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Air pollution from fireworks during festival of lights (Deepawali) in Howrah, India - a case study
Atmósfera , 2010,
Abstract: fireworks display during festive celebrations can cause acute short term air pollution. deepawali -the festival of light- is celebrated in india, every year during october or november with great fireworks display. concentration of air pollutants such as spm (suspended particulate matter), pm10, pm2.5, so2 and no2 were monitored for six consecutive days during deepawali in salkia, a densely populated residential area near kolkata, india, for assessing the impacts of fireworks on ambient air quality. the pollutant concentrations as recorded on deepawali were found to be several times higher (6.44 times for spm, 7.16 times for pm10, 5.35 times for pm2.5, 1.73 times for so2 and 1.27 times for no2) compared to a typical winter day value. the results indicated the huge contribution of fireworks on the pollutant levels. the particulate concentrations on deepawali exceeded its respective 24 hour residential standards by several times (11.6 times for spm, 22.3 times for pm10, and 34.3 times for pm2.5). concentrations of metals like ba, cu, cd, pb, hg, al in collected pm2.5 were found to be increased by many times on deepawali (56.72, 79.00, 16.67, 14.86, 12.00 and 6.26 times, respectively) compared to the previous day. the probable health impact of this huge though short-lived deterioration of the ambient air quality is estimated through monte carlo's simulation in terms of increase in relative risk of mortality and morbidity in exposed individuals and found to be extremely high. it suggests some controls on fireworks during festive celebrations.
Emerging and re-emerging zoonotic buffalopox infection: a severe outbreak in Kolhapur (Maharashtra), India  [PDF]
Gnanavel Venkatesan,Vinayagamurthy Balamurugan,Manimuthu Prabhu,Revanaiah Yogisharadhya
Veterinaria Italiana , 2010,
Abstract: Buffalopox is an emerging and re-emerging zoonotic viral infection. The authors investigated an extensive zoonotic outbreak of buffalopox involving many human cases. High morbidity and significant productivity losses were recorded among domestic buffalo in Kolhapur (Maharashtra), India, between February and March 2009. The outbreak involved a total of 4 000 buffalo from 21 villages in which over 10 000 buffalo were herded. The outbreak also involved 125 humans who were mostly animal handlers and milkers of all age groups. The disease inflicted a loss of approximately 40% in terms of reduced milk production and a decline in animal trade. Although pox lesions were observed on all parts of the body, the most severe were found on the inner ear. This led to otitis and pyrexia in most of the affected animals. Milkers developed pox-like lesions on the skin of their fingers, hands, forearms, forehead, ears and face, along with pyrexia, malaise and axillary lymphadenitis and lymphadenopathy. The causal agent, buffalopox virus, was confirmed using counter-immuno-electrophoresis, the serum neutralisation test, virus isolation and buffalopox virus-specific ankyrin repeat protein (C18L) gene-based polymerase chain reaction. Considering the emergence and re-emergence of buffalopox virus in buffalo, cows and humans, not only in India but also in other buffalo rearing countries, regular monitoring of outbreaks and control measures are necessary to curb economic losses and also to reduce the public health impact of the disease.
Dietary mineral status of lactating buffaloes in Kolhapur district of Maharashtra State in India  [cached]
M.R. Garg,B.M. Bhanderi,S.A. Biradar,J.L. Kukreja
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2007.s2.484
Abstract: Kolhapur district is located in the Western part of India and is well known for buffalo rearing. Buffaloes are mainly fed on crop residues and local grasses and need to be supplemented with deficient minerals for proper production and reproduction functions. In view of this, area specific mineral mixture was developed for the district by testing feeds and fodders for macro and micro minerals. The average calcium (Ca) content in straws of groundnut, ragi and soybean was high (0.97%), whereas, straws of sorghum and paddy had low (0.23%) level. Ca content in green fodder was 0.38 percent. Concentrate ingredients were particularly low (0.22%) in Ca. The phosphorus (P) content in crop residues and green fodders was 0.14 and 0.19 per cent, respectively, which was low, but higher (0.67%) in concentrate ingredients. The magnesium (Mg) content in roughages and concentrate ingredients was 0.38 and 0.32 percent, respectively. The sulphur (S) content was deficient in concentrate ingredients (0.13%) and crop residues (0.12%). Cobalt (Co) was deficient in the diet of animals; however, iron and manganese levels in most of the feed ingredients were adequate. The average copper (Cu) content was low in dry and green fodders (7.34 ppm), whereas, concentrate ingredients were better source of Cu (15.19 ppm). Molybdenum (Mo) content in feeds was within the safe limit (average level<0.31 ppm. Selenium (Se) content in most of the feed and fodders was adequate (0.40 ppm). Zinc (Zn) was deficient in most of the feedstuffs (average level<35.0 ppm). From the present study, it was apparent that certain minerals such as Ca, P, S, Zn, Cu and Co were deficient in the diet and needed to be supplemented.
Rehabilitation of people –A Case Study of Radhanagari 1Taluka, Kolhapur District(Maharashtra)
Dr. Gatade D. G,Shri. Padalkar V. V.
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The dams play an important role in the development of the country so the construction of the dams is inevitable. The rehabilitation of affected people has also become the most important issue accross the world.In the present research paper an attempt has been made to through highlight on rehablitation of people by selecting a case study of Radhanagari taluka,Kolhapur district of Maharashtra state.The study is entirely based on primary as well as secondary data. It is very essential that the rehabilitation of affected people should be given prime importance & issue can be tracked with top priority.
Industrial Development Imbalances In Maharashtra: A Geographical Analysis
Ananadrao S. Patil
Golden Research Thoughts , 2012, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Geographers are also involved in discussing the development economics, with view of spatial variation. No region can self sufficient, self reliance, thus there is not uniform economic development within the region. Maharashtra is the leading industrialized State in India. Most of the industries in it located in the Mumbai – Pune – Kolhapur Industrial belt and in Thane and Nasik. Development of horticulture in several districts of Western Maharashtra had added a sizeable class of prosperous farmers who produce sugarcane, fruits and vegetables. Thus the Western Maharashtra transformed into a prosperous agro – industrial region. Vidharbha and Marathwada have little industrially developed. Nagpur is the only industrially developed agglomeration. Natural resources found in Chandrapur, Bhandara helps to develop Eastern Maharashtra. These regions are still remaining under developed because of the State Policy. There is not any kind of equilibrium in the State. It is with task that this research work is concerned.
Occupational lead exposure and liver functions in battery manufacture workers around Kolhapur (Maharashtra)
Al Ameen Journal of Medical Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The magnitude of occupational lead exposure and its impact on liver functions was assessed in battery manufacture workers around Kolhapur (Maharashtra). Blood lead, urine lead, erythrocyte zinc protoporphyrin, urine δ-amino laevulinic acid and porphobilinogen levels were measured together with standard routine biochemical tests of liver functions in battery manufacture workers along with non-exposed controls subjects. Blood lead levels were considerably high in the workers (53.63 ± 16.98; range 25.8 – 78 μg/dl) compared to the controls (12.52 ± 4.08; range 2.8 - 22 μg/dl). The liver functions in these workers were normal, demonstrating preservation of hepatocellular and synthetic functions of liver. There was good correlation (r = 0.67) between blood lead and urinary δ-amino laevulinic acid levels in the worker group and no such correlation was observed in case of the control group (r = 0.02). The results indicates that early screening and regular monitoring of industrial workers by urinary δ-amino laevulinic acid levels is urgently needed to prevent long term adverse effects of lead exposure.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: The study of industrialization in region at context may help to understand theprocess of regional development in particular region. Industrialization is the primaryprocess of economic development. In the present research paper an attempt has beenmade to highlight industrial scene of Kolhapur district from historical perspective aswell as temporal growth of industries. The period selected for study is 1951 to 2007.Thestudy of investigation is district as a whole. For the growth of industries StandardIndustrial Classification is selected. The study revealed that Kolhapur district has shownconsiderable growth of all type of industries in general and engineering and agro basedindustries in particular. The study also revealed that Kolhapur district has emerged asdistinct district in industrial map of Maharashtra state.
The four new species of Myxomycetes of South-East Maharashtra, India  [PDF]
Tembhurne R.R,Nanir S.P,Nasarin S
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research , 2013,
Abstract: Background: Myxomycetes are the true slime-moulds. They are mostly used in the management of breast and brain tumours. Aim: This is the floristic study of South-East Maharashtra (India) comprising four district, Solapur, Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur districts, very rich in biodiversity to analyse flora from this said area. Methods: Present study is a floristic exploration from the region, to collect maximum number of sample of myxomycetes, to visit different locality for collection of species of myxomycetes, and preservation in empty box which very suitable, convenient and easy to handle to prepare proper size tray. Result: Species of myxomycetes were identified and described. Lepidodermopsis Hohnel., with two species, Lepidodermopsis leonina (Berk. & Br.) Hohnel, characterized by limeless and fluted stipe; Lepidodermopsis martinii Lakhanpal characterized by scattered nature of fruiting. Physarina Hoehn., with a single species, Physarina echinospora Thind & Manocha fructification sporangiate, stipitate to subsessile, and Comatricha Preuss., with a single species, Comatricha aequalis Peck which lacks nodding sporangia. Conclusion: All species are being reported for the first time in this region. Further exploration should be done to identify species in various locations. This will contribute to the management of cancers.
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Production of Jaggery is very old business in Kolhapur district. This process has been running for previous two hundred and fifty years in Kolhapur district. It has been prepared in traditional ways. That is the juice of sugar poured in a big deep pan (big cowdron) has been boiled and made jaggery with the help of labours. The natural things such as air water. Land are suitable to the production of the jaggery. Jaggery of Kolhapur is famous all over India.
Soil Pollution along Kalwa Bridge at Thane Creek of Maharashtra, India  [PDF]
Pravin U. Singare, Ram S. Lokhande, Pragati P. Pathak
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2010.12016
Abstract: The present investigation deals with the assessment of pollution status along the wetland of Thane Creek, which has been subjected to a lot of pollution from the Asia’s biggest Thane—Belapur Industrial Complex located at the south of Mumbai harbor along the west coast of India. This paper advocates habitat conservation and ecological studies with special reference to the physico-chemical characteristics and heavy metal pollution in the soil along the creek area. In the present investigation, the pH, electrical conductivity, bulk density, alkalinity and chlorinity values recorded were observed to be high during dry seasons and low during rainy season. The soil samples were also analyzed for their heavy metal contents like nickel, zinc, cadmium, copper, iron, arsenic and mercury. It was observed that, the concentration of these heavy metals increases gradually in dry seasons, followed by sharp decrease during rainy season. These heavy metals have a marked effect on the aquatic flora and fauna which through bio magnification enter the food chain and ultimately affect the human beings as well. The present experimental data on heavy metal pollution in soil samples collected along Kalwa bridge of Thane Creek points out to the need of regular monitoring of water resources and further improvement in the industrial waste water treatment methods. If the present conditions continue for a long period, the creek may soon become ecologically inactive.
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