oalib
匹配条件: “” ,找到相关结果约100条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共100条
每页显示
FISCAL COMPETITION AND DIRECT FOREIGN INVESTMENTS: ROMANIA VERSUS POLAND  [PDF]
Vuta Mariana,Lazar Paula,Vuta Mihai
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: The European Economic Community treaty defines indirect taxation common rules taking into consideration their impact upon free merchandise ¢a a ¢s circulation and upon international commercial exchanges. Once the Roma treaty has been signed (1957) the established scope was creating a common market. But, how is it possible to create a common market without any monetary and fiscal instruments? Thus, these instruments have had to be created in order to achieve such an objective. If from the monetary point of view introducing euro as a common currency was a big step ahead, from the fiscal point of view things haven ¢a a ¢t evolved in such an easy manner. Fiscal objectives are achieved only if the national market is running normally and correctly. Indirect taxation is harmonized base upon article 113 from the European Union Treaty, while regarding direct taxation legal recommendations and regulations approval we can ¢a a ¢t talk about harmonization but about fiscal competition. We are stating this because there are 27 states in the European Union and each one is sustaining its own direct taxation system. Furthermore, the taxation system (fiscal system) is influencing member states economical performances through economies, investments and human capital formation by affecting the revenue ¢a a ¢s distribution, research and development expenses level and type and by fiscal competition ¢a a€ an effect more and more profound. In this context we aim at analyzing the way fiscal competition had had a positive impact upon attracting foreign direct investments in Romania and Poland. We also aim at underlining positive and negative points for fiscal competition taking into consideration that not only a decrease in micro or macro-economic fiscal burden will have a positive impact upon investments in-flows and there are other factors to be taken into consideration, like: infrastructure, labor expenses, research and development expenses, internet access, etc. The research is mainly based upon a synthesis of the reached area in the special literature. The study continues a fundamental research using deductive and inductive research mechanism in order to delimit the used concepts.
Foreign Direct Investments As A Factor For Economic Growth In Romania
Piotr MISZTAL
Review of Economic and Business Studies (REBS) , 2010,
Abstract: The main aim of the article is to present the influence of foreign direct investments (FDI) on the economic growth in Romania between 2000 and 2009. The article consists of two parts. The first part presents a theoretical analysis of the FDI-led growth hypothesis. This part overviews empirical research, while the next one analyses the importance of foreign direct investments for economic growth in Romania using the Vector Autoregression Model (VAR). The elasticity coefficients of gross domestic product (GDP) to changes in gross fixed capital formation, employment, exports of goods and services, and foreign direct investments in Romania are estimated on the basis of impulse response function. Finally, the author offers a decomposition of the gross domestic product variance to assess the degree of GDP determination by changes in gross fixed capital formation, employment, exports of goods and services, and foreign direct investments in Romania.
THE DYNAMICS OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN ROMANIA AFTER EU ACCESSION  [PDF]
Nicoleta Rusu
CES Working Papers , 2010,
Abstract: Identification of potential investment of the countries in the current context is one of the main important problem of the world economy because the investments, particularly foreign ones, is considered the key factor for economic growth and development. Foreign direct investments are an alternative source for financing the national economy, with a tendency in recent years of a positive effect on the Romanian economy. This paperwork highlights the role of foreign direct investment in Romania's economical growth potential, with major impact on employment, on the economic modernization, technology transfer and on the living standards. At the same time the article analyzed and highlights the contains of the current trend of foreign direct investments, structure and dynamics after Romania joined the European Union and their geographical distribution on the main development regions.
THE MAIN FEATURES OF THE FLOWS OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Elena Chiril?-Donciu
CES Working Papers , 2012,
Abstract: A distinctive characteristic of The Global Economy over the last few decades has been the rising rate and the impressive increase in the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI globally). Due to the potential role that foreign direct investments may play in accelerating the growth rate and re-shaping the economy, many developing countries are seeking such types of investments that can multiply the efforts being made towards the growth of their economy. The purpose of this research is to analyze the flows of foreign direct investments in Romania between 2003 and 2010. The results of the research highlight the negative balance between the trade balance and the enterprises with FDI in 2007-2010, due to the financial crisis, to the fragile budget balance, due to the low competitiveness of the imports, the low quality of the Romanian products and the macroeconomic risk determined by the rate of inflation, the unemployment and the instability in the exchange rate.
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA
CLAUDIA POPESCU
Revue Roumaine de Géographie , 2012,
Abstract: After the year 2000, as business was improving and the flat tax was introduced, the positive perception of Romania by partners has attracted major capital flows in the national economy. Although industry is unanimously considered to be a major source of economic and social imbalance, yet in time it has proved to be by far more attractive to foreign investors than agriculture and tourism, which have a remarkable potential in this country. Major foreign investments are located in the main urban centres, because they are more easily accessible and more open to establishing relations and have a more dynamic economic milieu. Bucharest continues to hold a dominant position, either by hosting foreign companies, or simply their headquarters. Next come the regional capitals, basically cities with more than 300,000 inhabitants, with a large sphere of influence and capacity of coordinating the regional economic space. Moreover, present evolutions have shown that Romania is likely to loose its cheap labour advantage, a situation that makes its further attractiveness for international investment flows really questionable
THE DIMENSION OF THE DETERMINATION OF THE RISK OF THE DIRECT FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Halmi Mirela,,Neagu Olimpia
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: It was marked out that the investors should be prepared for permanent changes of the forms in which the risk can manifest itself from the evolution of market economy grounded in the industrialized countries: operational, financial, strategic risks are also added to the traditional exposition to chance, caused by a series of factors, as legislation modifications, certain standards and European codes, the risks imposed by the evolution of the new economy, pressures that emerge in the personnel policy domain, the new needs for technical equipment, the costs efficiency, the spontaneous (unexpected, unplanned) economical events. It is interesting to analyze in what measure one can talk about the risk management in the strategies to attract the foreign investors in this context. This supposes an additional effort of the authorities to identify and subsequently eradicate the risk that could emerge in the case of some direct foreign investments in Romania.
The impact of minimum wage on employment in Poland  [PDF]
Aleksandra Majchrowska,Zbigniew Zó?kiewski
Investigaciones Regionales , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to verify the hypothesis that minimum wage might have negative impact on employment in Poland, at least for some workers groups and regions. After having reviewed theoretical literature on minimum wage and having discussed stylized facts on labour market in Poland, the authors define econometric model to check the impact of minimum wage on employment in Poland and then discuss the results. The main conclusions of the study may be summarized as follows: i) minimum wage has had an adverse impact on employment in 1999-2010; ii) the adverse effect of minimum wage on employment has been pronounced for the young workers during the period of substantial increase of the minimum wage (2005-2010), and iii) there is some evidence that a uniform national minimum wage may be particularly harmful to employment in poorest regions.
EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL TRENDS IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Constantin CIUTACU,Luminita CHIVU,John HURLEY
Revista Romana de Economie , 2007,
Abstract: This paper deals with demographic trends in Romania and their influence on the labour market. In this context, unemployment and emigration are factors that play a significant role in the economy. The decline in employment weakens the social security system as employers and employees have to pay greater contributions. Also, the diminution in workforce and in the number of people in paid employment and the shortage of professionals working in specialized fields of health and education are issues requiring urgent clarification.
THE ROLE OF FLEXIBLE FORMS OF EMPLOYMENT IN POLAND
IZABELA BEDNARSKA-WNUK
Ad Alta : Journal of Interdisciplinary Research , 2011,
Abstract: Modern organizations are increasingly eager to hire workers on the basis offlexible forms of employment. For the past few years Poland has also noticed increasein the share of temporary workers in the general structure of employment inorganizations that increasingly use these solutions within the personnel function. Thisarticle aims to present the flexible forms of employment as a modern trend in thelabour market based on the Polish example. In addition, it presents opportunities andrisks of flexible forms of work from the perspective of the employee and theorganization.
INVESTMENTS AND ECONOMIC RECOVERY  [PDF]
ADELA BREUER,N?T?LI?A-MIHAELA LESCONI-FRUMU?ANU,JEANINA BILIANACIUREA
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2010,
Abstract: The present paper approaches the notion of investment in order to demonstrate the necessity and importance of investments in an economy of transition, as it is the case in Romania and in a period of crisis, as it is the case of the current global economy. Through the evolution of investments in Romania and at the level of EU in the last years, we demonstrate that a high level of investments leads to economic prosperity, generally, in Romania the foreign investments having the effect of economic recovery. The performed research brought us definite arguments for the stimulation of foreign investments which would lead to the reduction of unemployment, inflation, to the increase of the products and services quality, i.e. of economy.
第1页/共100条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.