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Monitoring the Affordability of Healthy Eating: A Case Study of 10 Years of the Illawarra Healthy Food Basket  [PDF]
Peter Williams
Nutrients , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/nu2111132
Abstract: Healthy food baskets have been used around the world for a variety of purposes, including: examining the difference in cost between healthy and unhealthy food; mapping the availability of healthy foods in different locations; calculating the minimum cost of an adequate diet for social policy planning; developing educational material on low cost eating and examining trends on food costs over time. In Australia, the Illawarra Healthy Food Basket was developed in 2000 to monitor trends in the affordability of healthy food compared to average weekly wages and social welfare benefits for the unemployed. It consists of 57 items selected to meet the nutritional requirements of a reference family of five. Bi-annual costing from 2000–2009 has shown that the basket costs have increased by 38.4% in the 10-year period, but that affordability has remained relatively constant at around 30% of average household incomes.
Social representations of healthy eating: an empirical study
Kolbasina K.Yu.
Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University , 2013,
Abstract: This article considers the issue of healthy eating as a component of healthy lifestyle from the perspective of social psychology. The author reports the results of a pilot study into the social representations of “healthy eating” among university students. The article analyses structural units of a social representation of “healthy and unhealthy food”, the opinions of young people about their own diet, motives behind choosing certain products, and the sources of information about them being good/bad for health.
Developing an award program for children's settings to support healthy eating and physical activity and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity
Suzy Honisett, Suzi Woolcock, Creina Porter, Ian Hughes
BMC Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-345
Abstract: The Medical Research Council's (UK) framework for the design and evaluation of complex interventions was used to guide the development of the healthy eating and physical activity program suitable for ECS and PS. Within this framework a range of evaluation methods, including stakeholder planning, in-depth interviews with ECS and PS staff and acceptability and feasibility trials in one local government area, were used to ascertain the best way to engage and support positive changes in these children's settings.Both ECS and PS identified that they had a role to play to improve children's healthy eating and physical activity. ECS identified their role in promoting healthy eating and physical activity as important for children's health, and instilling healthy habits for life. PS felt that these were health issues, rather than educational issues; however, schools saw the link between healthy eating and physical activity and student learning outcomes. These settings identified that a program that provides a simple guide that recognises good practise in these settings, such as an award scheme using a health promoting schools approach, as a feasible and acceptable way for them to support children's healthy eating and physical activity.Through the process of design and evaluation a program - Kids - 'Go for your life', was developed to promote and support children's healthy eating and physical activity and reduce the risk of childhood overweight and obesity. Kids - 'Go for your life' used an award program, based on a health promoting schools approach, which was demonstrated to be a suitable model to engage ECS and PS and was acceptable and feasible to create policy and practise changes to support healthy eating and physical activity for children.Childhood overweight and obesity are significant public health issues. Recent prevalence data show 17% of Australian children (2-16 years) are overweight and 6% are obese [1]. These prevalence figures are predicted to increase, such th
Social representations of healthy eating: An empirical study in Colombia
CARLOS JOSé PARALES QUENZA**
Universitas Psychologica , 2006,
Abstract: The article explores the structure of the social representation of healthy eating in four groups in Colombian society(two rural and two urban, professionals and non-professionals). The structural analysis distinguished commonelements across all the groups studied, namely vegetarian foods, white meat, and the ideal conditions for eating, whichwere identified as the central core of the representation. The findings concur with other reports in the literature onhealthy eating. Health practices, however, revealed inconsistencies and show that health beliefs may function as paradoxicalsystems and they are defined according to the contexts of communication. Instead of a conventional view knowledgeattitudes-behavior, the theory of social representations offers a distinctive framework for the study of health practicesand assumes consistency and rationality in terms of the sociocultural implications of the action.
Psychometric Validation of the Motivation for Healthy Eating Scale (MHES)  [PDF]
Yoshiko Kato, Makoto Iwanaga, Roswith Roth, Tomoko Hamasaki, Elfriede Greimel
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.42020
Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Japanese version of the Motivation for Healthy Eating Scale (MHES), a modified version of the Regulation of Eating Behavior Scale that assesses the motivational orientation toward healthy dietary regulation. In the first study, a sample of 490 female Japanese undergraduate students completed the MHES. In the second study, 357 female undergraduate students completed the Balanced Diet Scale (BDS), and Subjective Health Status Questionnaire (SHSQ) in addition to the MHES. The MEHS showed good internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion validity as measured by correlation with scores on the BDS and SHSQ. Psychometric analyses of the MEHS revealed a six-factor scale structure. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient ranged from .72 to .84 (Intrinsic motivation: .80, Integrated regulation: .82, Identified regulation: .84, Introjected regulation: .73, External regulation: .77, and Amotivation: .72). Concerning criterion validity, autonomous regulation was positively associated with BDS scores, whereas controlled regulation was negatively associated with SHSQ scores. The results indicate good psychometric properties for the Japanese version of the MHES. It might be confirmed that fostering autonomous regulation lead healthy eating habits and enhance subjective health.
Educational Elements for Healthy Aging  [PDF]
Claus Dieter Stob?us, Simone Stochero Kummer, Carolina Schaan Pessano, Jordana Wruck Timm, Juan José Mouri?o Mosquera
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.912136
Abstract: The article attempts to examine aspects of aging, in a positive sense, understanding Education as an aid to preventative measures in the health-care of the elderly, leading to aspects of health and quality of life, emotional health and well-being of the elderly within the framework of Positive Psychology, and its application to educational activities for the elderly. Health is currently a highly popular topic of discourse in all media platforms. Doctors and professionals in the field, in addition to other interested public bodies, comment daily on the issues involved in this topic and, principally, there is now a concern with the planning of preventative measures, as a factor that can guarantee a better quality of life and greater longevity. In addition to the discussions between the authors within the research group Teaching and Learning in Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS, we used elements developed in our classes in Biomedical Gerontology with our students1.
COMPONENTS OF THE HEALTHY EATING INDEX IN NUTRITION OF ADULT FEMALES  [cached]
Katarína Fatrcová-?ramková
Potravinarstvo : Scientific Journal for Food Industry , 2010, DOI: 10.5219/106
Abstract: To assess and monitor the nutriton and dietary status, the U.S. Department of Agriculture developed the Healthy Eating Index - HEI. The index consists of 10 components, each representing different aspects of a healthful diet. The aim of the study was to evaluate the nutrition in adult females and to analyze the actual nutrition according to selected four components (no. 6-9) of the Healthy Eating Index. Components 6 and 7 measure total fat and saturated fat consumption, respectively, as a percentage of total food intake (maximal 30 % and 10 % of total energy daily content respectively; in case of 31,3 % and 58,62 % females respectively). Components 8 and 9 measure total cholesterol (daily maximal 300 mg in case of 69,54 % participants) and sodium intake (maximal 2400 mg a day in case of 22,99 % probands). doi:10.5219/106
Is healthy behavior contagious: associations of social norms with physical activity and healthy eating
Kylie Ball, Robert W Jeffery, Gavin Abbott, Sarah A McNaughton, David Crawford
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-86
Abstract: Self-report survey data about particular physical activity (leisure-time moderate-vigorous activity; volitional walking; cycling for transport) and eating behaviors (fast food, soft drink and fruit and vegetable consumption), and social norms and support for these, were provided by 3,610 women aged 18-46 years living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods in Victoria, Australia.Results of regression analyses showed that social norms for physical activity and eating behaviors predicted these respective behaviors relatively consistently; these associations generally remained significant after adjustment for social support.Acknowledging the cross-sectional study design, these data confirm theoretical accounts of the importance of social norms for physical activity and eating behaviors, and suggest that this is independent from social support. Intervention strategies aimed at promoting physical activity and healthy eating could incorporate strategies aimed at modifying social norms relating to these behaviors.The importance of social environmental influences on health-promoting behaviors such as physical activity and healthy eating has been increasingly recognized [1-3]. Perhaps the most frequently-examined and well-established social contextual correlate of physical activity and health eating behaviors is social support, including emotional, instrumental, and informational support [1-3]. However, social norms - the standards against which the appropriateness of a certain behavior is assessed - have been described as comprising amongst the least visible, yet most powerful, forms of social control over human behavior [4,5]. Relatively few studies have examined the association of both social support and social norms with physical activity or eating behaviors within the same sample, and findings on the relative importance of these two social constructs are conflicting [5,6]. For example, Emmons et al. found that social norms, but not social support, were signific
Positive Development in Children and the Precursors of Healthy Life-Styles: The Role of Eating Regularity and Level of Leisure Activity  [PDF]
Silvia Ciairano, Giulia Bardaglio, Emanuela Rabaglietti, Maria Fernanda Vacirca
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2010.13020
Abstract: The two sides of children positive development, that is physical and psychological health, have been most often investigated separately. We explored the relationships between not being overweight, respecting relational rules, regularity of eating behavior (eating breakfast) and involvement in active (e.g. playing in team sport) or sedentary (e.g. playing at videogames) leisure activities shared with friends. The study was conducted among 272 Italian children (52% female; M age = 6.85 yrs) using a multi-informant design (children, parents and teachers of physical activity). Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that regularity of eating breakfast (informed by parents) was associated to lower levels of Body Mass Index (BMI) values (objectively measured) in girls. Involvement in sedentary leisure activity with friends (informed by children) was negatively associated with respecting relational rules (evaluated by teachers of physical activity) in boys. Thus, more or less active leisure activity and more or less healthy eating behaviour have some potential relevance for present and future general adjustment of boys and girls, and not only for their physical condition. Implications for educational interventions are discussed.
Healthy Eating Vital Sign: A New Assessment Tool for Eating Behaviors  [PDF]
Jessica L. J. Greenwood,Junji Lin,Danita Arguello,Trever Ball,Janet M. Shaw
ISRN Obesity , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/734682
Abstract: Introduction. Most dietary questionnaires are not created for use in a clinical setting for an adult health exam. We created the Healthy Eating Vital Sign (HEVS) to assess eating behaviors associated with excess weight. This study investigated the validity and reliability of the HEVS. Methods. Using a cross-sectional study design, participants responded to the HEVS and the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire (BFFQ). We analyzed the data descriptively, and, with Pearson’s correlation and Cronbach coefficient alpha. Results. We found moderate correlation ( r h o > 0 . 3 ) between multiple items of the HEVS and BFFQ. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.49. Conclusion. Our results support the criterion validity and internal reliability of the HEVS as compared to the BFFQ. The HEVS can help launch a dialogue between patients and providers to monitor and potentially manage dietary behaviors associated with many chronic health conditions, including obesity. 1. Introduction The United States (US) did not meet the Healthy People 2010 objective to decrease the prevalence of adult obesity to 15% [1]. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 27% of US adults are obese [2]. Flegal et al. report more dismal statistics; 68% of adults are overweight ( B M I ≥ 2 5 ) and 34% are obese ( B M I ≥ 3 0 ) [3]. Multiple factors influence energy balance, or energy intake versus energy expenditure. However, primary care providers have the opportunity to engage with people and potentially affect behaviors that can tilt the energy balance [4]. A provider’s attention to weight has great influence on patients [5, 6]. Therefore, effectively and efficiently managing and preventing overweight and obesity in the primary care setting is warranted [7]. Traditionally, food frequency questionnaires are used to assess habitual dietary behavior. The Block Food Frequency Questionnaire (BFFQ) is a valid and reliable instrument used as a standard tool for nutrition assessment [8, 9]. The BFFQ contains more than 100 questions, takes approximately 45 minutes to complete, and focuses on nutrient intake rather than eating behaviors. Because of its length and the complexities involved in dietary analysis, the BFFQ is too cumbersome for routine clinical screening of patients’ nutritional habits. Recognizing this problem, Glasgow et al. recommended Starting the Conversation-(STC) Diet and the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) as practical measures for clinical use [10]. The STC-Diet is a 7-item instrument to assess dietary behaviors, created for the New Leaf
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