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Introductory Essay: An Rx for Indigenous Health Inequality: The Social Determinants of Health  [PDF]
Nicholas Spence
International Indigenous Policy Journal , 2011,
Abstract: It is with great pleasure that I am able to serve as the first Special Guest Editor (health) of the Inter-nationalIndigenous Policy Journal. This special edition is a compilation of some of the best research con-ducted on Indigenous populations. Moving beyond the disturbing trends so many of us are already well aware of, this body of research provides new theoretical, policy, and practical approaches for researchers, decision makers,and communities seeking to improve health outcomes for Indigenous populations.
Review Essay: Guides to Writing about Music  [cached]
Kendra Leonard
Journal of Music History Pedagogy , 2011,
Abstract: Guides to writing about music have become staples in courses on music history. This review covers three such books, by Bellman, Herbert, and Wingell, as well as RILM’s reference on musical terms and conventions. The review discusses the strengths or weaknesses of all four books in order to help an instructor decide what might be best for any particular course.
Indigenous AIDS Organizing and the Anthropology of Activist Knowledge  [cached]
Scott L. Morgensen
New Proposals : Journal of Marxism and Interdisciplinary Inquiry , 2009,
Abstract: Indigenous AIDS activists join AIDS activists worldwide today in theorizing the AIDS pandemic as a construct of social relations of power. Their anti-colonial and transnational activism holds scholars accountable to studying how power structures the production of knowledge about AIDS. This essay first examines how Indigenous AIDS activists theorize the colonial and transnational conditions of AIDS, and challenge states and international agencies to respect the sovereignty of Indigenous communities and knowledges. The essay then cites Indigenous activist knowledge as inspiration for revisiting critiques of coloniality in anthropology, and their implications for the anthropology of AIDS. Anthropologists studying AIDS can respond to AIDS activists by addressing how colonial legacies shape the processes and products of research and writing. By working within intersubjective and reflexive relationships with people and communities affected by AIDS, anthropologists can enter accountable dialogue with AIDS activists and on that basis produce anti-colonial and transnational knowledge about AIDS.
Conocimiento indígena sobre el medio ambiente y dise o de materiales educativos Environmental Indigenous Wisdom and the Design of Educational Resources
Manuel Cebrián de la Serna,Juan Noguera Valdemar
Comunicar , 2010, DOI: 10.3916/c34-2010-03-11
Abstract: El presente artículo expone los resultados de un proyecto de investigación sobre el desarrollo sostenido y educación ambiental desarrollado en la subregión Amazonia-Orinoquia (Estado de Amazonas, Venezuela) desde 2005 a 2008. La investigación se enmarca dentro de una metodología cualitativa, donde la colaboración de los pueblos indígenas y la visita en el terreno fueron cruciales. A diferencia de otros proyectos desarrollados en la zona, el trabajo estableció una relación diferente con las comunidades indígenas. En este proyecto se consideraba a los pueblos indígenas como objetos y sujetos de la investigación, recogiendo en una carta firmada los compromisos del proceso negociador realizado al inicio del proyecto sobre qué y cómo realizar la investigación. Se utilizaron diversas técnicas de recogida de datos: entrevistas a informantes clave, grupos de discusión y encuestas. Se describen solamente dos de los diversos objetivos y resultados del proyecto, a saber: 1) Analizar los conceptos que poseen los pueblos indígenas sobre el medio ambiente y la sostenibilidad, especialmente en su relación con el papel cultural de las etnias; 2) Dise ar y elaborar materiales didácticos en los que se trabajen los conceptos de educación ambiental relacionados con el papel cultural de las etnias en la conservación de las especies. Estos objetivos fueron alcanzados gracias a la respuesta de doce pueblos indígenas de lenguas y etnias diferentes tras la visita a diecisiete comunidades distintas. The current essay presents the results of research into sustainable development and environmental education that was developed in the sub-region of Amazonia-Orinoquia (Amazonas State, Venezuela) from 2005 to 2008. This study was undertaken within a qualitative methodology framework where field trips and the collaboration of indigenous communities in particular were crucial. Unlike other projects currently taking place in the area, our investigation established a different connection with indigenous communities. The study considered indigenous peoples both as subjects and objects of the analysis, for which a written agreement was negotiated and signed at the beginning of the project about what to study and how to proceed with our research. Several data collection techniques were used: interviews with key informants, discussion groups and surveys. Two of the goals were: to analyse the knowledge that indigenous peoples have about the environment and sustainability, particularly regarding the cultural role of ethnicity; to design and elaborate educational materials that address issues ab
A Critical Discussion About The Methodology Of Quantum Theory  [PDF]
M. Ferrero,D. Salgado,J. L. Sanchez-Gomez
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: It is argued that the traditional "realist" methodology of physics, according to which human concepts, laws and theories can grasp the essence of reality, is incompatible with the most fruitful interpretation of quantum formalism. The proof rests on the violation by quantum mechanics of the foundational principles of that methodology. An alternative methodology, in which the construction of sciences finishes at the level of human experience, as standard quantum theory strongly suggests, is then conjectured.
Building Indigenous Social Capital in an Online World
Susan Bandias
PLATFORM : Journal of Media and Communication , 2010,
Abstract: This paper examines the nexus between social relations of mutual benefit, information communication technology (ICT) access and social inclusion. More specifically, a case study methodology is used to examine the role of ICT in facilitating the social capital of Indigenous communities. A remote Indigenous community in the Northern Territory (NT) is the focus of the paper. Whilst the potential of social capital to affect positive outcomes across a diverse range of areas is well researched, Indigenous disadvantage is well documented and the role of ICT in facilitating social and economic development is well established, although little is known about the ICT social capital nexus in an Indigenous context. The paper commences with a review of the social capital literature. A description of the methodology employed in the data collection phase of the project is followed by the case study. The paper concludes with a summary of the findings and recommendations for further research.
The Indigenous Healing Tradition in Calabria, Italy
Stanley K rippner,Ashwin Budden,Roberto Gallante,Michael Bova
International Journal of Transpersonal Studies , 2011,
Abstract: In 2003, the four of us spent several weeks in Calabria, Italy. We interviewed local people about folk healing remedies, attended a Feast Day honoring St. Cosma and St. Damian, and paid two visitsto the Shrine of Madonna dello Scoglio, where we interviewed its founder, Fratel Cosimo. In this essay, we have provided our impressions of Calabria and the ways in which its native people havedeveloped indigenous practices and beliefs around medicine and healing. Although it is one of the poorest areas in Italy, Calabria is one of the richest in its folk traditions and alternative modes ofhealing. Combining personal experiences and theoretical knowledge, this paper aims at illuminating how these practices, though indigenous and primal, still continue to serve a meaningful and powerful purpose for the inhabitants of Calabria.
Is the indigenous school gendered? Investigation about the life of Xakriabá women and female teachers
Isis Aline Vale Teixeira
Práxis Educativa , 2012,
Abstract: The schooling and literacy process among the indigenous people Xakriabá in the northern region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is analyzed through the gender perspective. Statistical data on the indigenous school of the Xakriabá people and brief descriptions of their daily life are forwarded. Investigation demonstrates that, although the Xakriabá indigene school and the Brazilian non-indigene school converge with regard to better schooling progress in women and to the feminization of the professorship (although not in hierarchical commanding posts), different meanings exist within the schooling process and literacy. In fact, they were installed within contexts with specific social, cultural and economical dynamics.
Ethnic Minorities and Social Inequities: A Diagnostic Assessment about the Mexican Indigenous Population  [PDF]
Susana Carolina Guzmán-Rosas
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.38002
Abstract: This paper analyzes the social inequities lived by the Mexican indigenous population beginning from its condition as a minority group, focusing particularly on the case of health, it being understood that it reflects the conditions that are in other spheres of the social structure. As such, with a design of quantitative nature and an explorative scope, during the period of November 2012 through October 2013, a diagnostic assessment was conducted on the situation experienced by the Mexican indigenous population, utilizing a methodology of ethnic focus proposed by the Pan American Health Organization, finding that such group presents notable disadvantages and inequities in the distinct main topics that are integrated in the analysis, which contrasts it with the recorded data of the non-indigenous population of the country. The previously stated allows confirming that in Mexico the ethnic origin factor is a determining aspect for the living social inequities and affects the conformation of the minority groups.
Considerations about the Polyssemy of Meanings in a Daily Newspaper: a essay about the press
Bonetti, Alexandre
Athenea Digital , 2008,
Abstract: Are the mass media ideologically dominant, or is their unfettered polysemy a constructive force in modern society? From the perspective of Constructivist Social Psychology we argue that the daily newspaper is a mosaic in which promotes multiple dialogues about, and representations of, the news. A newspaper is dialogic in three senses: it is a sounding-board for multiple voices, from various sources and with correspondingly various positions on the news; it is a social actor, with its own voice and position about what it reports; and it is a forum for dialogue with readers, who are active co-authors of the stories that they read. In other words, the newspaper is a channel for the expression of the hegemonic struggles of a given place and time.
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