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Avalia o da farmacoterapia anti-hipertensiva em pacientes diabéticos atendidos no Sistema único de Saúde (SUS) na rede municipal de saúde de Salto Grande, SP  [cached]
PAULO ROQUE OBRELI NETO,WALDEREZ PENTEADO GAETI FRANCO,ROBERTO KENJI NAKAMURA CUMAN
Revista de Ciências Farmacêuticas Básica e Aplicada , 2010,
Abstract: Este trabalho objetivou avaliar o padr o de prescri o de medicamentos anti-hipertensivos e os níveis pressóricos de pacientes diabéticos hipertensos atendidos na Unidade Básica de Saúde “Cidinha Leite” do município de Salto Grande, interior do Estado de S o Paulo. Trata-se de um estudo de caráter descritivo, transversal utilizando cópias das receitas e prontuários dos pacientes com idade >40 anos atendidos na UBS estudada, com press o arterial > 130/80mmHg e/ou utilizando medicamentos anti-hipertensivos concomitantemente com medicamentos antidiabéticos (antidiabéticos orais e parenterais), tendo sido excluídos todos os indivíduos com queixas associadas ao aparelho cardiovascular, com encaminhamentos para servi os de cardiologia, que pudessem influenciar no padr o de prescri o de medicamentos anti-hipertensivos. Duzentos e quatorze (67,5%) indivíduos atenderam aos critérios de inclus o do estudo, sendo 143 (66,8%) pessoas do sexo feminino; com idade média de 59,44 anos, com 45 (21,0%) destes pacientes apresentando valores de PA < 130/80mmHg. O padr o de prescri o de anti-hipertensivos para estes pacientes segue parcialmente as recomenda es baseadas em evidências existentes, ocorrendo algumas escolhas de monoterapia, posologia de medicamentos e terapias medicamentosas em associa o irracionais, sendo extremamente importante a ado o de estratégias educativas junto aos clínicos gerais para melhorar o tratamento medicamentoso dos diabéticos hipertensos atendidos na UBS “Cidinha Leite”. Palavras-chave: Farmacoterapia. Hipertens o. Diabetes Mellitus. Saúde Pública. ABSTRACT Assessment of anti-hypertensive pharmacotherapy given to diabetic patients attended by the Brazilian National Health Service at the municipal health care center of Salto Grande, SP This article reviews critically the prescription patterns of antihypertensive drugs and the recorded blood pressure levels in diabetic hypertensive patients treated at the "Cidinha Leite" Primary Healthcare Center in the city of Salto Grande, in upstate Sao Paulo, Brazil. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional survey based on copies of medical records of patients aged > 40 years treated at this public health clinic, with blood pressure levels > 130/80 mmHg and/or taking antihypertensive drugs concomitantly with (oral and parenteral) antidiabetic drugs. All individuals with complaints associated with the cardiovascular system, with referrals to cardiology services, which could influence the pattern of prescription of antihypertensive drugs, were excluded. Two hundred and fourteen (67.5%) individuals met the i
Caracteriza??o química das plantas aquáticas coletadas no reservatório de Salto Grande (Americana-SP)
Martins, D.;Costa, N.V.;Terra, M.A.;Marchi, S.R.;Velini, E.D.;
Planta Daninha , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-83582003000400004
Abstract: this research aimed to describe the chemical components of the following aquatic plants: brachiariaarrecta, eichhornia crassipes, pistiastratiotes and salviniaauriculata, found in a reservoir formed by salto grande power plant in americana-sp, brazil, to provide a basis for future evaluations of the biomass behavior of these species at waste points or in the reservoir. plant samples were collected on 04/16/2002. b. arrecta showed the lowest medium contents of macro and micronutrients and the highest medium contents of heavy metal in the dry matter, compared to the other aquatic species. the c/n relationship of e. crassipes, p. stratiotes and s. auriculata showed similar contents. molybdenum, silver, lead and mercury were not detected in any of the species studied.
Altera??es na ictiocenose do rio Forqueta em fun??o da instala??o da Pequena Central Hidrelétrica Salto Forqueta, Putinga, Rio Grande do Sul
Hirschmann, Alice;Majolo, Marco A.;Grillo, Hamilton C. Z.;
Iheringia. Série Zoologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0073-47212008000400011
Abstract: this study aimed to verify the alterations on the fish assemblage due the installation of the small hydroelectrical power-station salto forqueta in the course of the forqueta river. the study area is located in the taquari river basin, between the municipalities of putinga (left margin of the river) and s?o josé do herval (right margin of the river). the study encompassed four phases: phase i - from dec/2000 to feb/2002 (before damming), phase ii - from dec/2002 to jan/2004 (first year following damming), phase iii - from may/2004 to apr/2005 (second year following damming) and phase iv - from may/2005 to jul/2006 (third year following damming). the samples were taken using fishing nets with diverse mashes. it was registered 28 species during phase i, 21 species during phase ii, 19 species during phase iii and 18 species during phase iv. the abundance rates, during the four phases, varied among the following species: astyanax spp., hemiancistrus punctulatus cardoso & malabarba, 1999, steindachnerina biornata (pearson, 1924), oligosarcus jenynsii (günther, 1864) and geophagus brasiliensis (quoy & gaimard, 1824). it was verified a range of alterations in the local fish assemblage, nevertheless, these alterations were not statistically significant.
Aprovechamiento de Salto Grande Argentina – Uruguay  [cached]
Bongiovanni, M.
Informes de la Construccion , 1979,
Abstract: The power harnessing of Salto Grande will be the first common project carried out by two South American Countries and this will foster greater integration of both countries. The project involves the following: — One 39 m-high dam — Two hydroelectric power plants — One international bridge — One shipping canal The benefits to be obtained from the project include: increase and improvement of the waterway network; increase of electricity production; railways and highway tie-ups between both countries; industrial development; increased availability of irrigation water; new tourist resorts; increase of fishing resources. El aprovechamiento hidroeléctrico de Salto Grande será el primer aprovechamiento común a dos países sudamericanos, lo que permitirá una mayor integración entre ellos. Consta de las siguientes obras: _ una presa de 39 m de altura; _ dos centrales hidroeléctricas; _ un puente internacional; _ un canal de navegación, etc. Entre los beneficios que se obtendrán destacan: aumento y mejora de la red de navegación; aumento de la producción eléctrica; enlace de las vías de ferrocarril y carreteras entre los dos países; desarrollo industrial; aumento de la disponibilidad de agua de riego; creación de zonas de turismo, e incremento de la riqueza piscícola.
Do grande salto para frente à grande fome: China de 1958-1962 From the great leap forward to the great famine: China from 1958 to 1962
Shu Chang-Sheng
Diálogos , 2010, DOI: 10.4025/dialogos.v8i1.199
Abstract: O Grande Salto para Frente foi um programa econ mico e sóciopolítico lan ado pelo Presidente Mao Zedong, do Partido Comunista Chinês, entre 1958 e 1960, para transformar a China de um país agrário e atrasado em um país industrial, avan ado e verdadeiramente socialista. Por falta de planejamento e coordena o, por causa da resistência dos camponeses e de uma série de erros políticos, este programa radical e altamente utópico acabou sendo um grande salto para trás.O colapso do Grande Salto para Frente e a conseqüente fome e depress o na China tiveram um grande impacto sobre a política partidária do país. Desde 1962, o partido e o seu presidente come aram a se distanciar, o que conduziu à forma o de duas fac es dentro do Partido Comunista Chinês: a fac o radical maoísta, que se encontrava isolada, e a fac o moderada e “revisionista”, que estava no comando efetivo. O conflito aberto entre as duas fac es aconteceria a partir de 1966, quando Mao lan ou a Revolu o Cultural – objeto dos meus futuros estudos. The Great Leap Forward consisted of an economical, social and political program introduced by President Mao Zedong of the Chinese Communist Party between 1958 and 1960 to transform China from an agricultural and backward country into an industrial, progressive and really socialist one. Due to lack of planning and coordination, peasants’ resistance and political mistakes, this extreme and highly utopian program actually became a great backward leap. The collapse of the Great Leap Forward and the consequent famine and depression in China affected immensely the country’s party politics. Since a gap was established as from 1962 between the party and its president, two rival blocs became extant within the Chinese Communist Party: the Maoist radical bloc which remained alone, and the moderate and “revisionist” bloc which was actually in command. Open war between the two blocs occurred in 1966 when Mao triggered the Cultural Revolution.
An Acute Case of Intoxication with Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins in Recreational Water in Salto Grande Dam, Argentina  [PDF]
Leda Giannuzzi,Daniela Sedan,Ricardo Echenique,Dario Andrinolo
Marine Drugs , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/md9112164
Abstract: Cyanobacterial blooms and hepatotoxic microcystins (MCs) usually occur in summer, constituting a sanitary and environmental problem in Salto Grande Dam, Argentina. Water sports and recreational activities take place in summer in this lake. We reported an acute case of cyanobacterial poisoning in Salto Grande dam, Argentina, which occurred in January 2007. Accidentally, a young man was immersed in an intense bloom of Microcystis spp. A level of 48.6 μg·L ?1 of microcystin-LR was detected in water samples. Four hours after exposure, the patient showed nausea, abdominal pain and fever. Three days later, dyspnea and respiratory distress were reported. The patient was hospitalized in intensive care and diagnosed with an atypical pneumonia. Finally, a week after the exposure, the patient developed a hepatotoxicosis with a significant increase of hepatic damage biomarkers (ALT, AST and γGT). Complete recovery took place within 20 days. This is the first study to show an acute intoxication with microcystin-producing cyanobacteria blooms in recreational water.
Levantamento de plantas aquáticas no reservatório de Salto Grande, Americana-SP
Martins, D.;Marchi, S.R.;Costa, N.V.;Cardoso, L.A.;Rodrigues-Costa, A.C.;
Planta Daninha , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-83582011000100025
Abstract: the objectives of this work were to determine the relative frequency and infestation level of each species present in the salto grande reservoir in americana-sp. the survey and identification of the aquatic plants were carried out in the salto grande reservoir on a boat. twenty evaluation sites were established along the reservoir, photographed and geo-referenced. values from 0 to 100% were assigned for both the species present and for the aquatic plants that could possibly occur within the sampled sites. based on the number of individuals and points evaluated, the relative frequency of each species was determined. thirteen species were identified along the reservoir, 12 vascular species and one green alga (chlorella spp.). among the vascular species , nine were floating plants, anchored or not on the bed of the reservoir, namely, alternanthera philoxeroides, brachiaria subquadripara, cyperus difformis, echinochloa polystachia var. spectabilis, eichhornia crassipes, panicum rivulare, pistia stratiotes, salvinia auriculata and typha angustifolia. other three species were found only on firm ground, namely, aeschynomene sensory, hedychium coronarium and mimosa pigra.
Environmental characterization and soil organic matter prediction for Salto Watershed, Extrema, MG Caracteriza o ambiental e predi o dos teores de matéria organica do solo na Sub-Bacia do Salto, Extrema, MG  [cached]
Anna Hoffmann Oliveira,Mayesse Aparecida da Silva,Marx Leandro Naves Silva,Junior Cesar Avanzi
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2012,
Abstract: Rational management in a watershed requires knowledge of several important parameters regarding the hydrology, including morphometric, vegetation cover and soil organic matter (MOS) amounts. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the morphometric characteristics, identify the existence of vegetation using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and analyze the spatial variability of the organic matter amount, obtained through combination of landscape properties of the Salto Sub-basin, Extrema, MG, Brazil. Digitalized topographic maps, satellites images and the Inverse Distance Weighted interpolation methods were used to acquire the MOS spatial variability. The Salto Sub-basin has a median tendency for flooding; drainage is efficient and highly branched. Most part of the Sub-basin is occupied by degraded pastures with vegetation with high biomass occurs mainly in headwater areas. The properties set that better estimated the MOS was slope, profile curvature, NDVI and topographic wetness index (TWI). In most of the study area, MOS showed medium amount (2.01 to 4.00 dag kg-1), with higher levels in areas of high altitudes (about 1,600 m) at the headwaters of the Sub-basin. O manejo racional em uma bacia hidrográfica requer o conhecimento de diversos parametros, entre eles a morfometria, a cobertura vegetal e o teor de matéria organica do solo (MOS). Os objetivos do trabalho foram avaliar as características morfométricas, a presen a de vegeta o utilizando o índice de vegeta o por diferen a normalizada (NDVI), e a distribui o espacial dos teores de matéria organica do solo (MOS) obtida a partir da combina o dos atributos da paisagem na Sub-bacia Hidrográfica do Salto, no município de Extrema, MG. Foram utilizados mapas topográficos digitalizados, imagens de satélite e o modelo de regress o linear múltipla relacionando os atributos da paisagem com o teor de MOS para obter a distribui o espacial da MOS. A Sub-bacia do Salto possui tendência mediana a enchentes, a drenagem é eficiente e bastante ramificada. Grande parte da sub-bacia encontra-se ocupada por pastagens degradadas e a vegeta o com grande quantidade de biomassa ocorre principalmente nas áreas de cabeceira. O conjunto de atributos que melhor estimou o teor de MOS foi declividade, perfil de curvatura, NDVI e índice topográfico de umidade (TWI). A MOS apresentou teor médio (2,01 a 4,00 dag kg-1) na maior parte da área estudada, situados principalmente em áreas de maior altitude (cerca de 1.600 m) nas cabeceiras da Sub-bacia.
Suicidio por salto al vacío  [cached]
Braulio Ernesto P. Linares,Félix Antonio Bikic
Medicina Legal de Costa Rica , 1995,
Abstract: La tendencia al suicidio se asocia con problemas de soledad, abandono sicológico en la infancia, drogadicción, enfermedades graves, etc. Y en pacientes psiquiátricos es más común tras ser dados de alta. En Argentina los suicidios aumentaron en 25% de 1990 a 1992, y el 78 % de las víctimas fueron de sexo masculino. La proporción por salto al vacío aumentó , especialmente en áreas urbanas. En 40 casos argentinos hubo introducción basal del fémur (25%), fractura del calcáneo en 17%, fracturas de pelvis o cuello del fémur en 7% y estallido hepático en 20%. Suicidal tendencies are associated with loneliness, lack of psychological attention during childhood, drug addiction, serious illness, etc., In psyciatric patients, it is more frequent shortly after they are dismissed from the hospital. In Argentina, the suicide rate increased by 25% from 1990 to 1992, and 78% of the victims are males. The proportion that jumped to death increased, particularly inurban areas. In 40 Argentinian cases there was a basalpenetration of the femur (25%), fracture of the calcaneus bone (17%), fracture of pelvis o femur cervix (7%) and explosion of the liver (20%).
O significado cultural atribuído ao centro de terapia intensiva por clientes e seus familiares: um elo entre a beira do abismo e a liberdade
Lemos Rejane Cussi Assun??o,Rossi Lídia Aparecida
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2002,
Abstract: Este estudo etnográfico teve como objetivo identificar os significados culturais que os clientes admitidos em Centro de Terapia Intensiva e seus familiares atribuem ao processo de hospitaliza o. Os dados foram coletados mediante a realiza o de observa o participante e entrevistas com 17 sujeitos (clientes e seus familiares), durante a hospitaliza o. A partir da análise dos dados, surgiram três categorias: 1) CTI, a beira do abismo, um lugar desconhecido e assustador; 2) O elo entre a beira do abismo e a liberdade; 3) A alta do CTI: a liberdade para a vida. O tema central foi: "CTI, um elo entre a beira do abismo e a liberdade". Considerou-se relevante desvelar os significados culturais envolvidos nessa situa o, o que poderá subsidiar uma assistência personalizada ao cliente e sua família.
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