oalib
匹配条件: “” ,找到相关结果约100条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共100条
每页显示
DETERMINANTS OF CREDIT ACCESS FOR COLOMBIAN HOUSEHOLDS
Murcia Pabón,Andrés;
Ensayos sobre POLíTICA ECONóMICA , 2007,
Abstract: this paper identifi es the main determinants of credit access for colombian households. it finds that income, wealth, geographical position, access to social security, the education level and age affect the probability of credit use (mortgage loans and credit cards). moreover, a large part of the population has a favorable financial condition (represented by high savings rates) and do not have access to credit. this suggests the existence of a potential segment in that market.
Antimicrobial Screening of tree barks of Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K. Schum. and Hymenodictyon obovatum Wall. from Kumta and Dharwad, Karnataka, India
Irawwa B. GOKAK,Reshma M GOUNDI,Ranjita KURDEKAR,G.R. HEGDE
International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants , 2012,
Abstract: Medicinal plants have been used for many years in daily life to treat diseases all over the world. Plants considered not only as dietary supplements of living organisms but also traditionally used for treating many health problems. Medicines such as Quinine a popular antimalarial drug are obtained from the tree barks. The intention of the present study was to check the Antibacterial and Antifungal activity of barks of trees Hymenodictyon obovatum Wall. and Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum. collected from Kumta and Dharwad region. Acetone, Alcohol and Aqueous extracts of these plants were obtained by Soxhlet method. All these extracts Acetone, Alcohol and Aqueous were tested for the inhibition activity against the different Bacterial strains Viz. staphylococcus aureus, klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus vulgaris and Fungi Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger in three different concentrations of 25mg/ml, 50mg.ml, and 100mg/ml. Hymenodictyon obovatum Wall. From Dharwad region showed the good activity against all the bacteria and the moderate activity against the fungus Candida albicans compared to the same from Kumta region. The acetone extract 100 mg/ml of Hymenodictyon obovatum Wall. From Dharwad showed inhibition zone of 24mm against Pseudomonas aureginosa which is more than the control assuring a good anti activity against Bacterium Pseudomonas aureginosa where as Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum from both the regions didn’t showed any appreciable activity against any of the Bacteria and fungi used.
Determinants related to drug possession in households  [cached]
Nailet Arraíz,Ayarí G. ávila Larreal,Alberto E. Brice?o García,Betty Benítez
Medwave , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Drugs are used as therapeutic tools useful strategy to improve and maintain health. The use of drugs is a complex phenomenon that is influenced by several factors that are interesting to analyze. Objective: To identify determinants related to the possession of drugs in homes clustered in the socio-economic, personal and health system. Methods: A descriptive transversal to do so, applied 1092 surveys, April-July 2010. Sampling was intentional in the metropolitan area of the Municipality Trujillo, Trujillo State Venezuela. The instrument was structured in the following dimensions: 1) socio-economic, 2) personal, 3) health system. For data analysis, we applied chi square and binary logistic regression. Results: We found associations between number of drugs in the presence of patients at home (acute or chronic): odds ratio (OR): 2.5; p=0.000; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1,9-3,33; family income (measured in minimum wages): OR: 1.38; p=0.021; CI: 1.05-1.82 and the purchase of medications (prescription): OR: 2.5; p=0.000; 1,53 IC-4, 04. Conclusion: The variables that are correlated with increased number of drugs found in homes of patients were the presence of any type, higher family income and the purchase of medicines for families.
The Determinants of Demand for Education among Households in Malaysia
Noorasiah Sulaiman,Rahmah Ismail,Norasmah Othman,Poo Bee Tin
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.558.567
Abstract: Now-a-days to be deemed as a competent worker requires qualifications and additional skills in order to be competitive, especially in this age of globalization. Since, competition is essential and the requirements of labour have now changed, this study aims to examine the determinants of the demand for education among the households in Malaysia by considering parents awareness of the impact of globalization. In this study in addition to the variable of demand for education, another useful variable that is considered is the indicator of educational expenditure which represents globalization. In other words, the indicator of educational expenditure is examined to analyse the expenditure on education in the age of globalization. This study utilizes data from a household survey. The determinants of demand for education include the characteristics of parents or households background such as parents income and educational level of parents and the information of indicators for educational expenditure due to the impact of globalization. Furthermore, the parents awareness of globalization in respect of their children s education is also investigated. The results of the study show that most variables of parents characteristics are significant with educational expenditure. These include the variables of household income, mother s work status, job category of head of household and educational level of head of household. Remarkably, the variable of parents awareness concerning the impact of globalization is also positive and significantly affects expenditure on education among the households. This study reveals that transformation in the Malaysian educational system has changed the household behaviour of attempting to provide better education for their children, especially to meet the requirement of increased competition in this age of globalization.
Determinants of Deprivation among Part–time Cassava Farming Households in the Humid Tropi
Nsikak-Abasi A Etim,Sunday Okon,Iniobong A. Akpabio
International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development , 2011,
Abstract: As cost of living rises and people’s wages / salaries do not cover their basic food and dietary needs, interest in parttime farming has risen. Part-time farming activities are being practiced by different people as a food security strategy from vulnerable households. But these part-time farms have had limited success in providing food/nutrition security, increasing incomes and improving well-being. Understanding the factors underlying their persistent deprivation is imperative when designing policies and programmes to meet their needs and improve their welfare. Farm level survey data collected from 60 households with the aid of questionnaire were used to estimate the determinants of deprivation by Tobit regression model. Using the maximum likelihood approach, asymptotic parameters estimates were evaluated to describe determinants of deprivation. Sex, marital status, household size, education, farm income and labour were significant determinants of deprivation.
Determinants of condom breakage among female sex workers in Karnataka, India  [cached]
Bradley Janet,Rajaram S,Alary Michel,Isac Shajy
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-s6-s14
Abstract: Background Condoms are effective in preventing the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, when properly used. However, recent data from surveys of female sex workers (FSWs) in Karnataka in south India, suggest that condom breakage rates may be quite high. It is important therefore to quantify condom breakage rates, and examine what factors might precipitate condom breakage, so that programmers can identify those at risk, and develop appropriate interventions. Methods We explored determinants of reported condom breakage in the previous month among 1,928 female sex workers in four districts of Karnataka using data from cross-sectional surveys undertaken from July 2008 to February 2009. Using stepwise multivariate logistic regression, we examined the possible determinants of condom breakage, controlling for several independent variables including the district and client load. Results Overall, 11.4% of FSWs reported at least one condom break in the previous month. FSWs were much more likely to report breakage if under 20 years of age (AOR 3.43, p = 0.005); if divorced/ separated/widowed (AOR 1.52, p = 0.012); if they were regular alcohol users (AOR 1.63, p = 0.005); if they mostly entertained clients in lodges/rented rooms (AOR 2.99, p = 0.029) or brothels (AOR 4.77, p = 0.003), compared to street based sex workers; if they had ever had anal sex (AOR 2.03, p = 0.006); if the sex worker herself (as opposed to the client) applied the condom at last use (AOR 1.90, p < 0.001); if they were inconsistent condom users (AOR 2.77, p < 0.001); and if they had never seen a condom demonstration (AOR 2.37, p < 0.001). Conclusions The reported incidence of condom breakage was high in this study, and this is a major concern for HIV/STI prevention programs, for which condom use is a key prevention tool. Younger and more marginalized female sex workers were most vulnerable to condom breakage. Special effort is therefore required to seek out such women and to provide information and skills on correct condom use. More research is also needed on what specific situational parameters might be important in predisposing women to condom breakage.
Determinants of Pork Consumption among Rural Households in Rivers State, Nigeria
E.C. Matthews-Njoku,C.C. Asiabaka,O.M. Adesope
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Pig production is a common feature in rural areas of Rivers State. This has influenced consumption level to a relatively high level. This study investigates the determinants of pork consumption among rural households in Ogba region of Rivers State. Data was collected from 100 randomly selected respondents. This study found that consumption level of pork is moderate and it was found that cultural belief, household size, cost and supply were the significant factors that influenced pork consumption.
DETERMINANTS OF INCOME DIVERSIFICATION AMONGST RURAL FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA  [PDF]
Idowu, Adewunmi. O.,Aihonsu, John O.Y,Olubanjo, Olugbenga O.,Shittu, Adebayo M.
Economics and Finance Review , 2011,
Abstract: This study aims to analyze the determinants of household income diversification and the share of income sources to total household income among the rural farm households in southwest Nigeria. The study drew a sample of 411 rural farm households through a multi-stage sampling technique from three states in southwest Nigeria and the data obtained were analyzed using the Herfindal index and Tobit regressions. Results indicate that the level of income diversification among rural farm households in southwest Nigeria depicted by inverse of Herfindal index was 2.82. An average rural farm household in southwest Nigeria had its members involving in three income generating activities with two farming activities and one non-farm job. Ninety five percent of rural farm households had their members involving in non-farm activities with non-farm self-employment contributing the largest share of non-farm income. Education, experience in any non-farm activity and distance to urban centre were the major determinants of income shares from different sources of non-farm activities while increase in the size of household, per capita landholding and per capita animal wealth significantly increased the income diversification of the rural farm households in southwest Nigeria. Implication is drawn for provision of enabling environment for the establishment of more non-farm self employment jobs.
Determinants of Food Insecurity among Households in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia  [PDF]
Girma Gezimu Gebre
Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems , 2012,
Abstract: Even though there is long-held belief that urban populations are better off, or even favoured than rural populations, the recent food and financial crises have highlighted the problem of urban food insecurity in developing countries. Hence, the overall objective of this study was to examine the determinants of food insecurity among urban households in Addis Ababa city. To do so, both descriptive statistics and econometric analysis were employed. Descriptive statistics used Foster, Greer and Thorbeck distributional measure of food insecurity while econometric analysis used binary logistic regression model to analyze the data of a set of socio-economic variables as explanatory variables and food insecurity as independent variable.The head count index shows that 58,16 % of the total households are below the food insecurity line. The food insecurity gap and severity were 20 % and 9,4 %, respectively. The result of the logistic regression model estimate indicates that out of the 10 factors included, 6 were found to have a significant influence on the probability of being food insecure at less than 10 % significance level. The variables considered were household size, age of household head, household head education, and access to credit, household asset possession, and access to employment.Efforts should be made to improve income earning capacity of households, their education level with particular focus on vocational training, reduce household size with a view to reducing their dependency ratio and access of credit to the needy and trained people needs to be provided with proper targeting criterion.
Determinants of nutritional status of children in farming households in Oyo State, Nigeria
B.O Lawal, F.O Lawal
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development , 2010,
Abstract: This descriptive cross-sectional survey determined the influence of socio-economic, household and child-related factors on the nutritional status of children (0-5yrs) in farming households of Oyo State, Nigeria. The study was conducted using a multistage sampling technique to select 201 mother-child pairs from 18 farming communities in the state. Data were collected from the mothers, using a structured interview schedule and anthropometric measurements of their children were taken to determine the prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting. The data obtained were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to determine the influence of the underlying determinants of nutritional status. The mean age of women was 35.75 years, while that of the children was 22.20 months. Majority (59.0%) of the women had between 5 and 8 children, 42.7% of the respondents were primarily farmers, while 57.3% combined farming with trading, agro-processing, artisan and paid jobs. The average farm size was 1.86 hectare. Women with some form of education constituted 70.7%, while 29.3% had no education at all. The most frequently consumed food items in the households (consumed at least 4 times a week) included bread (99.5%), cassava/cassava products, rice (98.8%), yam/yam products (89.6%) and meat (70%). Fruits were, however, not frequently consumed. Household food security data showed that 77.2% were moderately food secure while 9.9% were food insecure. Only 12.8% were food secure. The results indicate that the nutritional status of children in the farming households in the study area was generally suboptimal. Overall stunting prevalence was 35.7%, underweight 14.9% and wasting 5.5%. Factors which were significantly associated with nutritional status of the children included age of child, frequency of breastfeeding, eating pattern of child, provision of snacks, household food security status, number of hours mother spends on childcare, mother’s use of health services, mother’s education, frequency and scope of travel of mother beyond the immediate locality and source of drinking water. It is recommended that the primary intervention strategies should be to address poverty among subsistence farmers’ households, promote sustainable livelihoods, and provide primary health care services which will in turn improve the nutritional status of children.
第1页/共100条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.