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The Complete Gabor-Fisher Classifier for Robust Face Recognition  [cached]
?truc Vitomir,Pave?i? Nikola
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2010,
Abstract: This paper develops a novel face recognition technique called Complete Gabor Fisher Classifier (CGFC). Different from existing techniques that use Gabor filters for deriving the Gabor face representation, the proposed approach does not rely solely on Gabor magnitude information but effectively uses features computed based on Gabor phase information as well. It represents one of the few successful attempts found in the literature of combining Gabor magnitude and phase information for robust face recognition. The novelty of the proposed CGFC technique comes from (1) the introduction of a Gabor phase-based face representation and (2) the combination of the recognition technique using the proposed representation with classical Gabor magnitude-based methods into a unified framework. The proposed face recognition framework is assessed in a series of face verification and identification experiments performed on the XM2VTS, Extended YaleB, FERET, and AR databases. The results of the assessment suggest that the proposed technique clearly outperforms state-of-the-art face recognition techniques from the literature and that its performance is almost unaffected by the presence of partial occlusions of the facial area, changes in facial expression, or severe illumination changes.
The Complete Gabor-Fisher Classifier for Robust Face Recognition  [cached]
Vitomir Štruc,Nikola Pavešić
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/847680
Abstract: This paper develops a novel face recognition technique called Complete Gabor Fisher Classifier (CGFC). Different from existing techniques that use Gabor filters for deriving the Gabor face representation, the proposed approach does not rely solely on Gabor magnitude information but effectively uses features computed based on Gabor phase information as well. It represents one of the few successful attempts found in the literature of combining Gabor magnitude and phase information for robust face recognition. The novelty of the proposed CGFC technique comes from (1) the introduction of a Gabor phase-based face representation and (2) the combination of the recognition technique using the proposed representation with classical Gabor magnitude-based methods into a unified framework. The proposed face recognition framework is assessed in a series of face verification and identification experiments performed on the XM2VTS, Extended YaleB, FERET, and AR databases. The results of the assessment suggest that the proposed technique clearly outperforms state-of-the-art face recognition techniques from the literature and that its performance is almost unaffected by the presence of partial occlusions of the facial area, changes in facial expression, or severe illumination changes.
Face Representation Using Combined Method of Gabor Filters, Wavelet Transformation and DCV and Recognition Using RBF  [PDF]
Kathirvalavakumar Thangairulappan, Jebakumari Beulah Vasanthi Jeyasingh
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2012.44027
Abstract: An efficient face representation is a vital step for a successful face recognition system. Gabor features are known to be effective for face recognition. The Gabor features extracted by Gabor filters have large dimensionality. The feature of wavelet transformation is feature reduction. Hence, the large dimensional Gabor features are reduced by wavelet transformation. The discriminative common vectors are obtained using the within-class scatter matrix method to get a feature representation of face images with enhanced discrimination and are classified using radial basis function network. The proposed system is validated using three face databases such as ORL, The Japanese Female Facial Expression (JAFFE) and Essex Face database. Experimental results show that the proposed method reduces the number of features, minimizes the computational complexity and yielded the better recognition rates.
Robust Facial Expression Recognition via Compressive Sensing  [PDF]
Shiqing Zhang,Xiaoming Zhao,Bicheng Lei
Sensors , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/s120303747
Abstract: Recently, compressive sensing (CS) has attracted increasing attention in the areas of signal processing, computer vision and pattern recognition. In this paper, a new method based on the CS theory is presented for robust facial expression recognition. The CS theory is used to construct a sparse representation classifier (SRC). The effectiveness and robustness of the SRC method is investigated on clean and occluded facial expression images. Three typical facial features, i.e., the raw pixels, Gabor wavelets representation and local binary patterns (LBP), are extracted to evaluate the performance of the SRC method. Compared with the nearest neighbor (NN), linear support vector machines (SVM) and the nearest subspace (NS), experimental results on the popular Cohn-Kanade facial expression database demonstrate that the SRC method obtains better performance and stronger robustness to corruption and occlusion on robust facial expression recognition tasks.
Face Recognition using Principal Component Analysis and Log-Gabor Filters  [PDF]
Vytautas Perlibakas
Computer Science , 2006,
Abstract: In this article we propose a novel face recognition method based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Log-Gabor filters. The main advantages of the proposed method are its simple implementation, training, and very high recognition accuracy. For recognition experiments we used 5151 face images of 1311 persons from different sets of the FERET and AR databases that allow to analyze how recognition accuracy is affected by the change of facial expressions, illumination, and aging. Recognition experiments with the FERET database (containing photographs of 1196 persons) showed that our method can achieve maximal 97-98% first one recognition rate and 0.3-0.4% Equal Error Rate. The experiments also showed that the accuracy of our method is less affected by eye location errors and used image normalization method than of traditional PCA -based recognition method.
Multi-view Face Analysis Based on Gabor Features  [PDF]
Hongli Liu,Weifeng Liu,Yanjiang Wang
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Facial analysis has attracted much attention in the technology for human-machine interface. Different methods of classification based on sparse representation and Gabor kernels have been widely applied in the fields of facial analysis. However, most of these methods treat face from a whole view standpoint. In terms of the importance of different facial views, in this paper, we present multi-view face analysis based on sparse representation and Gabor wavelet coefficients. To evaluate the performance, we conduct face analysis experiments including face recognition (FR) and face expression recognition (FER) on JAFFE database. Experiments are conducted from two parts: (1) Face images are divided into three facial parts which are forehead, eye and mouth. (2) Face images are divided into 8 parts by the orientation of Gabor kernels. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed methods can significantly boost the performance and perform better than the other methods.
Recognition of expression variant faces using masked log-Gabor features and Principal Component Analysis  [PDF]
Vytautas Perlibakas
Computer Science , 2006,
Abstract: In this article we propose a method for the recognition of faces with different facial expressions. For recognition we extract feature vectors by using log-Gabor filters of multiple orientations and scales. Using sliding window algorithm and variances -based masking these features are extracted at image regions that are less affected by the changes of facial expressions. Extracted features are passed to the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) -based recognition method. The results of face recognition experiments using expression variant faces showed that the proposed method could achieve higher recognition accuracy than many other methods. For development and testing we used facial images from the AR and FERET databases. Using facial photographs of more than one thousand persons from the FERET database the proposed method achieved 96.6-98.9% first one recognition rate and 0.2-0.6% Equal Error Rate (EER).
Face Recognition using Gabor Filters
Muhammad SHARIF,Adeel KHALID,Mudassar RAZA,Sajjad MOHSIN
Journal of Applied Computer Science & Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: An Elastic Bunch Graph Map (EBGM) algorithm is being proposed in this research paper that successfully implements face recognition using Gabor filters. The proposed system applies 40 different Gabor filters on an image. As aresult of which 40 images with different angles and orientation are received. Next, maximum intensity points in each filtered image are calculated and mark them as Fiducial points. The system reduces these points in accordance to distance between them. The next step is calculating the distances between the reduced points using distance formula. At last, the distances are compared with database. If match occurs, it means that the image is recognized.
Gabor-based Face Recognition With Illumination Variation Using Subspace-Linear Discriminant Analysis  [cached]
Hendra Kusuma,NFN Wirawan,Adi Soeprijanto
TELKOMNIKA : Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.11591/telkomnika.v10i1.661
Abstract: Although Face recognition has been an active research topic in the past few decades due to its potential applications. Accurate face recognition is still a difficult task, especially in the case that illumination are unconstrained. This paper presents an efficient method for the recognition of faces with different illumination by using Gabor features, which are extracted by using log-Gabor filters of six orientations and four scales. By Using sliding window algorithm, these features are extracted at image block-regions. Extracted features are passed to the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and then to Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). For development and testing we used facial images from the Yale-B databases. The proposed method achieved 86 – 100 % rank 1 recognition rate.
Feature Extraction for Facial Expression Recognition based on Hybrid Face Regions  [cached]
LAJEVARDI, S.M.,HUSSAIN, Z. M.
Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering , 2009,
Abstract: Facial expression recognition has numerous applications, including psychological research, improved human computer interaction, and sign language translation. A novel facial expression recognition system based on hybrid face regions (HFR) is investigated. The expression recognition system is fully automatic, and consists of the following modules: face detection, facial detection, feature extraction, optimal features selection, and classification. The features are extracted from both whole face image and face regions (eyes and mouth) using log Gabor filters. Then, the most discriminate features are selected based on mutual information criteria. The system can automatically recognize six expressions: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise. The selected features are classified using the Naive Bayesian (NB) classifier. The proposed method has been extensively assessed using Cohn-Kanade database and JAFFE database. The experiments have highlighted the efficiency of the proposed HFR method in enhancing the classification rate.
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