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Attitudes towards the mental disorder and towards the search of professional psychological support. A systematic revision of studies in Europe, United States, Latin America and the Caribbean
Leonardo Yovany álvarez Ramírez,Lizbeth Carolina Pernía Carvajal
MedUNAB , 2007,
Abstract: The present study had the intention to review like a systematicmethod the studies carried out in countries of Europe, United States,Latin America, and the Caribbean about attitudes towards the mentaldisorder and the search of professional support in case of mentalsdisorders, its convergences, divergences, limitations, tendenciesand profits. The systematic revision followed the methodology ofdocumentary investigation. The search of studies was carried outfrom 1962 to 2006, in the data bases Ebsco and Proquest using thekey words: “attitudes about mental illness”, “perceptions and beliefsabout mental disorders”, “psychological help-seeking attitudes” and“attitudes toward seeking psychological help”. The strategy searchthrew 160 articles; 38 articles finally fulfilled the criteria to be considered in the revision, of these, 21 was in base Proquest and the rest in Ebsco. The revision puts in evidence the use of nonprobabilistic designs of sampling, limitations for the generalization of the findings,poor man information on the sociodemographic characteristics of thesamples, instruments very varied that make difficult the comparison.Predominantly favorable attitudes were specially towards the mentalupheaval and the search of professional aid in urban women of zone. There was predominance of the studies with population of great urban centers in comparison with countryside.
Professional openings and expectations for graduates
Roger Martínez Sanmartí,Francesc Nú?ez Mosteo
DIGITHUM , 2004,
Abstract: The aim of the document is to reflect on and encourage reflection on the professional openings and expectations of Humanities graduates. The document brings together wide-ranging sources of information in an effort to contribute to shedding some light on the enigma that professional openings and expectations for Humanities graduates still represents. The data comes from students and graduates at three Catalan universities offering the degree course: the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), the Pompeu Fabra University (UPF) and the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC). However, we are not dealing with standardised data from the universities, but rather different data obtained in different ways at each. Firstly, we have analysed the data obtained from a study into graduates gaining employment from the UAB and in Catalonia; secondly, we have collated the testimonies of the experiences in employment of twelve Humanities graduates, gained from meetings of former students of the UPF; and, thirdly, we have compiled data from a questionnaire to Humanities students at the UOC, where they were asked about their expectations in terms of the degree they were studying. The data from each university offered us different pieces to a small part of a puzzle, but which we still believe to be of interest. We should stress, likewise, that these three universities are all very different, with student profiles that are difficult to compare.
Attitudes of graduates on the labour market (on the example of graduates of economics from zachodniopomorskie region)
Sylwia Go??b
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2011,
Abstract: In the context of growing unemployment rate among tertiary graduates, as well as competition on the education and labour market, proper preparation of graduates to function on the labour market is becoming more and more important. Attitudes, including expectations towards work, play a very important role as well. This article attempts at gaining knowledge of professional activity of tertiary graduates, becoming familiar with current problems connected with a transition from education to the labour market and studying a career path from graduation to the moment of carrying out the study.
Residency training in the United States: What foreign medical graduates should know
Samuel A Adebonojo, Oluwatope A Mabogunje, A Thomas Pezzella
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: This communication provides useful information for Foreign Medical Graduates (FMGs) planning to pursue post-graduate residency training in the United States of America (USA). While the number of residency training positions is shrinking, and the number of United States graduates has steadily declined over the past decade, the number of FMGs has also steadily increased. Unfortunately, as a result of the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, the problem of obtaining training visas and sponsorship by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) will remain major problems for FMGs. This present review is by no means exhaustive. It should serve as a guideline to more detailed and focused information. It is extremely important to network with friends, family, and professional colleagues regarding the subjective and objective aspects of pursuing graduate medical education (GME) in the USA. Though the process is very protracted and at times frustrating and depressing; the visa hurdle will be the ultimate barrier to overcome. However, majority of FMGs eventually achieve the ultimate goal of obtaining superb training and experience in the United States. We highly recommend the book by Kenneth V. Iserson entitled “Iserson's Getting Into A Residency: A Guide for Medical Students” published by Galen Press Limited, Tucson, Arizona (ref # 10). It is a very useful source of information for medical students and residents planning further residency training in the United States of America. Useful Internet addresses are listed in Appendix 1.
DEMAND, EMPLOYMENT AND SUPPORT OF GRADUATES’ PROFESSIONAL CAREER  [PDF]
Kapichnikova Inna Jurevna,Nikitina Elena Aleksandrovna
Magister Dixit , 2011,
Abstract: The article shows some basic directions and experience of graduates’ employment and support of their professional career.
Positive Career Attitudes Effect on Happiness and Life Satisfaction by Master Students and Graduates  [PDF]
Senad Karavdic, Michèle Baumann
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.28003
Abstract:

Background: Happiness and life satisfaction are well-known indicators. However, there has been little contribution by the scientific community on the positive career attitudes of master students and graduates. In an effort to provide deeper empirical understanding, the relationships between positive career attitudes, health satisfaction, financial situation and happiness and life satisfaction among master students and graduates were analyzed. Method: A link of online questionnaire was sent by mail to all students which independently of their social economic status obtained a financial aid from the government of Luxembourg, and to all master graduates (ex-students) who have been finished with their courses for one year. The data was analyzed using bivariate tests, correlation and multiple linear regression models. Result: 455 voluntary postgraduate/master students vs. 144 graduates participated. Students were younger than the graduates (mean age 26 vs. 29 years). Majority was female and had Luxembourgish nationality. Most graduates had a job and lived with their parents. Luxembourg natives were happier, and those who were living with their parents showed higher life satisfaction. For both samples, self-rated health satisfaction was positively associated with happiness and life satisfaction. For the students, the higher career adaptability and career optimism are, the better the happiness and life satisfaction will be. The higher the perception of the household financial situation is, the better the happiness will be. For graduates, the higher career optimism contributed to the better happiness. Conclusion: Happiness and life satisfaction of master students and graduates were affected, related to socioeconomic and perceived health difficulties, and career attitudes. Those indicators could be used routinely to monitor the situation of young people over time and their needs in terms of adaptability and optimism capabilities, which should be appropriately treated. These findings may help with the development of university and post university interventions aimed at improving happiness and life satisfaction among postgraduate students and ex-students.

PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION AND ENROLLMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GRADUATES AT THE UNIVERSITY
Sead Re?i?,Hariz Agi?
Human : Research in Rehabilitation , 2013,
Abstract: Creating an environment for more efficient university education is closely related to effective planning, conducting and continuous improvement of realization of professional orientation program for students in elementary and secondary schools. The lack of personal vision of professional development for students in elementary and secondary schools, even several months before applying at university is defeating for the inputs in the process of higher education. The aim of this research was to evaluate the opinion of examinees – secondary school graduates (comprehensive schools, technical schools and those affine) – on issues regarding their intentions and decisions about continuing education, and to deter-mine how these decisions were made. The analysis of gathered data revealed that the continuing of their education is not in sufficient accordance with their choice of secondary school. The results showed that the choice of current school and professional orientation program for students in elementary and secondary schools is not in accordance with their decision-making regarding continuing education at the university.
Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy in United Kingdom
Viviana ANDREESCU
Journal of Identity and Migration Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Although recent research found substantial variation in the strength of anti-immigrant opinions across new and old countries of immigration, most studies determined that the public increasingly supports restrictive immigration policies. This paper explores several sources of attitudes toward immigrants in United Kingdom and attempts to simultaneously test some of the most important theoretical explanations of public attitudes toward immigration issues when the family immigration history is taken into account. Results are based on a quantitative analysis of data from the European Social Survey (Round 4/2008). Even if when compared to persons from families with at least one foreign-born member natives express the strongest opposition to flexible migration policies and are more likely to have negative views regarding the immigrants’ role in the British society, opinions vary significantly among groups differentiated by political preferences, socioeconomic attributes, and demographic characteristics. While for native Britons findings support the economic self-interest theory, education and social attachment (i.e., interpersonal and institutional trust) appear to be the strongest predictors of positive attitudes toward immigrants and opposition to restrictive immigration policies.
The Impact of an Advanced Certificate in Education (ACE) Program on the Professional Practice of Graduates  [cached]
Ruth Folake Aluko
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2009,
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of a distance education program offered by the University of Pretoria, South Africa, on the professional practice of teachers. A pilot study was conducted using a combination of surveys and focus group interviews. Findings reveal that the program was beneficial to graduates’ personal development, professional practice, schools, learners, and colleagues. Further, principals who participated in the study attested to the differences they observed between the graduates and other teachers who had not been exposed to such a program. Suggestions for improvements included the introduction of subjects taught at school as areas of specialization, involvement of school principals in the assessment of enrolled students, visits to schools by the organizers, and exposure of students to the practical opportunities offered by the program (with portfolios that could be a part of the assessment).
Exploration of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan Graduates Training Mechanism  [PDF]
Yongqian Li
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.612135
Abstract: Graduate education is an important part of higher education, which is related to national innovation plan. Much attention should be paid to the core ingredients that reflect the level of higher education. This paper studies the Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan graduates training mechanism, from the aspects of enrollment links, quality assurance, degree in management and policy support specifically addressed.
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