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The Standardization of the Terminologies Used in the Reporting of Degenerative Disc Disease
M. Barzin
Iranian Journal of Radiology , 2008,
Abstract: Many different groups have expressed the need to standardize the terms and classifications used in the reporting of spine MRI, particularly in the lumbar spine."nSeveral studies have shown "moderate" (17-20%) ob-server variations in MRI lumbar spine reporting. The main discrepancies occur when deciding what consti-tutes a bulging or herniated disc and this represents more than 50% of all inter-observer disagreement. A variety of different terms are used to describe disc pathology on the preference of the reporting individ-ual."nRecently, there is a universal consensus of terms and a nomenclature framework for degenerative disc dis-ease which using of them are encouraged by the American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR)."nIn this presentation, first some inter-observer varia-tions of MRI reporting in our center will be shown. "nThen a review of articles about standard MRI report-ing nomenclature with some relevant interesting cases from our MRI center will be presented.
Using a Birth-Death Process to Account for Reporting Errors in Longitudinal Self-reported Counts of Behavior  [PDF]
Jihey Lee,Robert E. Weiss,Marc A. Suchard
Statistics , 2014,
Abstract: We analyze longitudinal self-reported counts of sexual partners from youth living with HIV. In self-reported survey data, subjects recall counts of events or behaviors such as the number of sexual partners or the number of drug uses in the past three months. Subjects with small counts may report the exact number, whereas subjects with large counts may have difficulty recalling the exact number. Thus, self-reported counts are noisy, and mis-reporting induces errors in the count variable. As a naive method for analyzing self-reported counts, the Poisson random effects model treats the observed counts as true counts and reporting errors in the outcome variable are ignored. Inferences are therefore based on incorrect information and may lead to conclusions unsupported by the data. We describe a Bayesian model for analyzing longitudinal self-reported count data that formally accounts for reporting error. We model reported counts conditional on underlying true counts using a linear birth-death process and use a Poisson random effects model to model the underlying true counts. A regression version of our model can identify characteristics of subjects with greater or lesser reporting error. We demonstrate several approaches to prior specification.
Responsabilidad profesional médica: Diagnóstico y perspectivas Perspectives in medical liability  [cached]
Carlos Pizarro W
Revista médica de Chile , 2008,
Abstract: The progressive increase of medical negligence law suits requires an updated analysis of the current situation of medical liability in Chile. The application of a new criminal procedure will avoid criminal prosecution of doctors, transfering to the civil courts the pecuniary sanctions for malpractice. Medical negligence and damage inflicted by doctors that require compensation are explained. The most likely evolution of medical liability is proposed, through an increase in civil liability insurances and the necessary standardization of rules applicable to profesional liability
A liability tracking approach to long term management of pension funds  [PDF]
Masashi Ieda,Takashi Yamashita,Yumiharu Nakano
Quantitative Finance , 2013,
Abstract: We propose a long term portfolio management method which takes into account a liability. Our approach is based on the LQG (Linear, Quadratic cost, Gaussian) control problem framework and then the optimal portfolio strategy hedges the liability by directly tracking a benchmark process which represents the liability. Two numerical results using empirical data published by Japanese organizations are served: simulations tracking an artificial liability and an estimated liability of Japanese organization. The latter one demonstrates that our optimal portfolio strategy can hedge his or her liability.
Medical Liability in the Context of the Civil Liability  [PDF]
Lacrima Rodica BOILA
Postmodern Openings , 2013,
Abstract: The theme of the civil liability crisis in the conditions imposed by the modern society is one of the major issues which concern equally, the ethical-legal research of the medical care, but also the medical world. The traditional institution of civil liability, the way it has been governed by the Roman law, and then modernized by the Napoleonic Code, cannot be applied to new legal situations such as organ donation and transplantation, assisted medical reproduction, the legal protection of the human embryo and so on. Our survey aims to present some of the details of a new approach to professionals’ liability within the medical field, adapted to the problems medicine and biomedical research are currently facing.
LIABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY
ELENA EMILIA STEFAN
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: The violation of a social norm establishing a rule of conduct engages the violator’s liability. Responsibility is a social phenomenon and it expresses, in its shortest definition, an act of commitment of the individual in the process of social interaction. This study aims to analyze the concepts of liability and responsibility, but also the relationship between them, starting from their common fundamentals and ending with the main differences between the two notions.
THE BUILDER?S LIABILITY BEYOND THE DEFECTS LIABILITY  [cached]
Johnson I IKPO
Civil Engineering Dimension , 2005,
Abstract: This paper reviews the obligations of a builder after the expiration of the contracted defects liability period using relevant decided cases. The common areas identified as forming the bedrock of litigation pertain to structural and dimensional stability, freedom from damp, durability, adequate drainage, good waste disposal works, and effective service installations. Particular reference is made to walls, roofs, and services, which from the pilot study account for about 46%, 23%, and 17% respectively of the total defects attributable to the builder. It is concluded that the builder is responsible for defects arising from his product till the effluxion of reasonable time, except he establishes an element of contributory negligence.
ASPECTS OF CIVIL LIABILITY, AS A FORM OF SOCIAL LIABILTY, IN THE CONTEXT OF ECO-ECONOMY
DIANA-NICOLETA DASCALU,IOSIF R. URS
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: This study aims to treat certain aspects of civil liability, as a form of legal liability and social responsability in the context of today’s economy. In the current global context, for the economy and thus society can survive one must take into account compliance with environmental sustainability. Implications of this line of development on the civil liability will be analyzed in this study.
THE CONCEPT OF LEGAL LIABILITY
ELENA EMILIA STEFAN
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: The failure to abide by the social rules could determine the application of sanctions of various types that could restore the social balance. The legal liability, unlike other forms of social liability, refers to the obligation of being held responsible for violating a legal rule. Starting from the hypothesis that the social rules and values may be violated or omitted in the individuals’ actions, one can assert that the social liability may take several forms, depending on the affected social relationships, namely: moral liability, political liability, legal liability, etc. This study aims at dealing with only several aspects related to the concept of legal liability.
A Liability Tracking Approach to Long Term Management of Pension Funds  [PDF]
Masashi Ieda, Takashi Yamashita, Yumiharu Nakano
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2013.33040
Abstract:

We propose a long term portfolio management method which takes into account a liability. Our approach is based on the LQG (Linear, Quadratic cost, Gaussian) control problem framework and then the optimal portfolio strategy hedges the liability by directly tracking a benchmark process which represents the liability. Two numerical results using empirical data published by Japanese organizations are served: simulations tracking an artificial liability and an estimated liability of Japanese organization. The latter one demonstrates that our optimal portfolio strategy can hedge his or her liability.

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