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Kaleidoscope: 4th Postgraduate Symposium Abstracts, University of Cambridge  [cached]
Editorial Board
Educate~ , 2007,
Abstract: In this file are the complete set of abstracts from the Kaleidoscope: 4th Postgraduate Symposium, University of Cambridge, 2007.
Kaleidoscope: 3rd Postgraduate Symposium Abstracts  [cached]
Editorial Board
Educate~ , 2006,
Abstract: These are the abstracts for which copyright permissions were supplied by authors.
The Stance Study of Evaluative That Clauses in English Abstracts of Chinese Master Theses
Yu Wang,Hongjun Chen
International Journal of English Linguistics , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijel.v2n5p11
Abstract: Employing the model of evaluative that-clause classification by Hyland and Tse (2005), this paper conducts a contrastive study of evaluative that-clauses and its stance functions between Chinese master theses and journal articles. The frequencies, evaluative entities, stance, stance resources, and expressions were explored in two corpora of 320 abstracts from master theses and published research articles. Analysis results show similarities and significant difference between Chinese postgraduate writers and experienced writers. Statistics indicate that Chinese postgraduate writers tend to write with more attitude stance and general writing characteristics. The poor stance constructions of Chinese postgraduate writers are attributed primarily to insufficient consciousness of the linguistic convention of “target community”.
Native and Non-Native Writers’ Use of Stance Adverbs in English Research Article Abstracts  [PDF]
Hamide ?ak?r
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2016.62008
Abstract: Stance in scientific writing has been a major focus of attention. However, studies on stance in the research article abstracts have been relatively scarce in Turkey compared to those in other academic prose. Abstracts contain various sections in which information on the purpose, method, results, and conclusions of the study is presented to promote the study and to attract readers’ attention. In this respect, the abstract foregrounds the main findings and serves a promotional purpose (Hyland & Tse, 2005). By comparing abstracts written by Turkish and native writers of English, this paper tries to explore how academic writers from different scientific communities construct author’s stance in research article abstracts. In particular, the present study attempts to analyze lexico-grammatical features in research article abstracts focusing specifically on stance adverbs. Stance adverbs (clearly, probably, apparently) present the attitude or assessment of the speaker/writer with respect to the proposition (Biber, 2006). The corpus consists of 240 abstracts from the disciplines of sociology, psychology, linguistics, physics, chemistry and biology. The results revealed significant differences in the total number of stance adverbs. Native writers of English employed more stance adverbs in their abstracts than Turkish writers. Differences were also found of stance adverbs in soft and hard sciences. Academic writers in the soft sciences used more stance adverbs in their abstracts. Considering variations in scientific discourse across cultures and disciplines, the results of the study may have some pedagogical implications for academic writing courses.
Metadiscourse: Definitions, Issues and Its Implications for English Teachers  [cached]
Mohammad Amiryousefi,Abbass Eslami Rasekh
English Language Teaching , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v3n4p159
Abstract: Metadiscourse is a new and interesting field of inquiry which is believed to play a vital role in organizing and producing persuasive writing, based on the norms and expectations of people involved. Metadiscourse embodies the idea that writing and speaking are more than just the communication of ideas and presentation of ideational meaning. Rather they are considered as social acts which involve writers, readers, speakers and listeners to interact with each other to affect the ways ideas are presented and understood. Metadiscourse is, therefore, believed to be an important feature of communication because we need to asses the readers’ or listeners’ resources for understanding the text and their likely responses to it in order to be able to write or to speak effectively. This article intends to study first, the definitions and issues of metadiscourse and then to introduce different metadiscourse signals and categorizations and examine the factors affecting their use, and finally to discuss metadiscourse in the classroom to demonstrate its values and implications for English teachers.
An audit of the informed consent process in postgraduate dissertation studies at the College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya
MCA Wagoro, KM Bhatt
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Informed consent ensures respect for individual autonomy and safeguards against abuses of human participants. However, the high prevalence of poverty, inaccessibility of healthcare services, diseases, social insecurity and low literacy in developing countries such as Kenya increases participants’ vulnerability to research exploitation and abuse. Biomedical and behavioural studies conducted on the vulnerable population in Kenya raise concerns about voluntary participation. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the process of obtaining informed consent by postgraduate students in the College of Health Sciences at the University of Nairobi, Kenya. Method: The study was observational, descriptive and quantitative. A convenience sample of 20 postgraduate students at the data collection stage was selected to participate in the study. Each student was observed during four episodes of administering informed consent, totalling 80 episodes of observed student-subject interaction. Data were collected for a period of 6 weeks by means of an observation checklist and analysed using the SPSS version 14 computer package. Descriptive statistics were used to answer the research questions. Results: The main finding was that performance scores were better on the items that had a positive influence on patient participation than on those that would negatively influence patient participation. Conclusions: The consent form was mainly used for the students’ legal protection and not for the patients’ benefit. Recommendation: A further study on a large sample drawn from all the schools of the college is needed to confirm the practice of obtaining informed consent and compare performance in all the schools.
Indicating Significance of Current Research: Pedagogical Implications of a Genre Analysis for Dissertation Writing
Jason Miin-Hwa Lim
The Open Applied Linguistics Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.2174/1874913500801010046]
Abstract: Effectiveness of supervising undergraduate and postgraduate students in dissertation writing hinges largely on a range of factors comprising not merely a supervisor’s competence in an area of specialisation but also the supervisor’s language awareness required for guiding a candidate through a difficult process of writing the dissertation itself. Using a corpus of management research articles and the methods for analysing the research genre, this paper examines how experienced writers use various rhetorical and linguistic strategies to highlight the significance of their research in the terminal portions of their papers. The findings of this study have important implications for the teaching of English for research purposes (ERP) particularly as they indicate how second language learners may be taught to highlight the strengths of their studies based on the findings reported. I will also discuss the extent to which supervisors and instructors can help students augment the acceptability of a dissertation by developing teaching materials that introduce various schematic and linguistic strategies intended to highlight the strengths of a candidate’s research findings.
Textual metadiscourse in commercial websites
Rafael Alejo González
Ibérica , 2005,
Abstract: Commercial websites do not only have to catch the attention of the web surfer, who in the end can also become a potential customer, they are also engaged in the crucial task of guiding the reader through the complex maze of semiotic systems which constitutes a web page. Successful sites are those giving the reader assistance to be able to find the relevant information he or she is seeking. Although we assume that this navigation aid is not exclusively verbal, the aim of thispaper is to analyse some of the linguistic means by which this navigation is assisted and, more particularly, to explore the presence of textual metadiscourse. After giving a definition of the concept of metadiscourse, we explore the insights that can be gained from the field of usability, within the area of Computer-Human Interaction, which will help us to detect more clearly metadiscursive devices present in commercial websites. Then we categorize the different typesof textual metadiscourse and try to find some distinctive features of their presence in digital metadiscourse. Finally, we extend the classification to a group of devices which is restricted to digital discourse, hypertextual links or nodes. In so far as they help readers to navigate through digital documents, links play an outstanding role in commercial websites and can be classified according to the metadiscoursive function they carry out.
A Comparative Study of the Metadiscourse Analysis in EFL Textbooks in Japan and China  [PDF]
Linfeng Wang
Journal of Textbook Research , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the use of metadiscourse in sev-enth-grade English textbooks in Japan and China in the context of calls for more learner-friendly textbooks. Four textbooks were selected for metadiscourse analysis to determine what kinds of metadiscourse are used to facilitate or affect learner understanding of propositional content. Focusing on metadiscourse’s pedagogical function, Crismore’s (1983) metadiscourse typology for textbooks and other relevant elements were taken into account. The findings imply that although both Japan and China are categorized as EFL countries, their English textbooks display different characteristics in terms of metadiscourse usage, reflecting the different ways in which learning materials are designed and developed. In order to interpret these findings, the impacts of national curricula are discussed.
The Effect of Metadiscourse on EFL Learners’ Listening Comprehension
Seyed Mohammad Reza Heshemi,Hossein Khodabakhshzade,Majid Elahi Shirvan
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2012, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.3.3.452-457
Abstract: This study is an attempt to investigate the effect of metadiscourse on listening comprehension of EFL intermediate and advanced students. 120 students were assigned into four groups of 30. There were two groups of treatment and control both in intermediate and advanced levels. Two versions of monologues with and without discourse markers were given to the control and treatment groups respectively. The result showed a significant difference between groups in advanced and intermediate levels. There was however no significant difference within the intermediate groups. So, a follow up unstructured interview was conducted to find out the possible reason. The result showed that intermediate students were not aware of the role of discourse markers in the monologues. This consciousness raising regarding discourse markers helped the premise of the study and the result of the second administration of the versions of the monologues to the intermediate groups showed a significant difference. The findings of this study clearly display the crucial role of metadiscourse and the degree of consciousness about them across different levels in listening comprehension of EFL students.
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