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Utopia  [PDF]
Sotiris Gakos
Intellectum , 2010,
Abstract: The present article introduces the concept of utopia through the works of thinkers such as Thomas More, Lewis Mumford and Karl Mannheim. It raises the question whether utopia is necessary nowadays and responds positively “since subversion, which is utopia’s main feature, is what is missing from society; a mood subversion, a subversion of crisis and peoples’ unpleasant psychology”.
Ecopedagogia e utopia/Ecopedagogy and utopia
Hilda Gomes Dutra Magalh?es,Luciano Accioly Lemos Moreira,Eva Seitz,Ana Maria Munhoz Fett,Cleide Marly Nébias,Marco Ant?nio de Araújo Bueno
ETD : Educa??o Temática Digital , 2005,
Abstract: A Ecopedagogia traduz para o campo da Educa o as mais importantes discuss es realizadas na atualidade sobre quest es ambientais. Ecopedagogia, ou pedagogia da terra, ela se afirma como um espa o em que todas as utopias ganham nova forma. Neste artigo nos propomos a discutir o estatuto da Ecopedagogia enquanto espa o da utopia, a partir da análise de suas interfaces com a utopia de Marcuse, do Século XX, e de Schiller, um dos teóricos do Romantismo alem o. Através dessa discuss o será possível concluir que existe uma nítida rela o entre Ecopedagogia e utopia, mas também entre Ecopedagogia e interesses do capital globalizado e por isso deve ser vista sempre com reservas. The Ecopedagogy translates by the education sphere, the most important discussions done today in what concerns the ecology. Ecopedagogy, or the pedagogy of the Earth, is knew as the space in what all the utopias have their forms. In this text we will analyze the ecopedagogy statute during the space of the utopia, from the analyze of its interfaces with Marcuse’s utopia, of the Century XX, and with the Schiller’s theory, one of the most important philosophy of the German Romanism. Through of this discussion, it will be possible to conclude what it exist a net relation between the Ecopedagogy and the utopia, but also between the Ecopedagogy and the interests of the globalization and, for that, she must be always seen with reserves. Keywords Ecopedagogia --- Utopia --- Capitalismo --- Globaliza o --- Ecopedagogy --- Utopy --- Capitalism --- Globalization
Sludneva Ludmila Valentinovna
Magister Dixit , 2012,
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of linguistic representation of one of the mental spaces (possible worlds) of utopia. The research purpose is to describe cognitive and linguistic mechanisms of utopia as ‘the world for an action’ according to the received results.
Societate ?i Politic? , 2011,
Abstract: This paper is a comparison between two works usuallyascribed to the utopian genre: Thomas More’s Utopia, and Francis Bacon’sNew Atlantis. My major claim is that the two differ mainly in this respect: ifMore’s work is utopian, Bacon’s New Atlantis is only disguised under theclothing of utopian thought. Although Bacon has clearly an ideal ofeducation in mind, through a number of features he completely departsfrom utopian educational programs.
The dangers of Utopia
Larry Hufford
Revista Espa?o Acadêmico , 2009,
Abstract: Utopia can have an uplifting and a dark side, but usually the dark side ends up trumping the initial idealism. The reason for this is that utopians inevitably adopt a messianic image of the world. The three messianic revolutions in history—the American, French and Bolshevik—were led by men who thought their ideas were universal. This essay examines the writings of French existentialist Albert Camus, who argues that there are no transcendental values, at the same time he does not accept nihilism. Camus makes a distinction between a rebel and a revolutionary, and concludes that a rebellion will try to end the specific oppression, whereas the revolution will try to create a “new man,” with common values throughout the world.
Ideal Theory and Utopia  [PDF]
Volker Ruitinga
Erasmus Student Journal of Philosophy , 2011,
Abstract: John Rawls presents his work on social justice as Ideal Theory. By taking an idealized scenario, he is able to consider the compatibility of different concepts relating to social justice without being hampered by all the complexities of society and its actors; an approach to social theorizing that comes exceptionally close to designing Utopia. This paper examines the link between Rawlsian Ideal Theory and Utopia, and offers an amended definition of Ideal Theory with the concept of Utopia in mind.
Evangelizzazione e libertà religiosa in Utopia
Gregorio Piaia
Philósophos : Revista de Filosofia , 2007, DOI: 10.5216/phi.v1i1.10666
Abstract: Neste artigo sugiro que a Utopia,de Tomas Morus,deve ser entendida no contexto da evangeliza o do Novo Mundo.
Myth, Utopia, and Political Action
Iris Mendel
Human Affairs , 2007, DOI: 10.2478/v10023-007-0018-5
Abstract: Starting from the premise that some form of "reality transcendence", i.e. the ability to imagine a different reality and reach out for the (un)thinkable, is necessary for political action, the aim of this paper is to analyse the concepts of myth and utopia elaborated by Georges Sorel and Karl Mannheim and to examine their possible contributions to a theory of political action and social change. By comparing the role the authors assign to rationality and irrationality in human affairs, methodological and conceptual differences between Sorel's and Mannheim's approaches to the political are illustrated. It turns out that due to its immunity to critique Sorel's concept of the social myth is highly problematic. Mannheim's concept of utopia, on the other hand, culminates in a technocratic understanding of the political. Though both approaches emphasise the collective dimension of political action, they ultimately exhibit elitist understandings of the political.
Ruth Levitas, The Concept of Utopia  [cached]
Antonis Balasopoulos
European Journal of American Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/ejas.8514
Abstract: As its title suggests, Ruth Levitas’s The Concept of Utopia—published originally in 1990 and republished this year in the “Ralahine Classics” series—is a study principally concerned with the definition of its object. Though this is rather unusual as the objective of a book-length study in more established fields of inquiry in the humanities, it is less so in utopian studies, where the desire to defend the scholarly dignity of one’s preoccupations from the Scylla of mass media trivialization a...
Divergence insufficiency associated with high myopia  [cached]
Hiromi Kohmoto,Kenji Inoue,Masato Wakakura
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2010,
Abstract: Hiromi Kohmoto, Kenji Inoue, Masato WakakuraInouye Eye Hospital, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, JapanPurpose: Divergence insufficiency is generally regarded as a neurological event. While high myopia is not a well-known cause of divergence insufficiency, we frequently encounter divergence insufficiency in high-myopia patients. Thus, the purpose of this study was to report detailed information on such cases and examine mechanisms that might potentially be responsible for this disorder.Methods: We investigated 20 cases of high myopia (>-6 D) with divergence insufficiency, 20 cases of high myopia without double vision, and 10 normal cases as controls. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a coronal image 6 mm anterior to the eyeball–optic nerve junction was measured and used to examine the extraocular muscle (EOM) path shift and angle of the eye. Higher angles in each patient were used for statistical comparison.Results: In high-myopia patients with divergence insufficiency, ocular axis measurements ranged from 24.8 to 31.0 (mean ± SD: 27.6 ± 1.6) mm. In high-myopia patients without double vision, the ocular axis length was 27.6 ± 1.3 mm. In normal cases, the ocular axis length was 23.5 ± 1.0 mm. The EOM angles in these patients ranged from 100 to 140 (112.9 ± 9.7) degrees, which was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that seen in the high-myopia patients without double vision (average EOM angle, 99.2 ± 2.8 degrees) and normal cases (average EOM angle, 97.9 ± 3.8 degrees). However, orbital lengths in the patients were 41.0 to 48.9 (44.6 ± 2.3) mm, which also differed from the high-myopia patients without double vision (average orbital length, 49.9 ± 2.0 mm) significantly (P < 0.05). In normal cases, average orbital length was 45.5 ± 1.6 mm.Conclusion: In high-myopia patients with divergence insufficiency, nasal shift of the superior rectus and an inferior shift of the lateral rectus were observed, but the orbital lengths were normal. Divergence insufficiency may be caused mechanically by shifts of the EOM due to the presence of a long axis. Therefore, high myopia with a long axis can be considered to be a risk factor for the occurrence of divergence insufficiency.Keywords: divergence insufficiency, high myopia, MRI, extraocular muscle
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