Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Meat Demand Analysis in Umuahia Metropolis Abia State, Nigeria
K.C. Igwe,O.N. Onyekwere
Agricultural Journal , 2013,
Abstract: This study analyzed the demand for meat products using an Almost ideal Demand System (AIDS) model. Data were collected from randomly selected 100 households. Descriptive and inferential statistics as well as regression analysis were used to analyse the data. The findings show that there is a positive and significant relationship between the perception and consumption of meat by the respondents. Beef is consumed across households on a daily bases in Umuahia as 67% consume it 3-times per day. Age and income levels of respondents have significant effect on meat products consumption. There is also a significant effect between variation in prices and expenditure on meat products. The elasticities also imply that chicken is a luxury good and beef, mutton, pork and dog are normal goods for Umuahia households. With the exception of beef and dog price elasticities, the majority of the price elasticities exhibit the expected signs and magnitudes. This indicates that the demand for meat in Umuahia is very price elastic.
Occurrence of Salmonella sp. in Slaughtered Healthy Swine and Abattoir Environment of Umuahia , Abia State Nigeria

N Amaechi,O.U. Ezeronye
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: Four hundred and fifty-seven (457) clinically healthy swine slaughtered in four abattoirs located in Umuahia area of Abia State of Nigeria were examined for the prevalence of Salmonella sp. in samples collected from spleen, small intestine, liver, lungs and lymph nodes. Swab samples were also collected from the surfaces of slaughtering tables, wash hand basins, butchering knives, workers hands and holden pens. Product samples collected from slaughtering house showed the presence of Salmonella sp. in spleen (4/40, 10.0%), small intestine (9/40, 22.5%). Liver (5/40, 12.5%), lungs (3/40, 7.5%) and lymph nodes (16/40, 40.0%). Salmonella sp. were recovered from slaughtering tables (3/15, 20.0%), wash hand basins (4/15, 26.7%), butchering knife (2/13, 15.4%), workers hands (4/15, 26.7%), holden pens (3/15, 20.0%). These samples were cultured for the presence of Salmonella sp. Simple descriptive statistics and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data collected. Although clinical Salmonellosis was not detected in the study herd, multiple serotypes of Salmonella were found causing endemic infection in the study herd. The most frequently detected species was Salmonella cholereasuis and it was resistant to all the antibiotic used in sensitivity testing except polymyxin B. This result showed the necessity for adopting more effective hygienic measures in the abattoir environment and equipment to reduce their role in the spread of Salmonella. This work will be relevant to abattoir and health workers, to show them the need to maintain good hygienic condition in abattoir environment.
Effect of rural-urban migration of youths on agricultural labour supply in Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria
AO Angba
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2003,
Abstract: Effect of rural-urban migration of youths on agricultural labour supply in Umuahia north local government area of Abia State, Nigeria was examined. Data for the study were collected from 100 respondents selected from three the three wards in the area. Data analysis was by use of frequencies, percentages and chi-square statistic. The study found that employment and education were the major reasons for rural-urban migration. It was also found that the migration affected various agricultural activities seriously. The study found that with the absence of youths in the area, agriculture labour force is continually costly and this has a negative effect on agricultural production. (J Agric & Soc Res:2003 3(2): 77-83)
Print or Electronic, Reading Is Indispensable: Case of Ibeku High School Umuahia Abia State
Joy C. Onyenachi, Edward C. Amadi, Ogechi O. Awa
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104824
The study examined reading of Print and Electronic information materials among senior secondary school students of Ibeku High School Umuahia Abia State Nigeria. Literature review focused on identification of reading materials in school library of Ibeku High school, the student’s reasons for reading, and challenges that affect student’s reading. The research design used in this study is descriptive survey. The population is 430 which is the entire senior secondary students (one 225 and two 205) respectively. Total sample size of 172 was drawn which is 40% of the total population. 172 copies of questionnaires were administered and 164 copies returned which represent 95.3% return rate. The result was analyzed using tables and simple percentage. The findings of the re-search revealed that school text books are the major library collection 108 (65.9%). Others are magazine 4 (2.4%), Newspapers 16 (9.8%), Electronic in-formation materials 4 (2.4%). Reasons for reading reveal the following: To de-velop communication skill 116 (70.7%). Personal research for self development had 104 (63.4%), to pass examination 85 (51.8%). Among challenges to reading major one the students indicated was lack of personal reading materials 103 (62.8%). From the findings it was obvious that reading culture for pleasure and self development cannot be achieved because the print and non print materials for such are not available. The study made the following recommendations as possibilities in equipping school library with print and electronic information materials: The government being owner of public schools should be committed in funding the school library as well as directly sending print and non print information materials to schools. Teaching and learning are not done in vacuum school principals and teachers should not be less concerned in equipping the school library. They should make the government realize the need for learning materials which include print electronic books and audio visual materials. School administrators should solicit for assistance from parents through the parent teacher forum; the school administrators should as well contact donors to assist; public libraries by their mandate caters for the information need of the entire citizen to which secondary school teachers and students are among. The school administrators should contact the public library to come to their aid because public libraries’ mandate covers provision of information materials to public schools.
Youths Adoption of Improved Rabbitry Technology in Umuahia South L.G.A. of Abia State, Nigeria
G.C. Onuekwus,C.A. Okezie
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study was carried out to investigate youth s adoption of improved rabbitry technology in Umuahia South L.G.A. It investigated youths socio-economic characteristics, level of adoption of improved rabbitry technology, major problems encountered in rabbitry and the major source of information on rabbitry. The study area was Umuahia South L.G.A. Youth rabbit farmers were selected randomly using the simple random sampling technique. Sixty-three respondents were used in the study. Data were collected through the use of questionnaires and direct observation. The result showed that the ages of farmers 16-25 years had the highest number of respondents 40% and were mostly males 76% who were still single (67). Most 50.76% of the respondents made monthly income of less than 5,000 from sales of rabbits and its manure. Housing was the technology that had the highest adoption 73%. Information from fellow young farmers was the major source of information on rabbitry 44%. Regression analysis showed that age and educational level were the two variables that positively affected adoption of the technology.
The impact of inaccessible health care services on agricultural production by rural farmers in Umuahia North Local Government Area, Abia state, Nigeria  [PDF]
Chidozie O. Anyiro
Advances in Agriculture & Botanics , 2010,
Abstract: Millions of people in the rural area suffer greatly because medical care is not readilyavailable and is poor in quality. This study determined the households’ inaccessibility to health careservices and agricultural production in Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia state. Thespecific objectives of the study were to identify the health care services available to the farmers in thestudy area, to examine accessibility of health care services and incidence of illness among ruralfarmers, to determine the relationship between inaccessible health care and level of farm output.Purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques were used to select eighty (80) respondents inthe study area. A well-structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used in data collection. Analyticaltools utilized were frequency counts, mean, percentages and Correlation analysis. Findings revealedthat different types of health care facilities available to the rural communities include; the modernhealth care services (general hospital, health centers, pharmacy/chemist store, private hospital andmaternity home) and traditional health care facilities (bone setters, traditional birth attendant, servicesof herbalists and spiritual healers). Out of the 80 respondents studied, 77.25% of the respondentsdominantly used the modern health care facilities while 23.75% of the respondents used traditionalhealth care services. Malaria was identified as the dominant (83.75%) illness among the rural farmers.Majority (75.0%) of the respondents had no access to health care services. Correlation analysisshowed that there was a negative correlation (-0.37) between inaccessible health care services and thelevel of farm output which was statistically significant at 5% level. It was recommended that thegovernment should ensure that health care facilities are evenly distributed among the urban and ruralpeople.
Socio-economic factors influencing climate change adaptation among crop farmers in Umuahia South Area of Abia State, Nigeria  [PDF]
N. O. Anyoha,F. N. Nnadi,J. Chikaire,J. A. Echetama
Net Journal of Agricultural Science , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of the study was to determine the socioeconomic factors influencing climate change adaptation among crop farmers in Umuahia South Area of Abia State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to determine socioeconomic characteristics of crop farmers in the area, determine farmers level of awareness of climate change in the area, ascertain effects of climate change in crop production, identify adaptation strategies adopted by the farmers in the area and determine socioeconomic factors influencing adaptation to climate change. Data were collected through a questionnaire distributed to 120 farmers. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as tables, likert type scale and multiple regression analysis. Results of data collected shows that the strategies adopted to combat the effects of climate change by farmers in the area include tree planting, cultivation of early maturing crops, mixed farming, use of improved crop varieties, increased use of family labour, engagement in complementary/diverse livelihoods, cover cropping, changes in planting and harvesting dates, irrigation practices, crop rotation, riverside/bank cultivation, increased frequency of weeding etc, Results reveal that farm size, farming experience, household size, and social organization (MEM COP) were significant at 5%, sex was significant at 1% . Extension educational campaign should be intensified to increase the knowledge about climate change. Government should collaborate with meteorologists in forecasting about climate change and also in bringing about measures to control the adverse effect of climate change especially in agriculture.
A Comparative Study of Micronutrients Content of Complementary Foods Used by Igbo and Hausa Mothers in Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria  [PDF]
H.N. Henry-Unaeze
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2011,
Abstract: This study compared the micronutrients content of complementary foods used by Igbo and Hausa mothers in Umuahia urban. Data were collected using a pre-tested standard questionnaires administered on 100 mothers randomly selected from the study area and biochemical analysis of the identified complementary foods for proximate and micronutrients content. Results showed that maize pap (akamu), marshed yam + red oil and jollof rice + beans were the common complementary foods used by Igbo mothers; while Dawa gruel(guinea corn), tuwoshinkafa and acha porridge was used by Hausa mothers. Biochemical analysis of the samples revealed that the moisture content ranged from 37.6% in tuwoshinkafa to 81.62% in akamu. The ash content of jollof rice + beans was the highest (8.72%). Fat (15.59%), protein (35.04%) and energy (468.3 kcal) were highest in acha porridge; while akamu (89.84%) had the highest carbohydrate content. Jollof rice + beans had the highest iron (5.83 mg/100 g) content while acha porridge had the highest calcium contents (23.02 mg/100 g). The phosphorus content was more in tuwoshinkafa (555.2 mg/100 g). Marshed yam + red oil had the highest content of vitamin A (10.76 g/d) and C (1904IU). The micronutrient content of the food samples when compared with industrially processed cereal (cerealac) showed that although some could supply appreciable amount of energy and nutrients, they were deficient in calcium and vitamin C which are of paramount importance for the growing child. This paper proposes nutrition education programmes with emphasis on adequate home fortification of complementary foods which will benefit the infants.
Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation , 2012,
Abstract: Heavy metals and physicochemical characteristics of the different sites of leachate from the municipal solid waste landfill dumpsite in Obehe and Ubakala along Port Harcourt – Enugu express way, Abia State, Nigeria, were investigated. The LLF 1 site of the landfill has the potential of being a source of immediate environmental risk compared to the LLF 2 site. The pH of all the leachate samples was slightly acidic, the range being 6.30±0.01 to 6.90±0.05. The electric conductivity in the studied area range between 987.00±0.40 and 2340.50±2.30 μScm-1 and was found to be high, The range of TDS at all sites falls in between 6700.20±0.50 and 12300.00±1.70 mgL-1. The COD level in the samples varied from 14780.00±2.20 to 18,500.30±1.50mgL-1. The results of BOD5 test of the samples range between 9600.30±0.40 and 12350.60±0.65 mgL-1. Dissolved oxygen (DO) level was very low (range of 1.25±0.03 – 2.45±0.08). Total suspended solids (TSS) ranged from 587.50±0.20 to 1095.50±1.70. The metals concentration in the leachate samples varied from 156.60 ± 1.20 to178.70±0.60 mgL-1, 123.50±0.20 to 145.60±0.20 mg L-1 , 0.98±0.01 to 1.30 ± 0.02 mg L-1 , 2.30 ± 0.02 to4.40 ± 0.01 mgL-1, 3.20 ± 0.02 to 7.50 ± 0.02 mg L-1, 8.54±0.05 to 13.40±0.30 mgL-1, 0.89±0.01 to 4.30±0.04 mgL-1, 14.67±0.30 to 14.67±0.30 mgL-1 and < 0.001 mgL-1 for Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, Cr, As, Cd, Pb and V respectively.
Preliminary Investigation on Flowering and Fruiting Pattern in a Plantation Grown Afzelia africana Sm Stand in Umuahia, Nigeria  [PDF]
Joseph O. Ariwaodo, Joy L. Harry-Asobara
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.61025
Abstract: Research work on the improvement and breeding of indigenous hardwood species in Nigeria started about four decades ago. Such studies prove to be fruitful in planning various conservative programme specific to different habitats. The present preliminary study focuses on the flowering and fruiting pattern of a 5 year old Afzelia africana artificial forest at Eastern Research Station, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria. The parameters observed were phenology, flowering intensity, floral biology, fruit set and floral visitors. Flowering was first observed in 2012 (three years after planting) and subsequently in 2014 (five years after planting), although no fruit was set until 2014. All the processes of flowering to fruiting took place between January to August, with flowering peak occurring in March. The flowering intensity was very low, ranging among 286, 138, and 54, with a very low flower to fruit ratio. It is presumed that the relative young age of the trees and reduced population size amongst other probable factors may have accounted for this observation. This study is the first record of flowering and fruiting pattern of this species at plantation level in Nigeria. By late July/August, matured fruits were ready for harvest.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.