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Sexual assault against women at Osogbo Southwestern Nigeria
NA Adeleke, AS Olowookere, MB Hassan, JO Komolafe, EO Asekun-Olarinmoye
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Sexual assault against women is common all over the world. However, reliable data on the subject in developing countries including Nigeria is not available. Objective: To review the patterns of sexual violence against women treated at the hospital over a 7 year period. Materials and Methods: Review of hospital records of victims of sexual assault who presented at the hospital from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2009. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi squire test. Results: Sexual assault cases constituted 2.1% of female consultation outside pregnancy during the period under study while proportion of cases increased over the years under review. Mean age of the victims was 15.8 (SD 8.1) years ranging from 5 to 48 years. Most (73.7%) were less than 18 years while 93.2% were single (never married). About 81% of the victims less than 18 years were sexually abused in the day time. Majority (79.6%) knew their assailant. About 40% of the victims presented within 24 h of sexual abuse but none had postexposure prophylaxis. Conclusion: Sexual assault among women is an important health problem in this environment. There is need for hospital based management protocol.
Geoelectric Evaluation of Groundwater Potential and Vulnerability of Overburden Aquifers at Onibu-Eja Active Open Dumpsite, Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Nicholas U. Ugwu, Rubeni T. Ranganai, Rapelang E. Simon, Ghebrebrhan Ogubazghi
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.83026
Abstract: Electrical resistivity method was used to assess groundwater potential and vulnerability of overburden aquifers at Onibu-Eja active open dumpsite, Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria. Eighteen Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) points and five 2-D imaging profiles established in five traverses at the periphery of the dumpsite were surveyed and analysed. The subsurface comprised of thin topsoil (resistivity 65 - 998 Ωm); heterogeneous weathered layer with resistivity 63 - 333 Ωm and thickness 0.7 - 8.5 m; weathered basement (resistivity 31 - 1253 Ωm and thickness 0.7 - 27.0 m) and fractured/fresh basement (resistivity 36 - 6213 Ωm). The 2-D inverse model of the profiles delineated low resistivity values ranging from 5 to 100 Ωm at a depth range of 10 - 20 m along traverses TR1-TR3 which is attributed to leachate percolation close to the dumpsite. The weathered basement was inclined relative to the dumpsite. The total overburden thickness varies from 6.9 to 33.7 m, with 20 and 40 m generally recommended as productive for groundwater abstraction in Southwestern Nigeria occurring in 61% of the area. Further, about 85% of the weathered layer resistivity values fall within medium groundwater potential (100 - 250 Ωm) and high groundwater potential (>250 Ωm). The ranking of groundwater potential as a function of saprolite (weathered basement) resistivity showed that 72% of the study area is characterized by optimum weathering (20 - 100 Ωm) and is classified as good groundwater potential. Fractured basement covered <30% of the study area. The evaluation of aquifer protective capacity has helped to classify the area into moderate, weak and poor protective capacities with moderate protective capacity zone covering 72%.
Bacterial Pathogens and Antibiotic Sensitivity in Neonatal Septicaemia at the Ladoke Akintola University Teaching Hospital, (LTH), Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria
F.F. Fadero,A.O. Aboderin,M.O. Onigbinde,A.K. Ako-Nai
International Journal of Tropical Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to determine the bacterial pathogens responsible for neonatal septicaemia as well as their antibiotic sensitivity patterns at the Ladoke Akintola University Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State of Southwestern Nigeria. In this prospective study, blood culture analysis was carried out in every neonate in the study and when a bacterial organism was cultured, its antibiotic sensitivity to a range of antimicrobial was carried out. Results obtained showed that 32 (52.5%) of the 61 neonates studied had neonatal septicaemia; 11 (34.4%) were born in the hospital maternity while the remaining 21 (65.6%) were referred to the hospital. Early onset neonatal septicaemia occurred in 10 (31.3%) and late onset septicaemia occurred in 22 (68.7%). Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus species were the two organisms isolated in 75% of the neonates; the other organisms being Klebsiella, Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus, Bacillus Species and E. Coli. The antibiotics to which most of the organisms were sensitive were Ciprofloxacin, Ceftriaxone and Ceftazidime. Sensitivity to Ampicillin and Cloxacillin were poor. Deaths occurred in 10 (31.3%) neonates with septicaemia and in 8 (27.6%) non-septicaemic neonates. Suggestions for a reduction in neonatal morbidity and mortality from septicaemia include: Infection surveillance unit in the hospital, running water to enhance aseptic technique in the handling of babies in the maternity and the Special Care Baby Units of the hospital.
Radiometric Survey of River Osun-Osogbo in Osun State of Nigeria
O.O. Alabi,O.O. Adewole
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Survey for radiometric minerals has become important over the last few decades because of the demand for alternative to present common source of energy. Radiometric survey is one of the geophysical techniques in use in exploration for geothermal energy, which is generated mainly from the decay of long-lived radioactive isotopes. Ten fresh rock samples were collected from Osun-Osogbo river. This is to determine their radioactive heat production and the contribution of each radionuclide content. The radiogenic heat production was determined in the laboratory using NaI(Tl) gamma-ray spectrometer. The results shows that the contribution and rate of heat production of 40K, 238U and 232Th in the samples vary significantly with lithology. (rock type) and rock samples OS4 (mica) is associated with high heat production uranium.
Evaluating the pattern of residential quality in Nigeria: The case of Osogbo township  [PDF]
Jiboye David Adesoji
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/fuace1003307j
Abstract: One of the major challenges of housing in Nigeria is how to address existing variations in the pattern of residential quality across different urban areas. Through a survey of 406 housing units selected from three residential areas in Osogbo Township in Nigeria, this study examines and compares the pattern of housing quality. Using descriptive statistics and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), where; F =24.786 and P = 0.00 - significant at 0.05, the study shows that residential quality varies in pattern from one area to another. By comparing the mean differences among the zones, Zones C and A had 6.84, while C and B had 5.298. These values indicate that residential quality of "Zone C" is better relative to those of Zones "B' and "A" in Osogbo. The study concludes that appropriate policy and strategies should be put in place to improve housing quality within different residential areas in Nigeria.
Geochemical Soil Survey for Base and Precious Metals in Dagbala-Atte District, Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Mohammed Olatoye Adepoju
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2019.102009
Abstract: Geochemical survey of residual soils was undertaken in Dagbala-Atte District of Igarra Schist Belt, southwestern Nigeria to explore for base and precious metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Au and Ag). It involved sampling residual soil from 49 sites in a grid pattern; analyzing the soil samples for the base and precious metals and other commonly associated elements including As, Cd, Fe, Hg and Sb; subjecting the geochemical data generated to statistical analysis; and preparing the geochemical distribution map of the district for each element.? On the basis of the multivariate statistical analysis (correlation matrix and factor analysis) of the soil geochemical data, three mineralization types were inferred to be present in the district. The suspected types of mineralization consist of: 1) Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization with associated As, Hg, Sb and Fe; 2) Au-Cu mineralization with associated As; and 3) minor Hg-bearing Au-Pb mineralization. With the aid of the elemental geochemical distribution maps, the suspected mineralization was linked to rock types from which the sampled residual soils were apparently derived. Hence, the suspected Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization is linked to the quartz-biotite schist at the southwestern part of the district while the suspected Au-Cu mineralization is located on the silicified sheared rock at the northern and southern parts and the minor Hg-bearing Au-Pb mineralization within the granitic gneiss at the northeastern and eastern areas of the district. Based on the foregoing findings, it is recommended that lithogeochemical survey for the base and precious metals should be done in the area.
A Population Based Study on the Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking and Smokers’ Characteristics at Osogbo, Nigeria
Ebenezer G Adepoju, Samuel A Olowookere, Najemdeen A Adeleke, Olusegun T Afolabi, Folakemi O Olajide and Olufemi O Aluko
Tobacco Use Insights , 2012, DOI: 10.4137/TUI.S10763
Abstract: Background: Cigarette smoking has been linked to several cancers worldwide. The characteristics of smokers have not been well documented among Nigerians. Objective: This study assessed the prevalence and characteristics of cigarette smokers among the residents of Osogbo, in southwestern Nigeria. Method: The study, a population based cross-sectional study of randomly selected consenting adult residents of Osogbo, was conducted in September of 2011. Data was collected using a semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire on cigarette smoking. Results: A total of 759 respondents were interviewed. Mean age was 42.1 ± 12.5 years. There were 364 (48%) males and 395 (52%) females. About 22% had ever smoked while 8.7% were current smokers, smoking an average of 22.9 ± 10.1 cigarettes per day. Males constituted the majority of current smokers. Most smokers (71%) were introduced to smoking by friends and ill health was the most often reported reason for quitting. Conclusion: Cigarette smoking is commonly practiced among males in the studied population and awareness creation and advocacy should be conducted throughout the city in order to inform current smokers about the hazards and cumulative effects inherent in smoking.
Awareness and Attitude of Healthcare Workers to Cosmetic Surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria  [PDF]
Opeyemi Adeniyi Adedeji,Ganiyu Oladiran Oseni,Peter Babatunde Olaitan
Surgery Research and Practice , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/869567
Abstract: This study aimed at understanding the level of awareness and elucidates the attitude and disposition of healthcare workers to cosmetic surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria. A questionnaire-based survey was done at LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, in 2012. Questionnaires were administered to 213 workers and students in the hospital. These were then analysed using SPSS version 16.0 with frequencies, means, and so forth. Respondents were 33 doctors, 32 nurses, 79 medical students, 60 nursing students, 4 administrative staff, 1 pharmacist, and 4 ward maids. There is fair awareness about cosmetic surgery generally with 94.5% and its availability in Nigeria with 67.0%. A fewer proportion of the respondents (44.5%) were aware of the facility for cosmetic surgery in their locality. A large percentage (86.5%) favorably considers facilities outside Nigeria when making choice of facility to have cosmetic surgery done. 85.5% considered the information about cosmetic surgery reliable while 19.0% objected going for cosmetic surgery of their choice even if done free. Only 34.0% consider cosmetic surgery socially acceptable. Although the awareness of health workers about cosmetic surgery is high, their disposition to it is low. There is a need to increase the awareness in order to increase cosmetic surgery practice in Nigeria. 1. Introduction The concern of people about their appearance is gradually on the increase both in the developed and the developing world; thus there is an increase in the number of cosmetic surgeries done annually. In the United States, for instance, 11.7 million cosmetic procedures were performed in 2007, with the vast majority being minimally invasive procedures [1]. Even though the rate of rise is not as high as that in the developing countries, the fact still remains that people are getting more concerned with their appearance especially with the increasing standard of living. In Asia, cosmetic surgery has become an accepted practice, and countries such as China and India have become Asia’s biggest cosmetic surgery market [2]. It may not appear that plastic and reconstructive surgeries in children are of high priority in a country like Uganda. However, plastic surgery cases may constitute up to 20% of the surgical workload of a rural hospital in sub-Saharan Africa [3], and lack of surgical provision commits otherwise healthy individuals to lifelong disfigurement and functional impairment, as well as educational and social exclusion [4]. A number of factors may underscore the increase in the popularity of cosmetic surgery. These include the growing
Developing Small Business Entrepreneurs through Assistance Institutions: The Role of Industrial Development Centre, Osogbo, Nigeria  [cached]
Hassan, Moshood Ayinde,Olaniran, Sunday Olawale
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n2p213
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine how assistance institutions are contributing to the development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria, with special reference to Industrial Development Centre (IDC), Osogbo, Nigeria. Survey research was used in order to carry out the study. Three hundred and forty (340) respondents from university students, trade union congress and private entrepreneurs in Nigeria were sampled. Four research questions were generated from the literature review, questionnaire on developing small business entrepreneurs through assistance institutions, and the responses elicited from respondents were numerically quantified, tabulated and analyzed using the Likert Scale. The analysis showed that assistance institutions in Nigeria, especially IDC, have really contributed immensely to the promotion of small and medium enterprises as well as entrepreneurship development generally. The paper also looked into some problems confronting SMEs in the developing nations like Nigeria. Based on the findings, it is recommended that efforts should be made to commercialize the products of IDC so as to meet the demand of the people, and special fund should be set aside to encourage entrepreneurs who may be financially handicapped after training on SMEs development.
Knowledge and perception of e-health and telemedicine among health professionals in Lautech teaching hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria
O Abodunrin, T Akande
International Journal of Health Research , 2009,
Abstract: Purpose: To assess the knowledge and perception of health professionals in LAUTECH Teaching Hospital (LTH), Osogbo on e-health and telemedicine Methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive survey, 110 different health professionals were selected by proportional multi-stage sampling in LTH, Osogbo using self-administered, semi-structured questionnaire to assess their knowledge and perception of e-health and telemedicine. Results: Only 34.1% had good knowledge of what ehealth and telemedicine entails and only 13% of the respondents have attended any relevant workshop. Respondents’ profession and attendance in workshop affected their knowledge. Although as much as 91.6% were in support of introduction of e-health practice in Nigeria, most of them believed that financial implication, illiteracy and poor infrastructure, such as electric power supply and internet services, could limit its full application. Conclusion: Although the knowledge of the health professionals on e-health and telemedicine was poor, majority of them were in support of the services. There is therefore the need to intensify training workshops for health professionals and improve electricity and Electronic communications.
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