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Theoretical conceptions on the theory on health education. Systematic review
Diaz-Valencia,Paula Andrea;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2012,
Abstract: objective. to identify the theoretical conceptions of health education (he) reported by recent scientific literature. methodology. systematic review without meta-analysis of the scientific literature published on the theory on he between 2000 and 2010 in spanish, english, and portuguese in pubmed, elsevier, and scielo. this included publications developing at least the theoretical categories on he: conceptual development, history, current situation, as discipline, teaching and research. results. some 58 articles on he were analyzed. the main categories contained in the articles were those of current situation and conceptual development. the definition and conceptualization of he are diffuse. most authors state that the term he lacks identity and that tension exists between this concept and that of healthcare promotion. conclusion. processes in he are not sufficiently qualified.
Conceptions about mental health in the field of public health
Diego A. Restrepo O,Juan C. Jaramillo E
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2012,
Abstract: In the field of public health, mental health has had a great deal of relevance. This concept has been used extensively in the professional, academic, and political fields. Despite that, the different definitions of mental health face significant epistemological and practical problems. These difficulties are encountered by those who try to specify the meaning of "mental", the relationship between "health" and "mental", and, consequently, how research and intervention actions are to be carried out in the field of mental health. In practice, the orientation of actions and research involving mental health is not based on “universal” definitions in the field of public health. It is rather based on conceptions constructed from different approaches to the health-disease issue. This paper discusses the conceptions of mental health that have been configured from the biomedical, behavioral, and socio-economic approaches, the notions of "mind" underlying these conceptions, and their implications for intervention in the field of public health.
Popular conceptions of schizophrenia in Cape Verde, Africa
Mateus, Mário Dinis;Santos, José Quirino dos;Mari, Jair de Jesus;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462005000200006
Abstract: introduction: it has been well documented that schizophrenia presents a better clinical course in developing countries. although there are many epidemiological studies showing this association, little research has been conducted to investigate the local representation systems for schizophrenia in these countries. objectives: this study focuses on cultural factors of schizophrenia, namely the local representation systems for the disease, as well as what is locally understood as deviant behavior and its acceptability, and mechanisms of social-cultural insertion or exclusion of patients with schizophrenia in cape verde, africa. methods: randomized open interviews were carried out with the relatives of patients under treatment at the mental health out patient service of the batista de sousa hospital (s?o vicente island) between the years 1994 and 1995. interviews dealt with patients' life histories and disease related to problems, strategies employed by the family to cope with such problems, and comments on the social and family burden. results: 20 interviews with close relatives of 10 patients were analyzed. the study focused on three main categories explaining schizophrenia: "tired head" (cabe?a cansada), "nervous" (nervoso), and supernatural categories (like "sorcery" or "witchcraft"). the interviewees expressed their opinions, either explicitly or not, on whether their relatives truly had a disease. conclusion: characteristics of local categories for schizophrenia found in cape verde can be regarded as a less stigmatized way of dealing with the disease. it is reasonable to suppose that the understanding of such cultural factors could lead to better outcomes in the treatment for schizophrenia in this country, and also in others, where similar conditions can be identified.
Developmental levels in adult's conceptions of health and disease
Reis, Joaquim C.;Fradique, Fernando S.;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722010000300012
Abstract: a socio-cognitive developmental perspective suggests that conceptions regarding health and disease processes may present different levels of openness, flexibility, inclusiveness and differentiation, and thus can be ordered into different levels. we present a qualitative study on lay significations regarding health and disease processes, endorsed by 67 adults. the results show that these adults have different socio-cognitive developmental competences related to health and disease processes. for each dimension of significations of health and disease, it is possible to sequence lay person's conceptions developmentally. each level is distinct qualitatively, including responses characterized by a higher degree of differentiation, integration and complexity than the previous level. finally, the implications of this approach to clinical and educational methods are discussed.
Occupational therapists’ conceptions on mental health care line
Michelle Helena Pereira de Paiva,Heloísa Cristina Figueiredo Frizzo
Cadernos de Terapia Ocupacional , 2012,
Abstract: The care line recommended by the Brazilian Health System - SUS must be attained by every professionalof the area, milieu and subject. This study aimed to know the occupational therapists’ conceptions about the lineof care in mental health. The data of this study were obtained from a questionnaire sent via virtual network ofcontacts and snowball technique. Data were subjected to qualitative and quantitative analysis. Most participantswere professionals from the southeast region of the country with over five years of training. They exercise theprofessional activity mainly in Psychiatric Hospitals, Psychosocial Assistance Centers – CAPS II and MentalHealth Clinics. There was no registry of professional performance in Residential Therapeutic Services – SRTand Outpatient Clinics - UBS. Regarding care line, six participants did not respond and five were unaware of theterm, followed by the psychosocial rehabilitation principles and therapeutic project; only one answer identified care line as a practice based on care management with reception principles and articulation of social networksand services. Results showed that the professionals’ practices are little guided in care line logic; however, thereis the need systematization of the assistance according this logic in order to apply the Psychiatric Reform,searching the quality of life improvement and reestablishment of the citizenship of people with psychologicaldistress insofar as, in addition to optimizing the care network, which promotes comprehensive humane careand social contractualism.
In Search of the English Sabbat: Popular Conceptions of Witches’ Meetings in Early Modern England  [cached]
James Sharpe
Journal of Early Modern Studies , 2013,
Abstract: This article explores the evidence for belief in the witches’ sabbat in early modern England. England is generally thought of as a country where the concept of the sabbat did not exist, and it was certainly largely absent from elite thinking on witchcraft, as displayed in the witchcraft statutes of 1563 and 1604 and Elizabethan and Jacobean demonological writings. But evidence entering the historical record mainly via deposi- tions taken by justices of the peace suggests that there was a widespread popular belief in the sabbat or in parallel forms of witches’ meetings, evidence that the concept of the sabbat existed in popular culture. In this, the English evidence seems to support Carlo Ginzburg’s model of the sabbat being essentially a popular construction in its origins. The article also examines a play based on one of the historical incidents analysed, Richard Brome and Thomas Heywood’s The Late Lancashire Witches (1634), and uses it as a starting point for a brief discussion of witchcraft motifs in contemporary drama, notably Shakespeare’s Macbeth.
Care of user with suicidal behavior: the view of Health Community Agents – a qualitative study
Kelly Piacheski Abreu,Eglê Rejane Kohlrausch,Maria Alice Dias da Silva Lima
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2008,
Abstract: In view of growing rates, the suicidal behavior represents a complex problem worldwide. Health Community Agents (HCAs) are important components of the Family Health Strategy because they establish relations of exchange between the scientific and the popular knowledge. These workers can identify and prevent the suicidal behavior. The objective of this study is analyzing the HCAs′ conceptions about the attendance rendered to users with suicidal behavior in the health care basic units. It is a qualitative research and the data collection was performed by means of interviews. For the treatment of data, the technique of analysis of thematic content was utilized. Results indicate that HCAs are workers that identify mainly the suicidal behavior. The actions that are mostly performed by the HCAs with users with suicidal behavior are: communication of the fact to the staff, listening, welcoming, monitoring of medication use and home visits. The HCAs refer fear of approaching users with suicidal behavior because they are not qualified in the field of mental health. Evidences show the importance of bonds and the participation of the family in these situations. The results may serve as basis for proposals of actions aiming at the integrality of the care in the attendance to users with suicidal behavior.
Care of user with suicidal behavior: the view of Health Community Agents – a qualitative study
Kelly Piacheski Abreu,Eglê Rejane Kohlrausch,Maria Alice Dias da Silva Lima
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2008,
Abstract: In view of growing rates, the suicidal behavior represents a complex problem worldwide. Health Community Agents (HCAs) are important components of the Family Health Strategy because they establish relations of exchange between the scientific and the popular knowledge. These workers can identify and prevent the suicidal behavior. The objective of this study is analyzing the HCAs′ conceptions about the attendance rendered to users with suicidal behavior in the health care basic units. It is a qualitative research and the data collection was performed by means of interviews. For the treatment of data, the technique of analysis of thematic content was utilized. Results indicate that HCAs are workers that identify mainly the suicidal behavior. The actions that are mostly performed by the HCAs with users with suicidal behavior are: communication of the fact to the staff, listening, welcoming, monitoring of medication use and home visits. The HCAs refer fear of approaching users with suicidal behavior because they are not qualified in the field of mental health. Evidences show the importance of bonds and the participation of the family in these situations. The results may serve as basis for proposals of actions aiming at the integrality of the care in the attendance to users with suicidal behavior.
Conceptions of health promotion present at the National Oral Health Conferences  [PDF]
José Amilton Costa Silvestre,Maria Socorro de Araújo Dias,Edson Holanda Teixeira
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: To analyze the National Oral Health Conferences, with emphasis on design and foundations of health promotion, as an alignment of the social role played by dentistry. Methods: It is a descriptive study, conducted with basis on the documentary analysis of the final reports of the three national conferences of oral health, available on the website of the Ministry of Health. The analysis in this evidence-based research was inspired by the reference of thematic analysis to grasp the existing concepts and foundations of health promotion. Results: It was observed that dentistry was gradually incorporating the sense and meaning of health promotion as a guiding reference for oral health strategies. It was evident that the broader view of health is part of the reports of the three conferences and that concepts of health promotion pertaining to the international scene at the time were taken even further, evidencing preventive actions of vertical character. Relevant basis for health promotion are also present, such as intersectionality, integrality of actions, equity, autonomy and popular participation. Conclusion: Such views have been of great importance for aggregation along a national oral health policy that would become a reality, years later.
Ideological conceptions of health workers about epidemiologic surveillance  [PDF]
Santos SSBS,Lelo CM,Perreault M
Pratiques et Organisation des Soins , 2010,
Abstract: This article analyses the ideologies expressed by health workers in their conception about epidemiological monitoring.It is a component of the research named Evaluation of the decentralization of epidemiological monitoring in a family health team. A political model of implantation’s analysis, was used to understand what interfere in the results of the intervention. The primary data is coming from a non structured interview with health managers of the secretariat of health and health workers in a municipality of Bahia, Brazil. The secondary data was produced by documental analysis.The actor’s enunciations reflect the ideological conceptionsof epidemiological monitoring which is still based on authoritarian actions of a medical police, or transformed in a strict control of the transmissible diseases.Prat Organ Soins 2010;41(1):143-149
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