Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Prevalência de hipertens?o arterial e fatores associados em estudantes de Ensino Médio de escolas públicas da Regi?o Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, 2006
Gomes, Betania da Mata Ribeiro;Alves, Jo?o Guilherme Bezerra;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000200016
Abstract: the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension (high blood pressure) and associated health factors in adolescents, using a cross-sectional, population-based, epidemiological design from april to september 2006, within a stratified sample according to school size and shift. using the portuguese version of the global school-based student health survey questionnaire, 1,878 students from 29 public schools in greater metropolitan recife, pernambuco state, brazil, were analyzed for: age, gender, body mass index, fruit, vegetable, alcohol, and tobacco consumption, as well as blood pressure, adopting the 1996 task force report on high blood pressure in children and adolescents and centers for disease control and prevention parameters for nutritional status. prevalence rates for high blood pressure, overweight, and obesity were 17.3%, 6.9%, and 3.7%, respectively. factors associated with high blood pressure were: male gender, obesity, overweight, and lack of physical activity. knowledge of factors associated with arterial hypertension in adolescents can help support health education campaigns.
Influence of antihypertensive drugs on arterial stiffness in patients with arterial hypertension  [cached]
N.V. Egorkina,V.M. Gorbunov,E.S. Abirova
Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology , 2009,
Abstract: Results of studies devoted to effects of various antihypertensive drugs on arterial stiffness in patients with arterial hypertension are presented. Advantages of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers are shown. Results of comparative studies on influence of combined therapy and monotherapy on arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients are also reviewed. Standard methods of arterial stiffness evaluation are estimated as mostly appropriate ones.
Journal of Plant Development , 2011,
Abstract: The research concerning the possibility of cultivating Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris var. pekinensis) took place in the spring of 2011, in the experimental field which belongs to the Vegetable Growing Department from the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Cluj-Napoca. A collection of varieties and hybrids belonging to this species was established, within which a variety (Granat) and four hybrids (Michihli, Kingdom 80, Nepa F1 and Vitimo F1) were used.During the vegetation period measurements were made regarding the growing and the development of these plants in Transylvanian Tableland specific conditions. The processing of data recorded at harvest shows that the obtained yield varied between 41.00 and 63.15 t/ha, the Vitimo F1 hybrid reaching the highest yield. The obtained yields are satisfying, considering that the culture was an ecological one, no chemical products such as fertilisers or substances for prevention and control of pests and diseases were used.
Percepción de la hipertensión arterial como factor de riesgo: Aporte del día mundial de lucha contra la hipertensión arterial
Vázquez Vigoa,Alfredo; Fernández Arias,Manuel Antonio; Cruz álvarez,Nélida María; Roselló Azcanio,Yamilé; Pérez Caballero,Manuel Delfín;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2006,
Abstract: a cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in a sample of 502 subjects aged 15 or over of both sexes in 3 units of the national health system. most of them were health workers that volunteered to measure their arterial pressure motivated by the propaganda carried out on the occasion of the world day of fight against arterial hypertension to determine the frequency of arterial hypertension (known and new cases), to evaluate the control degree of the known hypertensives, and to identify the frequency of isolated systolic hypertension and its relation to age. the casual determination of arterial hypertension was used according to the recommendations of the american society of cardiology and the criteria and recommendations of the vii report of the joint northamerican committee (jnc-vii) on prevention, detection, evaluation and treatment of arterial hypertension.the data were collected in a form containing variables such as age, sex, personal history of arterial hypertension, pharmacological treatment, and arterial hypertension readings. the data were tabulated in a microsoft access database with text in microsoft word system. the spss statistical system of windows 2000 was used. the results were expressed in absolute frequencies and percentages. a frequency of arterial hypertension of 50.2 % was detected. the frequency of new cases was 9.8 % and the highest number of known hypertensives were aged 55-64 (27.6 %). it was found an association between the age increase and the percentage of new and known cases with hypertension. the most common way of arterial blood pressure elevation was the systodiastolic (64 %). the prevalence of isolated arterial systolic hypertension was 15.9 % and it was significantly associated with the age rise. 75.4 % of the hypertensives were under treatment. 46.8 % of the known and new cases were controlled. it was concluded that the celebration of the world day of fight against arterial hypertension together with the consultations in non-
La hipertensión arterial primaria en edades tempranas de la vida, un reto a los servicios de salud
Castillo Herrera,José A.; Villafranca Hernández,Orlando;
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2009,
Abstract: arterial hypertension presents in cuba, a high prevalence and it is the main risk factor of coronary heart disease, who is the first cause of death . in the physiopathology of hypertension are involved genetic factors such as the heredability, family aggregation and segregation, besides the amendable environmental factors, as obesity, sedentary, smoke habit, alcoholism, foods ingestion with high content of salt and saturated fats and others. recent investigations carried out in seemingly healthy children have demonstrated that the primary arterial hypertension in early ages of the life, it is more frequent than is believed. this article refers topics about the physiopathology, prevention, diagnostic, evaluation, control, treatment and prognostic of hypertension and emphasize the strategic importance of the frequent measurement the arterial blood pressure to children and adolescents with father and/or mother with hypertension history with overweight or obesity, that it will has a positive impact in the decrease of the prevalence, morbimortality and complications of this deleterious illness in the mature age.

Liu Zhaorong,Xu Gang,Qin Kairong,Teng Zhongzhao,

力学学报 , 2002,
Abstract: Studies on hypertension-induced vascular remodeling not only help understand the specific self-adaptive features of living materials, but also are of great instructive significance for the pathological research and effective prevention and treatment of hypertension. Thus, study on vascular remodeling caused by hypertension has been one of current research hotspots. In this study, remodeling rate equations were established to simulate the evolution of the arterial remodeling behavior in response to acute hypertension. The temporal variations of vascular geometric configuration and mean circumferential stress were calculated under acute hypertension condition. In order to embody the temporal and spatial nonuniformity of the arterial wall remodeling, growing factors were introduced in this paper so that the remodeling process of the zero-stress state of the artery can be controlled effectively. The numerical results, obtained respectively from the abdominal aortas of six rats, showed that the arterial wall remodeling of these different rats appeared the same remodeling trend and feature, which demonstrated that the method in this paper for simulating arterial wall remodeling in response to acute hypertension has catholicity in some degree. Due to the introduction of the growing factors in the analytical model, the simulated remodeling process was in reasonable agreement with the basic physiological and pathological features (especially during several days after the loa,d of high blood pressure) of arterial remodeling in response to acute hypertension revealed by Liu and Fung.
El estrés como factor de riesgo de la hipertensión arterial esencial
Molerio Pérez,Osana; Arce González,Manuel Antonio; Otero Ramos,Idania; Nieves Achón,Zaida;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: arterial hypertension is a disorder of muticausal character, which determines the existance of different etiologic ways and obliges to evaluate the interactive effects of different variables on arterial pressure. the identification of the risk factors is an important task for its prevention, treatment and control. stress stands out among the factors that have been studied in relation to hypertensive disorders. however, there has been no consensus on the role of stress in arterial hypertension. that's why, on concluding an extensive theoretical review on this topic, we present in this paper some results of scientific researches supporting the role of stress in the genesis and evolution of arterial hypertension that evidence the need of incorporating actions connected with this aspect as part of the preventive strategies directed to modify the risk factors in the hypertensive patient.
Cren?as em saúde para o controle da hipertens?o arterial
Pires,Cláudia Geovana da Silva; Mussi,Fernanda Carneiro;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000900030
Abstract: health beliefs can interfere with the adherence to arterial hypertension therapy. the aim of this descriptive-exploratory study that adopted the model of health beliefs as a theoretical reference was to estimate percentages of health beliefs about the benefits of prevention and control measures of arterial hypertension and to identify the social-demographic factors associated with these beliefs. the study was conducted in a health center in the city of salvador, with 106 adults self- declared as black, and with a medical diagnosis of arterial hypertension. for the interviews we used a "scale of health beliefs" about 13 behaviors related to disease prevention and control measures. the data analysis was based on percentage rates, frequency of cases and scores and the social-demographic factors associated to these beliefs were analyzed based on the prevalence rate. the global analysis showed predominance in the category "beliefs about benefits" for 12 behaviors. men and women realized different benefits from these behaviors. the socio-economically less favored strata, young adults and individuals living without a partner tended to perceive less benefits from the prevention and control measures of arterial hypertension.
Paramio Rodríguez,Agustín; Marín Hernández,Dayand;
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2007,
Abstract: a observational study of cross section was made descriptive, with the objective to determine the prevalence, distribution and factor of risk associated of the isolated systolic arterial hypertension, studying to greater patients of 60 years pertaining to the population districts centenario and san rafael of the municipality independence, táchira state, venezuela. in the period of june of the 2004 to february of the 2005. universe of the study constituted 211 patients to who the model of harvesting of the primary data of the cirah modified for this study was applied to them and the sample was constituted by 84 patients that had diagnostic of arterial hypertension or they were diagnosed during the study. the obtained results showed 39.81% of patients with arterial hypertension, predominated feminine sex and the group of age of 60 to 69 years. i predominate the color of the white skin; the risk factor but it frequents was the habit to smoke. the sistodiastolica arterial hypertension appeared in 65.48%, with predominance in the group of 60 to 69 years of age like the isolated systolic hypertension. 55.95% of the hypertense patients ignored their disease reason why it constituted i diagnose of novo. a high percent of hipertense patients with ischemic cardiopathy was 23.81% of which single the 15.48% knew its illness. we recommend to emphasize in the programs of prevention and control of the arterial hypertension for the high risk of cardiovascular death that this it represents.
Prevención y tratamiento de la hipertensión arterial sistémica en el paciente con enfermedad arterial coronaria
Mendoza-González, Celso;Rosas, Martín;Lomelí Estrada, Catalina;Lorenzo, José Antonio;Méndez, Arturo;Martínez-Reding, Jesús;Martínez-Sánchez, Carlos;Pastelín, Gustavo;Férez-Santander, Sergio Mario;Attie, Fause;
Archivos de cardiología de México , 2008,
Abstract: the association between arterial systemic hypertension arterial coronary disease has been demonstrated by cumulated evidence of several epidemiological studies. hypertension is an important independent risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease, vascular cerebral disease and nephropathy. important advances exist in the knowledge of neurohumoral and hemodynamic factors that come together in the pathophysiology of the hypertension and in the development of coronary disease that allow to establish better strategies not only of treatment, but also of prevention, with the purpose of diminishing the cardiovascular mortality. the spectrum of the coronary artery disease secondary to atherosclerosis is wide and the strategies of treatment of hypertension must be adapted to each particular case. the treatment of both conditions needs of specific limits of agreement to the conditions of the patient and the form of presentation of each one of these disease.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.