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Relative prevalence of opium abuse and symptoms of opium withdrawal in women with addicted husbands who came for treatment  [cached]
Shafiei Katayoun,Salehy Mehrdad,Aslany Ali
Annals of General Psychiatry , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1744-859x-5-s1-s134
Women who were burned by their husbands or partners
Diniz, Normélia Maria Freire;Lopes, Regina Lúcia Mendon?a;Rodrigues, Adriana Diniz;Freitas, Daniela Santos de;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002007000300013
Abstract: objective: to analyze the affect of domestic violence among women who were burned by their husbands or partners. methods: a quantitative descriptive and exploratory study was used. the sample consisted of 35 young black women who had elementary or high school education. results: domestic violence causes women to become sick, which leads to major psychological problems, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicidal ideation. care of these women was focused on their physical injuries. conclusions: there is a need to enforce public policies regarding domestic violence, and to train health care providers to recognize and provide quality care to victim of domestic violence, which include psychological effects.
Power, Motivation and Females Aggression, a Qualitative Study
Ali Edalati,Ma`rof Redzuan
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2010.144.148
Abstract: This study examines qualitatively the motivation of women about power and effect on female s aggression. The research studied ten women, who were already registered in counselling clinics, whom suffered from aggression (physical and psychological). The results revealed that the females have pointed out they do not want to have dominance on their husbands but they were looking for equality in their relationship. Female aggression was a part of the partners attempt for power.
Aggression in children
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2003,
Abstract: Links between violence, aggression, and mental illness are well documented. Despite this association, our current understanding of the factors for and optimal treatment of aggression remains limited. This lack of knowledge is alarming because nurses, particularly pediatric nurses who treat aggressive children, are frequent targets of patient aggression. Consequently, the aim of this article is to provide information regarding the concept of aggression in child patients, assessment of violent behavior, implementation of interventional treatment and a review of medical, psychological and social strategies which assist in the understanding of aggression and its clinical intervention. However, the etiology of aggression for the most part still remains a mystery.
Stable husbands  [PDF]
Donald E. Knuth,Rajeev Motwani,Boris Pittel
Mathematics , 1990,
Abstract: Suppose $n$ boys and $n$ girls rank each other at random. We show that any particular girl has at least $({1\over 2}-\epsilon) \ln n$ and at most $(1+\epsilon)\ln n$ different husbands in the set of all Gale/Shapley stable matchings defined by these rankings, with probability approaching 1 as $n \to \infty$, if $\epsilon$ is any positive constant. The proof emphasizes general methods that appear to be useful for the analysis of many other combinatorial algorithms.
Is Bladder Cancer More Common among Opium Addicts?  [cached]
Majid Aliasgari,Ali Kaviani,Latif Gachkar,Seyedreza Hosseini-Nassab
Urology Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Purpose: Many environmental and occupational risk factors have been proposed for bladder cancer, among which opium consumption has been considered in few studies. We designed a study to determine the relationship between opium consumption and bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective, case-control study, male patients with bladder cancer, who had been referred to our hospital in a three-year period, were selected. Data regarding age, gender, smoking, and opium consumption were collected from patients’ records and compared with data of a control group, consisting of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Results: Fifty-two male patients with bladder tumor (group 1) were compared with 108 patients with BPH (group2). Of the patients with bladder cancer, 36 (68%) were smokers, of whom 12 were also opium addicts. In general, 13 (25.5%) patients were opium consumers (one opium consumer was not smoker). From 108 patients with BPH, 25 (23%) were smokers, of whom, 5 were also opium addicts. Mean duration of cigarette smoking was 31 ± 13.6 and 20.2 ± 14.7 years in patients with bladder cancer and BPH, respectively. The duration of opium consumption was 11.9 ± 1.4 and 6.2 ± 1.3 years in groups 1 and 2, respectively. The duration of cigarette smoking and opium consumption in group 1 was greater than that in group 2. In addition, smoking increases the risk of bladder cancer 3.8-fold (OR = 8.3, 95% CI = 1.8 - 7.8). Simultaneous cigarette smoking and opium consumption increases the risk of bladder cancer 6.2-fold (OR = 6.2, 95% CI = 2.04 - 18.7). Conclusion: There are few studies regarding the carcinogenic effect of opium on bladder. We demonstrated that, the incidence of bladder cancer in smokers, who are simultaneously opium consumers, was higher than in patients who were only smokers. Simultaneous opium addiction and cigarette smoking may have some roles in the pathogenesis of bladder tumor. However, further studies with large sample sizes are warranted.
Lipid Profile Comparison between Opium Addicts and Non-Addicts
Seyedeh Seddigheh Fatemi,Mehdi Hasanzadeh,Arman Arghami,Mohammad Reza Sargolzaee
Journal of Tehran University Heart Center , 2008,
Abstract: Background: This study was done to test the notion that opium can reduce serum lipids and decrease the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in opium addicts; we made a comparison between the lipid profiles of opium addicts and non-addicts. Methods: In this study, we compared 100 male opium addicts (according to the ICD-10 criteria) who had referred to addiction treatment centers with 75 healthy male non-addicts. The subjects filled out our research questionnaire and had their fasting serum lipid profile (total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein, and triglyceride) evaluated. Results: Among those with a body mass index (BMI) between 18 and 25, the total cholesterol level in the opium addicts was less than that in the control group; there was, however, no difference in terms of LDL, HDL, and TG between the case and control groups. There was a significant difference in BMI between the two groups, which requires further studies to investigate the reason. Conclusion: Opium does not seem to have any impact on triglyceride, low density lipoprotein, and high density lipoprotein. Despite the lower total cholesterol levels in opium addicts (as a known side effect of opium on different body systems), it is not advisable that opium and its extracts be recommended to decrease the risk of IHD.
Opium-Induced Rhabdomyolysis and Acute Renal Failure in a Patient Taking Opium Habitually: a Case Report  [cached]
Funda Sar?,Metin Sar?kaya,Ramazan ?etinkaya,Ay?e Jini Güne?
Erciyes Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: A 60-year-old male hypertensive and diabetic patient who took opium habitually for six months was sent to our hospital from a private hospital because of muscle weakness, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. The laboratory tests revealed high serum creatine kinase, creatinine, myoglobin and lactate dehydrogenase. Intravenous hydration, bicarbonate and mannitol treatment were applied. During the follow-up period, the serum creatine kinase level and renal function tests gradually normalized. Although acute opiate drug intoxication can cause rhabdomyolysis, one of the causes of rhabdomyolysis is taking opium habitually. Here, we report a patient who presented with rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure while using opium regularly. Physicians should keep in mind that habitual opium use can cause rhabdomyolysis and associated acute renal failure.
A. Nourbakhsh,M. G. Mohseni Z. N. Hatmi
Acta Medica Iranica , 2006,
Abstract: Opium use is one of the most common forms of substance abuse in Iran and there are some evidence indicating it is a risk factor of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder. The majority of opium users are also cigarette smokers, so consideration of the high prevalence of smoking which is the most important risk factor of TCC of the urinary bladder among opium users is essential to assess the role of opium use as a possible risk factor of TCC. This study was done to evaluate the role of opium as a risk factor of TCC. A case-control study was performed on 255 individuals diagnosed with TCC of the urinary bladder by pathologic light microscopic examination of the tumor biopsies. Control population was chosen from individuals who had no history or presenting signs or symptoms of urinary problems. Case and control groups were matched by sex and age and also by cigarette smoking habits. Forty-one (18.1%) of the cases and 12 (5%) of controls were recognized to be opium users. Mantel-Haenszel analysis showed an odds ratio of 3.88, with 95% confidence interval of 1.99-7.57 and P value of < 0.001. Results indicate that opium use is a risk factor for TCC. The majority of opium users are also cigarette smokers, which is another important risk factor for TCC. Routine urine cytology and early evaluation in the patients presenting with any of the symptoms of urinary bladder malignancy by means of cystoscopy and urine cytology are highly recommended.
Aggression in Intimate Relationships: An Examination of Female Dominance and Aggression  [cached]
Ali Edalati,Ma’rof Redzuan
Asian Social Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v6n2p83
Abstract: Several researches have shown that both men and women involve in intimate partner aggression within their relationship. In relation to this, this study attempts to examine the relationship between female’s dominance (disparagement, restrictiveness, and authority), and their aggression (physical and psychological). The study employed survey design. It was carried out among a sample of 337 married women (wives) in Shiraz City, Iran, who were identified as engaging physical and psychological aggressions. Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) was employed to measure aggression; meanwhile dominance was measured using Hamby Dominance Scale (HDS). The study employed correlations test to determine the relationships between variables, and Regression Analysis was used to identify the factors that contribute aggressions. The study found that there were positive significant relationships between dominance (disparagement and restrictiveness) and female physical aggression. There were also positive significant relationships between dominance (disparagement, restrictiveness and authority) and psychological aggressions. The result of Regression Analysis showed that the selected factors contributed 10.9% in explaining the psychological aggression. However, two predictor variables of authority and disparagement were found to be significant in explaining psychological aggression. These findings imply that dominance is an important variable to be considered in the analysis of intimate partner aggression.
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