Home OALib Journal OALib PrePrints Submit Ranking News My Lib FAQ About Us Follow Us+
 Title Keywords Abstract Author All
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
 Page 1 /100 Display every page 5 10 20 Item
 Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/698/2/L169 Abstract: We present mid-IR observations from Gemini/TReCS that spatially resolve the dust emission around SR 21. The protoplanetary disk around SR 21 is believed to have a cleared gap extending from stellocentric radii of ~0.5 AU to ~20 AU, based on modeling of the observed spectral energy distribution. Our new observations resolve the dust emission, and our data are inconsistent with the previous model. We require the disk to be completely cleared within ~10 AU, without the hot inner disk spanning ~0.25-0.5 AU posited previously. To fit the SED and mid-IR imaging data together, we propose a disk model with a large inner hole, but with a warm companion--possibly surrounded by circumstellar material of its own--residing near the outer edge of the cleared region. We also discuss a model with a narrow ring included in a large cleared inner disk region, and argue that it is difficult to reconcile with the data.
 Physics , 2009, Abstract: We present initial results from a new 440-ks Chandra HETG GTO observation of the canonical Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1068. The proximity of NGC 1068, together with Chandra's superb spatial and spectral resolution, allow an unprecedented view of its nucleus and circumnuclear NLR. We perform the first spatially resolved high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the ionization cone' in any AGN, and use the sensitive line diagnostics offered by the HETG to measure the ionization state, density, and temperature at discrete points along the ionized NLR. We argue that the NLR takes the form of outflowing photoionized gas, rather than gas that has been collisionally ionized by the small-scale radio jet in NGC 1068. We investigate evidence for any velocity gradients in the outflow, and describe our next steps in modeling the spatially resolved spectra as a function of distance from the nucleus.
 Physics , 2009, Abstract: We present initial results from a new 440-ks Chandra HETG GTO observation of the canonical Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1068. The proximity of NGC 1068, together with Chandra's superb spatial and spectral resolution, allow an unprecedented view of its nucleus and circumnuclear NLR. We perform the first spatially resolved high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the ionization cone' in any AGN, and use the sensitive line diagnostics offered by the HETG to measure the ionization state, density, and temperature at discrete points along the ionized NLR. We argue that the NLR takes the form of outflowing photoionized gas, rather than gas that has been collisionally ionized by the small-scale radio jet in NGC 1068. We investigate evidence for any velocity gradients in the outflow, and describe our next steps in modeling the spatially resolved spectra as a function of distance from the nucleus.
 Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/750/2/119 Abstract: We present spatially resolved observations of the canonical transition disk object TW Hya at 8.74 {\mu}m, 11.66 {\mu}m, and 18.30 {\mu}m, obtained with the T-ReCS instrument on the Gemini telescope. These observations are a result of a novel observing mode at Gemini that enables speckle imaging. Using this technique, we image our target with short enough exposure times to achieve diffraction limited images. We use Fourier techniques to reduce our data, which allows high-precision calibration of the instrumental point spread function. Our observations span two epochs and we present evidence for temporal variability at 11.66 {\mu}m in the disk of TW Hya. We show that previous models of TW Hya's disk from the literature are incompatible with our observations, and construct a model to explain the discrepancies. We detect marginal asymmetry in our data, most significantly at the shortest wavelengths. To explain our data, we require a model that includes an optically thin inner disk extending from 0.02 to 3.9 AU, an optically thick ring representing the outer disk wall at 3.9 AU and extending to 4.6 AU, and a hotter-than-disk-equilibrium source of emission located at ~3.5 AU.
 Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1086/307957 Abstract: We present spatially resolved far-UV spectra (912-1840 A) of NGC 1068 obtained using the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT) during the March 1995 Astro-2 mission. Three spectra of this prototypical Seyfert 2 galaxy were obtained through a 12 arcsec diameter aperture centered on different locations near the nucleus. The first pointing (A1) was centered west of the optical nucleus; the nucleus was on the eastern edge of the aperture. The second (A2) was centered southwest of the optical nucleus with the nucleus well inside the aperture. The third (B) was centered on the ionization cone, with the nucleus on the southwestern edge of the aperture. While all three aperture locations have spectra similar to the Astro-1 observations of Kriss et al., these new spatially resolved observations localize the source of the far-UV line and continuum emission. The ionization cone (B) has both brighter emission lines and continuum than the nucleus (A2). A1 is fainter than either A2 or B in both lines and continuum. The far-UV emission lines observed with HUT have a spatial distribution that most similar to [O III] 5007, but appear to be more extended and offset to the northeast along the axis of the radio jet. This supports the previous conclusion of Kriss et al. that the bright C III 977 and N III 991 arises in shock-heated gas. The UV continuum radiation has a more extended spatial distribution than the line-emitting gas. At wavelengths longward of 1200 A the inferred continuum distribution is consistent with that seen in archival HST/WFPC2 F218W images, and it appears to contain a substantial contribution from starlight. At wavelengths shorter than 1200 A, the UV continuum becomes more concentrated in the ionization cone, consistent with nuclear flux scattered by hot electrons and dust.
 Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2010.00870.x Abstract: The first detection of the silicate absorption feature in AGNs was made at 9.7 micrometer for the prototypical Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1068 over 30 years ago, indicating the presence of a large column of silicate dust in the line-of-sight to the nucleus. It is now well recognized that type 2 AGNs exhibit prominent silicate absorption bands, while the silicate bands of type 1 AGNs appear in emission. More recently, using the Mid-Infrared Interferometric Instrument on the Very Large Telescope Interferometer, Jaffe et al. (2004) by the first time spatially resolved the parsec-sized dust torus around NGC 1068 and found that the 10 micrometer silicate absorption feature of the innermost hot component exhibits an anomalous profile differing from that of the interstellar medium and that of common olivine-type silicate dust. While they ascribed the anomalous absorption profile to gehlenite (Ca_2Al_2SiO_7, a calcium aluminum silicate species), we propose a physical dust model and argue that, although the presence of gehlenite is not ruled out, the anomalous absorption feature mainly arises from silicon carbide.
 Physics , 2000, Abstract: We present mid-IR observations of the prototypical Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1068 obtained with ISOCAM between 5 and 16micron. The proximity of this galaxy coupled with the spectro-imaging capabilities of the instrument allow us to separate the mid-IR emission of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) from the distinctly different emission of the circumnuclear star forming regions. The Unidentified Infrared Bands (UIBs), which trace the starburst contribution very well, are not detected in the spectrum of the AGN region where their carriers could be destroyed. Moreover, the featureless continuum of the AGN exhibits a strong hot dust component below 10micron not observed in the starburst regions. Those two distinct mid-IR spectral properties, as well as the presence of high excitation ionic lines such as [NeVI](7.7micron) and [NeV](14.3micron) in the AGN spectrum, provide us with very powerful complementary tools to disentangle AGNs from starbursts. The effects of high extinction on the mid-IR identification of AGNs are also discussed.
 Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1086/367612 Abstract: We present subarcsecond resolution mid infrared images of NGC 4151 at 10.8 micron and 18.2 micron. These images were taken with the University of Florida mid-IR camera/spectrometer OSCIR at the Gemini North 8-m telescope. We resolve emission at both 10.8 micron and 18.2 micron extending ~ 3.5" across at a P.A. of ~ 60 degrees. This coincides with the the narrow line region of NGC 4151 as observed in [OIII] by the Hubble Space Telescope. The most likely explanation for this extended mid-IR emission is dust in the narrow line region heated by a central engine. We find no extended emission associated with the proposed torus and place an upper limit on its mid-IR size of less than or equal to ~ 35 pc.
 Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200811390 Abstract: To enhance our knowledge of the characteristics and distribution of the circumstellar dust associated with the individual components of the young hierarchical triple system T Tau, observations in the N-band with MIDI at the VLTI were performed. Our study is based on both the interferometric and the spectrophotometric measurements and is supplemented by new visual and infrared photometry. Also, the phases were investigated to determine the dominating mid-infrared source in the close southern binary. The data were fit with the help of a sophisticated physical disc model. This model utilises the radiative transfer code MC3D that is based on the Monte-Carlo method. Extended mid-infrared emission is found around all three components of the system. Simultaneous fits to the photometric and interferometric data confirm the picture of an almost face-on circumstellar disc around T Tau N. Towards this star, the silicate band is seen in emission. This emission feature is used to model the dust content of the circumstellar disc. Clear signs of dust processing are found. Towards T Tau S, the silicate band is seen in absorption. This absorption is strongly pronounced towards the infrared companion T Tau Sa as can be seen from the first individual N-band spectra for the two southern components. Our fits support the previous suggestion that an almost edge-on disc is present around T Tau Sa. This disc is thus misaligned with respect to the circumstellar disc around T Tau N. The interferometric data indicate that the disc around T Tau Sa is oriented in the north-south direction, which favours this source as launching site for the east-western jet. We further determine from the interferometric data the relative positions of the components of the southern binary.
 Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/375632 Abstract: We report spatially resolved 11.8 micron images, obtained at the W. M. Keck 10 m telescope, of the protoplanetary disk around the pre--main-sequence star HK Tau B. The mid-infrared morphology and astrometry of HK Tau B with respect to HK Tau A indicate that the flux observed in the mid-infrared from HK Tau B has been scattered off the upper surface of its nearly edge-on disk. This is the first example of a protoplanetary disk observed in scattered light at mid-infrared wavelengths. Monte Carlo simulations of this disk show that the extent (FWHM =0."5, or 70 AU) of the scattered light nebula in the mid-infrared is very sensitive to the dust size distribution. The 11.8 micron measurement can be best modelled by a dust grain population that contains grains on the order of 1.5-3 micron in size; grain populations with exclusively sub-micron grain sizes or power law size distributions that extend beyond 5 micron cannot reproduce the observed morphology. These grains are significantly larger than those expected in the ISM implying that grain growth has occurred; whether this growth is a result of dust evolution within the disk itself or had originally occurred within the dark cloud remains an open question.
 Page 1 /100 Display every page 5 10 20 Item