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Information and Communication Technologies in Postgraduate Courses at Healthcare Institutions: Evidence and Stereotypes
Maria Tereza Leal Cavalcante,Carme Viladrich Segués,Miguel Murat Vasconcellos,Josefina Caminal i Homar
Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento , 2010,
Abstract: ObjectiveThe current state of public healthcare calls for innovations in postgraduate courses. Emphasis on lifelong education, networking performance and more flexible links between the area of teaching and actual healthcare services all pose a major challenge to education institutions. Teaching methods are being redefined and syllabus structures revised. But while ther has been much discussion in the literature on the capacity of ICTs to bring about innovation and collaboration, there is very little real evidence to back this idea. This study presents a pilot test of an instrument which is being developed to allow the assessment of everyday uses of ICTs in teaching postgraduate healthcare courses. MethodsThrough the Internet, a Likert-scale survey was conducted on 350 teachers of a postgraduate education centre in Barcelona, Spain, evaluating needs, beliefs and comfort with technology as well as teacher participation in networks. ResultsThe 89 respondents (25%) took, on average, ten minutes to fill out the questionnaire. The use of technology was instrumental, with little emphasis on resources related to innovation and networks. ConclusionsThe results are discussed from the points of view of the validation of the instrument and the apparent dissonance between the presented data and the strong bet on the potential of information and communication technologies.
International Muslim Graduate Students in the U.S. as Cultural Agents of Peace: Experiences of Al-Rihla, Stereotypes, and Cross-Culture Communication  [cached]
Methal R. Mohmmed Marzouk
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/2299
Abstract: After President Barak Obama‘s historical visits to Cairo, 2009 and Turkey, 2010 it was expected that new doors would open between the Muslim World and American citizens in order to eliminate cultural gaps between the two cultures. One significant door is institutions of higher education in the U.S. as public spaces for educational purposes. In these educational spaces, International Muslim Graduate Students and their American counterparts are expected to work collaboratively and cooperatively to develop a better understanding between the two cultures. This qualitative study examines the experiences of al-rihla of seven International Muslim Graduate Students in a Southwestern American university through in-depth interviews. The participants reflected on three aspects of their al-rihla experiences: Islamic concept of knowledge and al-rihla in search for knowledge; personal experiences; and the impact of the university’s/ departments’ sponsored cultural activities in bringing a better understanding of the Muslim Other. The Content Analysis method was used in analyzing the data. The analysis resulted in six themes: great appreciation of Islamic beliefs of knowledge and seeking knowledge, strong belief in al-rihla as a means to bring mutual understanding of the Other; priority to national culture, limited interaction and communication with American counterparts; stereotypes and concerns; and interest in participating in university administered cultural activities. The study concludes that institutions of higher education in the U.S. are cultural spaces that can be utilized to bring better understanding of the Muslim Other. Key words: Al-Rihla; International Muslim Graduate Students (Imgs); Curriculum Spaces; Public Pedagogy; Cultural Agents Of Peace. Résumé: Après les visites historiques du président Barack Obama au Caire en 2009 et la Turquie en 2010, il était prévu que de nouvelles portes seraient ouvertes entre le monde musulman et les citoyens américains en vue d’éliminer les différences culturelles entre les deux cultures. Une porte est significative établissements d’enseignement supérieur aux états-Unis comme des espaces publics à des fins éducatives. Dans ces espaces éducatifs, International Graduate Students musulmanes et leurs homologues américains sont appelés à travailler en collaboration et en coopération pour développer une meilleure compréhension entre les deux cultures. Cette étude qualitative examine les expériences d’Al-Rihla de sept internationaux musulmane des étudiants des cycles supérieurs dans une université du Sud-Ouest américain à trav
Stereotypes of Old People Persist
Lars Tornstam
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life , 2007,
Abstract: In 2005, as well as in 1982, almost 90 percent of Swedes subscribed to the stereotype that retirement pensioners suffer from loneliness and more than half of Swedes also believed that pensioners suffer from boredom and dissatisfaction with life.Little seems to have changed for the better, or even impaired with regard to the images of the psychological conditions of pensioners, at the same time as Swedes have become somewhat more knowledgeable about the physiological/material conditions associated with aging. This follows from a 2005 follow-up of a Swedish Facts on Aging Quiz, first given in 1982. The comparatively stable pattern of stereotypes over the 23-year period indicates that stereotypes – in old, well-known or permutated forms – will prevail as long as their ageist roots do. The changes observed indicate the possibility of a future pattern of stereotypes, which combines an exaggerated “positive” image of retirement pensioners’ health and wealth, with associated envy of the “greedy geezers”, and pity for their lonely and meaningless lives.
Content of teachers' stereotypes about adolescents  [PDF]
?eri? Ivana
Zbornik Instituta za Pedago?ka Istra?ivanja , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/zipi0901131d
Abstract: Discourse on 'problematic behavior' of the young in adolescence period is often present in lay, media, professional and scientific public. In this research, we performed empirical testing of the psychological concept of 'storm and stress', which is manifested by stereotypes about adolescents as rebels. The goal was to establish whether teachers hold stereotypes about younger adolescents as a social group and what the content of the stereotype is. Research participants were 193 teachers teaching the seventh grade in ten Belgrade primary schools. Factor analysis method established the presence of several factors, which reflect the psychological content and meaning of teachers' stereotypes about younger adolescents. The results of our research point out: (a) that stereotypes of teachers about younger adolescents stand in partial correspondence with the content of a widely distributed concept of 'storm and stress'; (b) that this concept is mostly loaded with a negative perception of pupils on the part of teachers and (c) that teachers less often perceive pupils through the prism of some positive qualities. That is, teachers think that these positive qualities are not 'typical' qualities of adolescents if they are observed as a group. Interviewed teachers hold stereotypes about younger adolescents, but intensity and valence of stereotypes vary depending on the nature of obtained factors.
Stereotypes concerning Greeks in Serbian language  [PDF]
Risti? Stana
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/gei0654047r
Abstract: Stereotypes concerning Greeks in Serbian language are researched through the historical source (Dictionary of JAZU). The source describes a complex representation, with a truthful foundation that incorporates layers of mythological and historical memories on stereotypes in the traditional culture. This ethnic stereotype of the people associated with Serbs in one very positive experience, both in mythological and historical legacies, is freed from prejudice, thus preventing a possibility of political misuse of its ethnic symbolism.
Women's Stereotypes and Consumer Preferences  [PDF]
Andrea Velandia Morales,Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón
Universitas Psychologica , 2011,
Abstract: According to The Ambivalent Sexism Theory (Glick y Fiske, 1996) there are distinct stereotypes of women that men express different attitudes. Among them, the housewife, sexy women and executive women are the clearest ones. One hundred people participated in the present study in order to test the relationship between the female stereotypes, their level of influence and prestige and the level of preference for a commercial product (described in female and male terms). The results showed that sexy women is more associated with the masculine description, whereas the executive women is more associated to the feminine product description, and in both cases the housewife is the least associated with the two different descriptions. It was also found that the influence and the women prestige mediated the relationship between the stereotypes and the preference shown for the product described in feminine terms
Identity and Stereotypes: Humor Manifestations  [PDF]
Rita Rep?ien?,Laima Anglickien?
Folklore : Electronic Journal of Folklore , 2012,
Abstract: The traditional understanding of humor as being tolerant, full of non-aggressive life curiosities, funny situations, mocking national or human vices, and related to an optimistic and contemplative attitude towards reality, has changed its main supportive points: the optimistic view of reality has been altered into a pessimistic and destructive one, forbearing ridicule has turned into severe offence, strangeness into stupidity, funny situations into futile misunderstanding. Everything is regarded as a dramatic possibility to survive or an endless situational tragedy where the most strict evaluation criteria, censorship, and dogmatism are empowered, meaning that, in the current times of widely propagated tolerance and overwhelming comprehension, it is extremely dangerous to offend somebody with an innocent joke or light mockery, to evoke an urge to contradict or negate when ideological aspirations are beyond “decency” limits. One of the most advocated rules in the Lithuanian press is: “Joke carefully with foreign nationals” from an interview with Barry Tomelin, London “International house” consultant and teaching director, the author of the book “World’s Business Cultures: And How to Unlock Them” (with Michael Nicks). Identity is to be saved and nourished as the highest sanctity but its formation, meaningfulness and spread are not always attuned to the official approach.Our life is full of stereotypes and our neighboring countries are not to be excluded – we have a preconceived notion of them. Using the national stereotype term we characterize relatively stable generalized opinions, in an open or hidden form, containing one or another assessment of a nation.Our attitude towards neighbors is revealed in nicknames given to them – non-official ethnonyms usually bearing a negative connotation. Some monikers have already lasted for centuries while others have been coined during the last decades. Anecdotes with the most popular foreign-born Russians and Estonians are discussed.
Stereotypes and Prejudices in HR Industry in Romania  [cached]
Applied Medical Informatics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper we aimed to reveal the effects of the crisis in HR area, the stereotypes and prejudices clients have about Romanian HR companies, training programs and trainers and the ideal profile of a trainer. The effects of the crisis in HR are: the stagnation of the number of clients in the company’s portfolio, the decreasing in the number of contracted training, the decreasing of the training prices and project-based contracts with trainers instead of permanent job contracts. We find that two important features a trainer should have are connected with the age of the trainer and personality traits. A good trainer is expected to have an age between 30 and 50 years and a pleasant personality. Most of the correlations obtained between stereotypes and prejudices are positive. Almost all items correlated with the others. Demographic data correlated also with items. Respondent’s education correlates positively with the number of the training classes attended and stereotypes on trainer’s age. The more educated the respondent is, the more likely is to have attended a greater number of trainings and tend to prefer mature trainer to young trainer (under 30 years old). The more mature respondents tend to prefer foreign trainers and mature trainers. Age of the respondent and trainer’s country of provenience and age are positively correlated.
Myths, Archetypes And Stereotypes In Contemporary Romanian Advertising Communication  [cached]
Delia Cristina Balaban
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2010,
Abstract: Review of M d lina Moraru, Mit i publicitate (Myth and advertising) (Bucharest: Nemira, 2009).
Stereotypes and Emblems in the Construction of Social Imagination  [cached]
Michel Rautenberg
Outlines : Critical Practice Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This article develops two figures of the social imagination: the stereotype and the emblem. To start with we explore the notion of social imagination, principally from Emile Durkheim, Gaston Bachelard and Maurine Godelier. Secondly, the article deepens the two notions of stereotypes and emblems supported by the works of the historian Bronislaw Baczko and the anthropologist Michael Herzfeld’s. Throughout the paper, the theoretical aims are illustrated with reference to coal-mining memory and heritage in the north of France.
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