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Panagiotis Giavrimis,Panagiotis Giavrimis
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: Individuals with intellectual disability are one of the most numerous groups which are integrated in the educational system. The educational system is the most supporting factor in their learning process. On the other hand teachers constitute a social team of professionals that directly contribute to the operation of the educational system. Teachers act, interact and are affected by the social environment, also teachers as active individuals take decisions; they give meaning to the regulative framework by acting with relative autonomy. In this framework, their attitudes towards individuals with a disability play an important role in educational system and related to the conversion and restructure of it. In the present research we have selected to investigate how the sense of trust teachers experience within the social structure related to teachers conceptualization of individualswith an intellectual disability and the interaction with these individuals. The sample of the present research consists of 240 teachers of the Greek Secondary Education, 135 of which are male and 105 (43.89%) female. For the materialization of the research the improvised questionnaire was used, which includes five units, which includes questions relating to the education and the training, to theattitude of the teachers towards the individuals with an intellectual disability, to the inclusion of the children with an intellectual disability and to the conceptualization of the teachers for the individuals with a disability. From the conclusions it was shown that most teachers have positive attitudes towards individuals with an intellectual disability, but there are differentiations related with the rate of trust among the educational community.
Representations of handicaped in the portuguese press: hegemony and emancipation  [PDF]
Patrícia Neca,Paula Castro
Estudos em Comunica??o , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze what are the representations that three Portuguese general-interest newspapers - Diário de Notícias, Jornal de Notícias and Público - construct and convey about people with disabilities. The analysis was guided by the perspective of social representations, on the assumption that the views conveyed by the press are shared by society and affect the public opinion. A total of 220 articles about disabilities, published in November and December between 2004 and 2009 where analyzed. The results show that there is little questioning in the newspapers regarding issues related with disability and that there are different representations mediated by different newspapers. Diário de Notícias and Público convey hegemonic representations, in other words, don′t discuss the disability issues and show the group as homogeneous, incompetent and object of social policies, thus blocking the appearance of new representations. Jornal de Notícias convey emancipated representations, this is, opens space to the debate of the new ideas, showing disabled people as competent, mainly in articles about awareness raising and physical disability. This debate enhances the appearance of new representations. Regarding mental disability, it appears associated to the stereotype of incompetence, in all the newspapers analyzed.
The Disability Models in the Perspective of Parents, Teachers, and Special Needs Educators: A Qualitative Data Analysis
Stefano Federici, Fabio Meloni, Alba BrogioniAlessandra Lo Presti
The Open Education Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.2174/1874920800801010037]
Abstract: Representations of disability shaping the opinions, attitudes, and behaviour of 90 participants (teachers, parents, and special needs educators) are investigated in order to better evaluate the spread of the biopsychosocial model proposed by the ICF. The quasi-experimental purpose was investigated through both qualitative analyses and by quantitative analyses. The results demonstrate a richness of perspectives on disability much broader than the medical, social, and biopsychosocial ones. The limited diffusion of the biopsychosocial model among parents shows the lack of an open view towards personal empowerment, social growth, and improvement of the quality of life. This suggests a priority: The need to further involve parents in the educational actions, in order to promote an effective management of personal and environmental resources to better face the disability of their own children. In such a way it would be possible to develop and promote a new culture of diversities .
Compatibility of Quantitative and Qualitative Representations of Belief  [PDF]
Michael S. K. M. Wong,Y. Y. Yao,P. Lingras
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: The compatibility of quantitative and qualitative representations of beliefs was studied extensively in probability theory. It is only recently that this important topic is considered in the context of belief functions. In this paper, the compatibility of various quantitative belief measures and qualitative belief structures is investigated. Four classes of belief measures considered are: the probability function, the monotonic belief function, Shafer's belief function, and Smets' generalized belief function. The analysis of their individual compatibility with different belief structures not only provides a sound b
Translation of the Neck Disability Index and validation of the Greek version in a sample of neck pain patients
Marianna N Trouli, Howard T Vernon, Kyriakos N Kakavelakis, Maria D Antonopoulou, Aristofanis N Paganas, Christos D Lionis
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-9-106
Abstract: The original version of the questionnaire was used. Based on international standards, the translation strategy comprised forward translations, reconciliation, backward translation and pre-testing steps. The validation procedure concerned the exploration of internal consistency (Cronbach alpha), test-retest reliability (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, Bland and Altman method), construct validity (exploratory factor analysis) and responsiveness (Spearman correlation coefficient, Standard Error of Measurement and Minimal Detectable Change) of the questionnaire. Data quality was also assessed through completeness of data and floor/ceiling effects.The translation procedure resulted in the Greek modified version of the NDI. The latter was culturally adapted through the pre-testing phase. The validation procedure raised a large amount of missing data due to low applicability, which were assessed with two methods. Floor or ceiling effects were not observed. Cronbach alpha was calculated as 0.85, which was interpreted as good internal consistency. Intraclass correlation coefficient was found to be 0.93 (95% CI 0.84–0.97), which was considered as very good test-retest reliability. Factor analysis yielded one factor with Eigenvalue 4.48 explaining 44.77% of variance. The Spearman correlation coefficient (0.3; P = 0.02) revealed some relation between the change score in the NDI and Global Rating of Change (GROC). The SEM and MDC were calculated as 0.64 and 1.78 respectively.The Greek version of the NDI measures disability in patients with neck pain in a reliable, valid and responsive manner. It is considered a useful tool for research and clinical settings in Greek Primary Health Care.Neck pain is a highly prevalent condition among the general population. Data from cross-sectional studies show that point estimates range from 10% to 35% [1-3]. In a vast number of cases, there is no link between specific pathology and neck complaints, resulting in the term non-specific neck p
Vicente Darde,Valdir Morigi
Brazilian Journalism Research , 2012,
Abstract: We understand that the news, the main product of journalism, is constructed from the multiple discourses that circulate within the present culture, influenced by the values related to the hegemonic norm that governs social behavior, the hetero-normativity. Through Discourse Analysis, we analyzed which representations of LGBT people the leading Brazilian newspapers Folha de S. Paulo and O Estado de S. Paulo help to build in our society. The search for recognition of sexual diversity operates via standardization, within a perspective that encourages a culture of tolerance, in which the representations of the group are anchored, strengthened by the moral and ideological discourse of religious institutions that deny LGBT people the possibility of the enjoyment of full citizenship. We conclude that as long as heterosexuality is not questioned by journalism and debated in the public sphere in an open and democratic way, it is difficult to combat prejudice and violence against LGBT people.
The evil circle of poverty: a qualitative study of malaria and disability
Benedicte Ingstad, Alister C Munthali, Stine H Braathen, Lisbet Grut
Malaria Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-11-15
Abstract: The study design was ethnographic with an open, exploratory approach. Data were collected in Mangochi District in Malawi through qualitative in-depth interviews and participant observation.Despite a local-based health service system, people living in poor rural areas are confronted with a multitude of barriers when accessing malaria prevention and treatment. Lack of skilled health personnel and equipment add to the general burden of poverty: insufficient knowledge about health care, problems connected to accessing the health facility in time, insufficient initiatives to prevent malaria attacks, and a general lack of attention to the long term disabling effects of a malaria attack.This study points to the importance of building malaria programmes, research and statistics that take into consideration the consequences of permanent impairment after a malaria attack, as well as the context of poverty in which they often occur. In order to do so, one needs to develop methods for detecting people whose disabilities are a direct result of not having received health services after a malaria episode. This may be done through qualitative approaches in local communities and should also be supplemented by suitable surveys in order to estimate the problem on a larger scale.The importance of studying the relationship between malaria and disability emerged through findings from a comprehensive qualitative study on access to health care for people with disabilities in southern Africa. Malaria is one of the world's leading killers of children in southern Asia, tropical and sub-tropical Africa and parts of Latin America [1]. World Health Organization estimates that half of the world's population is at risk of malaria, which is an estimated 250 million cases every year [2]. While malaria in principle may strike everyone in affected areas, children who are poor, who have mothers with little or no education, and who live in the rural areas are more susceptible to contracting the disease
Qualitative Studies of “Bacouri”: A Greek High Quality Vine Variety  [cached]
Pantelis Zamanidis,Nicholas E. Korres,Dimitris Argyropoulos
Journal of Agricultural Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jas.v3n2p56
Abstract: The morphological description of the vine variety Bacouri (Vitis Vinifera L. spp. sativa) that is based on descriptors defined by the Organization Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin (OIV) is presented in this paper. The variety Bacouri was investigated as being a valuable Greek variety for the production of high-quality red wines of different classes. Morphological characteristics, technological features with recommendations for red wine production using micro wine-making methods and the economic importance of the variety are provided. Its value in vine breeding has also been taken under consideration. The origin of the variety is the Peloponnese region, in the south part of Greece and it is a descendant of the region’s wild species of Vitis sylvestris.
About representations of Greek Diaspora on the Internet: What kind of mediation device(s)?  [cached]
Essachess : Journal for Communication Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This paper examines a set of websites of Greek Diaspora in the United States and Canada. These media offer a linear communication mode. The promotion of an ecumenical Hellenism is in the heart of their message. However, the politicisation of this rhetoric is not inherent to the media itself but depends on the choices operated and the strategies implemented by the mediators.
Putting episodic disability into context: a qualitative study exploring factors that influence disability experienced by adults living with HIV/AIDS
O'Brien Kelly K,Davis Aileen M,Strike Carol,Young Nancy L
Journal of the International AIDS Society , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1758-2652-2-5
Abstract: Background An increasing number of individuals may be living with the health-related consequences of HIV and its associated treatments, a concept we term disability. However, the context in which disability is experienced from the HIV perspective is not well understood. The purpose of this paper is to describe the contextual factors that influence the experiences of disability from the perspective of adults living with HIV. Methods We conducted four focus groups and 15 face-to-face interviews with 38 men and women living with HIV. We asked participants to describe their health-related challenges, the physical, social and psychological areas of their life affected, and the impact of these challenges on their overall health. We also conducted two validity check focus groups with seven returning participants. We analyzed data using grounded theory techniques to develop a conceptual framework of disability for adults living with HIV, called the Episodic Disability Framework. Results Contextual factors that influenced disability were integral to participants' experiences and emerged as a key component of the framework. Extrinsic contextual factors included social support (support from friends, family, partners, pets and community, support from health care services and personnel, and programme and policy support) and stigma. Intrinsic contextual factors included living strategies (seeking social interaction with others, maintaining a sense of control over life and the illness, "blocking HIV out of the mind", and adopting attitudes and beliefs to help manage living with HIV) and personal attributes (gender and aging). These factors may exacerbate or alleviate dimensions of HIV disability. Conclusion This framework is the first to consider the contextual factors that influence experiences of disability from the perspective of adults living with HIV. Extrinsic factors (level of social support and stigma) and intrinsic factors (living strategies and personal attributes) may exacerbate or alleviate episodes of HIV-related disability. These factors offer a broader understanding of the disability experience and may suggest ways to prevent or reduce disability for adults living with HIV.
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