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Using a Participatory Learning Approach to Improve Farmers Knowledge of Organic Agricultural Practices: A Case Study of the Sisaket Province in Northeast Thailand
Phassakon Nuntapanich
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.61.64
Abstract: The purpose of this action research was to improve the knowledge on organic agricultural practices of 79 target farmers in the Sisaket province of the Northeast Thailand. The research developed a training curriculum on organic agriculture production using a participatory learning approach. The participatory activities include field trip, knowledge sharing forum between successful farmers and targeted farmers, knowledge management and peer assist. The research results reveal that the target farmers knowledge increased significantly (p<0.01) after the participation. In addition, about 98.70% of the farmers learned the knowledge and were able to improve their farm with 62% of them shared the knowledge to their neighbors.
Erratum to “Effects of Silvicultural Alternatives on Model-Based Financial Evaluation of Teak (Tectona grandis L.) Farm Forestry Management for Small-Scale Farmers in Northeast Thailand” [Open Journal of Forestry, 4 (2014) 558-569]  [PDF]
Iwao Noda, Woraphun Himmapan
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2015.55048
Abstract: The original online version of this article (Noda, I. et al. (2014). Effects of Silvicultural Alternatives on Model-Based Financial Evaluation of Teak (Tectona grandis L.) Farm Forestry Management for Small-Scale Farmers in Northeast Thailand. Open Journal of Forestry, 4, 558-569. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojf.2014.45060) was published in October. The author wishes to correct Table 5.
Effects of Silvicultural Alternatives on Model-Based Financial Evaluation of Teak (Tectona grandis L.) Farm Forestry Management for Small-Scale Farmers in Northeast Thailand  [PDF]
Iwao Noda, Woraphun Himmapan
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2014.45060
Abstract: Teak (Tectona grandis L.) plantation management is said to be profitable, but small-scale farmers with teak plantations need to find appropriate and effective choices for plantation management because of their small plots. There have been few studies on how combinations of site quality, rotation and plant spacing affect financial evaluations of teak plantation management quantitatively. In this study, we introduced the yield table for teak plantations in Northeast Thailand, and investigated the effects of site quality with rotation (15-year and 20-year) and spacing (2 m × 4 m and 4 m × 4 m) on the financial evaluation of teak plantation management using discounted cash flow analysis. The equivalent annual incomes (EAI) and benefit/cost ratios (BCR) were negative and <1, respectively, at site indexes (SI) of 14 and 18, but increased ~2 - 3 times as SI rose from 22 (site of medium quality) to 26 and 26 to 30. The 20-year rotation was generally preferable to the 15-year one, especially at SI 22. At SI 30, 2 m × 4 m was more profitable than 4 m × 4 m for both rotations, but at SI 22, 20-year rotation with 4 m × 4 m was the most profitable, followed by 20-year with 2 m × 4 m.
Community Ways of Life Before and after the Construction of Lampao Dam in Northeast Thailand
Winyoo Sata,Vinai Veravatnanond,Pairoj Bowjai,Prasopsuk Rithdet,Koson Srisang
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Lampao Dam is the biggest irrigation in Thailand, meant exclusively for agricultural purposes, construction of the earthen dike and non-electricity, was begun in 1963 and complete in 1968. Impacts of the Dam construction caused significant changes of the Lampao community ways of life in Kalasin province in the environmental, economic, social and cultural aspects. Therefore, the objectives of this research were to study the environmental, economic, social and cultural factors affecting community changes and characteristics of community ways of life before and after the construction of Lampao Dam. The study focused on three village communities in 3 different districts of Kalasin province: Sa-adnathom, Donyanang and Sithan in Muang, Yangtalad and Kamalasai districts respectively. A qualitative research, it started with a review of literature and related researches. Field data were collected by way of in-depth interviews, participative and non-participative observations and focus group discussion, involving 46 key informants consisting of village elders, formal village leaders, informal leaders, farmers, government officials and NGO workers. The data were descriptively analyzed and deductively interpreted. The research findings were found; before the dam construction, people in the 3 communities believed in the interconnectedness of traditions revolving around the worship of ancestral spirits and popular Buddhism which undergirded their unity and their sense of respect and protection of the environment. Their ways of life were simple. Their leaders served as links with the past and guides for future generations. After the dam construction, people in these three communities began to change all this; the changes were forced upon them by state authorities, most clearly manifested in the construction of Lampao Dam. Their traditional beliefs began to weaken. Capitalist ways of life began to creep in and eventually overtook them. However, after a few decades people began to realize the danger. They fought and sought new ways to get out of their debts and hardships. Finally, they have found going back to live in harmony with nature relying on natural resources for their livelihood pointed the way. Happily, this path coincides with the Royal philosophy of Sufficiency Economy. This is where they are now. But their future is far from being certain. In conclusion, the Lampao Dam will be there for good. Many villagers regard it as "the BIG Farmland" from which they can benefit. On the other hand, the Lampao Dam had drastically changed the natural environment as well as ways of economic, social and cultural life. In the case of the three villages under study, the changes have been at least problematic. Since the beginning they had not been consulted at all. The lesson, therefore, is this: before undertaking a project which will affect people s ways of life, the government authorities should seek people s participation and take their well-being into serious consid
Developing a Model of Green and Happiness Community for Rural Villages in Northeast Thailand
Som Nasa-arn,Vinai Veravatnanond,Boonchird Pinyoanuntapong,Koson Srisang
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop a model of green and happiness community for the rural villages of E-San (northeast Thailand) by using a mixed quantitative and qualitative method. The study was carried out with 20 resource persons and the samples of 72 operators in communities, 365 community leaders selected by multi-stage sampling and 360 heads of families selected by systematic sampling. The research instruments were questionnaires, interviews and focus groups. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, MANOVA, with the use of SPSS for Windows. For the confirmatory factor analysis and the test of hypothesized model s fit with the empirical data, LISREL Program version 8.30 was applied. The research results revealed that, regarding a green and happiness community in rural villages of E-San, there were 6 main factors, 22 sub-factors and 107 indicators. They comprised 14 indicators for factor 1 "good environment and natural resources, 20 indicators for factor 2, good health, 13 indicators for factor 3, strong community economy, 19 indicators for factor 4, appropriate technology, wisdom and learning, 24 indicators for factor 5, good society and culture with morality and 17 indicators for factor 6, strong community administration and management. The models of factors 1-6 for a green and happiness community fitted with the empirical data with 2 = 59.20, 155.40, 43.06, 113.01, 138.95 and 68.26, respectively (p>0.05 in all items). For other indexes, they followed the criteria with reliability value of the indicators 0.55-0.88. Regarding the second order confirmatory factor analysis, all indicators could measure the main factors of a green and happiness community. For the result from evaluating a green and happiness community in general, it was at the high level. In comparing the means of green and happiness communities in upper, middle and lower areas of Kalasin Province, they were found to be different at the 0.05 level of statistical significance. For the appropriate model and guidelines to develop a green and happiness community according to the main factors, there were 21 guidelines and 71 major activities. The results of the study, it is appropriate to bring the model into practice in order to develop green and happiness community in the rural villages.
The Efficiency and Effectiveness of an Innovation Model Appropriate for Disseminating Knowledge of Correcting Salty Soil Conditions in Northeast Thailand
Atcha Khetbamrung,Songsak Poosee-orn,Pairot Baojai,Rittirong Changkot
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2010.224.227
Abstract: This research aimed to examine and evaluate efficiency of a model of disseminating knowledge of correcting salty soil conditions in northeast Thailand. The sample consisted of 40 farmers at Ban Du Yai and Ban Knam Rian, Tambon Mueang Phia, Amphoe Bab Phai, Khon kaen Province, obtained using the purposive sampling technique according to the established requirements for selecting farmers. The instruments used in this research were a test of knowledge and understanding of salty soil problems and correcting salty soil conditions, a scale on attitude toward correcting salty soil and an interview form on salty soil condition correcting behavior. The collected data were analyzed using basic statistics, E1/E2, E.I. and t-test (dependent samples). The research results revealed that the model of disseminating knowledge of correcting salty soil conditions in northeast Thailand had an efficiency (E1/E2) of 82.75/83.00 and an Effectiveness Index (E.I.) of 0.6909. The farmers participating in the project for dissemination inereased their knowledge and understanding of correcting salty soil conditions, positive attitudes toward correcting salty soils and correcting salty soil condition behavior after dissemination at 0.05.
The Community Participatory in Solid Waste Management in Khongchai Pattana Municipality Khongchai District Kalasin Province, Thailand
Surasak Hunchaisri,Ponlakit Jitto,Choopug Suttisa,Adisak Singseewo
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.303.307
Abstract: This study was a research and development study, aimed to develop the learning process and improve the participation in community waste management in Khongchai Pattana municipality, Kalasin province. The samples comprised 92 households selected through a simple random-sampling method. This study trailed participatory action research as a method for community participation in waste management, conducted under four participatory frameworks including decision making, practice, benefit gaining and evaluation. The research instruments included questionnaires, group discussions organization and community meetings and observation. The data was analyzed by mean , Standard Deviation (SD) and t-test. The results showed that the learning process and the participation in community waste management of the participants before and after training, each was different after training the participation significantly increased (p<0.05) and the learning process in terms of knowledge, attitude and practice in solid waste management also showed a significant increase (p<0.05). After the training program, the quantity of solid waste which significantly less than before training (p<0.05). Factors that contributed to the improvement of participatory action and the learning process were having a strong community leading team, access to information, social interaction morale of a group as well as social networking. Other factors that interfered with the development of the participation and the learning process were such as personnel limits and budget.
Rubber Tree Distribution Mapping in Northeast Thailand  [PDF]
Zhe Li, Jefferson M. Fox
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2011.24060
Abstract: In many parts of mainland Southeast Asia rubber plantations are expanding rapidly in areas where the crop was not historically found. Monitoring and mapping the distribution of rubber trees in the region is necessary for developing a better understanding of the consequences of land-cover and land-use change on carbon and water cycles. In this study, we conducted rubber tree growth mapping in Northeast Thailand using Landsat 5 TM data. A Mahalanobis typicality method was used to identify different age rubber trees. Landsat 5 TM 30 m non-thermal reflective bands, NDVI and tasseled cap transformation components were selected as the model input metrics. The validation was carried out using provincial level agricultural statistical data on the rubber tree growth area. At regional (Northeast Thailand) and provincial scales, the estimates of mature and middle-age rubber stands produced from 30 m Landsat 5 TM data compared well (high statistical significance) with the provincial rubber tree growth statistical data.
Municipal Human Excreta Management in Northeast Thailand
Weerasak Suebsoh,Lertchai Charerntanyarak
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study aimed at exploring the situation of municipal Human Excreta Management (HEM) in Northeast Thailand. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used for data collection. The findings indicated that nearly all municipalities (98%) had their own legislation regarding HEM. However, the HEM policies were not clear (89%). Regarding collection and transportation services, 78% were serviced by private licensed companies, 13.04% by unlicensed private companies and 9% by the municipalities. Municipalities had only 26% appropriate disposal sites. Only 4% of these disposal sites could be used in practice because of long transfer distances, lack of maintenance, or inappropriate treatment system or model. Municipalities that had no disposal system took them into public land, grassland, or orchard and rice fields, with or without permission from the landowner. Thus, having no disposal system and untreated human excreta is the principal cause in the transmission of pathogens leading to human illnesses. Therefore, for effective management of sanitation, it is necessary for related organizations to balance the sometimes-competing requirements for planning, design and construction of facilities, as well as to monitor the safe operation of their HEM.
Two New Records of Coleochaetalean Algae (Coleochaetales, Chlorophyta) from Northeast Thailand
W. Mahakham,P. Theerakulpisut
International Journal of Botany , 2010,
Abstract: This study is an attempt to contribute and add information on the freshwater algal floral in Thailand. In this study, two members of coleochaetalean green algae, viz., Chaetosphaeridium globosum (Norstedt) Klebahn and Coleochaete nitellarum Jost are reported for the first time for Thailand. Both of them were found as epiphytes on charophyte algae in a mesotrophic reservoir, namely Hui Nam Sab from Amnat Charoen province, Northeast Thailand. Illustrated descriptions of the newly recorded species along with a short note on the species and its distribution are provided. In addition, some ecological aspects of the studied reservoir and coleochaetalean algae are discussed.
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