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Linguistic-Mathematical Statistics in Rebus, Lyrics, Juridical Texts, Fancies and Paradoxes  [PDF]
Florentin Smarandache
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: This is a collection of linguistic-mathematical approaches to Romanian rebus, puzzles, poetical and juridical texts, and proposes fancies, recreational math problems, and paradoxes. We study the frequencies of letters, syllables, vowels in various poetry, grill definitions in rebus, and rebus rules. We also compare the scientific language, poetical language, and puzzle language, and compute the Shannon entropy and Onicescu informational energy.
Cláusula Rebus Sic Stantibus  [cached]
Benedito Aparecido Beleze
Semina : Ciências Sociais e Humanas , 1979, DOI: 10.5433/
Abstract: An analysis of the evolution of the clause rebus sic stantibus and many currents of the theory of the unforeseen, from which they originate, considering it as a legal precept implicit in contractual relations, which permits a revision of the contract in such a way as to make it adequate to social reality, transforming itself in a means of humanizing Law, of attenuating its rigidity, seeking approximation to an ideal of justice. Análise da evolu o da cláusula rebus sic stantibus e das várias correntes da teoria da imprevis o, dela originadas, considerando-a como preceito jurídico implícito nas rela es contratuais, que permite a revis o do contrato de forma a adequá-lo à realidade social, transformando-se num meio de humaniza o do Direito, no abrandamento do seu rigor, buscando a aproxima o de um ideal de justi a.
The temporal dimension of epic songs  [PDF]
Laji?-Mihajlovi? Danka
Muzikologija , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/muz0606343l
Abstract: Since research into south-Slav epic songs began, finding its place within philological sciences, the musical component has been marginalized. In extreme cases the correlation between poetry and music was even denied. In the relatively few (ethno)musicological works dealing with the epic songs that correlation was observed mainly on the macro-formal level. The author maintains that any systematic research of the functional melopoetic structure of Serbian epic songs should include the temporal features of music. The article is an essay on the methodology in which the poetry–music relationship is investigated from the point of view of their temporal dimension. The flow of music–poetry content is observed from the perspectives of tempo and rhythm, primarily as relations between durations on different structural levels. The chosen examples consist of two variants of an epic song, typical of their kind, which have the same subject and structural bases. The performers were two gusle-players, so that the performing bodies were the same. In the course of analysis, focus was directed on the musical equivalents of elements of poetic structure considered to be constant, or at least showing strong tendencies towards expression in verse forms. The analysis demonstrated that the musical component was the critical value needed to differentiate the systems of relations between the poetic and musical components, i.e. styles of interpretation. The chosen individual styles represent contrasting approaches to the organization of the poetic content in time. Although the temporal dimension in both examples is semanticised, its values in those styles are diametrically different. At one extreme a construction is found in which the relation of morphological unit values on poetical and musical levels demonstrates a specific interaction on the structural level. The symmetry on the macro plan depends on the constancy of the verse length, but it cannot be maintained that music is fully in the service of poetry. The reason for that is to be found mainly in the (isochrone) basis of the melopoetic, i.e. musical rhythm that, contrary to expectation (in view of the primary function of epic songs), is not achieved according to the dynamics of speech. The causes of such non-correspondence could be detected in the archaic links of epic songs with genres possessing characteristic rhythms of movement, first of all with rituals belonging to the death cycle, and/or changes in the prosody of the Serbian language. The other extreme is to be found in a style that represents, in a certain way, a qua
The Gregory-Laflamme instability  [PDF]
Ruth Gregory
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: I give a brief review of the Gregory-Laflamme instability as originally found for a 5-dimensional black string. This is a chapter of the book "Black Holes in Higher Dimensions" to be published by Cambridge University Press (editor: G. Horowitz)
Charity, good deeds and the poor in Serbian epic poetry  [PDF]
Petrovi? Sonja
Balcanica , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/balc0536051p
Abstract: The analysis of relation between the poor and the concept of charity in Serbian epic poetry is initiated as part of the research project "Ethnic and social stratification of the Balkans", which includes study of social margins and subcultures in oral literature. Charitable activities directed toward the poor are discussed as social models, but also as a complex way of social interaction between the elites and the poor, which left its mark on oral tradition and epic poetry. Care for the poor, almsgiving and charitable deeds were a religious obligation, and in the course of time, the repetitiveness and habitual character of poor relief became an important issue in structuring cultural patterns. Ethical, educative and humanistic potential of charity, and its being founded on cases witnessed in real life directly connect charity to the shaping of poetic narrative models. Epic models reflect and poeticize socio-cultural patterns and characters, which is represented both in medieval documents and in epic tradition, in similarity of their themes and formulas on the level of contents and structure. This resemblance has led to the conclusion that charitable giving, care for the poor and salvation of soul existed as specific patterns and intergeneric symbols, which were handed down in various oral and written forms.
Gregory Trees, The Continuum, And Martin's Axiom  [PDF]
Kenneth Kunen,Dilip Raghavan
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: We continue the investigation of Gregory trees and the Cantor Tree Property carried out by Hart and Kunen. We produce models of MA with the Continuum arbitrarily large in which there are Gregory trees, and in which there are no Gregory trees.
Attire in Ammianus and Gregory of Tours  [PDF]
Newbold, Ron F.
Studia Humaniora Tartuensia , 2005,
Abstract: The fourth century historian of the Roman Empire, Ammianus Marcellinus, focuses on attire and accessories that signify high rank, status and authority. In his narrative there are a number of cases where clothing and insignia feature in illegitimate or dangerous aspirations to power, and brought destruction upon the aspirants, or threatened to. An ongoing concern for Ammianus is how appropriately attired people are. He scorns the pretentious clothing of Roman nobles and bishops, took pleasure in retailing the reaction of the emperor Julian to his overdressed barber, and considered the craven Epigonius to be a philosopher only in his attire. Gallus Caesar's forced change from high to low status clothing portended his imminent execution. In his ethnographic excurses, Ammianus uses the attire of foreign peoples to define their otherness. The sixth century historian of Merovingian Gaul, Gregory of Tours, is largely oblivious to fine apparel unless it is the shining vestments of saints and angels. Humble and harsh clothing, such as skins and hair shirts denote spiritual commitment or reorientation, a change of "habit", a declaration that can be stripped away by enemies and persecutors while leaving the faith itself intact. Real ascetics eschew footwear in winter. The most striking feature of clothing in Gregory is the magical powers, to heal or punish, that it can absorb from the bodies of holy wearers. In both authors, clothes and character may be mismatched but Ammianus does not share Gregory's fondness for simple and uncomfortable attire, and certainly not his belief that a few threads from the clothing of someone long dead can work miracles.
Review: Gregory Landini, Russell. London and New York, Routledge 2011.  [cached]
Kevin C. Klement
Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy , 2012, DOI: 10.4148/jhap.v1i2.1597
Abstract: This essay reviews Gregory Landini's book Russell.
Acute meningitis by Streptococcus suis
Maria-Jesus Corrales-Arroyo,Maria Angeles Del Real-Francia,Amalia Hernandez-Gonzalez,Jose Manuel Morales Puebla
Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases , 2012,
Abstract: Streptococcus suis is a coccus Gram positive, anaerobic optional. Human infection by this microorganism is a zoonoticdisease that usually presents as purulent meningitis. Mortality is low but is common sequelae. A case of meningitis byS. suis secondary to contact with pigs is presented here. A 35-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital complainingof high fever, malaise, vomiting and headache. A physical examination revealed decreased level of consciousness,with adequate response to painful stimulus and his eyes with deconjugated gaze. S. suis was isolated in bloodculture. He was treated with cefotaxime, vancomycin and acyclovir in the intensive care unit. He experienced progressiveimprovement. He was discharged with severe deafness and a minimally unstable gait as sequellae. J Microbiol Infect Dis2012; 2(4): 160-162Key words: Streptococcus suis, meningitis, deafness.
Myth and Epic  [PDF]
Harold Toliver
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/als.2014.21005

Anthrologists and literary critics tend to read even sacred ancient literature in the manner of Homer’s and Virgil’s epics, that is, as fiction with historical elements. They don’t, however, always follow up with the implications of that. Mesopotamian myths and epics are similar to Greek and Roman ones in that regard. The pertinent questions are who believed what and what effect literal belief in myths hadon given social orders. One answer in the Hebraic tradition is typical of other traditions, namely that calls for reform at home and for campaigns against enemies abroad rely heavily on the presumed historicity of the texts. For the Israelites, that means the unquestioned validity of covenants struck between legendary patriarchs and Yahweh, at least within the Yahweh cult itself. The hybrid forms of Dante, Milton, and others in the Christian European tradition draw on both well-traveled epic conventions and the veracity of biblical traditions, as Milton does in turning a Homeric invocation of the muse into an appeal to the Holy Spirit. Much as Milton, too, is now read as a poet rather than an inspired seer, so probably were earlier authors who claimed direct personal revelations. If that was in fact the case, it would have weakened moral teachings less than cult recruitment andthecall for military campaigns against foreign powers. Whereas legal and ethical matters have muchto recommend them independently of their origin, waging war on religious grounds requires strong convictions.

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