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WTO Members’ Commitments in Education Services  [cached]
Jian Xu
International Education Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v2n2p37
Abstract: The establishment of World Trade Organization is in line with the conclusion reached at the end of the Uruguay Round in April 1994 by the bulk of the world’s trading nations. WTO is in charge of managing multilateral trading system. WTO’s “General Agreement on Trade in Services” (GATS) requires member nations to comply with the following basic rules: all member nations equally enjoy Most-Favored-Nation (MFN) treatment; enterprises of other member nations can enjoy equal treatment and market access in one member nation’s territory with its domestic enterprises. GATS includes the general agreement, annex and the schedules of commitments. Schedules of commitments is a sort of document which shows the obligations stimulated in the GATS about market access and national treatment that one WTO member nation will fulfill, or that the obligations that one WTO member nation hopes to be exempted from. When a WTO member nation makes a commitment, it has set legally the standards of market access and national treatment in its schedule of commitments, and will no longer introduce any other measures which will limit the market access and national treatment in trade in education services.
Consistency of Commitments in Social Web Services  [PDF]
Marzieh Adelnia,Mohammad Reza Khayyambashi
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Web Service is one of the most important information sharing technologies on the web and one of the example of service oriented processing. To guarantee accurate execution of web services operations, they must be accountable with regulations of the social networks in which they sign up. This operations implement using controls called 'Commitment'. This paper studies commitments, then has an overview on existing researches, web service execution method using commitments and information sharing methods between web services based on commitments and social networks. A key challenge in this technique is consistency ensuring in execution time. The aim of this study is presenting an algorithm for consistency ensuring between commitments. An application designed for proving correctness of algorithm.
China’s Education Market and Foreign Suppliers of Education Services
Jian Xu
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v4n4p49
Abstract: International trade in education services belongs to the category of international trade in services, which takes education services as its object. It has grown substantially over the past decades. Now it is a billion dollar industry including recruitment of international students, establishment of university campuses abroad, franchised provision and on line education. The education market in China is very large and still lack of development. It means opportunities to foreign suppliers of education services. WTO requires each member nation to make its own schedule of commitments in education services, and to explain its limitations on market access and national treatment as well as other limitations. Therefore, to understand China’s education market, you must understand China’s commitments in education services upon entry into WTO. This paper explains China’s commitments in education services under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and provides rough pictures about the meaning of China’s commitments to foreign suppliers of education services that are eager to either enter into China’s education market or absorb more Chinese students.
The Commitments made by India under the GATS negotiations: A study of the Impact of these Commitments  [cached]
Nehaluddin Ahmad
Communications of the IBIMA , 2008,
Abstract: Developing countries need to ensure that multilateral rules and commitments on trade in services contribute to economically rational policy-making at the national and international levels. This paper shows that India’s modest participation during Uruguay /Doha Round negotiations, and assumption of defensive positions, has not been conducive to the achievement of this goal in the Telecommunication sector.In this context, this paper argues that developing countries such as India have created niche for themselves in particular services exports and, therefore, should actively participate in the negotiations to remove barriers in sectors/modes of their trade interest.The commitments of developing countries should take into account the inter-sectoral and intermodal linkages. Lastly, the paper stresses on the need for complementary domestic reforms which would enable developing countries to gain from multilateral liberalization. The paper presents some of the results in progress, and seeks to identify the issues on which we need to improve our understanding.
An Assessment of the Services Quality of Palestine Higher Education  [cached]
Aida Koni,Khalim Zainal,Maznah Ibrahim
International Education Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v6n2p33
Abstract: The history of the Palestinian universities is relatively recent; however their impact on the Palestinians case and wellbeing is undeniable. Today, almost forty years later the Palestinian universities like many higher education institutions in the region and worldwide tussle to fulfil the students’ demands on education while trying to maintain high quality and relevant education. In Palestine; studies of higher education sector seems to focus primarily on easily quantifiable indicators such as teacher vs. students ratios and gender participation, while the assessment of educational services quality have not yet been explored and the assessment of higher education from the students’ stands point is yet to be enhanced. Meanwhile; the literature is rich with scholars who emphasize that “service quality” is the key to achieve customers’ satisfaction and loyalty. The applicability of service quality concepts and assessment models is becoming more acceptable within the higher education arena. This research presents an assessment of the services quality at two universities in the West Bank; Palestine utilizing the SERVQUAL gaps model and instrument for measuring students’ satisfaction and behavioural intentions. The study wishes to assist the Palestinian universities administrative boards and stakeholders to create informed decisions with regards to the effectiveness of their educational policies. The results suggest that the “service quality” in Palestine universities is slightly unsatisfactory to the students and needs further attention.
The Role of University Support Services on Academic Outcomes for Students with Mental Illness  [PDF]
Andrea Simpson,Kerry Ferguson
Education Research International , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/295814
Abstract: Mental illness in the university student population has come under increased scrutiny in recent years. Students with mental illness are understandably highly reluctant to disclose their condition to others due to fear of prejudice, “not blending in,” and a strong desire to appear self-reliant. This study considered whether disclosure to university support services, with all its perceived risks, had academic benefits for students with mental illness. Preliminary evidence was found that, for those students with mental illness who registered with the University’s Disability Support Service for assistance, academic achievement was significantly higher on average in the year following their joining the service. Academic retention for these students was comparable to their university peers. A number of recommendations are discussed that could accommodate for students’ learning needs, thereby benefitting those experiencing mental health difficulties. 1. Introduction Over the past few decades, mental illness in the university student population has been on the rise in both prevalence and complexity [1–3]. With many institutions looking to expand student enrolments as well as diversity, we can only anticipate that this trend will continue to increase with larger student numbers. Young adulthood is the age when mental illness symptoms typically first begin to appear and the effects of illness can have highly disruptive consequences on a young person’s education and employment outcomes. Poor mental health directly affects academic performance with students with mental illness reporting difficulties with motivation, concentration, and confidence, all of which impact negatively on the ability to persist and succeed in a tertiary environment [4]. Individuals with mental illness can also find it difficult to cope with the demands of study together with their illness and are often forced to take time out of their daily commitments to manage their condition [5]. To assist students with mental illness in persisting in their study, educational institutions offer a range of support programs and services, including counselling and disability support. These support services are common to a number of higher education institutions and provide psychotherapeutic single and group sessions as well as practical learning support such as linking the student with other services, advice on reasonable adjustment for assignments and exams, note-takers, accessible course material, and assistive learning technologies. However, in order to access these additional supports, students with
Support Services for Distance Education
Sandra Frieden
Educational Technology & Society , 1999,
Abstract: The creation and operation of a distance education support infrastructure requires the collaboration of virtually all administrative departments whose activities deal with students and faculty, and all participating academic departments. Implementation can build on where the institution is and design service-oriented strategies that strengthen institutional support and commitment. Issues to address include planning, faculty issues and concerns, policies and guidelines, approval processes, scheduling, training, publicity, information-line operations, informational materials, orientation and registration processes, class coordination and support, testing, evaluations, receive site management, partnerships, budgets, staffing, library and e-mail support, and different delivery modes (microwave, compressed video, radio, satellite, public television/cable, video tape and online). The process is ongoing and increasingly participative as various groups on campus begin to get involved with distance education activities. The distance education unit must continuously examine and revise its processes and procedures to maintain the academic integrity and service excellence of its programs. It s a daunting prospect to revise the way things have been done for many years, but each department has an opportunity to respond to new ways of serving and reaching students.
Library Services Standards Implemented in Colleges of Education in Nigeria
E.L. Adebayo
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study examines library services standards implemented in colleges of education in Nigeria. Data for the study was collected with the aid of structured questionnaire from 197 respondents in 58 colleges of education. Data analysis was by the use of frequency, percentage and chi square. Findings of study revealed that the colleges rendered basic library services as recommended by National Commissions for Colleges of Education (NCCE) such as Book loaning, Reference, Photocopying, Current awareness, Bindery. It was however revealed that colleges did not render indexing and abstracting services. For adequate teacher education at the colleges of education, it is therefore recommended that indexing and abstracting services must be adopted and taken more seriously.
Ethics in science education: responsabilities and commitments with the child's moral development in the discussion of controversial subjects  [PDF]
Júlio César Castilho Razera,Roberto Nardi
Investiga??es em Ensino de Ciências , 2006,
Abstract: A review of recent research outcomes presents in a sample of Science Education journals, shows that ethics and moral development issues have been neglected in the Science Education research. Based in theoretical referential directed toward this theme, and in a research carried out on controversial issues in the Science Teaching, such as those related to the debate creationism versus evolutionism, this paper tries to show the necessity and possibilities to take into consideration questions of this nature in classroom, in order to help developing the moral in students.
Factors That Impact on Rural and Remote Students’ Participation in Higher Education
Delwar Hossain,Don Gorman,Jill Lawrence,Lorelle Burton
International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: This paper aims to explore the factors that impact on rural and remote students’ participation in higher education at university. The findings indicated that the students were familiar only with university scholarships, tertiary preparation program, and head start. Before admission, most students required information on pathways to university, admission requirements, scholarships, and range of courses and after admission they required information on academic support, tutorial assistance, library and IT services. This paper also suggests that universities need to evaluate the effectiveness of the services they offer to both attract and support rural and remote students to University if participation rates are to be raised
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