention regarding bioterrorism. A closer reading of the articles shows that today, science – including that found in science magazines – is closely related to politics, economics and the debate over the freedom to practice communicate. The very mechanisms of communication between scientists were changed as a result of this debate, as can be seen from the signing of the Denver Declaration in February 2003, which brought about the preventative self-censorship of publication of biomedical research findings.
Search for a Vision in the Turkish Foreign Policy Following September 11th and “Four Types of Politics"
Mehmet Seyfettin Erol
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2007,
Abstract: The developments occured after the Cold War lead Turkey to set a new foreign policy vision and strategy considering “regions” and “global powers/ power candidates” and to draw a new road map. So in this study, following a proactive foreign policy is discussed because of the new threat perceptions and instability in strategic inners of Turkey especially after September 11. In this perspective, the title “Four Styled Policy” of this study is conceptualized as a continuation of Turkey’s strategic interests in its former imperial geograpyh. In this new course called “The Four Styled Policy”, the choices of Turkey 1. “Expanded Great Asia Project (EGAP)”, 2. “Turkish World Union”, 3. “The Islamic World Based in the ex-Ottoman Geography”, 4. “The New West Policy” projects are explained and analyzed.
Post-9/11 Discourses Of Threat And Constructions Of Terror In The Age Of Obama  [cached]
Mary K. Bloodsworth-Lugo,Carmen R. Lugo-Lugo
Altre Modernità , 2011,
Abstract: We argue elsewhere (Bloodsworth-Lugo and Lugo-Lugo, 2010) that the G.W. Bush years displayed a consistent merger of discourse surrounding otherwise unrelated issues (for example, terrorism, Saddam Hussein, September 11, 2001, immigration, same-sex marriage). This discourse served to construct and intertwine conceived international and domestic “terrorist” threats. During Barack Obama’s campaign for the U.S presidency, post-9/11 American anxieties worked to render Obama himself into a threatening body through questions concerning his middle name (Hussein), his perceived religious affiliation, and his patriotism and citizenship. In the present paper, we argue that the post-9/11 language of “us versus them” (“Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists” [Bush 2001]), delivered to the American public and international community to garner consent in the wake of the September 11, 2001 events, and transformed into public policy for the remainder of the G.W. Bush presidency, provided a lens through which Americans would continue to construct and perceive the world beyond the Bush administration. Ideology surrounding “the War on Terror,” in particular, has either been resisted or co-opted and deployed by social agents in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. We claim that in the age of Obama, Bush-generated discourse and ideology has been activated to continue and advance policies and practices aimed at identifying and containing “terrorist” threats.
Impact of Democratic/Non-Democratic Regimes on Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan: Pre and Post September 11, 2001 Scenarios  [PDF]
Tahir Nawaz,Masood Amjad khan,Muhammad Akbar Ali Shah,Muhammad Aleem
Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: In this study the impact of democratic and non-democratic regime (pre and post September 11, 2001seenarios) on foreign direct investment in Pakistan have been investigated using quarterly data over the period of 1976Q1 to 2006Q4. Stepwise regression, Box-Jenkins methodologies have been applied initially then GARCH-type models are used to counter the problems of auto-correlation and ARCH effect and tomodel the conditional variance of FDI. It is found that foreign direct investment in Pakistan mainly depends upon on the past trends, as higher order auto-regressive terms are statistically significant. It has also been observed that the volatility shocks are quitepersistent and take a long time to die out. September 11, 2001incident and thereafter war on terror has increased the conditional volatility of foreign direct investment and hasstatistically significant impact while FDI was not volatile before the September, 11, 2001. CPI plays a significant role to decrease conditional volatility. One interesting finding of this study is that the impact of Non-Democratic regime before September, 11 scenario isstatistically significant and severely bad on foreign direct investment but with the inclusion of observations of post September, 11 the variable becomes insignificant.
War on Terror, or Interests and Ideology? Reframing U.S Foreign Policy Before and After 9/11  [PDF]
Magid Shihade
Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Since September 11, the U.S. has been involved in aglobal “war on terror” mainly in Arab and Muslim countries.Not much has been altered in U.S. foreign policy despite therhetoric of and hopes put on the new U.S. administration.Both U.S. administrations, the Republican and Democratalike, have been using the carrot and the stick policy (orwhat is called in the academy, soft and hard power) to makesure that everyone falls in line with U.S. foreign policyagenda. These carrots include economic as well as politicaland diplomatic support. They also include propagandapromotion including what is called “winning the hearts andminds.” The sticks on the other hand, are economic, politicaland diplomatic sanctions, declaring open wars, (for instancein Afghanistan and Iraq), supporting wars instigated by“allies” (like Israel) and pressuring other countries to initiatewar on their behalf ( as in Pakistan), along with covertoperations around the globe and additional threats of warand hostilities.
Terror i tvillingt rnene – dystopi og ironi? 9/11 i Darlah og En terrorist i senga
Lersbryggen M?rk, Kjersti
Barnboken : Tidskrift f?r Barnlitteraturforskning , 2011,
Abstract: Terror in the Twin Towers – dystopia and irony? 9/11 in Darlah and En terrorist i senga. Through globalization of our media society, children as well as adults are endlessly exposed to information and images from all over the world. In Norway, signs of the terrorist attack on the Twin Towers in USA on September 11th 2001 are now to be found in literature for children and young adults. With globalization theory and post-colonial theory I will examine how two novels present global challenges in general and 9/11 in particular. What does globalization mean for the construction of identity? Who are “we”, and who are “the others”? The novel for young adults, Darlah – 172 timer p m nen [Darlah – 172 hours on the moon] (2008) by Johan Harstad, is a dystopia where 9/11 points forward to a full scale catastrophe for humanity. En terrorist i senga [There's a terrorist in my bed] (2008), a novel for children by Endre Lund Eriksen, makes explicit references to 9/11 – but with playfulness and ironic revelation of xenophobia. Both books use aliens from outer space as “the other”, but where Darlah presents a pessimistic view of our global future, En terrorist i senga is optimistic on behalf of the humankind.
Islam in a September 11, 2001 Perspective  [cached]
LaHood, Gabriel
College of the Bahamas Research Journal , 2002,
Abstract: The tragic events of September 11, 2001 that took place in the United States (New York, Washington, D.C. and Pennsylvania) have been linked with Benladen, a Muslim Saudi Arabian extremist leader, acting in the name of Allah and Islam. More recent news linked these events with Saddam Husein, a Muslim Iraqi head of state. For the purpose of this essay, it is not important to prove that some Muslim individuals were the true and efficient authors of the above-mentioned tragedy in order to conclude that if violence is correctly linked with some Muslim individuals, it must also be linked with Islam as a source of violence. Instead of tracing the recent September violence back to Muslim authorities, who may have commended such violence, it would be more fundamental to investigate whether Islam truly teaches the violence associated with the concept of jihad (Holy War) and then investigate whether jihad is likely to imply violence similar to that of September 11.
September the 11th 2001 and Security Dilemma
Fakhreddin Soltani,Jayum A. Jawan,Zaid B. Ahmad
Canadian Social Science , 2010,
Abstract: Security and insecurity are complex concepts that states have problem in defining them in different conditions. Complexity of the concepts comes out of security dilemma which states face when they seek to recognize enemy and scale of threat that the enemy may cause. Events of September the 11th formed a new condition in which United States faced the security dilemma that had not risen from a specific country but the enemy that was not recognizable and did not behave like states. United States attempted to solve the mentioned security dilemma by defining enemy, its threats and the new condition after events of September the 11th. This article, in order to explain the security dilemma of the United States after events of the September the 11th, is written in two parts; the first part is to explain security dilemma and the approaches that have been given to solve it and the second part tends to explain the security dilemma that United States faced after terrorist attacks of September the 11th 2001. Keywords: Security dilemma; Terrorism; United States; September the 11th Résumé: La sécurité et l'insécurité sont des concepts complexes et les Etats ont des difficultés à les définir dans des conditions différentes. La complexité des concepts vient du dilemme de sécurité auquel les Etats font face quand ils cherchent à reconna tre l'ennemi et l'ampleur de la menace que l'ennemi peut causer. Les événements du 11 septembre a formé une nouvelle condition, dans laquelle les états-Unis ont fait face à un dilemme de sécurité qui ne venait pas d'un pays spécifique, mais d'un ennemi non reconnaissable qui ne se comportait pas comme des états. Les états-Unis ont tenté de résoudre ce dilemme de sécurité par la définition de l'ennemi, de ses menaces et de la nouvelle condition après les événements du 11 septembre. Cet article, afin d'expliquer le dilemme de la sécurité des états-Unis après les événements du 11 septembre, est composé en deux parties: la première partie est d'expliquer le dilemme de sécurité et les approches qui ont été utilisées pour le résoudre et la deuxième partie tend à expliquer le dilemme de sécurité auquel les états-Unis font face après les attentats terroristes du 11 septembre 2001. Mots-clés: dilemme de sécurité; terrorisme; états-Unis; 11 septembre
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.