oalib
匹配条件: “” ,找到相关结果约100条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共100条
每页显示
Congenital hydrocephalus associated with congenital glaucoma and natal teeth  [cached]
Mandal Anil,Hornby Stella,Jones Barry
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2002,
Abstract: We report the first described association of natal teeth with congenital hydrocephalus and congenital glaucoma, anterior segment dysgenesis with nonattachment of the retina. The clinical findings support a diagnosis of Walker-Warburg syndrome. The forkhead 7 transcription factor gene is proposed as a candidate gene for this syndrome.
Congenital bilateral perisylvian syndrome with hydrocephalus
Salih Hattapo?lu,Cihad Hamidi,Cemil G?ya,Mehmet Guli ?etin?akmak
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations , 2012,
Abstract: Congenital bilateral perisylvian syndrome (CBPS), whichis seen by indications of mental retardasyon, epilepsi,speech disorder and pseudobulbar palsy, is a diseasewhich comes up with genetic and non-genetic reasons.Revealing characteristic indications (like polymicrogyria)with MR imaging and clinic indications contributes makingdiagnosis. In present paper, we aimed to present 18month girl case report who diagnosed as CBPS with hydrocephaliindication. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3(4): 552-554Key words: Epilepsy, congenital bilateral perisylviansyndrome, polymicrogyria, hydrocephalus, pseudobulbarpalsy
Down syndrome with congenital hydrocephalus: case report
Forcelini, Cassiano Mateus;Mallmann, Adroaldo Baseggio;Crusius, Paulo Sérgio;Seibert, Cláudio Albano;Crusius, Marcelo Ughini;Zandoná, Denise Isabel;Carazzo, Charles;Crusius, Cassiano Ughini;Goellner, Eduardo;Ragnini, Jean;Manzato, Luciano Bambini;Winkelmann, Gustavo;Lima, Aline Vieira;Bauermann, Manfred Georg;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2006000500031
Abstract: down syndrome is the most frequent genetic cause of mental retardation. although usually presenting dysmorphic features and organ malformations, it is rarely associated with congenital hydrocephalus. the case of male neonate whose hydrocephalus was detected since the pregnancy and was discovered to have the syndrome at birth is reported. chromosomal analysis confirmed the genetic disorder, and hydrocephalus was treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt because of abnormal increase of head circumference. the patient has been accompanied and his development is considered normal when compared to the expected for those affected by the syndrome.
Aqueductal developmental venous anomaly as an unusual cause of congenital hydrocephalus: a case report and review of the literature
David Paulson, Steven W Hwang, William E Whitehead, Daniel J Curry, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-7
Abstract: The patient is a three-day-old, African-American baby girl with a prenatal diagnosis of hydrocephalus. She presented with a full fontanelle, splayed sutures, and macrocephaly. Postnatal magnetic resonance imaging showed triventricular hydrocephalus, suggesting aqueductal stenosis. Examination of the T1-weighted sagittal magnetic resonance imaging enhanced with gadolinium revealed a developmental venous anomaly passing through the orifice of the aqueduct. We treated the patient with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.Ten cases of aqueductal stenosis due to venous lesions have been reported and, although these venous angiomas and developmental venous anomalies are usually considered congenital lesions, all 10 cases became symptomatic as older children and adults. Our case is the first in which aqueductal stenosis caused by a developmental venous anomaly presents as congenital hydrocephalus. We hope adding to the literature will improve understanding of this very uncommon cause of hydrocephalus and, therefore, will aid in treatment.It is common for intraventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow to become obstructed at the aqueduct of Sylvius [1]. The obstruction may be caused by a tumor, congenital etiology, or post-inflammatory gliotic atresia, among other conditions [1-3]. Obstruction by a vascular malformation at the aqueduct is a very rare cause [2,4-7], and aqueductal stenosis attributable to a developmental venous anomaly (DVA) is perhaps the most uncommon [8].Although DVAs are thought of as congenital findings, all 10 previously reported cases became symptomatic as older children or adults. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of symptomatic congenital hydrocephalus from aqueductal obstruction due to a DVA.The patient transferred to our institution was a three-day-old, African-American baby girl with a diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus. Prenatal ultrasonographic screening at 20 weeks was unremarkable. At 37 weeks, the maternal abdominal girth e
Coexistent Hydrocephalus Increases the Risk of Amblyopia in Children with Spinal Dysraphism
Volkan ETUS,Ozgul ALTINTAS,Hande ETUS,Burak CABUK
Journal of Neurological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: PurposeOphthalmic complications are very common in patients with spinal dysraphism. Strabismus or significant refraction errors may constitute a considerable risk for amblyopia in these children.This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of ophthalmic problems in a series of 45 patients consisting of 28 myelomeningocele cases and 17 lipomyelomeningocele cases. It was investigated whether the frequency of ophthalmic complications change according to the type of the spinal dysraphism and to coexisting hydrocephalus. MethodsThe ophthalmological testing and examination protocol included visual acuity measurements, ocular motility and alignment evaluation, cycloplegic retinoscopy and autorefraction, and the examinations of external eye, anterior segment, lens, vitreous cavity and fundus.ResultsThe statistical analysis of our series demonstrated that the risk of amblyopia was significantly higher in patients with myelomeningocele compared to patients having lipomyelomeningocele. Coexistent hydrocephalus was shown to increase the risk of amblyopia in children with spinal dysraphism. Also ophthalmic examinations revealed a higher rate of amblyopia in children who have experienced cerebrospinal fluid shunt revisions for coexisting hydrocephalus. ConclusionsA complete ophthalmic examination should be part of the evaluation of these children to ensure early identification and treatment of ophthalmologic problems.
Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy for Non-Tumor Obstructive Hydrocephalus in Children under Two Years of Age  [PDF]
Aurélien Ndoumbé, Mathieu Motah, Samuel Takongmo
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2015.53017
Abstract: The goal of this work is to report on the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for non-tumor obstructive hydrocephalus in children aged two years and below. In the period between June 2007 and December 2014, we had performed ETV in 30 patients with hydrocephalus from diverse etiologies. Among them were eight children aged two years or below. Clinical, radiological and outcome data of these children were retrospectively reviewed to assess ETV efficiency in this age group. Eight children (6 boys, 2 girls) with age range from 6 to 24 months (mean 12.5 months, median 15 months) suffering from non-tumor obstructive hydrocephalus underwent ETV as primary treatment. Seven patients (87.5%) were under two years and 3 had less than one year of age at the time of surgery. Macro crania, suture diastasis, scalp vein bulging and sunset gaze were the most common findings on physical examination. Computed tomography scanning was done in all patients but none had magnetic resonance imaging. Hydrocephalus was due to primary (congenital) aqueductal stenosis in all cases and was associated with myelomeningocele in one. ETV was successful in 7 (87.50%) cases but failed in one. Operation time varied from 28 to 35 minutes (mean 31.12 minutes, median 31.5 minutes). No intraoperative complication occurred. The child in whom ETV failed had postoperative CSF leak. No death related to procedure occurred. Hospital stay ranged from 2 to 4 days (mean, 2.87 days, median, 3 days). Follow up range was 5.5 to 86 months (0.46 to 7.16 years); mean, 59.14 months (4.92 years); median, 45.75 months (3.81 years).
A Case of Congenital Syndromic Hydrocephalus: A Subtype of ‘Game-Friedman-Paradice Syndrome'  [cached]
Tapan Kumar Jana,Hironmoy Roy,Susmita Giri (Jana)
Oman Medical Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Human hydrocephalus is a disorder of abnormality in CSF flow or resorption, which has been classified in pertinent literature as congenital and acquired. Congenital hydrocephalus can present as an isolated phenomenon which is common; or with associated anomalies affecting other organs, disturbing physiology or presenting as a syndrome. This report describes a case with congenital foetal hydrocephalus, hypoplastic lungs with super-numery lobations and large left lobe of liver compared to right. Thus far, a review of the literature indicates that this case can be postulated as a subtype of Game-Friedman-Paradice syndrome.
Prevalence of congenital hydrocephalus in the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan: A hospital-based study  [PDF]
Hana Dawood Ali Alebous, Abeer Ahmad Hasan
Natural Science (NS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.410104
Abstract: Background: Congenital hydrocephalus, an important cause of neurologic morbidity and mortality in children, is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. It can be caused by abnormal brain development, obstruction of the cerebral aqueduct flow, Chiari malformations, and Dandy-Walker malformation. The prevalence of congenital hydrocephalus is 2.2 to 18 per 10,000 live births. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of congenital hydrocephalus among livebirths in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (HKJ). Methods: Clinical data were collected from medical records of all livebirths with congenital hydrocephalus born at Al Bashir Hospital, Amman/The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in 2004-2005 and 2008-2011. Descriptive analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS 20). Results: The prevalence of hydrocephalus was 0.092% with a relative predominance among males. Conclusion: The study concluded that the prevalence of congenital hydrocephalus is comparable to that of developed countries. The efforts made by the Ministry of Health seem to have paid off. More research on stillbirths is recommended.
Encephalocele and associated skull defects
EO Komolafe, MT Shokunbi, AO Malomo, OM Oluwatosin, AA Adeolu, C Tahir
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: Encephalocele is a common congenital problem in the practice of Neurosurgery worldwide, with varying sizes of the underlying skull defects. This study was carried out to determine the size of the problem; to assess whether the skull defects are being under-managed or not; and also to determine those patients that will benefit from cranioplasty. The case notes of the patients with encephalocele managed over a 5 year period were reviewed and the relevant data obtained. Seventy-six percent of the patients had occipital encephalocele. The average diameter of the skull defect was 1.8cm. Only 2(9.5%) of the patients had cranioplasty. Cosmesis was acceptable to all the patients. No recurrence was noted in the series studied. We therefore concluded that the skull defects are not being under-managed, however large anteriorly based lesions with wide skull defects (i.e >2.5cm) will require cranioplasty.
Non-Tumor Obstructive Hydrocephalus Treated with Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy in Cameroon  [PDF]
Aurélien Ndoumbe, Chantal Simeu, Mathieu Motah
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2015.54022
Abstract: Objective: In Sub-Saharan Africa, shunt dependence is a real threat for patients. For this reason, any method allowing shunt independence such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy should be promoted. The goal of this study was to show the advantages of neuroendoscopy in treating non-tumor obstructive hydrocephalus in Cameroon. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of non-tumor obstructive hydrocephalus treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy in our hospital. Results: Twenty patients (15 males, 5 females) underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy as first choice treatment for non-tumor obstructive hydrocephalus. Their ages ranged from six months to 41 years (mean 11.96 years, median 20.75 years). Fourteen patients (70%) were children (≤18 years old), 6 were adults, 7 were under age of two years and 3 were below one. Computed tomography scan was the radiological tool used in all cases. None did a magnetic resonance imaging scan. Etiology of hydrocephalus was aqueductal stenosis in 18 cases and stenosis of the foramina of Luschka & Magendie in two. Aqueductal stenosis was associated with myelomeningocele in one case and shunt failure in another one. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy was successful in alleviating clinical symptoms with shunt independence in 19 cases (95%), but failed in one case. ETV success was not related to patient age. Cerebrospinal fluid leak occurred in two patients as post-operative complication (10%). Overall, ETV diminished treatment cost by 600 USD. Conclusion: Even in areas with limited medical equipment like in Sub-Saharan Africa where shunt dependence is a real danger, ETV can be routinely used to successfully treat non-tumor obstructive hydrocephalus.
第1页/共100条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.