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Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus
Cheryl A Lans
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-2-45
Abstract: A non-experimental validation was conducted on the plants used for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus: This is a preliminary step to establish that the plants used are safe or effective, to help direct clinical trials, and to inform Caribbean physicians of the plants' known properties to avoid counter-prescribing.The following plants are used to treat diabetes: Antigonon leptopus, Bidens alba, Bidens pilosa, Bixa orellana, Bontia daphnoides, Carica papaya, Catharanthus roseus, Cocos nucifera, Gomphrena globosa, Laportea aestuans, Momordica charantia, Morus alba, Phyllanthus urinaria and Spiranthes acaulis. Apium graviolens is used as a heart tonic and for low blood pressure. Bixa orellana, Bontia daphnoides, Cuscuta americana and Gomphrena globosa are used for jaundice. The following plants are used for hypertension: Aloe vera, Annona muricata, Artocarpus altilis, Bixa orellana, Bidens alba, Bidens pilosa, Bonta daphnoides, Carica papaya, Cecropia peltata, Citrus paradisi, Cola nitida, Crescentia cujete, Gomphrena globosa, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Kalanchoe pinnata, Morus alba, Nopalea cochinellifera, Ocimum campechianum, Passiflora quadrangularis, Persea americana and Tamarindus indicus.The plants used for kidney problems are Theobroma cacao, Chamaesyce hirta, Flemingia strobilifera, Peperomia rotundifolia, Petiveria alliacea, Nopalea cochinellifera, Apium graveolens, Cynodon dactylon, Eleusine indica, Gomphrena globosa, Pityrogramma calomelanos and Vetiveria zizanioides. Plants are also used for gall stones and for cooling.Chamaesyce hirta, Cissus verticillata, Kalanchoe pinnata, Peperomia spp., Portulaca oleraceae, Scoparia dulcis, and Zea mays have sufficient evidence to support their traditional use for urinary problems, "cooling" and high cholesterol.Eggplant extract as a hypocholesterolemic agent has some support but needs more study. The plants used for hypertension, jaundice and diabetes that may be safe and justify more formal evaluation are Annona squamos
Comparison of plants used for skin and stomach problems in Trinidad and Tobago with Asian ethnomedicine
Cheryl Lans
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-3-3
Abstract: Trinidad and Tobago is one country consisting of two adjacent islands located just northeast of the Venezuelan coast with a combined area of 5070 km2 [1]. The human population of 1.25 million is multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multicultural and increases at 1% annually. In Trinidad, the major population centres are concentrated along the west coast and along an east-west transportation corridor in the north of the island [1].The multi-ethnic population of Trinidad and Tobago is reflected in its folk medicinal use. Previous research has indicated that the folk medicines used by hunters are derived from ancient Amerindian practices [2]. This paper will continue to explore the cultural origins of Caribbean folk medicine by investigating the contribution of the Chinese to Caribbean folk medicine. Chinese medicine has been described as a complex and holistic system of medical practice with its own philosophy, diagnosis, treatment systems and pharmacology which also includes acupuncture, moxibustion and Qi Gong. However in this paper I will focus on 'Ben Cao' (Herbalism) [3].The Chinese were the first Asian immigrants, arriving before the original East Indians who arrived in 1845. Chinese Tartars (192 men and one woman) were brought to Trinidad in the fall of 1806. These men from Macao, Penang and Canton were brought to cultivate tea but most were dissatisfied with local conditions and returned on the same ship [4,5]. The twenty-three who stayed made a living as entrepreneurs (butchers, shopkeepers, carpenters and market gardeners) and creolised (integrated into the local population).Prominent sugarcane planters believed that the emancipation of Caribbean slaves in 1838 would create a labour shortage. In the 1840s, the British "opened" a labor market of displaced or impoverished peasantry in southern China to fill this shortage and 2,500 mainly-male Chinese were brought legitimately to Trinidad as indentured workers, or were 'shanghaied' (abducted by European traders) [
The Way Forward for Deepwater and Ultra Deepwater Drilling in Trinidad and Tobago  [cached]
Jerome Rajnauth
Advances in Petroleum Exploration and Development , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.aped.1925543820120401.735
Abstract: Future deepwater drilling in Trinidad and Tobago will definitely present enormous challenges. During the period 1999 to 2003, eight deepwater wells were drilled in deepwater acreage. None of these wells found hydrocarbon in economic quantities although abundant reserves have been found in the shelf area (<1000 meters water depth). The data from these wells would be useful for further deepwater and ultra deepwater drilling in Trinidad. To date, no wells have been drilled in our ultra deepwater acreage but seismic acquisition and processing has been undertaken. Thus lessons learned from the first deepwater campaign will definitely propel the way forward for further exploration works in deeper waters. We have to adapt our operations to accommodate the problems associated with our first phase of deepwater drilling in our area.This paper will look at the approaches we should adapt in the next phase of deepwater drilling. Some of these issues include rig selection, well location, well design and planning, environmental studies (wind, wave, climate etc.) and shallow hazard assessment. The key learnings from previous deepwater drilling events are useful in future operation in Trinidad and Tobago. Key words: Deepwater drilling; Trinidad and Tobago
Crime in Trinidad and Tobago: the effect of alcohol use and unemployment
Maharajh,Hari D.; Ali,Akleema;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892004000600007
Abstract: objective: the purpose of this study was to determine whether unemployment and alcohol consumption were associated with different types of crime in trinidad and tobago. methods: this study made use of secondary data from the central statistical office of trinidad and tobago for the period 1990-1997. pearson product moment correlations and stepwise multiple regression analysis were used to identify significant predictors of crime. results: unemployment accounted for 69.2% of the variance for serious crimes. beer available for home consumption explained 64% of the variance for minor offenses, and both unemployment and beer available for home consumption accounted for 92.2% of the variance for minor crimes. conclusions: this study provides information that is potentially useful for developing public policies for unemployment and for the sale of beer for home consumption, both of which are associated with crime in trinidad and tobago. reductions in beer available for home consumption-a major public health concern-would significantly reduce the occurrence of minor offenses in this country. further research is needed on the relationship between unemployment and crime.
CIT in developing countries: The case of Trinidad and Tobago  [PDF]
Baji?-Brkovi? Milica
Spatium , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/spat0512032b
Abstract: Trinidad and Tobago is faced with the challenge of developing strategies to integrate successfully in the new knowledge economy. Many governmental actions towards "wiring" the nation are currently taking place. Creation of the "intelligent nation" is among country's national development objectives. Vis-a-vis plans yet to be designed and implemented over the next ten years there is a reality of the www option that has gained a momentum, and is already playing an important role in Trinidad and Tobago. While during the first years the www has been accepted as a medium for communicating and sharing information, today it has moved onto the next generation transforming into the development supporting tool. The experience of Trinidad and Tobago in using the CIT-based alternative is the focus of this paper. It explores the state of the art in the field, and discusses the way the alternative has been utilized so far in the country's development and management practice. It also identifies the potentials for further development, and suggests a number of proposals for future strategies and actions.
Contesting the Past: Narratives of Trinidad & Tobago history
Bridget Brereton
New West Indian Guide , 2008,
Abstract: Discusses the national narratives developed historically in Trinidad and Tobago. Author describes how the past has been interpreted differently, for different purposes, and by different ethnic groups. She first pays attention to 2 hegemonic historical narratives during the colonial era: the British imperial historical narrative and the French Creole one, associated with political and/or planter elites. Next, she discusses how since the mid-20th c. the anticolonial, nationalist movement responded to this, including academics, resulting in the Eric Williams-led Afro-Creole narrative, dominant in the decades since the 1961 independence, connecting Trinidad as a nation with African-descended Creoles. Further, she highlights challenges to the dominant Afro-Creole narrative, mainly since the 1970s, emerging partly in the domain of "public history", and mostly ethnicity-based. She discusses the politics of (Amerindian) indigeneity in Trinidad, the Tobago narrative, related to its distinct history, the Afrocentric narrative, and the Indocentric narrative, the latter including a more recent extreme Hinducentric narrative. Author points out that the Afro-Creole master narrative, and subsequent (ethnic) counternarratives eclipsed (at least academically) increasing class-based, or gendered historical narratives.
The buffalypso: the water buffalo of Trinidad and Tobago  [cached]
S. P. Bennet,G. W. Garcia,P. Lampkin
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2007.s2.179
Abstract: E.E. Mac Lachlan, M.R.C.V.S. in 1952 brought to the attention of the Trinidad Veterinarians that the Water Buffalo was an important animal for the Caribbean and the hot humid Tropics. In 1949 Dr Steve Bennett, DVM, Colorado, began with Mr. T. Hume Porteous the development of the Buffalypso breed for beef production in Trinidad at the Caroni Limited Sugar Company. The paper describes the development of the Buffalypso [Buffalo from Trinidad the land of the Calypso- Buffa-lypso] and highlights its traits.
Smoking at home is strongly associated with symptoms of asthma and rhinitis in children of primary school age in Trinidad and Tobago
Monteil,Michele A.; Joseph,Gina; Chang Kit,Catherine; Wheeler,Gillian; Antoine,Robin M.;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892004000900006
Abstract: objective: to compare, in the twin-island republic of trinidad and tobago, the prevalence of symptoms of asthma and rhinitis among children of primary school age who are exposed to household environmental tobacco smoke with the prevalence of these symptoms in their colleagues without this exposure. methods: between september and december 2002, questionnaires based on the instrument developed for the international study of asthma and allergies in childhood (isaac) were distributed, via the children in their schools, to parents of 6 611 year 2 pupils (typically 6 years old) or year 3 pupils (typically 7 years old) in 106 randomly selected schools in trinidad and tobago (5 511 pupils on trinidad and 1 100 pupils on tobago). we added to the standard isaac questionnaires two questions, one on household smoking and one on the ethnicity of the children. results: a total of 3 170 completed questionnaires were suitable for further analysis (2 618 from trinidad and 552 from tobago). on trinidad 782 of the children (29.9%) lived in homes where one or both parents smoked, and 513 (19.6%) had other relatives in the household who smoked. on tobago 94 of the pupils (17.0%) had parents who smoked, and 84 (15.4%) came from homes where other residents smoked. parental smoking was significantly associated with wheezing (odds ratio (or): 1.43; 95% confidence interval (ci): 1.11-1.83), exercise-induced wheezing (or: 2.12; 95% ci: 1.59-2.82), nocturnal coughing (or: 1.64; 95% ci: 1.37-1.97), and symptoms of rhinitis (or: 1.35; 95% ci: 1.10-1.65) in the last 12 months as well as a history of hay fever/sinus problems (or: 1.39; 95% ci: 1.11-1.74). smoking in the home by adult residents other than parents was also significantly associated with all of these symptoms as well as a history of asthma (or: 1.49; 95% ci: 1.13-1.97). in terms of ethnic differences, parental smoking was most prevalent in the homes of south asian students, while smoking by other adults in the home occurred most commo
Same-visit HIV testing in Trinidad and Tobago
Violet Duke, Sheila Samiel, David Musa, Cameile Ali, Catherine Chang-Kit, Cynthia Warner
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-185
Abstract: Under the technical guidance of CAREC and CDC, the Ministry organized a technical working group which included representatives from key national HIV program services and technical assistance partners. This working group reviewed internationally-recognized best practices for HIV rapid testing and proposed a program that could be integrated into the national HIV programs of Trinidad and Tobago. The working group wrote a consensus protocol, defined certification criteria, prepared training materials and oversaw implementation of "same-visit" HIV testing at two pilot sites.A Ministry-of-Health-supported program of "same-visit" HIV testing has been established in Trinidad and Tobago. This program provides confidential testing that is independent of laboratory confirmation. The program allows clients who want to know their HIV status to obtain this information during a single-visit to a testing location. Testers who are certified to provide testing on behalf of the Ministry are also counselors. Non-laboratory personnel have been trained to provide HIV testing in non-laboratory locations. The program includes procedures to assure uniform quality of testing across multiple testing sites. Several procedural and training documents were developed during implementation of this program. This report contains links to those documents.The Ministry of Health has implemented a program of "same-visit" HIV testing in Trinidad and Tobago. This program provides clients confidential HIV test reports during a single visit to a testing location. The program is staffed by non-laboratory personnel who are trained to provide both testing and counseling in decentralized (non-laboratory) settings. This approach may serve as a model for other small countries.In 1981, the index case for what is now known as Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was reported [1]. Within a few years, the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) had been identified as the infectious agent that causes AIDS [2]. The la
Use of medicinal plants for diabetes in Trinidad and Tobago
Mahabir,D.; Gulliford,M. C.;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49891997000300002
Abstract: use of herbal remedies from medicinal plants (bush medicines) was studied in 622 people with diabetes mellitus attending 17 government health centers on the island of trinidad, trinidad and tobago. bush medicines were used by 42% of patients surveyed and were used for diabetes by 24%. bush medicine use was more frequent in afro-trinidadians and in those of mixed ethnicity than in indo-trinidadians, and was also more prevalent in those with lower educational attainment. most patients using bush medicines (214/264, or 81%) reported gathering the plants themselves, and 107/264 (41%) took them more frequently than once a week. patients taking bush medicines mentioned 103 different plants used in remedies. among the 12 most frequently mentioned, caraili, aloes, olive-bush, and seed-under-leaf were preferentially used for diabetes. vervine, chandilay, soursop, fever grass, and orange peel were preferentially used for other indications. patients who reported burning or numbness in the feet or feelings of tiredness, weakness, giddiness, or dizziness used bush medicines for diabetes more frequently than did patients who reported a range of other diabetes-related symptoms. insulin-treated patients were less frequent users of bush medicines. it is concluded that bush medicines are taken regularly by many patients with diabetes in trinidad. plants most frequently used as remedies for diabetes have recognized hypoglycemic activity. patients' culture, educational background, type of symptoms, and formal medical treatment may also influence the selection and use of bush medicines.
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