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Study of Health Status and Etiological Factors of Mentally Challenged Children in School for Mentally Challenged in Rural Maharashtra
Dr. Nadeem Ahmad,Dr. H. S. Joshi,Dr. Rubeena Bano,Prof. D. B. Phalke
Internet Journal of Medical Update - EJOURNAL , 2010,
Abstract: The mental health of the child affects his physical health and the learning process. The present study was conducted to study the health status and etiological factors among 58 mentally challenged children in a school for the mentally challenged at Sangamner. Majority of mentally challenged children (68.0%) were in 5-9 years age group. Most of them had moderate retardation (43.0%). Down’s syndrome (17.23%) was commonest, followed by Fragile X syndrome (6.89%). In 70.68% children no clinical syndrome was associated with mental retardation. 60.35% children were offspring of consanguineous marriages. In 63.8% children the causes for mental retardation were idiopathic, and genetic causes were found in 29.31% children. For mentally challenged children better quality of life should be provided by disability limitation and suitable rehabilitation.
Study of health status and etiological factors of mentally challenged children in a school for mentally challenged in rural Maharashtra
N Ahmad, HS Joshi, R Bano, DB Phalke
Internet Journal of Medical Update - EJOURNAL , 2010,
Abstract: The mental health of the child affects his physical health and the learning process. The present study was conducted to study the health status and etiological factors among 58 mentally challenged children in a school for the mentally challenged at Sangamner. Majority of mentally challenged children (68.0%) were in 5-9 years age group. Most of them had moderate retardation (43.0%). Down’s syndrome (17.23%) was commonest, followed by Fragile X syndrome (6.89%). In 70.68% children no clinical syndrome was associated with mental retardation. 60.35% children were offspring of consanguineous marriages. In 63.8% children the causes for mental retardation were idiopathic, and genetic causes were found in 29.31% children. For mentally challenged children better quality of life should be provided by disability limitation and suitable rehabilitation. KEY WORDS: Mentally challenged; Consanguineous marriage
STUDY OF HEALTH STATUS AND ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF MENTALLY CHALLENGED CHILDREN IN SCHOOL FOR MENTALLY CHALLENGED  [PDF]
Nadeem Ahmad,D.B.Phalke
Pravara Medical Review , 2009,
Abstract: The mental health of the child affects his physical health and the learning process. The present study was conducted to study the health status and etiological factors among 58 mentally challenged children in school for mentally challenged at Sangamner. Majority of mentally challenged children (68.0%) were in 5-9 years age group. Most of them had moderate retardation. (43.0%) In majority of children (70.68%)no clinical syndrome was present. Most common clinical syndrome was Down’s syndrome (17.23%),followed by Fragile X syndrome (6.89%). More than sixty percent children were off springs of consanguineous marriages. Idiopathic causes (63.8%) followed by genetic causes (29.31%) were common etiological factor responsible for mental retardation. Mental handicap can be prevented by genetic counseling.
Dentofacial changes and oral health status in mentally challenged children  [cached]
Bhowate Rahul,Dubey A
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2005,
Abstract: The study was carried out on 69 mentally challenged individuals. They were subjected to detailed clinical evaluation for dentofacial abnormalities and oral health status. Of the 69 mentally handicapped individuals 27 had Downs syndrome and 42 had cerebral palsy. Characteristic facial abnormalities were seen in children with Downs syndrome. In cerebral palsy, fracture maxillary anteriors were more evident. All the Downs syndrome cases had abnormal TMJ movements but in cerebral palsy only 35.7% of individuals had abnormal TMJ movements. In both the groups, submandibular lymph adenopathy was reported. Present study revealed dental caries in 56.0% of the individuals. Fair clinical level of oral hygiene in 60% of the individuals was seen.
NEURAL SPEECH - An Aid For Differently Challenged
R.SRIKANTH,R.VIGNESH,R.V.ARAVIND GOPAL,S.SIVASANKARAN
International Journal of Advanced Electrical and Electronics Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: The world today has growing physically challenged people especially those who have hearing -speaking impairment they face several problems in communicating with people around them and also with others around their circle as they need to be familiar with their sign-language. Current technological solutions for this include voice to word/text generator, glove based (super-glove) for hand gesture image capturing. But, these methods/techniques have disadvantages especially in the case of voice to word-/text generation it becomes easy for the common people to communicate with the differently challenged but the reverse requires knowledge of sign-language which everyone will not be familiar with, in the case of glove based technique it requires a specially designed glove to be worn by the differently able this becomes an additional hardware requirement, moreover there is a delay between input and output too. In order to overcome such drawbacks Here we have brought in a solution using Dynamic Bayesian neural systems which has efficient generalization ability, tolerance to input noise, Can handle high dimensional output easily, high speed, parallel processing and mathematical modeling is not required.
Study of health status and etiological factors of mentally challenged children  [PDF]
Rubeena Bano,Piyush Kalakoti,Nadeem Ahmad,D.B.Phalke
Calicut Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The mental health of the child affects hisphysical health and the learningprocess. The aim of the present studywas to study the health status andetiological factors among 58 mentallychallenged children in a school formentally challenged at Sangamner, inRural Maharashtra. Majority of mentallychallenged children (68.0%) were in 5-9years age group. Most of them hadmoderate retardation. (43.0%) Inmajority of children (70.68%) no clinicalsyndrome was present. Most commonclinical syndrome was Down’s syndrome(17.23%), followed by Fragile Xsyndrome (6.89%). 60.35% childrenwere off springs of consanguineousmarriages. Idiopathic causes (63.8%)followed by genetic causes (29.31%)were common etiological factorresponsible for mental retardation.Mental handicap should be preventedby application of preventive measures inpreconception, prenatal and intranatalperiods and during infancy, childhoodand adolescence.
ASPECTS OF SOCIAL INTEGRATION OF MENTALLY DISABLED PEOPLE THROUGH SPORTS
Mirela Dan,Ioan Cosmin Boca
Revista Roman? de Kinetoterapie , 2011,
Abstract: Practiced in educational institutions but also in leisure, sport became a profession requiring not only active involvement but also participation to the show offered by him, thus having a large social area. Purpose. Emphasizing the importance of sport as a primary approach of social integration for people with mental disabilities. Methods. We analyzed the specialized literature using bibliographic study and we identified a total of 23 references from which we selected a number of 12 bibliographic materials that were representative to bring an additional argument to the importance of sport as a primary approach of social integration of persons with mental disabilities. In terms of form documents were consulted books and journals, various graphic and electronic information sources (internet). Results. Bibliographic references cited support the idea of the importance of social integration of people with mental disabilities through sports and they are addressing different aspects that together provide an overview of the complexity of this process, emphasizing the necessity to develop the right environment, both in terms of material and human resources, to achieve this goal in optimal conditions. Discussions. Scientific research results and practical experience have shown the importance of exercise practice in general, and sport, especially for people with disabilities, which leads to the idea that the state, society must give more importance to the role of sport in his social policy and strategy regarding the protection of persons with disabilities.
On the Adaptability of Neural Network Image Super-Resolution  [PDF]
Kah Keong Chua,Yong Haur Tay
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we described and developed a framework for Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) to work on low level image processing, where MLP will be used to perform image super-resolution. Meanwhile, MLP are trained with different types of images from various categories, hence analyse the behaviour and performance of the neural network. The tests are carried out using qualitative test, in which Mean Squared Error (MSE), Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) and Structural Similarity Index (SSIM). The results showed that MLP trained with single image category can perform reasonably well compared to methods proposed by other researchers.
A Study of Neural Network and its Properties of Training and Adaptability in Enhancing Accuracy in a Multimodal Biometrics Scenario  [PDF]
Fawaz Alsaade
Information Technology Journal , 2010,
Abstract: The main aim of this study was to present investigations for enhancing the accuracy of multimodal biometrics by introducing the neural network into the score-level fusion process. Presently, various fusion techniques are being widely used in combining separate information from different modalities to provide complementary data. The resilient backpropagation training algorithm was used for this purpose. The effectiveness of the proposed method is to benefit from the properties of training and adaptability of the neural network technique. The experimental investigations involved the recognition mode of verification in mixed-quality data conditions. It was found during the study that by deploying such technique at the score level, the system error rate can be reduced considerably. The study presented the motivation and the potential advantages of the proposed approach and the details of the experimental study.
Determining Adaptability Performance of Artificial Neural Network-Based Thermal Control Logics for Envelope Conditions in Residential Buildings  [PDF]
Jin Woo Moon,Jae D. Chang,Sooyoung Kim
Energies , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/en6073548
Abstract: This study examines the performance and adaptability of Artificial Neural Network (ANN)-based thermal control strategies for diverse thermal properties of building envelope conditions applied to residential buildings. The thermal performance using two non-ANN-based control logics and two predictive ANN-based control logics was numerically tested using simulation software after validation. The performance tests were conducted for a two-story single-family house for various envelope insulation levels and window-to-wall ratios on the envelopes. The percentages of the period within the targeted ranges for air temperature, humidity and PMV, and the magnitudes of the overshoots and undershoots outside of the targeted comfort range were analyzed for each control logic scheme. The results revealed that the two predictive control logics that employed thermal predictions of the ANN models achieved longer periods of thermal comfort than the non-ANN-based models in terms of the comfort periods and the reductions of the magnitudes of the overshoots and undershoots. The ANN-based models proved their adaptability through accurate control of the thermal conditions in buildings with various architectural variables. The ANN-based predictive control methods demonstrated their potential to create more comfortable thermal conditions in single-family homes compared to non-ANN based control logics.
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