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ASSESSING THE RETURNS TO SCALE: EVIDENCE FROM FISH FARMERS IN ILORIN, KWARA STATE
N.A. Jatto
Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This study assesses the returns to scale as evidenced from fish farmers in Ilorin, Kwara. A random sampling technique was adopted in selecting 120 fish farmers from fish farmers association of Nigeria Ilorin branch list. The data for the study were collected with the use of well structured questionnaire. The result showed the fish farmers were relatively technically efficient in their use of resources, with a mean technical inefficiency of 40%. The result also showed that 73% of the fish farmers exhibited increasing returns to scale. On the average; numbers of fingerlings, feeds and labour had slacks of 0.0, 6.5 and 0.4 respectively. These imply that inputs could be decreased by those units and still produce the same level of output. Thus, the fish farmers are said to be inefficient in input usage by the said values. It was concluded that though average cost is expected to decrease as output increases there is still room for improvement in productivity of fish farms. With this high level of returns to scale in fish farming, it is recommended that this information should be spread to all the farmers in the study area and other surrounding communities.
An Assessment of Farmers` Interest in University of Ilorin Poultry Research Result  [PDF]
I. Ogunlade,C.G. Omokanye,A.A. Adeniji
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2007,
Abstract: This study assessed farmers` interest in University of Ilorin poultry research results. Specifically, it investigated the socio-economic characteristics of commercial poultry farmers, their area of interest in poultry research result, and the sources preferred for information on the area of interest. Fifty-two commercial poultry farmers were randomly selected for the study. Information was elicited through questionnaire. The data were analyzed by using frequency, percentages, ranking, and Chi square. The study showed that commercial poultry farmers in Kwara State had mean age of 41.2 years, with 84.6% who had post secondary education, 59.6% had spent less than 5 years in poultry business. About 40.4% produced a combination of layers and broilers with average of 725 birds. They were interested in research result such as: the proportion of chicken offal meal and soybean meal for best performance in broilers; response of broilers chicks to raw or processed full fat soybean supplement among others. They preferred that information on their interest be channeled through Poultry Association of Nigeria, consultants and magazines. The study suggested that ADP need to bridge gap between researches and commercial poultry farmers. Also, Agricultural Extension Department in the university should work hand in hand with Department of Animal Production to publish summary of research results in magazines.
The Effect of Climate on Poultry Productivity in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Obayelu Abiodun Elijah,Adeniyi Adedapo
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2006,
Abstract: An empirical analysis of the relationship between climatic elements, poultry feed intake, egg production and disease outbreaks in Ilorin Kwara State Nigeria was carried out using climatological data and data from poultry farmers over a period of five years (2000-2004). Data on temperature, rainfall, wind speed and relative humidity for every month in the selected years were obtained from the department of Ilorin International Airport, and analyzed. While data on poultry egg production, poultry feed intake as well as disease outbreak were collected through a stratified random sampling of 120 poultry farmers in llorin metropolis. The results of the analysis using both descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, coefficient of variation, multiple regression analysis show that climatic variables (temperature, rainfall, wind speed and relative humidity) in Ilorin contribute about 81%, 96% and 43% to the variance in poultry egg production, feed intake and outbreak of diseases of poultry production respectively. While temperature has an inverse relationship with poultry feed intake, high relative humidity in the study area usually encourage outbreak of poultry diseases which invariably reduce egg production. In order to improve poultry productivity in Ilorin, the poultry farmers need to establish appropriate housing and sanitation practices to minimize the effect of heat and the occurrence and spread of diseases. Poultry birds must properly be confined so as to protect them from physical hazards, rain and extremes of heat and cold in order to enhance productivity. Farmers should select poultry breeds that are adaptable to the kind of climate operating in the study area. There is also the need to feed the birds with sufficient ration so as to meet their nutritional requirement.
Influence of Cowpea Mottle Virus and Cucumber Mosaic Virus on the Growth and Yield of Six Lines of Soybean (Glycine Max L.)  [cached]
Olawale Arogundade,Olusegun Samuel Balogun,Olumide Shokalu,Taiye Hussein Aliyu
Journal of Agricultural Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/jas.v2n1p72
Abstract: Cowpea mottle virus is of localised importance on cowpea in Nigeria infecting several leguminous species and Cucumber mosaic virus is of worldwide distribution infecting several horticultural crops. A study was carried out in the screen house of the crop production pavilion, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria to determine the pathogenic response of six lines of soybean (TGx 1844-18E, TGx 1448-2E, TGx- 1910-8F, TGx 1019-2EN, TGx 1844-4E and TGx 1876-4E) to single and mixed infection with cowpea mottle virus (CMeV) and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV).The Lines obtained from National Cereal Research Institute, Badeggi were used for the experiment. Two viable Seeds were sown per 4litre plastic pots filled with sterilized soil; inoculation of viral isolates was carried out mechanically on the soybean at two weeks after planting. The results revealed that all Soybean lines tested were susceptible to single and mixed infection of the two viruses. However the tolerance level of the legumes, as shown by the percentage loss in selected growth and yield attributes indicated that line TGx 1910-8F is the most tolerant while TGx 1844-18E is the most susceptible to single and mixed infection. Hence, TGx 1910-8F is most suitable in areas where there is an outbreak of disease caused by CMeV and CMV.
The Effects of Urbanward Migration on the Residential Sector in Ilorin Metropolis Kwara State of Nigeria  [cached]
Adefila, J. O
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: The percentage of people living in urban areas compared with those in the rural counterparts is on the increase in Nigeria. This astronomical growth has been largely attributed to the ineffectiveness of the various rural development strategies being introduced by successive governments with a bid to improve living conditions of the rural populace thus, encouraging mass influx of people into few cities in the country. The creation of state capitals and local government headquarters compounds the problem of inflow of people and apparently seemed to have adverse effects on orderliness and healthy urban environment. The study aimed at examining the influence of urban-ward migration on the residential sector of Ilorin, capital city of Kwara State, Nigeria. The sample size was 60 consisting of upper, middle and lower income groups. In this study, the household constitutes the unit of observation. Data was derived from residents by adopting a combination of systematic and stratified sampling techniques in the administration of questionnaire which was the main research instrument. One made use of descriptive statistics to analyse the data. The study showed that urban-ward migration has perpetuated high room occupancy ratio as evidenced in Okelele (1:3.60); Agbooba (1:3.40) and government reservation area (GRA) has the least (1:1.47). The ratio of household per room is high in Gaa Akanbi (1:4.80), (1:3.40 and Oko-erin ((1:3.30). As regards inter-house spacing, the buildings that are at close range 0-5 metres apart are Molete (86.2%), Surulere (54.5%) and Okealuko (77.3%) areas. Indeed, few buildings are found within a range of 11-15 metres apart except for Okealuko (4.5%) and none in Molete area. The housing facilities are generally inadequate except for pit latrine in Molete (53.3%) and sewage disposal in Surulere area (45.5%). There is emergence of sub-standard houses and slums in Oke-aluko, Molete and Okelele areas. On the basis of the findings, one recommends among other things, government should make concerted efforts through relevant agencies such as Kwara State Town Planning Authority (KSTPA), and the city municipal council towards effective physical planning of the residential units not only in the study area but also master-plan for the entire country at large. Moreover, the government can embark upon building of low cost houses for the low income earners and possibly introduce resettlement scheme with a view to putting a lasting solution to urban housing congestion.
Settlements Pattern and Functional Distribution in an Emerging Communities: A Case of a Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria
Y.A. Ahmed
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This study examines Ilorin South Local Government Area (LGA) of Kwara State, which in the recent time, carved out from city of Ilorin, Nigeria. The impression is that the new LGA, which had established a long string attachment with Ilorin may find it difficult to stand on its own. Settlements in an ideal situation exert good relationship with one another if they have common social and cultural links. But in Ilorin South LGA both infrastructural facilities and social amenities are elusively developed forcing workers to reside in Ilorin city. The study derives it data from the fieldwork-survey and observations and the data gathered were analyzed using Correlation and Nearest Neighbors Analyses. The findings revealed some remarkable achievements within a short while and the levels of new hierarchical settlement orders give the LGA a new unique description. The geographical distribution of the areas also indicated morphological patterns that result from a closed into random generation. Suggestions are put forward with desire to embarking on more regional development programmes.
Economic analysis of locust beans processing and marketing in ilorin, kwara state, Nigeria  [cached]
C.O. Farayola
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology : IJARIT , 2012,
Abstract: This study was designed to estimate the economic analysis of locust bean processing and marketing in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Primary data was used and purposive sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents used for the study. A total number of 60 respondents were interviewed. The data collected were analyzed using inferential statistical tool such as regression analysis. Budgetary analysis technique was also used to analyze the profitability of locust bean processing and marketing in the study area. Majority of the processors and marketers are making profits; 68.3% operate above breakeven point while 26.7% operate at breakeven point and the rest 5% was below the breakeven point, this indicates that they neither profit nor lost. The regression analysis result shows that quantity processed, family size and years of experience in processing are significant at 1%, 5% and 10% respectively while education level and stall rent is negative and significant at 1% and 5% respectively. F- Test also explained that independent variables are jointly significant at 1% probability level with an adjusted R2 of 78.9%. The overall rate of return on investment indicates that average rate of return is 0.5 (50%), which is positive. It is therefore concluded that profit made by the processors and marketers can be improved on by increasing the quantity of locust bean being processed through adoption of newly discovered method of processing and improved method of preservation, packaging and marketing of the product to international standard by reducing the odour of the product without the loss of essential nutrients and palability in order to generate foreign exchange. Also, rules and regulations against cutting of economic trees for alternative uses should be enforced to maximize their values.
Effects of River Erosion on Houses: A Case Study of Asa River Catchment in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
H.I. Jimoh
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This research is an assessment of the effects of river bank erosion on houses in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Data were generated through direct field exercises. Such data were on the competence and capability of a river, physical characteristics of soil in the local environment, distances between the houses and river banks and the distances between the houses. These data were subjected to statistical methods of analyses. The following results were therefore, observed: the bulk of the soil in the local environment is loose in disposition and thus susceptible to the forces of erosion, the force of river`s competence and capability considerably explains the qualities of the river`s evorsion process, houses are randomly distributed but with most of them appearing linearly along the water course, distances between houses and rivers banks are short and thus most of the houses are often embarrassed by floods and people often lost both their lives and properties when the river is in floods. This study further suggests environmental education on flood management and the evaluation of a policy of resettlement scheme for flood prone areas.
Poverty Alleviation Programmes and Economic Development in Nigeria: A Comparative Assessment of Asa and Ilorin West Local Govt. Areas of Kwara State, Nigeria
RA Bello, GOA Toyebi, IO Balogun, SB Akanbi
African Research Review , 2009,
Abstract: This study investigates into the impact of government programmes towards poverty alleviation on the inhabitants of Nigeria with special reference to Asa and Ilorin West Local Government Areas of Kwara State. A focus group discussion (FGD) of 4 groups (2 males and 2 females) was conducted from whose scenario a questionnaire was raised. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed especially to see the impact of those policies on the inhabitants using household income as a proxy. The Sen's Gini coefficient revealed that agricultural sector is the highest income-contributing sector and worst hit income inequality group with about 84percent of total population in high poverty margin/region among the whole sectors studied. The study also acknowledged the existence of either one poverty alleviation program at one time or the other, but often the policy targets are at variance with the outcome. The study thus that suggests a kind of performance evaluation towards reappraising and adjusting the instruments employed by the programmes, refocus on the important sector(s) in the area of finance and credit facilities and organized buffer stock against agricultural s or bumper harvest in order to sustain price stability.
Comparative Assessment of Indoor Air of a Tertiary Hospital and a Public Secondary School in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria  [PDF]
O. C. Adekunle, B. K. Abdulkareem, O. A. Adewumi, T. O. Sanusi
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2018.812062
Abstract: Air bone transmission is one of the routes of spreading diseases responsible for a number of nosocomial infections [1]. Airborne microbial particles have negative effects especially on the health of immunocompromised people [2]. The infections are caused by aerosols which are small, viable and may remain suspend in the air stream over long period of time. This study was aimed at investigating and comparing the quality of indoor air of a tertiary hospital and a secondary school in Ilorin, Kwara state, Nigeria. Air samples were collected in the hospital and school using settle plate techniques. Bacteria isolated from different wards in the hospital were Staphylococcus aureus, Coagulase negative Staphylococcus, Bacillus spp., Klebsiella spp., Micrococcus spp., Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Acinebacter spp. The female surgical ward (FSW) had the highest degree of contamination of bacterial and fungal air borne while the bacterial isolates gotten from the school were heavy growth of Coagulase negative Staphylococcus and Bacillus spp., and few growths of Klebsiella spp. and Acinebacter spp. with highest bacterial count in J.S.S.2B class. For fungal growth Aspergillus spp. and Mucor spp. produced numerous growths in all the classes and in the hospital while Penicillium spp. gave scanty growth. The lowest bacterial count observed both in school and in hospital was still high when compared with British bacteriological standard.
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