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Prevalence of Hypertension among Elderly Women in Slums of Surat City  [PDF]
Pawar AB, Bansal RK, Bharodiya Paresh, Panchal Shaishav, Patel HB, Padariya PK, Patel GH
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: This screening study conducted among 105 elderly women residing among the slums of Surat city revealed the virtual absence of screening programmes for hypertension in the vulnerable segment as witnessed by detection of new and undiagnosed case of hypertension in over one thirds of those screened. The universal absence of awareness of the need for regular treatment and follow up and absence of informed decision making is indeed distressing.
Awareness and Prevalence of Myocardial Infarction and Hypertension in General Population of Surat City
Snehal Gandhi, Nisarg Chaudhari, Rushik Bhuva, Kallol Mallick, Bipin Vasava
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: The study used a cross-sectional survey, which was carried out in Surat population. The objective of this study was to examine the levels of awareness of myocardial infarction in Surat population. A total of 100 populations were randomly selected and were examined. From those, 100 (59 male and 41 female), 25a€“75 years of age, were included in the analysis. Every population was examined and questioner was filled in individual risks for myocardial infraction was assessed using self-reported information. In Surat, only a few years ago, there were very few data about hypertension prevalence and no data at all about hypertension awareness, treatment, and control. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to estimate the levels of prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in a general population.
An Epidemiological Study Of Hypertension Amongst Children From Various Primary Schools Of Surat City  [cached]
Thakor H.G,Kumar P,Desai V.K
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 1998,
Abstract: Research question: What is the prevalence of hypertension in school children aged 10 years and above? Objectives: 1. To find out the prevalence of hypertension. 2. To generate a profile of hypertensive cases. Study design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Selected primary schools run by Surat Manipal Corporation. Participants: School children aged 10 years and above. Sample size: 2250 children (1092 boys, 158girls) Study variables: Age, sex, body weight, body mass index Outcome variables: Prevalence of hypertension. Statistical analysis: X2 test Results: Overall prevalence of hypertension in children was 2.3 percent, separately in girls and 0.9 percent in boys. Body weight above 40kgms and body mass index (BMI) above 20 were differentiating points as children weighing more than 40kgms and/or with BMI more than 20 significantly higher prevalence of hypertension. Most of the cases were asymptomatic and also had no suggestive symptoms in the past.
A Study of Depression Among Aged in Surat City  [PDF]
Jariwala Vishal, Bansal RK, Patel Swati, Tamakuwala Bimal
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: This cross-sectional study interviews 105 elderly belonging to different socioeconomic and varying demographic groups of Surat city as per predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria with their informed consent in compliance with 'Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects' of Helsinki Declaration, employing a probability sample technique. The data was analyzed using SPSS-15 and the results were recorded as frequencies, means ± standard deviations and p-values. Tables and figures were used for comprehensive viewing of the results. Chi-square test was used for categorical variables. A p-value of <0.05 was taken as the criteria of significance. The study explores depression and important correlates thereof.
Staying Preferences by Street Children in Surat City  [PDF]
Patel NB, Desai Toral, Bansal RK, Girish Thakar
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: India houses the largest number of street children in the world. These children often live in abject poverty and squalid conditions. The present study aims to explore their staying preferences in the city of Surat and the reasons thereof. This cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 326 street children in Surat city. The study found that street children prefer to stay and work in Surat city as they perceive that Surat is a safer city; it is easier to earn money in this city; life and assimilation also is easier; there is less harassment by older children, police and others. The maximum numbers of street children are staying on the railway platforms 115 (35.3%). The major reasons given by the street children for choosing their place of stay are safety, convenience of finding work, comfortable shelter characteristics, availability of friends, and less harassment. There is a need to build mechanisms to increase safety of the street children at their places of stay and check their abuse by older children, police and authorities and encourage their stay at day care (24 hour care) centres.
JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN SLUM OF SOLAPUR CITY  [PDF]
BHAGYASHRI M. PATIL
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper an attempt is made to study the Juvenile Delinquency in slum of Solapur city. Solapur city has got more than 12 lakhs of population within which 220 slums are there. In these slums 2.20 lakhs of people are living. Delinquency is the type of abnormality. The problem of Juvenile delinquency in Solapur city is very severe. These delinquents also include in sealing bulbs, shoes, cloths, water tabs and snatch gold ornaments of people crowded in the temple and at the time of jatra or in any crowded place. Some time, they do deliberately pick pocketing also. Poverty, absence of education, lack of parental care, love and affection are main causes of juvenile delinquency. For the purpose of this study, observation and detailed interview method is employed. The requested additional information is collected by informal discussion with slum community people and leaders.
Study on Global Warming and Fuel Conservation in Surat City  [PDF]
Neha Bansal, Hormaz Garda, Ghanshyam Padmani
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: The study reveals that though middle and upper middle class of people in Surat city are aware of global warming, contributory reasons and containment measures, yet remain insensitive in terms of practices. The paper points to the need to increase their collective consciousness and responsiveness to this issue through intense awareness campaigns and rallies to promote measures as pooling of vehicles, cycling, hybrid cars and efficient rapid public transport systems through institution of measures at individual, community and government levels to ameliorate hindrances to the adoption of environment friendly practices as reported in the observations.
Prevalence of Hypertension Amongst Workers of a Fertilizer Company in Surat District  [PDF]
Vidita Divan, Vineeta Chauhan, Shaishav Panchal, Bansal RK
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: This cross sectional study explores the prevalence of hypertension, whether diagnosed or undiagnosed, amongst 104 employees of a fertilizer company in Surat district along with its association between different variables such as age, education, tobacco use, alcohol use by chi-square test and fisher exact test.
Prevalence and correlates of smoking among urban adult men in Bangladesh: slum versus non-slum comparison
Md Mobarak Khan, Aklimunnessa Khan, Alexander Kraemer, Mitsuru Mori
BMC Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-149
Abstract: We used secondary data which was collected by the 2006 Urban Health Survey. The data were representative for the urban areas in Bangladesh. Both slums and non-slums located in the six City Corporations were considered. Slums in the cities were identified by two steps, first by using the satellite images and secondly by ground truthing. At the next stage, several clusters of households were selected by using proportional sampling. Then from each of the selected clusters, about 25 households were randomly selected. Information of a total of 12,155 adult men, aged 15–59 years, was analyzed by stratifying them into slum (= 6,488) and non-slum (= 5,667) groups. Simple frequency, bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed using SPSS.Overall smoking prevalence for the total sample was 53.6% with significantly higher prevalences among men in slums (59.8%) than non-slums (46.4%). Respondents living in slums reported a significantly (P < 0.001) higher prevalence of smoking cigarettes (53.3%) as compared to those living in non-slums (44.6%). A similar pattern was found for bidis (slums = 11.4% and non-slums = 3.2%, P < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression revealed significantly higher odds ratio (OR) of smoking cigarettes (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.03–1.22), bidis (OR = 1.90, 95% CI = 1.58–2.29) and any of the two (OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.13–1.34) among men living in slums as compared to those living in non-slums when controlled for age, division, education, marital status, religion, birth place and types of work. Division, education and types of work were the common significant correlates for both cigarette and bidi smoking in slums and non-slums by multivariable logistic regressions. Other significant correlates of smoking cigarettes were marital status (both areas), birth place (slums), and religion (non-slums). Similarly significant factors for smoking bidis were age (both areas), marital status (slums), religion (non-slums), and birth place (b
Occupational Profile and Perceptions of Street Children in Surat City  [PDF]
Patel NB, Desai Toral, Bansal RK, Girish Thakar
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Street children constitute a highly vulnerable, most deprived and marginalized section of the society, whose rights are constantly violated with impunity. This study attempts to explore the occupational profile of the street children in the city of Surat and pertinent aspects thereof. This cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 326 street children in Surat city. The study revealed that majority of the street children (79.8%) start earning money as beggars. They soon switch over to other petty jobs/ activities. The street children select their occupation according to their choice of work, availability of an opportunity and the amount of money available to them. Their occupational profile changes according to their age; the period of stay in Surat; and, the money available with them. The earnings of these children fluctuate with the season. Leading five occupation adopted by street children includes Working in eatables and tea stalls (11.7%); Begging and or sweeping (11.3%); Selling newspapers, magazines and books (11.3%); Shoe shining (9.8%) and Selling drinking water bottles & pouches & cold drinks (9.5%). Shoe shining is mostly carried out by the boys aged more than 12 years. Commercial sex work by girls is considered as inevitable by street girls. Illicit alcohol transport and selling is most lucrative and is often attract street children in to this occupation. Some street children become pick pockets under the guidance of an older pick pocket. Usually children who are very young, have recently come into the streets and their original families are often the most disadvantaged are more likely to engage in Picking up rags work as this requires no capital, no contacts and very less labour.
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