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The Old Spanish Days Fiesta in Santa Barbara, California: Cultural Hybridity, Colonial Mythologies and the Romanticization of a Latino Heritage
Patricia Ann Hardwick
Humanities Diliman , 2010,
Abstract: Old Spanish Days Fiesta is a tradition that was invented in 1924 by civic leaders in Santa Barbara, California to celebrate the periods of the Spanish settlement and the Mexican rule of California and to promote local tourism. This article will trace the historical narrative of the complex cultural and ethnic composition of Santa Barbara before interrogating the colonial and post-colonial histories of the Californian past that are so often romanticized during the events of the Santa Barbara Fiesta. Subsequent to the American appropriation of California, Anglo-American ideas of race and identity were imposed upon Latino Californians. This development led many Spanish-speaking Californians to cultivate a Spanish identity and de-emphasize their Mexican, Native American, or African ancestry as they attempted to maintain their land grants and social prominence under American rule. Official versions of Santa Barbara’s past promoted by Santa Barbara’s civic leaders and Old Spanish Days Fiesta literature tend to privilege romanticized historical interpretations that submerge and absorb California’s hybrid ethnic and cultural histories into an idealized Spanish colonial narrative. This article explores how many individual Santa Barbara Fiesteros choose to engage, negotiate, and/or subvert this simplified official civic narrative of Santa Barbara’s Spanish past through their own personal performances during the Fiesta. An analysis of how local festival participants envision their performance in the context of the festival allows outsiders to have a glimpse into how they create and embody their own personal and nuanced understandings of history during the Fiesta.
Methane oxidation in permeable sediments at hydrocarbon seeps in the Santa Barbara Channel, California
T. Treude,W. Ziebis
Biogeosciences (BG) & Discussions (BGD) , 2010,
Abstract: A shallow-water area in the Santa Barbara Channel, California, known collectively as the Coal Oil Point seep field, is one of the largest natural submarine hydrocarbon emission areas in the world. Both gas and oil are seeping constantly through a predominantly sandy seabed into the ocean. This study focused on the methanotrophic activity within the surface sediments (0–15 cm) of the permeable seabed in the so-called Brian Seep area at a water depth of ~10 m. Detailed investigations of the sediment biogeochemistry of active gas vents indicated that it is driven by fast advective transport of water through the sands, resulting in a deep penetration of oxidants (oxygen, sulfate). Maxima of microbial methane consumption were found at the sediment-water interface and in deeper layers of the sediment, representing either aerobic or anaerobic oxidation of methane, respectively. Methane consumption was relatively low (0.6–8.7 mmol m 2 d-1) in comparison to gas hydrate-bearing fine-grained sediments on the continental shelf. The low rates and the observation of free gas migrating through permeable coastal sediments indicate that a substantial proportion of methane can escape the microbial methane filter in coastal sediments.
Submarine landslides in the Santa Barbara Channel as potential tsunami sources
H. G. Greene,L. Y. Murai,P. Watts,N. A. Maher
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2006,
Abstract: Recent investigations using the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institutes (MBARI) Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) 'Ventana' and 'Tiburon' and interpretation of MBARI's EM 300 30 kHz multibeam bathymetric data show that the northern flank of the Santa Barbara Basin has experienced massive slope failures. Of particular concern is the large (130 km2) Goleta landslide complex located off Coal Oil Point near the town of Goleta, that measures 14.6-km long extending from a depth of 90 m to nearly 574 m deep and is 10.5 km wide. We estimate that approximately 1.75 km3 has been displaced by this slide during the Holocene. This feature is a complex compound submarine landslide that contains both surfical slump blocks and mud flows in three distinct segments. Each segment is composed of a distinct head scarp, down-dropped head block and a slide debris lobe. The debris lobes exhibit hummocky topography in the central areas that appear to result from compression during down slope movement. The toes of the western and eastern lobes are well defined in the multibeam image, whereas the toe of the central lobe is less distinct. Continuous seismic reflection profiles show that many buried slide debris lobes exist and comparison of the deformed reflectors with ODP Drill Site 149, Hole 893 suggest that at least 200 000 years of failure have occurred in the area (Fisher et al., 2005a). Based on our interpretation of the multibeam bathymetry and seismic reflection profiles we modeled the potential tsunami that may have been produced from one of the three surfical lobes of the Goleta slide. This model shows that a 10 m high wave could have run ashore along the cliffs of the Goleta shoreline. Several other smaller (2 km2 and 4 km2) slides are located on the northern flank of the Santa Barbara Basin, both to the west and east of Goleta slide and on the Conception fan along the western flank of the basin. One slide, named the Gaviota slide, is 3.8 km2, 2.6 km long and 1.7 km wide. A distinct narrow scar extends from near the eastern head wall of this slide for over 2km eastward toward the Goleta slide and may represent either an incipient failure or a remnant of a previous failure. Push cores collected within the main head scar of this slide consisted of hydrogen sulfide bearing mud, possibly suggesting active fluid seepage and a vibra-core penetrated ~50 cm of recent sediment overlying colluvium or landslide debris confirming the age of ~300 years as proposed by Lee et al. (2004). However, no seeps or indications of recent movement were observed during our ROV investigation w
Methane oxidation in permeable sediments at hydrocarbon seeps in the Santa Barbara Channel, California  [PDF]
T. Treude,W. Ziebis
Biogeosciences Discussions , 2010, DOI: 10.5194/bgd-7-1905-2010
Abstract: A shallow-water area in the Santa Barbara Channel (California), known collectively as the Coal Oil Point seep field, is one the largest natural submarine oil and gas emission areas in the world. Both gas and oil are seeping constantly through a predominantly sandy seabed into the ocean. This study focused on the methanotrophic activity within the surface sediments (0–15 cm) of the permeable seabed in the so-called Brian Seep area at a water depth ~10 m. Detailed investigations of biogeochemical parameters in the sediment surrounding active gas vents indicated that methane seepage through the permeable seabed induces a convective transport of fluids within the surface sediment layer, which results in a deeper penetration of oxidants (oxygen, sulfate) into the sediment, as well as in a faster removal of potentially inhibiting reduced end products (e.g. hydrogen sulfide). Methanotrophic activity was often found close to the sediment-water interface, indicating the involvement of aerobic bacteria. However, biogeochemical data suggests that the majority of methane is consumed by anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to sulfate reduction below the surface layer (>15 cm), where sulfate is still available in high concentrations. This subsurface maximum of AOM activity in permeable sands is in contrast to known deep-sea seep habitats, where upward fluid advection through more fine-grained sediments leads to an accumulation of AOM activity within the top 10 cm of the sediments, because sulfate is rapidly depleted.
Coccolithophore response to climate and surface hydrography in Santa Barbara Basin, California, AD 1917–2004
M. Grelaud, A. Schimmelmann,L. Beaufort
Biogeosciences (BG) & Discussions (BGD) , 2009,
Abstract: The varved sedimentary AD 1917–2004 record from the depositional center of the Santa Barbara Basin (SBB, California) was analyzed with monthly to triannual resolution to yield relative abundances of six coccolithophore species representing at least 96% of the coccolithophore assemblage. Seasonal/annual relative abundances respond to climatic and surface hydrographic conditions in the SBB, whereby (i) the three species G. oceanica, H. carteri and F. profunda are characteristic of the strength of the northward flowing warm California Counter Current, (ii) the two species G. ericsonii and G. muellerae are associated with the cold equatorward flowing California Current, (iii) and E. huxleyi appears to be endemic to the SBB. Spectral analyses on relative abundances of these species show that all are influenced by the El Ni o Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and/or by the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Increased relative abundances of G. oceanica and H. carteri are associated with warm ENSO events, G. muellerae responds to warm PDO events and the abundance of G. ericsonii increases during cold PDO events. Morphometric parameters measured on E. huxleyi, G. muellerae and G. oceanica indicate increasing coccolithophore shell carbonate mass from ~1917 until 2004 concomitant with rising pCO2 and sea surface temperature in the region of the SBB.
Coccolithophore response to climate and surface hydrography in Santa Barbara Basin, California, AD 1917–2004  [PDF]
M. Grelaud,A. Schimmelmann,L. Beaufort
Biogeosciences Discussions , 2008,
Abstract: The varved sedimentary AD 1917–2004 record from the depositional center of the Santa Barbara Basin (SBB, California) was analyzed with monthly to annual resolution to yield relative abundances of six coccolithophore species representing at least 96% of the coccolithophore assemblage. Seasonal/annual relative abundances respond to climatic and surface hydrographic conditions in the SBB, whereby (i) the three species G. oceanica, H. carteri and F. profunda are characteristic of the strength of the northward flowing warm California Counter Current, (ii) the two species G. ericsonii and G. muellerae are associated with the cold equatorward flowing California Current, (iii) and E. huxleyi appears to be endemic to the SBB. Spectral analyses on relative abundances of these species show that all are influenced by the El Ni o Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and/or by the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Increased relative abundances of G. oceanica and H. carteri are associated with warm ENSO events, G. muellerae responds to warm PDO events, and the abundance of G. ericsonii increases during cold PDO events. Morphometric parameters measured on E. huxleyi, G. muellerae and G. oceanica indicate increasing coccolithophore calcification from ~1917 until 2004 concomitant with rising pCO2 and sea surface temperature in the region of the SBB.
The Fourth International Symposium on the Intraductal Approach to Breast Cancer, Santa Barbara, California, 10–13 March 2005
Bonnie L King, Susan M Love, Susan Rochman, Julian A Kim
Breast Cancer Research , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/bcr1288
Abstract: The human breast is composed of multiple ductal lobular–alveolar systems that open onto the surface of the nipple. Most breast cancers are thought to arise from the epithelial cells lining the ductal–lobular junctions of these structures. For many years a small group of investigators pioneered methods to collect fluids and exfoliated cells from the breast ducts by applying suction (nipple aspiration) to the openings, and exfoliative cytology revealed that breast cancer-associated abnormalities could be detected in these samples [1-6]. Although this early 'intraductal approach' constituted a novel, noninvasive method for accessing the mammary gland and presented opportunities for developing new approaches for early breast cancer detection, the approach remained under-explored for many decades.In 1999, the First Symposium for Intraductal Approaches to the Breast, attended by 30 investigators, was convened to jumpstart a new wave of research in the field. Since then new technologies have been developed to enhance the volume and representation of collected fluids, and to facilitate the introduction of therapeutic agents directly into the glandular lumina. Intraductal fluids and cells have been evaluated by a wide variety of genetic, epigenetic, and proteomic analyses, providing new insights into the biology of the normal and diseased breast. The 4th International Symposium on the Intraductal Approach to Breast Cancer, hosted by the Dr Susan Love Breast Cancer Research Foundation and held in Santa Barbara, California on 10–13 March 2005, provided a forum for the exchange and evaluation of these cumulative research findings. Over 100 delegates attended the meeting, including clinicians, basic scientists, translational investigators, and breast cancer advocates. The program included talks by 39 invited speakers and 11 pilot grant presenters in sessions covering the evaluation of intraductal approaches for breast cancer detection, risk assessment, intraductal therapies, and
Intervención comunitaria en las parasitosis intestinales parroquia Santa Bárbara, estado Anzoátegui, 2010 Community intervention in intestinal parasitosis Santa Barbara, Anzoategui state. 2010  [cached]
Osvaldo Batista Rojas,Raydel Martínez Sánchez
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2011,
Abstract: Se realizó una intervención comunitaria en Santa Bárbara, Valle Guanape, Carvajal Estado Anzoátegui, Venezuela, durante el 2010. El universo estuvo conformado por todos los ni os parasitados de la comunidad y sus representantes de la Escuela Primaria Santa Bárbara. El objetivo general fue desarrollar una intervención comunitaria para eliminar la parasitosis intestinal, la cual se desarrolló en tres fases: diagnóstica, interventiva y de evaluación de los resultados. En la fase diagnóstica se efectuó un estudio coproparasitológico, así como el nivel de conocimientos y comportamientos relacionados con el parasitismo intestinal. La fase interventiva consistió en el dise o e implementación de una intervención conjuntamente con los líderes formales e informales de la comunidad, la realización de actividades grupales participativas utilizando los diferentes recursos disponibles de la zona, con una adecuada factibilidad y participación social y comunitaria. En la tercera fase se evaluó la eficacia de dicha intervención mediante la comparación de la presencia de parasitismo y el nivel de conocimientos y comportamientos al inicio y final de la investigación. La intervención resultó eficaz, ya que se logró la plena integración a todas las actividades educativas para disminuir el parasitismo intestinal; se lograron modificaciones significativas tanto en ni os, padres o representantes. Las actividades realizadas con carácter participativo movilizaron también a toda la comunidad y sus líderes, y se obtuvo una factibilidad desde el punto de vista social en niveles adecuados de participación comunitaria e intersectorialidad. We were carried out a community intervention in Santa Barbara's community, Valle Guanape, Carvajal Anzoátegui, Venezuela, during the year 2010. The universe was conformed by all the children parasitoids of the community and its representatives of the Primary School Santa Barbara. The general objective was to develop a community intervention to eliminate the intestinal parasitosis, which was developed in three phases: diagnostic, interventiva and evaluation of the results. In the diagnostic phase a study coproparasitologycal was made, as well as the level of knowledge and behaviors related with the intestinal parasitism. The phase interventiva consisted jointly on the design and implementation of an intervention with the formal and informal leaders of the community, the realization of activities participatory groups using the available different resources of the area, with an appropriate feasibility and social and community participation. In the thi
The Great Southwest of the Fred Harvey Company and the Santa Fe Railway, edited by Marta Weigle and Barbara A. Babcock. The Heard Museum, Pheonix (printed by The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, for The Heard Museum), 1996
Douglas R. Givens
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1997, DOI: 10.5334/bha.07214
Abstract: One of the more colorful eras in American Southwestern archaelogy is reflected in The Great Southwest of the Fred Harvey Company and the Santa Fe Railway. Marta Weigle and Barbara A. Babcock, editors of the volume, have done a superb job weaving in early Southwestern archaeological activities with the role of the Fred Harvey Company and the Santa Fe Railway in bring the American Southwest to those "east of the Mississippi River". Many early Southwestern archaeologists made their way throughout the Southwest on the Santa Fe Railway while the "outposts of civilization" that the Fred Harvey Company provided in many railroad stations served as a " bit of home" to the traveler. This book describes the collaboration of both Fred Harvey and the Santa Fe Railroad tourism in the American Southwest and provides an excellent look into the Native American artists and their comumnities which were transformed on a massive scale by the Fred Harvey Company as it bought, sold, and popularized Native American art. Also part of the volume is an excellent discussion of the network of major museums that hold art collections which were purchased through the Harvey Company's Indian Department.
Varia??es na colora??o de iraras (Eira barbara Linnaeus, 1758 - Carnivora, Mustelidae) da Reserva Biológica Estadual do Sassafrás, Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil
Tortato, Fernando Rodrigo;Althoff, Sérgio Luiz;
Biota Neotropica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032007000300038
Abstract: tayras present color variations along their range of distribution. the objective of this study is to contribute to the understanding of these variations. in the state biological reserve of sassafrás, santa catarina, brazil, 21 photographic records of tayras were obtained, comprising different coat colors. two coat color classes were observed among photographed individuals: dark body with gray head and neck, and body, head and neck homogeneously white-yellowish. the frequency of records did not varied significantly between the two color classes, indicating that the white-yellowish coloration is common for this local population.
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