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Book Review: Digital preservation of cultural heritage collection: Among libraries of India and Iran: A comparative study  [cached]
Mohamed Taher
Webology , 2012,
Abstract: Digital libraries universally have emerged in two ways. One, they are born digital (also known as electronic resource). Two, they are converted to become digital-by scanning or other data capturing techniques –from printed, microform, manuscripts, etc.. The converted digital resources demand greater attention by decision makers with regards design, plan and implementation– i.e., in the process of preservation of cultural heritage collections. The book depicts both the types of digital collections, albeit in a limited way, viz., a) sample population for libraries based on heritage resources and level of digitization, and b) two developing countries.
Book Review: The human side of reference and information services in academic libraries: Adding value in the digital world
Hamid R. Jamali
Webology , 2008,
Abstract: The application of digital technologies in libraries has mainly led to disintermediation which means, no mediation, serve yourself to information. To use most of library and information services today, users do not need to go to library or see a librarian. They can use digital resources and services at home. In some cases they may not even realise that librarians are behind the scene of the service they are getting benefit from. For example they might search for an article in Google Scholar and click and get the PDF without knowing that librarians are working to make this service, which entails serials management, IP authentication and so on, run smoothly. In this disintermediated environment, reference services are striving. They are still part of library services where there is real interaction between users and librarians. The focus of reference work have shifted from resources to users, and from finding information for users to enabling them to find the required information themselves. Having this in mind, technology can be a source of opportunity for reference librarians and not a source of challenge. The book The Human Side of Reference and Information Services in Academic Libraries: Adding value in the digital world discusses the impact of technology on different aspects of reference services.
Reimo, Tiiu
Knygotyra , 2006,
Abstract: Preservation of national cultural heritage has been during the last years actively discussed both on institutional and state levels. In October 2003 the working group on digital preservation by theMinistry of Culture elaborated preservation guidelines Strategy of digital preservation of Estonian cultural heritage for years 2004–2007. The strategy is based on the principles of eEurope 2002Action Plan (2000) and Lund Principles (2001).The state strategy is aimed to achieve collaboration of different memory institutions in order to elaborate an unified view on cultural heritage and its digitisation as well as to preservation of digitally created cultural heritage. It is also important to guarantee preservation of cultural heritage and to make it accessible to the public use through the contemporary possibilities of informationand communication technologies. Digitisation and preservation of digitized heritage will be coordinated by the state. The main coordinators are the Ministry of Culture, The Ministry of Educationand Science, the State Chancellery and the National Archive.The methodology of decision making for digital preservation is based on the principles of the UNESCO programme Memory of the World. The choice of objects for digitisation is based on need and expediency that can be evaluated on the ground of acultural value of an object, conservation risks, physical condition of an object and necessity of use.In 2004–2005 metadata requirements for digital preservation were elaborated. The guidelines foresee that digitized objects will be described by four categories of metadata: administrative andtechnical metadata, metadata on access inhibitors and restrictions of use and descriptive metadata. Estonian documentary heritage is located today in different memory institutions: in state or public institutions like archives, libraries and museums, in private possession, in religious and scientific institutions and in possession of the third sector (different organisations). For reasons of the historical development considerable part of documentary heritage is also located outside Estonia (Sweden, USA, Canada, Australia, Russia etc).The projects of red books as well as different digitisation projects have been in practice for some years in all Estonian memory institutions. Libraries are pioneers in initiating collaborationprojects in digitisation. Due to the joint efforts of the National Library, the Archive Library of the Estonian Literature Museum and the Tallinn University Academic Library a big collection of old Estonian newspapers is available by intern
Book Review: Digital rights management: A librarian's guide to technology and practice  [cached]
Ina Fourie
Webology , 2008,
Abstract: With Digital rights management … Grace Agnew needs to be congratulated with an excellent, thorough guide for the practitioner dealing with the realities and complexities of digital rights management (DRM). The tone for a discussion reflecting sound academic awareness and a sensitivity for the needs of practitioners is set by her remark that "An effective DRM strategy will clearly identify and safeguard any rights that the organization has decided to manage, including, of course, those rights that are mandated by law" (p.7).
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: The transformation of the traditional libraries into e-resources base digital libraries represented new opportunities and the new ways to the library professionals to provide the satisfactory users need. The role of the libraries and the librarians has changed in the e-environment and the library professionals became multitalented personality. This paper also describes the multipurpose role of the librarians in the digital age.
Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries
Rajab Abd al-Hamed
Cybrarians Journal , 2007,
Abstract: An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.
XML : Will it Change The Future of Digital Libraries
Heba A. Sattar Moselhy
Cybrarians Journal , 2004,
Abstract: A study about eXtensible Mark up Language (XML) and its applications in digital libraries, it begins with definition XML and its history and generations, then it defines the applications of XML in libraries at: libraries' web sites designing, electronic publishing, bibliographic data management, and views some real experiments about using XML in libraries.
Search features of digital libraries
Alastair G. Smith
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 2000,
Abstract: Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc). This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital libraries available on the Web was undertaken, identifying which search features are present. The survey indicates that current digital libraries do not implement a wide range of search features. For instance: under half of the examples included controlled vocabulary, under half had proximity searching, only one enabled browsing of term indexes, and none of the digital libraries enable searchers to refine an initial search. Suggestions are made for enhancing the search effectiveness of digital libraries, for instance by: providing a full range of search operators, enabling browsing of search terms, enhancement of records with controlled vocabulary, enabling the refining of initial searches, etc.
Principles and Practice of Mechanical Ventilation
Ognjen Gajic
Critical Care , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/cc6137
Abstract: In this second edition, the chapters are organized into 15 general areas including the diverse topics from the physical and physiologic principles to the history of mechanical ventilation, ethics and economics. Each chapter is formatted as a "state of the art" review; a summary of scientific knowledge on the subject along with an exhaustive list of original references. This comprehensive account of acute respiratory failure and mechanical ventilation covers in detail underlying physiologic principles and corresponding management of patients, including conventional and unconventional modes of ventilation, specific settings, artificial airways, monitoring, adjunctive treatments and complications. To the extent possible in a conventional textbook format, each chapter is reasonably up to date. Among 70 chapters, 24 are completely new, reflecting recent issues in the field including mechanical ventilation in acute lung injury, noninvasive ventilation, sleep and speech. Particularly enjoyable are passionate accounts written by the editor himself: indications for mechanical ventilation, monitoring and weaning. The book is also an elemental resource for researchers as each of the experts exposes critical knowledge gaps that need to be filled in future studies.This is hardly a book for the novice. Thorough basic knowledge of critical care medicine, physiology and mechanical ventilation is a prerequisite for meaningful reading. While notably lacking colored illustrations, the text is rich in tables and figures outlining key physiologic and clinical principles reproduced from the authors' own work. Perhaps the most important critique of this edition is the absence of an electronic format. An electronic version would allow not only for an easy reference to particular topics, but would also facilitate communication of important concepts between the readers (clinicians and researchers).In conclusion, the second edition of Principles and Practice of Mechanical Ventilation represen
Google Book Search and the Future of Libraries
Melanie Parlette,Jessica Babineau,Leanne Owen
Dalhousie Journal of Interdisciplinary Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5931/djim.v6i1.35
Abstract: Google Book Search (GBS) is a service provided by Google that allows for the searching of the full text of millions of books from some of the world’s most renowned library collections. Two distinct view points are found amongst Information Management (IM) professionals regarding GBS: those who support the Google Books’ Search project as an opportunity for libraries and alternately, those who believe GBS will ultimately lead to the demise of libraries and the way individuals retrieve and process information. Information professionals objectively weigh the pros and cons of the GBS Project: being aware of the privacy concerns of the project, the problematic metadata of the search engine and the problematic dependency which it may cause. Contrarily, the pleasing of patrons in libraries, and digitization happening through the project must not be overlooked. Library professionals must determine the best method of bringing GBS into library environments, and this can be done effectively by considering context, concerns and benefits.
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