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Conductas socialmente indeseables asociadas a agresores y resilientes. Un estudio de casos y controles en Medellín, Colombia. 2003 - 2005
Duque,Luis F.; Klevens,Joanne; Montoya,Nilton E.;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: concurrent risky or deviant behaviors of serious offenders, resilient men and community controls were estimated through a case-control study carried out in medellin, colombia between 2003 and 2005. methodology: cases: serious offenders (n=62), men involved in violent quarrels or brawls (n=81), and members of autodefensas unidas de colombia -colombian paramilitary army- (auc), also known as paramilitaries (n=72) were compared to resilient men (n=59) and community controls (n=103). all were interviewed face to face in their communities. cases were interviewed at the site, day and hour agreed with the group leader. controls and resilient men were referred by respected and trusted persons of the community and interviewed in their own communities in a place chosen by them. results: antecedents of overt and covert aggression, deviant behaviors and oppositional behaviors, and substance abuse was higher among auc members (paramilitaries), serious offenders and men involved in quarrels than among community controls and resilient men. resilient men report a smaller number of concurrent deviant and risky behaviors compared to community controls. auc members (paramilitaries) are not different from serious offenders in their reports of concurrent risky and deviant behaviors.
Perceptions of Deviant Behaviour in the Workplace  [PDF]
Daniela de Carvalho Wilks
International Journal of Management, Knowledge and Learning , 2012,
Abstract: Employee misconduct in the workplace is relatively common and may be counterproductivein social and material terms. To identify which undesirable behavioursare considered acceptable is the first step to develop ways to reducedeviance in organizational settings. The purpose of this study was to examinethe perceived acceptability of deviant behaviour in the workplace, and to analysethe relation between the degree of such acceptance with organizationalcommitment, job satisfaction, and organizational tenure. Data was obtainedfrom 223 adults employed full-time. Results suggest a positive relationshipbetween the degree of acceptability of certain forms of deviant behaviour andorganizational commitment, but not with job satisfaction. They further indicatethat tenure was the factor having the most impact on the acceptanceof deviant behaviours. Implications of the findings for the management arediscussed.
Managing Deviant Behavior and Resistance to Change  [cached]
Akinlolu Ayodeji Agboola,Rafiu Oyesola Salawu
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n1p235
Abstract: The paper focuses on how to manage deviant behaviors and resistance to change. Case study method was used to examine practical implementation of change processes in some selected organizations. It was discovered that change affects four basic aspects of the company: its strategy, technology, structure and employees. All these present individuals with new situations, new problems, challenges, ambiguity and uncertainty and threaten the status quo. Change influences authoritative allocation of both human and material resources and encourages competition which heats up the political climate in organizations. Resistance to change might be expressed through deviant behaviors to truncate the process or prevent implementation. The study identifies proper education, effective communication, facilitation, motivation, negotiation, manipulation, co-optation and coercion as possible methods for managing resistance to change. The use of any of these methods or combination of some, however, depends on the type of organization, nature of resistance and stage of intervention. The paper concludes that capacity to manage deviant behavior and smoothly implement change is critical to organizational survival. Managing deviant behavior and resistance to change should be accorded strategic importance to facilitate effectiveness and efficiency in organizations.
The Impact of Venture Capital on GEM Companies’ Deviant Strategy  [PDF]
Huihui Zhang
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2018.71003
Abstract:
From the perspective of resource-based theory, agency theory and signal transmission theory, this paper examines the impact of venture capital on the deviant strategy of enterprises by studying the data of GEM listed companies from 2009 to 2016. The study finds that there is a smaller deviant strategy in companies supported by venture capital than not supported. Through the further analysis of venture capital, this paper finds that the impact of specific characteristics of venture capital on corporate deviant strategy is more significant: private and state-owned background characteristics of venture capital, compared with foreign investment background characteristics of venture capital, the companies supported by the former two own smaller deviant strategy; the enterprise supported by venture capital of alliance investment characteristics, phased investment characteristics, late entry into the enterprise characteristics owned smaller deviant strategy.
Sets resilient to erosion  [PDF]
Wesley Pegden
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: The erosion of a set in Euclidean space by a radius r>0 is the subset of X consisting of points at distance >/-r from the complement of X. A set is resilient to erosion if it is similar to its erosion by some positive radius. We give a somewhat surprising characterization of resilient sets, consisting in one part of simple geometric constraints on convex resilient sets, and, in another, a correspondence between nonconvex resilient sets and scale-invariant (e.g., 'exact fractal') sets.
Agreeableness and Conscientiousness as Antecedents of Deviant Behavior in Workplace  [cached]
Farhadi H.,Fatimah O.,Nasir R.,Wan Shahrazad W. S.
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n9p2
Abstract: In recent years, there has been an increase in the interest of workplace deviant behavior (WDB) among industrial and organizational psychologists. Many scholars believe that WDB decreases overall organizational productivity. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of both agreeableness and conscientiousness (two factors of big five model of personality traits) with deviant behavior. The study also looked at the role of two demographic factors (gender and age) on deviant behavior in workplace. Data were collected from 212 subjects who were working as civil servants in Malaysia using a set of questionnaire that measures the variables studied. The results showed that personality traits predicted workplace deviant behavior. There were negative relationships between agreeableness and conscientiousness with workplace deviance. Although the findings of the present study showed differences in WDB between subjects with different age levels, it was unable to find differences in WDB between subjects with different gender. Implications for future research are discussed.
THE NEED FOR CONGESTION PRICING IN MEDELLIN: AN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE
GONZáLEZ-CALDERóN,CARLOS A.; POSADA HENAO,JOHN JAIRO; SáNCHEZ-DíAZ,IVáN DARíO;
DYNA , 2012,
Abstract: this paper presents a brief description of vehicular congestion in medellin, colombia, and discusses the need to implement congestion pricing (cp) from an economic point of view. it describes the license plate-based traffic restriction (pico y placa) in the city, showing that the measure is palliative, and that the implementation of cp is necessary. a cost-benefit analysis is presented to assess the effects of implementing a hypothetical cp strategy based on data from previous studies. the first-best solution for cp is presented, and considered as the optimal policy for deciding on the congestion rate that would maximize social welfare. the main finding is that the net benefit of implementation costs is positive. therefore, the implementation of a cp strategy is recommended to improve the efficiency of road infrastructure use in the city based on economic principles. finally, a set of recommendations for improving the city's mobility in the future are presented.
Urban Conflict Vs. Urban “War:” Another “Key” to Read the Conflict in Medellin
Elsa Blair,Marisol Grisales Hernández,Ana María Mu?oz Guzmán
Universitas Humanística , 2009,
Abstract: The urban conflict in Medellin between 1995 and 2002 has been described, fundamentally, as an urban war that can be explained based on the armed political conflict that took place on a national level. The presence of armed actors linked to the Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC) – essentially the “cacique nutibara” block – and the guerilla groups Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia FARC and Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional ELN, allowed many analysts to explain the conflict in Medellin as a “local expression” of the conflict that took place on the national stage. This article questions this thesis. Instead it suggests that more than an urban “war,” explainable from the national situation and under a conception of state and instrumental/rational politics and power, Medellin has been living inserted into a multiplicity of conflicts that articulate in specific ways, and which involve much more subjective aspects that can be seen in pre-existing neighborhood dynamics from before the “war,” which because of these circumstances we prefer to call urban conflict instead. On the basis on what we found during the investigation and centered on systematic and extensive fieldwork (workshops, interviews, walkthroughs, images, photographs etc.) that took four months to complete, we suggest to the experts on urban violence some new “keys” to interpret the conflict in Medellin. One of those is tied to subjective aspects or dimensions of neighborhood life that intervene significantly in conflict dynamics, including political conflicts
On Resilient Graph Spanners  [PDF]
G. Ausiello,P. G. Franciosa,G. F. Italiano,A. Ribichini
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: We introduce and investigate a new notion of resilience in graph spanners. Let $S$ be a spanner of a graph $G$. Roughly speaking, we say that a spanner $S$ is resilient if all its point-to-point distances are resilient to edge failures. Namely, whenever any edge in $G$ fails, then as a consequence of this failure all distances do not degrade in $S$ substantially more than in $G$ (i.e., the relative distance increases in $S$ are very close to those in the underlying graph $G$). In this paper we show that sparse resilient spanners exist, and that they can be computed efficiently.
The Moderating Effects of Collectivistic Orientation on Psychological Ownership and Constructive Deviant Behavior  [cached]
Yang Woon Chung,Hyoung Koo Moon
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n12p65
Abstract: Psychological ownership has been theorized to result in positive organizational consequences because feelings of ownership can increase an individual’s sense of responsibility and prioritize organizational interests. Previous studies have found psychological ownership to be significantly related to job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior; therefore, this study proposes psychological ownership to be significantly related to constructive deviant behavior because it is considered to be functional behavior that is intended to improve the organization’s well-being. Furthermore, this study investigates the moderating effects of collectivistic orientation on psychological ownership and constructive deviant behavior. The study sampled 465 Korean employees and has found psychological ownership to be significantly related to innovative constructive deviant behavior and interpersonal constructive deviant behavior. For the moderating effects, collectivistic orientation moderated the relationships between psychological ownership and organizational constructive deviant behavior and interpersonal constructive deviant behavior.
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